An analysis of the municipality's residential development regulations, such as land use controls, site improvement requirements, fees and land dedication requirements, and permit procedures. The analysis shall calculate the financial impact that each regulation has on the cost of each new subdivision. The analysis shall identify ways in which the municipality can modify its construction and development regulations, lot sizes, approval processes, and related fees to do each of the following:
Reduce the time and cost necessary to approve and develop a new residential subdivision in the municipality by 20 percent.
A municipality shall post the report under sub. (2)
on the municipality's Internet site on a web page dedicated solely to the report and titled “Housing Affordability Analysis.”
History: 2017 a. 243
New housing fee report. 66.10014(1)(1)
In this section, “municipality” means a city or village with a population of 10,000 or more.
Not later than January 1, 2020, a municipality shall prepare a report of the municipality's residential development fees. The report shall contain all of the following:
Whether the municipality imposes any of the following fees or other requirements for purposes related to residential construction, remodeling, or development and, if so, the amount of each fee:
Land dedication or fee in lieu of land dedication requirement.
The total amount of fees under par. (a)
that the municipality imposed for purposes related to residential construction, remodeling, or development in the prior year and an amount calculated by dividing the total amount of fees under this paragraph by the number of new residential dwelling units approved in the municipality in the prior year.
A municipality shall post the report under sub. (2)
on the municipality's Internet site on a web page dedicated solely to the report and titled “New Housing Fee Report.” If a municipality does not have an Internet site, the county in which the municipality is located shall post the information under this paragraph on its Internet site on a web page dedicated solely to development fee information for the municipality.
A municipality shall provide a copy of the report under sub. (2)
to each member of the governing body of the municipality.
If a fee or the amount of a fee under sub. (2) (a)
is not properly posted as required under sub. (3) (a)
, the municipality may not charge the fee.
History: 2017 a. 243
Limitation on development regulation authority and down zoning. 66.10015(1)(a)
“Approval" means a permit or authorization for building, zoning, driveway, stormwater, or other activity related to a project.
“Down zoning ordinance" means a zoning ordinance that affects an area of land in one of the following ways:
By decreasing the development density of the land to be less dense than was allowed under its previous usage.
By reducing the permitted uses of the land, that are specified in a zoning ordinance or other land use regulation, to fewer uses than were allowed under its previous usage.
“Existing requirements" means regulations, ordinances, rules, or other properly adopted requirements of a political subdivision that are in effect at the time the application for an approval is submitted to the political subdivision.
“Members-elect" means those members of the governing body of a political subdivision, at a particular time, who have been duly elected or appointed for a current regular or unexpired term and whose service has not terminated by death, resignation, or removal from office.
“Political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
“Project" means a specific and identifiable land development that occurs on defined and adjacent parcels of land, which includes lands separated by roads, waterways, and easements.
“Substandard lot” means a legally created lot or parcel that met any applicable lot size requirements when it was created, but does not meet current lot size requirements.
Except as provided under par. (b)
or s. 66.0401
, if a person has submitted an application for an approval, the political subdivision shall approve, deny, or conditionally approve the application solely based on existing requirements, unless the applicant and the political subdivision agree otherwise. An application is filed under this section on the date that the political subdivision receives the application.
If a project requires more than one approval or approvals from one or more political subdivisions and the applicant identifies the full scope of the project at the time of filing the application for the first approval required for the project, the existing requirements applicable in each political subdivision at the time of filing the application for the first approval required for the project shall be applicable to all subsequent approvals required for the project, unless the applicant and the political subdivision agree otherwise.
An application for an approval shall expire not less than 60 days after filing if all of the following apply:
The application does not comply with form and content requirements.
Not more than 10 working days after filing, the political subdivision provides the applicant with written notice of the noncompliance. The notice shall specify the nature of the noncompliance and the date on which the application will expire if the noncompliance is not remedied.
The applicant fails to remedy the noncompliance before the date provided in the notice.
Notwithstanding any other law or rule, or any action or proceeding under the common law, no political subdivision may enact or enforce an ordinance or take any other action that prohibits a property owner from doing any of the following:
Using a substandard lot as a building site if all of the following apply:
The substandard lot or parcel has never been developed with one or more of its structures placed partly upon an adjacent lot or parcel.
The substandard lot or parcel is developed to comply with all other ordinances of the political subdivision.
(3) Down zoning.
A political subdivision may enact a down zoning ordinance only if the ordinance is approved by at least two-thirds of the members-elect, except that if the down zoning ordinance is requested, or agreed to, by the person who owns the land affected by the proposed ordinance, the ordinance may be enacted by a simple majority of the members-elect.
Notwithstanding the authority granted under ss. 59.69
, and 62.23
, no political subdivision may enact or enforce an ordinance or take any other action that requires one or more lots to be merged with another lot, for any purpose, without the consent of the owners of the lots that are to be merged.
