Except as provided in par. (b)
, no person may establish a rendering or processing plant within one-eighth mile of a dwelling, other than a dwelling associated with the rendering or processing plant, or within one-eighth mile of a public or private business building, but a rendering or processing plant is not required to cease operations because a dwelling or business building is constructed closer than one-eighth mile to an existing plant. This subsection does not prohibit the continued operation of the plant of a renderer, animal food processor or grease processor in existence on November 26, 1981, or the erection of new or improved rendering or processing plant facilities on the existing premises subject to provisions of any local ordinances.
A person may establish or expand a rendering or processing plant within one-eighth mile of a dwelling or a business building with the approval of the city, village, or town in which the rendering or processing plant would be located if animals will not be slaughtered in the rendering or processing plant and only animal parts will be processed in the rendering or processing plant.
(4) Rendering and processing plants; construction and operation. 95.72(4)(a)(a)
No person may construct a rendering or processing plant unless it is constructed and equipped according to rules promulgated under sub. (5)
. No person may operate a rendering or processing plant unless the plant has sewage facilities and floor drains, all areas of the building and premises on which the plant is situated are kept in a clean and sanitary condition, and all operations are conducted to prevent the creation of a nuisance.
A person who operates a rendering or processing plant shall conduct all rendering in closed vessels.
A person who operates a rendering or processing plant shall deposit all dead animals received for rendering or processing within the plant or other enclosed structure immediately upon their arrival.
A person who operates a rendering or processing plant shall dispose of an animal within 24 hours after its arrival during the days of Sunday to Friday, or within 48 hours after its arrival on a Saturday or a Sunday followed by a holiday, unless any of the following occurs:
The department issues a permit allowing a longer amount of time.
The carcass is received in a frozen condition and is disposed of within a reasonable period of time.
Disposal of the animal within the time period is impossible and the department is so notified by telephone.
Diseased or contaminated animals.
The department may detain or hold for further inspection dead animals or animal hides it suspects are affected with a highly contagious or infectious disease, or any dead animal products suspected of containing any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the products unfit for use as food for animals. The department shall order the destruction of dead animals or any animal hides or products determined to be infected with a highly contagious or infectious disease or unfit for use as food for animals.
The department shall promulgate rules governing the collection, transportation, processing, rendering and disposal of dead animals, entrails and paunch materials, the slaughtering of animals for animal food processing or rendering, the location, construction and maintenance of all buildings, facilities and equipment used in collecting, slaughtering and processing operations, the sale or use of dead animal products as food for animals, the issuance of licenses or permits and other rules for the conduct of operations subject to a license under this section.
Upon receipt of an application for an initial license as a renderer, grease processor or animal food processor, the department shall inspect the plant, premises, facilities and equipment to be used in conducting the business.
The department shall inspect all plants, premises, facilities, equipment and transport vehicles used by each licensee at least once each year, and more often if necessary, to ensure that the licensee conducts the business operations in conformity with this section and rules promulgated under sub. (5)
If the department finds that any of the applicant's or licensee's plants, premises, facilities, equipment or transport vehicles do not comply with the requirements of this section or rules promulgated under sub. (5)
, it shall notify the applicant or licensee in writing of the deficiencies and shall order the applicant or licensee to make appropriate changes. The department shall allow a reasonable time not exceeding 90 days for the applicant or licensee to make the changes. The department shall conduct a reinspection to determine compliance with the department's order or the need to order further changes. The department may allow an additional 90 days if it is necessary for the applicant or licensee to correct deficiencies discovered during the reinspection. Failure to correct deficiencies within the time allowed is grounds for the denial, suspension or revocation of the license or temporary permit.
