When appropriate, the request of the Indian juvenile's parent or, if the Indian juvenile is of sufficient age and developmental level to make an informed decision, the Indian juvenile, unless the request is made for the purpose of avoiding the application of this section and the federal Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 USC 1901
Any extraordinary physical, mental, or emotional health needs of the Indian juvenile requiring highly specialized treatment services as established by the testimony of an expert witness, including a qualified expert witness. The length of time that an Indian juvenile has been in a placement does not, in itself, constitute an extraordinary emotional health need.
The unavailability of a suitable placement for the Indian juvenile after diligent efforts have been made to place the Indian juvenile in the order of preference under par. (a)
The burden of establishing good cause to depart from the order of placement preference under par. (a)
shall be on the party requesting that departure.
Report of placement.
A county department or a child welfare agency shall maintain a record of each out-of-home care placement made of an Indian juvenile who is in need of protection or services under s. 938.13 (4)
, or (7)
, evidencing the efforts made to comply with the placement preference requirements specified in this subsection, and shall make that record available at any time on the request of the U.S. secretary of the interior or the Indian juvenile's tribe.
(7) Removal from out-of-home care placement.
If an Indian juvenile who is in need of protection or services under s. 938.13 (4)
, or (7)
is removed from an out-of-home care placement for the purpose of placing the Indian juvenile in another out-of-home care placement, a preadoptive placement, as defined in s. 48.028 (2) (f)
, or an adoptive placement, as defined in s. 48.028 (2) (a)
, the placement shall be made in accordance with this section and s. 48.028
. Removal of such an Indian juvenile from an out-of-home care placement for the purpose of returning the Indian juvenile to the home of the parent or Indian custodian from whose custody the Indian juvenile was originally removed is not subject to this section.
(8) Higher state or federal standard applicable.
The federal Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 USC 1901
, supersedes this chapter in any Indian juvenile custody proceeding governed by that act, except that in any case in which this chapter provides a higher standard of protection for the rights of an Indian juvenile's parent or Indian custodian than the rights provided under that act, the court shall apply the standard under this chapter.
ORGANIZATION OF COURT
Time and place of court; absence or disability of judge. 938.03(1)(1)
Time and place of court.
The court shall set apart a time and place to hold court on juvenile matters.
(2) Absence or disability of judge.
In the case of the absence or disability of the judge of a court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48
, another judge shall be assigned under s. 751.03
to act temporarily in the judge's place. If the judge assigned temporarily is from a circuit other than the one for which elected, the judge shall receive expenses under s. 753.073
History: 1995 a. 77
; 2005 a. 344
Services for court. 938.06(1)(1)
Counties with a population of 750,000 or more. 938.06(1)(a)1.1.
In counties with a population of 750,000 or more, the county board of supervisors shall provide the court with the services necessary for investigating and supervising cases under this chapter by operating a children's court center under the supervision of a director who is appointed as provided in s. 46.21 (1m) (a)
. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the director is the chief administrative officer of the center and of the intake and probation sections and juvenile detention facilities of the center. The director is responsible for managing the personnel of, and administering the services of, the sections and the juvenile detention facilities, and for supervising operation of the physical plant and maintenance and improvement of the buildings and grounds of the center.
The center under subd. 1.
shall include investigative services, provided by the county department, for juveniles alleged to be in need of protection or services and the services of an assistant district attorney or assistant corporation counsel, or both, who shall be assigned to the center to provide investigative and legal work in cases under this chapter and ch. 48
The chief judge of the judicial administrative district shall establish written judicial policies governing intake and court services for juvenile matters under this chapter and the director of the center shall execute the policies. The chief judge shall direct and supervise the work of all personnel of the court, except the work of the district attorney or corporation counsel assigned to the court, and may delegate his or her supervisory functions.
