The division of banking as conservator, liquidator, or rehabilitator of any person, partnership, or corporation, and persons, partnerships, and corporations organized under or subject to the provisions of the banking law.
The commissioner of insurance as conservator, liquidator, or rehabilitator of any person, partnership, or corporation.
“Fiduciary" means a personal representative, trustee, guardian, or other person holding trust funds or acting in a fiduciary capacity.
“Governmental unit" means the state, its subdivisions, cities, all other public bodies, and all public officers.
Notwithstanding any other law or the absence of direct provision for transfer of land in the instrument under which a fiduciary is acting, every fiduciary, unless the instrument under which the fiduciary is acting expressly forbids, and every governmental unit, bank, or conservator that owns or holds any real property within a development area may do all of the following:
Grant, sell, lease or otherwise transfer any real property to a redevelopment corporation.
Receive and hold any cash, stocks, income debentures, mortgages, or other securities or obligations, secured or unsecured, exchanged for the transfer by the redevelopment corporation.
Execute instruments and do acts that are considered necessary or desirable by them or it and by the redevelopment corporation in connection with the development and the development plan.
History: 1995 a. 27
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1309; 2001 a. 102
Urban redevelopment; acquisition of land. 66.1311(1)(1)
A redevelopment corporation may acquire real property or secure options in its own name or in the name of nominees to acquire real property, by gift, grant, lease, purchase or otherwise.
A city may, upon request by a redevelopment corporation, acquire, or obligate itself to acquire, for the redevelopment corporation real property included in a certificate of approval of condemnation, by gift, grant, lease, purchase, condemnation, or otherwise, according to the provisions of any law applicable to the acquisition of real property by the city. Real property acquired by a city for a redevelopment corporation shall be conveyed by the city to the redevelopment corporation upon payment to the city of all sums expended or required to be expended by the city in the acquisition of the real property, or leased by the city to the redevelopment corporation, upon terms agreed upon between the city and the redevelopment corporation to carry out the purposes of ss. 66.1301
The provisions of ss. 66.1301
with respect to the condemnation of real property by a city for a redevelopment corporation prevail over the provisions of any other law.
History: 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1311.
Urban redevelopment; condemnation for. 66.1313(1)(1)
Condemnation proceedings for a redevelopment corporation shall be initiated by a petition to the city to institute proceedings to acquire for the redevelopment corporation any real property in the development area. The petition shall be granted or rejected by the local governing body, and the resolution or resolutions granting the petition shall require that the redevelopment corporation pay the city all sums expended or required to be expended by the city in the acquisition of the real property, or for any real property to be conveyed to the corporation by the city in connection with the plan, and the time of payment and manner of securing payment, and may require that the city receive, before proceeding with the acquisition of the real property, such assurances as to payment or reimbursement by the redevelopment corporation, or otherwise, as the city deems advisable. Upon the passage of a resolution by the local governing body granting the petition, the redevelopment corporation shall make 3 copies of surveys or maps of the real property described in the petition, one of which shall be filed in the office of the redevelopment corporation, one in the office of the city attorney of the city, and one in the office in which instruments affecting real property in the county are recorded. The filing of copies of surveys or maps constitutes acceptance by the redevelopment corporation of the terms and conditions contained in the resolution. The city may conduct condemnation proceedings either under ch. 32
or under other laws applicable to the city. When title to real property vests in the city, it shall convey or lease the real property, with any other real property to be conveyed or leased to the redevelopment corporation by the city in connection with the redevelopment plan, to the redevelopment corporation upon payment by the redevelopment corporation of the sums and the giving of the security required by the resolution granting the petition.
The following provisions apply to any proceedings for the assessment of compensation and damages for real property in a development area taken or to be taken by condemnation for a redevelopment corporation:
For the purpose of ss. 66.1301
, the award of compensation may not be increased by reason of any increase in the value of the real property caused by the assembly, clearance or reconstruction, or proposed assembly, clearance or reconstruction for the purposes of ss. 66.1301
, of the real property in the development area. No allowance may be made for improvements begun on real property after notice to the owner of the property of the institution of the proceedings to condemn the property.
Evidence is admissible that is relevant to the insanitary, unsafe or substandard condition of the premises, or of their illegal use, or the enhancement of rentals from illegal use, and the evidence may be considered in fixing the compensation to be paid, notwithstanding that no steps to remedy or abate the conditions have been taken by the department or officers having jurisdiction. If a violation order is on file against the premises in the department, it constitutes prima facie evidence of the existence of the condition specified in the order.
If real property in the development area which is to be acquired by condemnation has, before acquisition, been devoted to another public use, it may be acquired provided that no real property belonging to the city or to any other governmental body, or agency or instrumentality of the city or other governmental body, corporate or otherwise, may be acquired without its consent. No real property belonging to a public utility corporation may be acquired without the approval of the public service commission or other officer or tribunal having regulatory power over the corporation.