(7) Transportation of dead animals. 95.72(7)(a)
No person may transport dead animals on public highways in this state without a license issued under this section. A licensee may not transport dead animals under conditions not authorized by the license. This paragraph does not apply to persons exempt from obtaining a license under this section, a farmer transporting dead animals raised on his or her farm, the transportation of hides or fully rendered or processed dead animal products, the transportation of dead animals by government agencies or private agencies engaged in scientific research, persons transporting dead animals for destruction or burial, or animal truckers transporting animals which have died in transit if the dead animals are transported directly to a licensed renderer, animal food processor or collector.
Enclosure or covering of dead animals.
No person may transport a dead animal on a public highway unless it is transported in a closed vehicle or container or unless it is completely covered with a tarpaulin or other suitable material. Vehicles or containers used for the transportation of dead animals shall be leakproof to prevent spilling or dripping of liquid waste. This paragraph does not apply to the transportation of animal hides or to a farmer transporting dead animals raised on his or her farm.
No licensee or fur farmer may operate any vehicle for the transportation of dead animals unless the person is issued a vehicle permit by the department. There is no charge for this permit. An applicant for a vehicle permit shall submit a completed application form prescribed by the department which states the applicant's name and address, vehicle identification and other information required by the department. The permit holder shall keep the permit with the vehicle for which it was issued.
Except as provided in reciprocal agreements between this state and contiguous states, no dead animals or parts of dead animals which are raw or unrendered, except green or salted hides, may be transported into this state unless the requirements of this subsection and rules promulgated under sub. (5)
relating to the transportation of dead animals are complied with.
(8) Truck transfer stations; permits.
No person may own or operate a truck transfer station for the unloading or reloading of dead animals unless the person is issued a permit by the department. The department shall issue permits only to persons licensed under this section. Truck transfer stations may be used only for unloading or reloading dead animals for delivery to licensees under this section. No person may operate a truck transfer station unless the building is constructed, maintained and operated according to rules promulgated under sub. (5)
and water and sewerage facilities are provided on the premises.
No person may represent that he or she is engaged in or offer to provide services in connection with an activity for which a license is required under this section unless the person holds a license or permit for the activity issued under this section. All advertising by a person licensed under this section shall specify the activity for which the license was issued.
(10) Humane handling.
Live downer animals picked up for animal food processing or rendering shall be slaughtered before loading for transport to a processing or rendering plant. Slaughtering shall be done by humane methods as defined in s. 95.80 (1) (a)
Any person who violates this section or any rule promulgated under this section shall forfeit not less than $500 nor more than $1,000.
See also ch. ATCP 12
, Wis. adm. code.
Humane slaughtering. 95.80(1)(1)
As used in this section:
Any method of slaughtering livestock which normally causes animals to be rendered insensible to pain by a single blow or shot of a mechanical instrument or by electrical, chemical or other means that is rapid and effective, before being shackled, hoisted, thrown, cast, or cut; or
The method of slaughtering, including handling and other preparation for slaughtering, required by or used in connection with the ritual of any religious faith, whereby the animal suffers loss of consciousness by anemia of the brain caused by the simultaneous and instantaneous severance of the carotid arteries with a sharp instrument.
“Livestock" means cattle, horses, swine, sheep, goats, farm-raised deer and other species of animals susceptible of use in the production of meat and meat products.
“Slaughterer" means any person operating a slaughterhouse licensed under s. 97.42
, or registered under s. 97.44
No slaughterer may slaughter livestock except by a humane method.
Any person who violates this chapter, or an order issued or a rule adopted under this chapter, for which a specific penalty is not prescribed shall, for the first offense, be fined not more than $1,000; and for any subsequent offense fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than 6 months or both.
The department may seek an injunction restraining any person from violating this chapter or any rule promulgated under this chapter.
A person who violates this chapter or any rule promulgated or order issued under this chapter, for which a specific penalty is not prescribed, may be required to forfeit not less than $200 nor more than $5,000 for the first offense and may be required to forfeit not less than $400 nor more than $5,000 for the 2nd or subsequent offense committed within 5 years of an offense for which a penalty has been assessed under this section. A forfeiture under this subsection is in lieu of a criminal penalty under sub. (1)