Ch. 95 Cross-reference
See definitions in s. 93.01
An animal that is a member of a species that has been domesticated by humans.
A farm-raised deer, farm-raised game bird, or farm-raised fish.
An animal that is listed as a domestic animal by rule by the department.
“Farm-raised deer" means a cervid that is kept in captivity or a cervid that is present in the wild and that has an ear tag or other mark identifying it as being raised on a farm.
“Farm-raised fish" means any fish egg that is present on a fish farm or any fish that is reared on a fish farm.
“Fish farm" means a facility at which a person hatches fish eggs or rears fish for the purpose of introduction into the waters of the state, human or animal consumption, permitting fishing, use as bait or fertilizer or any other purpose specified by the department by rule or for sale to another person to rear for one of those purposes.
“Net salvage value" means the salvage value of an animal plus any federal indemnity paid for the animal.
“Official vaccinate" means any female bovine animal officially reported to the department as having been vaccinated by an approved veterinarian at an age and in accordance with the procedures the department prescribes and which was properly tattooed at the time of vaccination as required by law or rules of the department.
“Paratuberculosis" means the disease of domestic ruminants, commonly known as Johne's disease, that is caused by mycobacterium paratuberculosis.
The department shall promulgate rules defining the term “contagious or infectious diseases" as used in this chapter.
Administration of drugs to horses. 95.01(1)(1)
No person may administer a drug to a horse, either internally or externally, for the purpose of altering the performance of the horse in a horse pulling contest.
Persons in charge of a horse pulling contest may require as a condition of participation in the contest that the exhibitor submit the exhibitor's horse for examination by a licensed veterinarian to determine the presence of drugs under sub. (1)
History: 1973 c. 191
; 1993 a. 492
Feeding garbage to swine. 95.10(1)(1)
Beginning July 1, 1968, it is unlawful for any person to feed public or commercial garbage to swine, or to deposit or receive such garbage on any premises where swine are kept, and no swine having fed on such garbage may be sold or removed from the premises.
“Public or commercial garbage" as used in this section means putrescible animal or vegetable wastes containing animal parts, resulting from the handling, preparation, processing, cooking or consumption of food and which is collected from any source, and includes dead animals as defined in s. 95.72 (1) (c)
. The term does not apply to private household wastes not removed from the premises where produced.
No indemnity shall be paid to the owner of any swine condemned or destroyed because of any infectious or communicable disease if such swine were located, at any time, on any premises receiving public or commercial garbage. No person shall fail or refuse to conform with the department order specifying the manner of disposal of such infected swine. The definition of “communicable disease" in s. 990.01 (5g)
does not apply to this subsection.
No person shall remove or permit the removal of any swine from any premises where public or commercial garbage is received, except to federally inspected slaughtering establishments and other slaughtering establishments approved by the state to receive diseased animals, and only if such swine are accompanied by a certificate of veterinary inspection.
No person shall bring into this state any raw public or commercial garbage for feeding purposes or for deposit on any premises where swine are kept. Any garbage from vehicles serving food to passengers, if deposited in this state, shall be incinerated.
Livestock branding. 95.11(1)(1)
As used in this section:
“Brand" means an identification mark which is burned, tattooed or otherwise permanently marked onto livestock in accordance with department rules. A brand shall consist of a symbol, letter, or combinations of symbols, letters or numbers in a specific location but does not include ear notches or similar disfigurement, a mark which is solely a numeral or a mark required by law for official identification in disease control programs.
(2) Adoption and use.
Any person may adopt an exclusive brand by recording such brand under sub. (3)
Any person desiring to adopt any brand, not the recorded brand of another person, shall forward to the department a facsimile of the desired brand, together with a written application and a recording fee. Upon receipt the department shall record the brand, unless the brand is of record as that of some other person or conflicts with the recorded brand of any person. If the brand does not qualify for recording, or there is a conflict between applications received on the same date, the facsimile and fee shall be returned to the applicant. If the brand is accepted, the ownership thereof shall vest from the date of filing.
In 1984 and every 10th year thereafter, every owner of a brand shall rerecord the brand according to department rules. At the expiration of each recording period the department shall notify every owner of a brand at the owner's address of record that the brand has not been rerecorded and that the brand must be rerecorded within 90 days. Failure to rerecord the brand is an abandonment of the brand, and it can be recorded by another applicant thereafter.
Any recorded brand is subject to transfer as personal property. Instruments evidencing transfer of a brand shall be recorded by the department upon payment of a transfer fee.