Upon the trial a statement, affidavit, deposition, report, transcript of testimony in an action or proceeding, or appraisal made or given by any owner or prior owner of the premises taken, or by any person on the owner's or prior owner's behalf, to any court, governmental bureau, department or agency respecting the value of the real property for tax purposes, is relevant, material and competent upon the issue of value of damage and is admissible on direct examination.
In this section, “
owner" includes a person having an estate, interest or easement in the real property to be acquired or a lien, charge or encumbrance on the real property.
History: 1991 a. 316
; 1995 a. 225
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1313.
Urban redevelopment; continued use of land by prior owner. 66.1315(1)(1)
When title to real property has vested in a redevelopment corporation or city, the redevelopment corporation or city may agree with the previous owners of the property, any tenants continuing to occupy or use it, or any other persons who may occupy or use or seek to occupy or use the property, that the former owner, tenant or other persons may occupy or use the property upon the payment of a fixed sum of money for a definite term or upon the payment periodically of an agreed sum of money. The occupation or use may not be construed as a tenancy from month to month, nor require the giving of notice by the redevelopment corporation or the city for the termination of occupation or use or the right to occupation or use. Immediately upon the expiration of the term for which payment has been made the redevelopment corporation or city is entitled to possession of the real property and may maintain summary proceedings or obtain a writ of assistance, and is entitled to any other remedy provided by law for obtaining immediate possession. A former owner, tenant or other person occupying or using real property may not be required to give notice to the redevelopment corporation or city at the expiration of the term for which that person has made payment for occupation or use, as a condition to that person's cessation of occupation or use and termination of liability.
If a city has acquired real property for a redevelopment corporation, the city shall, in transferring title to the redevelopment corporation, deduct from the consideration or other moneys which the redevelopment corporation has become obligated to pay to the city for this purpose, and credit the redevelopment corporation with, the amounts received by the city as payment for temporary occupation and use of the real property by a former owner, tenant, or other person, less the cost and expense incurred by the city for the maintenance and operation of the real property.
History: 1991 a. 316
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1315.
Urban redevelopment; borrowing; mortgages. 66.1317(1)(1)
A redevelopment corporation may borrow funds and secure the repayment of the funds by mortgage. Every mortgage shall contain reasonable amortization provisions and may be a lien upon no other real property except that forming the whole or a part of a single development area.
Certificates, bonds and notes, or part interests in, or any part of an issue of, these instruments, which are issued by a redevelopment corporation and secured by a first mortgage on all or part of the real property of the redevelopment corporation are securities in which all of the following persons, partnerships or corporations and public bodies or public officers may legally invest the funds within their control:
Every personal representative, trustee, guardian, committee, or other person or corporation holding trust funds or acting in a fiduciary capacity.
The state, its subdivisions, cities, all other public bodies and all public officers.
Persons, partnerships and corporations organized under or subject to the provisions of the banking law, including savings banks, savings and loan associations, trust companies, bankers and private banking corporations.
The division of banking as conservator, liquidator or rehabilitator of any person, partnership or corporation and persons, partnerships or corporations organized under or subject to chs. 600
The commissioner of insurance as conservator, liquidator or rehabilitator of any person, partnership or corporation.
The principal amount of the securities described in par. (a)
may not exceed the limits, if any, imposed by law for investments by the person, partnership, corporation, public body or public officer making the investment.
A mortgage on the real property in a development area may create a first lien, or a 2nd or other junior lien, upon the real property.
The limits as to principal amount secured by mortgage referred to in sub. (2)
do not apply to certificates, bonds and notes, or part interests in, or any part of an issue of, these instruments, which are secured by first mortgage on real property in a development area, which the federal housing administrator has insured or has made a commitment to insure under the national housing act. A person, partnership, corporation, public body or public officer described in sub. (2)
may receive and hold any debentures, certificates or other instruments issued or delivered by the federal housing administrator, pursuant to the national housing act, in compliance with the contract of insurance of a mortgage on all or part of real property in the development area.
History: 1977 c. 339
; 1979 c. 89
; 1995 a. 27
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1317; 2001 a. 102
Urban redevelopment; sale or lease of land. 66.1319(1)(1)
A local governing body may by resolution determine that real property, title to which is held by the city, specified and described in the resolution, is not required for use by the city and may authorize the city to sell or lease the real property to a redevelopment corporation, if the title of the city to the real property is not inalienable.
Notwithstanding the provisions of any law or ordinance, a sale or lease authorized under sub. (1)
may be made without appraisal, public notice or public bidding for a price or rental amount and upon terms agreed upon between the city and the redevelopment corporation to carry out the purposes of ss. 66.1301
. The term of the lease may not exceed 60 years with a right of renewal upon the same terms.