(5) Expiration dates.
A political subdivision may not establish an expiration date for an approval related to a planned development district of less than 5 years after the date of the last approval required for completion of the project. This section does not prohibit a political subdivision from establishing timelines for completion of work related to an approval.
If a political subdivision or a utility district requires the installation of a water meter station for a political subdivision, neither the political subdivision nor the utility district may require a developer to install a water meter that is larger than a utility-type box, and may not require a developer to include heating, air conditioning, or a restroom in the water meter station. Any requirements for such a project that go beyond the limitations specified in this paragraph must be funded entirely by the political subdivision or utility district.
If a political subdivision employs a building inspector to enforce its zoning ordinance or other ordinances related to building, and a developer requests the building inspector to perform an inspection that is part of the inspector's duties, the inspector shall complete the inspection not later than 14 business days after the building inspector receives the request for an inspection.
If a building inspector does not complete a requested inspection as required under subd. 1.
, the developer may request a state building inspector to provide the requested inspection, provided that the state inspector has a comparable level of zoning and building inspection qualification as the local building inspector.
If a developer provides a political subdivision with a certificate of inspection from a state building inspector from an inspection described under subd. 2.
, which meets the requirements of the inspection that was supposed to be provided by the local building inspector, the political subdivision must accept the certificate provided by the state building inspector as if it had been provided by the political subdivision's building inspector.
Development moratoria. 66.1002(1)(b)
“Development moratorium" means a moratorium on rezoning or approving any subdivision or other division of land by plat or certified survey map that is authorized under ch. 236
“Municipality" means any city, village, or town.
“Public health professional" means any of the following:
“Registered engineer" means an individual who satisfies the registration requirements for a professional engineer as specified in s. 443.04
(2) Moratorium allowed.
Subject to the limitations and requirements specified in this section, a municipality may enact a development moratorium ordinance if the municipality has enacted a comprehensive plan, is in the process of preparing its comprehensive plan, is in the process of preparing a significant amendment to its comprehensive plan in response to a substantial change in conditions in the municipality, or is exempt from the requirement as described in s. 66.1001 (3m)
, and if at least one of the following applies:
The municipality's governing body adopts a resolution stating that a moratorium is needed to prevent a shortage in, or the overburdening of, public facilities located in the municipality and that such a shortage or overburdening would otherwise occur during the period in which the moratorium would be in effect, except that the governing body may not adopt such a resolution unless it obtains a written report from a registered engineer stating that in his or her opinion the possible shortage or overburdening of public facilities justifies the need for a moratorium.
The municipality's governing body adopts a resolution stating that a moratorium is needed to address a significant threat to the public health or safety that is presented by a proposed or anticipated activity specified under sub. (4)
, except that the governing body may not adopt such a resolution unless it obtains a written report from a registered engineer or public health professional stating that in his or her opinion the proposed or anticipated activity specified under sub. (4)
presents such a significant threat to the public health or safety that the need for a moratorium is justified.
An ordinance enacted under this section shall contain at least all of the following elements:
A statement describing the problem giving rise to the need for the moratorium.
A statement of the specific action that the municipality intends to take to alleviate the need for the moratorium.
Subject to par. (b)
, the length of time during which the moratorium is to be in effect.
A statement describing how and why the governing body decided on the length of time described in subd. 3.
A description of the area in which the ordinance applies.
An exemption for any activity specified under sub. (4)
that would have no impact, or slight impact, on the problem giving rise to the need for the moratorium.
A development moratorium ordinance may be in effect only for a length of time that is long enough for a municipality to address the problem giving rise to the need for the moratorium but, except as provided in subd. 2.
, the ordinance may not remain in effect for more than 12 months.
A municipality may amend the ordinance one time to extend the moratorium for not more than 6 months if the municipality's governing body determines that such an extension is necessary to address the problem giving rise to the need for the moratorium.
A municipality may not enact a development moratorium ordinance unless it holds at least one public hearing at which the proposed ordinance is discussed. The public hearing must be preceded by a class 1 notice under ch. 985
, the notice to be at least 30 days before the hearing. The municipality may also provide notice of the hearing by any other appropriate means. The class 1 notice shall contain at least all of the following:
A summary of the proposed development moratorium ordinance, including the location where the ordinance would apply, the length of time the ordinance would be in effect, and a statement describing the problem giving rise to the need for the moratorium.
The name and contact information of a municipal official who may be contacted to obtain additional information about the proposed ordinance.
Information relating to how, where, and when a copy of the proposed ordinance may be inspected or obtained before the hearing.
A development moratorium ordinance enacted under this section applies to any of the following that is submitted to the municipality on or after the effective date of the ordinance:
History: 2011 a. 144