The fee for initial recording is $20, and for rerecording and transfer is $10. When any brand is recorded, the owner is entitled to one certified copy of the recorded brand. Additional certified copies may be obtained upon the payment of $2 for each copy.
(4) Suit by owner.
An owner of a recorded brand may sue for injunctive relief and damages arising from an unauthorized use of the owner's brand on livestock and a judgment in the owner's favor may include costs and reasonable attorney fees.
No person with intent to defraud shall obtain from any corporation, association, society or company organized for the purpose of improving breeds of domestic animals, a false certificate of registration of any such domestic animal in the herd or other register of any such corporation, association, society or company, or the transfer of any such certificate, or shall, with intent to defraud, give a false pedigree of any such domestic animal.
History: 2001 a. 56
Misrepresenting breed of domestic animal.
No person shall sell or barter or cause to be sold or bartered any domestic animal and represent, or cause to be represented that such domestic animal is a pure bred domestic animal, when in fact such domestic animal is not registered, or entitled to registry, in any pure breed registry maintained for such domestic animals; nor shall any person knowingly utter, pass or deliver to any person as true, any false, or altered pedigree; nor shall any person refuse to deliver proper certificate of registry for any domestic animal sold or transferred by the person, having represented at the time of sale or transfer, and as an inducement thereto, that such domestic animal was registered and that the person possessed and would deliver a certificate of registry as evidence thereof, or that such domestic animal was entitled to registry and that the person would secure such certificate and deliver the same.
History: 1993 a. 492
; 2001 a. 56
Corporations to improve livestock. 95.14(1)(1)
Three or more adult persons of this state may form a corporation, without capital stock, to be managed and directed as herein provided, for the purpose of improving the breeding of livestock by such means and methods as may be deemed most advisable, and to receive and manage contributions therefor made from time to time by way of gifts, deed, devise, bequest or otherwise, and to expend the income thereof for the purpose of the corporation. The work of any such corporation shall be entirely educational and designed by practical work with the breeder upon the farm to result in a better understanding and practical application of the scientific and technical principles taught in agricultural colleges and experiment stations, so as to effect the greatest possible coordination between the science and the art or practice of breeding, but such work shall not be merged with the work of any educational institution. Any corporation organized hereunder shall have authority to pay all necessary expenses properly incurred in carrying out the purposes of the corporation, including compensation to employees and to directors for services actually rendered in conducting the affairs of the corporation, but no pecuniary profit shall ever be paid to any incorporator or director.
Any corporation organized under this section shall be managed and directed by a self-perpetuating board of directors of 5 members, consisting of the dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who shall be permanent chairperson of the board, and 4 others to be appointed in the first instance by the incorporators; at least 3 of the 5 members shall always be representative livestock breeders of the state. If the dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences fails to act as a member of the board by reason of refusal, disability, or vacancy in the chair of the dean, the remaining members of the board shall appoint a representative livestock breeder to act in his or her place on the board until the time as such refusal, disability, or vacancy in the chair ceases to exist. Whenever the dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences becomes a member of the board of directors after any such interim, the dean shall automatically become chairperson of the board.
The term of office of all members of the board, except the permanent chairperson, shall expire one each year by lot. The remaining members shall elect a member to succeed the person whose term shall have thus expired. Vacancies occurring during the year may be filled at once by the remaining members.
Any such corporation shall have the general powers of other corporations and its articles of organization shall conform to s. 181.0202
with such modifications as this section requires.
Animal diseases; cooperation with United States.
Whenever it is determined by the department and the state constitutional officers that it is necessary to combat dangerous diseases in animals in this state in cooperation with the U.S. department of agriculture and to destroy animals affected with or which have been exposed to any such disease or to destroy property in the disinfection of the premises or to do any other act or incur any other expense reasonably necessary in suppressing or combating such disease, the department may accept, on behalf of the state, the rules and regulations prepared by the U.S. department of agriculture under authority of an act of congress relating to the suppression of any such disease and cooperate with the authorities of the U.S. in the enforcement of their provisions; or it may follow such procedure as to inspection, vaccination, condemnation, appraisal, disinfection and other acts reasonably necessary in the suppression of such diseases as may be agreed upon and adopted by the department and the state constitutional officers with the representatives of the U.S. department of agriculture. Within the amount which may, subsequent to March 23, 1915, be appropriated for this purpose, the state shall pay such proportion of the expense incurred in suppressing or combating any such disease and in compensating owners of animals slaughtered under this section as shall be determined by and mutually agreed upon with the U.S. department of agriculture.
History: 1975 c. 308
; 2001 a. 56
Animals in transit.