Before any sale or lease to a redevelopment corporation is authorized, a public hearing shall be held by the local governing body to consider the proposed sale or lease.
Notice of such hearing shall be published as a class 2 notice, under ch. 985
The deed or lease of real property shall be executed in the same manner as a deed or lease by the city of other real property owned by it and may contain appropriate conditions and provisions to enable the city to reenter the real property if the redevelopment corporation violates of any of the provisions of ss. 66.1301
relating to the redevelopment corporation or violates the conditions or provisions of the deed or lease.
A redevelopment corporation purchasing or leasing real property from a city may not, without the written approval of the city, use the real property for any purpose except in connection with its development. The deed shall contain a condition that the redevelopment corporation will devote the real property only for the purposes of its development subject to the restrictions of ss. 66.1301
, for breach of which the city may reenter and repossess itself of the real property.
History: 1995 a. 225
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1319.
Urban redevelopment; city lease to, terms.
If real property of a city is leased to a redevelopment corporation:
The lease may provide that all improvements shall be the property of the lessor.
The lessor may grant to the redevelopment corporation the right to mortgage the fee of the real property and enable the redevelopment corporation to give as security for its notes or bonds a first lien upon the land and improvements.
The execution of a lease does not impose upon the lessor any liability or obligation in connection with or arising out of the financing, construction, management or operation of a development involving the leased land. The lessor may not, by executing the lease, incur any obligation or liability with respect to the leased premises other than may devolve upon the lessor with respect to premises not owned by it. The lessor, by consenting to the execution by a redevelopment corporation of a mortgage upon the leased land, does not assume, and the consent may not be construed as imposing upon the lessor, any liability upon the note or bond secured by the mortgage.
The lease may reserve any easements or other rights in connection with the real property that are considered necessary or desirable for the future planning and development of the city and the extension of public facilities in the city, including the construction of subways and conduits and the widening and changing of grade of streets. The lease may contain any other provisions for the protection of the parties that are not inconsistent with the provisions of ss. 66.1301
History: 1995 a. 225
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1321.
Urban redevelopment; aids and appropriations. 66.1323(1)(1)
A local governing body may appropriate moneys for the purpose of, and may borrow or accept grants from the federal or state governments or any of their agencies, for the acquisition of lands required to carry out the plan or the purposes mentioned in s. 66.1325
. The local governing body may enter into contracts, mortgages, trust indentures or other agreements as the federal government requires.
A city may appropriate moneys for the purpose of making plans and surveys to carry out redevelopment and for any purpose required to carry out the intention of ss. 66.1301
History: 1999 a. 150
Urban redevelopment; city improvements.
For the purpose of aiding and cooperating in the planning, undertaking, construction or operation of any redevelopment plan located within the area in which it is authorized to act, a local governing body may, upon terms, with or without consideration, that it determines, do all of the following:
Cause parks, playgrounds, recreational, community, educational, water, sewer or drainage facilities, or any other works which it is otherwise empowered to undertake, to be furnished adjacent to or in connection with housing projects.
Furnish, dedicate, close, pave, install, grade, regrade, plan or replan streets, roads, roadways, alleys, sidewalks or other places which it is otherwise empowered to undertake.
History: 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1325.
Urban redevelopment; construction of statute; conflict of laws; supplemental powers. 66.1327(1)(1)
shall be construed liberally to effectuate the purposes of urban redevelopment, and the enumeration of specific powers does not operate to restrict the meaning of any general grant of power contained in ss. 66.1301
or to exclude other powers comprehended in the general grant.
If ss. 66.1301
are inconsistent with any other law, the provisions of these sections are controlling.
The powers conferred by ss. 66.1301
are in addition and supplemental to the powers conferred by any other law.
History: 1999 a. 150
Urban redevelopment; enforcement of duties.
If a redevelopment corporation fails to substantially comply with the development plan within the time limits for the completion of each stage, reasonable delays caused by unforeseen difficulties excepted, or violates or is about to violate ss. 66.1301
, the failure to comply or actual or possible violation may be certified by the planning commission to the city attorney of the city. The city attorney may commence a proceeding in the circuit court of the county in which the city is in whole or in part situated in the name of the city for the purpose of seeking appropriate relief. The court shall, immediately after a default in answering or after answer, inquire into the facts and circumstances in the manner that the court directs without other or formal proceedings, and without respect to any technical requirements. The court may join as parties any other persons it deems necessary or proper in order to make its order or judgment effective. The final judgment or order in the action or proceeding shall dismiss the action or proceeding or grant appropriate relief.
History: 1997 a. 187
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.1329.
This section shall be known and may be cited and referred to as the “blighted area law."
Findings and declaration of necessity.
It is found and declared that there have existed and continue to exist in cities within the state, substandard, insanitary, deteriorated, slum and blighted areas which constitute a serious and growing menace, injurious and inimical to the public health, safety, morals and welfare of the residents of the state. The existence of these areas contributes substantially and increasingly to the spread of disease and crime (necessitating excessive and disproportionate expenditures of public funds for the preservation of the public health and safety, for crime prevention, correction, prosecution, punishment, and the treatment of juvenile delinquency and for the maintenance of adequate police, fire and accident protection, and other public services and facilities), constitutes an economic and social liability, substantially impairs or arrests the sound growth of cities, and retards the provision of housing accommodations. This menace is beyond remedy and control solely by regulatory process in the exercise of the police power and cannot be dealt with effectively by the ordinary operations of private enterprise without the aids provided in this section. The acquisition of property for the purpose of eliminating substandard, insanitary, deteriorated, slum or blighted conditions or preventing recurrence of these conditions in the area, the removal of structures and improvement of sites, the disposition of the property for redevelopment incidental to these activities, and any assistance which may be given by cities or any other public bodies, are public uses and purposes for which public money may be expended and the power of eminent domain exercised. The necessity in the public interest for the provisions of this section is declared as a matter of legislative determination.
Persons otherwise entitled to any right, benefit, facility, or privilege under this section may not be denied the right, benefit, facility, or privilege in any manner for any purpose nor be discriminated against because of sex, race, color, creed, sexual orientation, status as a victim of domestic abuse, sexual assault, or stalking, as defined in s. 106.50 (1m) (u)
, or national origin.
In this section, unless a different intent clearly appears from the context:
“Blighted area" means any area, including a slum area, in which a majority of the structures are residential or in which there is a predominance of buildings or improvements, whether residential or nonresidential, and which, by reason of dilapidation, deterioration, age or obsolescence, inadequate provision for ventilation, light, air, sanitation, or open spaces, high density of population and overcrowding, or the existence of conditions which endanger life or property by fire and other causes, or any combination of these factors, is conducive to ill health, transmission of disease, infant mortality, juvenile delinquency and crime, and is detrimental to the public health, safety, morals or welfare.
“Housing" includes housing, dwelling, habitation and residence.
“Land" includes bare or vacant land, the land under buildings, structures or other improvements, and water and land under water. When employed in connection with “use", for instance, “use of land" or “land use", “land" includes buildings, structures and improvements existing or to be placed on land.
“Lessee" includes the successors or assigns and successors in title of the lessee.
“Local legislative body" means the board of alderpersons, common council, council, commission or other board or body vested by the charter of the city or other law with jurisdiction to enact ordinances or local laws.
“Planning commission" means the board, commission or agency of the city authorized to prepare, adopt or amend or modify a master plan of the city.
“Project area" means a blighted area or portion of a blighted area of such extent and location as adopted by the planning commission and approved by the local legislative body as an appropriate unit of redevelopment planning for a redevelopment project, separate from the redevelopment projects in other parts of the city. In the provisions of this section relating to leasing or sale by the city, for abbreviation “project area" is used for the remainder of the project area after taking out those pieces of property which have been or are to be transferred for public uses.
“Public body" means the state or any city, county, town, village, board, commission, authority, district or any other subdivision or public body of the state.
“Purchaser" includes the successors or assigns and successors in title of the purchaser.
“Real property" includes land; land together with the buildings, structures, fixtures and other improvements on the land; liens, estates, easements and other interests in the land; and restrictions or limitations upon the use of land, buildings or structures, other than those imposed by exercise of the police power.
“Redevelopment company" means a private or public corporation or body corporate, including a public housing authority, carrying out a plan under this section.
“Redevelopment plan" means a plan for the acquisition, clearance, reconstruction, rehabilitation or future use of a redevelopment project area.
“Redevelopment project" means any work or undertaking to acquire blighted areas or portions of blighted areas, and lands, structures, or improvements, the acquisition of which is necessary or incidental to the proper clearance or redevelopment of the areas or to the prevention of the spread or recurrence of slum conditions or conditions of blight in the areas; to clear blighted areas by demolition or removal of existing buildings, structures, streets, utilities, or other improvements; to install, construct, or reconstruct streets, utilities, and site improvements essential to the preparation of sites for uses in accordance with a redevelopment plan; or to sell, lease or otherwise make available land in blighted areas for residential, recreational, commercial, industrial or other use or for public use, or to retain the land for public use, in accordance with a redevelopment plan. “Redevelopment project" includes the preparation of a redevelopment plan, the planning, surveying, and other work incident to a redevelopment project, and the preparation of all plans and arrangements for carrying out a redevelopment project.
“Rentals" means rents specified in a lease to be paid by the lessee to the city.