Animals in transit in the state are subject to all the provisions of law relating to contagious or infectious diseases of animals, and to the regulations and orders of the department.
See also chs. ATCP 10
, Wis. adm. code.
Voluntary individual animal identification. 95.185(1)(1)
In this section, “RFID tag” means a radio frequency identification tag, regardless of whether it uses low or high frequency technology.
(2) Voluntary individual animal identification.
The department shall create and administer a voluntary program under which a person who has obtained a livestock premises registration under s. 95.51
may obtain RFID tags for individual bovine animals, goats, sheep, swine, or farm-raised deer. An RFID tag must include a 15-digit individual animal identification number that is connected to the livestock premises identification code for the animal's premises of origin. As part of the program under this section, the department shall maintain on its Internet site a link to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's list of authorized manufacturers of animal identification number devices. The department may contract with an agent to collect and maintain individual animal identification records, which may include submitting the information to an existing state or federal database. Individual animal identification records held by the department or by an agent with whom the department has contracted are not subject to copying or inspection under s. 19.35 (1)
and, unless an exemption provided under s. 95.51 (5) (b)
applies, the department or the agent may not disclose such records. The department may promulgate rules to implement this section. The department may amend any rules promulgated under this section as necessary to adapt to future advances in animal identification technology, including to substitute RFID tags with another technology if RFID technology becomes obsolete.
History: 2019 a. 178
Diseased animals. 95.19(1)(1)
In this section, “knowingly" means that the actor believes that the specified fact exists.
No person may do any of the following:
Import, sell, transport or exhibit an animal that is exposed to a contagious or infectious disease, except as provided in sub. (3) (a)
Import, sell, transport or exhibit an animal that is infected with a contagious or infectious disease, except as provided in sub. (3) (a)
Knowingly conceal that an animal that is imported, sold, transported or exhibited has been exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease.
Knowingly misrepresent that an animal has not been exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease.
Knowingly permit an animal that has been exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease to commingle with other animals under conditions that may cause the disease to spread to an animal owned by another person.
(3) Rule making.
The department may promulgate rules:
Authorizing the transport under a department permit of an animal exposed to or infected with a contagious or infectious disease for slaughter or other purposes prescribed by the department.
Specifying those contagious or infectious diseases to which the prohibitions of sub. (2)
, and the rules promulgated under par. (a)
A person who violates this section is liable to any person injured for damages sustained as a result of the violation.
History: 1989 a. 277
See also chs. ATCP 10
, Wis. adm. code.
Use of the phrase “any person injured" does not show that the legislature intended to allow recovery under this section only when a violation of this section causes personal injuries, as opposed to economic losses. Wilson v. Tuxen, 2008 WI App 94
, 312 Wis. 2d 705
, 754 N.W.2d 220
This section specifically gives the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection the authority to specify which contagious or infectious diseases can create liability under sub. (2) (a) to (e), which it has done. The two claims found in sub. (2) (a) and (b) are strict liability statutes that are restricted by rule to specified diseases. Sub. (2) (c) to (e) prohibit 3 different kinds of knowing conduct. By rule, liability under sub. (2) (c) to (e) may be based on any disease that is either contagious or infectious. Wilson v. Tuxen, 2008 WI App 94
, 312 Wis. 2d 705
, 754 N.W.2d 220
Diseases; implied warranty in sale of animals. 95.195(1)(1)
In this section, “covered disease" means a disease that the department specifies under sub. (4) (a)
is covered by this section.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
, in every contract for the sale of an animal of a type specified by the department under sub. (4) (b)
, there is an implied warranty that the animal is not infected with a covered disease unless the seller discloses to the buyer in writing, prior to sale, all of the following:
The management classification of the animal's herd with respect to the covered disease.
If the animal is a reactor with respect to the covered disease, that the animal is a reactor.
The warranty under sub. (2)
does not apply to an animal sold directly to slaughter.
The department shall promulgate rules that do all of the following:
Specify types of animals to which this section applies.
Prescribe a system for determining management classifications of herds with respect to covered diseases.
History: 1989 a. 277
; 1999 a. 160
See also chs. ATCP 10
, Wis. adm. code.
The legislature intended this section as an implied warranty in addition to the implied warranties found in ss. 402.314 and 402.315, not as a stand-alone provision. As a result, the provisions of ch. 402, including the notice of breach requirement in s. 402.607 (3) (a), apply to a claim for breach of the warranty under this section. Wilson v. Tuxen, 2008 WI App 94
, 312 Wis. 2d 705
, 754 N.W.2d 220
Financial assistance for paratuberculosis testing.