The county board of supervisors shall establish policies and rules for the management and administration of the nonjudicial operations of the children's court center. The director of the center shall report to, and is responsible to, the director of the county department relating to the center director's duty to execute the policies and rules governing the center, including activities of probation officers whenever they are not performing services for the court. The director of the center is responsible for preparing and submitting to the county board of supervisors of the annual budget for the center except for the judicial functions or responsibilities which are delegated by law to the court and clerk of circuit court. The county board of supervisors, in organizing the office of director, shall provide for the devolution of the director's authority in the case of temporary absence, illness, disability to act, or a vacancy in position and shall establish the general qualifications for the position. The county board of supervisors has the authority to investigate, arbitrate, and resolve any conflict in the administration of the center between judicial and nonjudicial operational policy and rules. The county board of supervisors does not have authority over, and may not assert jurisdiction over, the disposition of any case or juvenile after a written order is made under s. 938.21
or if a petition is filed under s. 938.25
All personnel of the intake and probation sections and of the juvenile detention facilities shall be appointed under civil service by the director, except that existing court service personnel having permanent civil service status may be reassigned to any of the sections within the center specified in this subdivision.
All intake workers providing services under this chapter who begin employment after May 15, 1980, shall have the qualifications required to perform entry level case work in a county department and shall have successfully completed 30 hours of intake training, approved or provided by the department, prior to the completion of the first 6 months of employment in the position. The department shall monitor compliance with this subdivision according to rules promulgated by the department.
The department shall make training programs available annually that permit intake workers providing services under this chapter to satisfy the requirements under subd. 1.
Notwithstanding par. (a)
, the county board of supervisors may make changes in the administration of services to the children's court center in order to qualify for the maximum amount of federal and state aid as provided in sub. (4)
and ss. 46.495
(2) Counties with a population under 750,000. 938.06(2)(a)(a)
In counties having less than 750,000 population, the county board of supervisors shall authorize the county department or the court, or both, to provide intake services under s. 938.067
and the staff needed to provide dispositional services under s. 938.069
. Intake services shall be provided by employees of the court or the county department and may not be subcontracted to other individuals or agencies, except as provided in par. (am)
. Intake workers shall be governed in their intake work, including their responsibilities for requesting the filing of a petition and entering into a deferred prosecution agreement, by general written policies established by the circuit judges for the county, subject to the approval of the chief judge of the judicial administrative district.
A county that had intake services under this chapter subcontracted from the county sheriff's department on April 1, 1980, may continue to subcontract those intake services from the county sheriff's department.
A county in which the county sheriff's department operates a juvenile detention facility may subcontract intake services under this chapter from the county sheriff's department as provided in this subdivision. If a county subcontracts intake services under this subdivision, employees of the county sheriff's department who staff the juvenile detention facility may make secure custody determinations under s. 938.208
between the hours of 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. Such a determination shall be reviewed by an intake worker employed by the court or county department within 24 hours after it is made.
All intake workers providing services under this chapter who begin employment after May 15, 1980, excluding county sheriff's department employees who provide intake services under par. (am) 2.
, shall have the qualifications required to perform entry level case work in a county department. All intake workers providing services under this chapter who begin employment after May 15, 1980, including county sheriff's department employees who provide intake services under par. (am) 2.
, shall have successfully completed 30 hours of intake training approved or provided by the department prior to the completion of the first 6 months of employment in the position. The department shall monitor compliance with this subdivision according to rules promulgated by the department.
The department shall make training programs available annually that permit intake workers providing services under this chapter to satisfy the requirements under subd. 1.
(3) Intake services.
The court or county department responsible for providing intake services under s. 938.067
shall specify one or more persons to provide intake services. If there is more than one person, one of the persons shall be designated as chief and shall supervise the other persons.
(4) State aid.
State aid to any county for juvenile delinquency-related court services under this section shall be at the same net effective rate that each county is reimbursed for county administration under s. 48.569
, except as provided in s. 48.526
. Counties having a population of less than 750,000 may use funds received under ss. 48.569 (1) (d)
, including county or federal revenue sharing funds allocated to match funds received under s. 48.569 (1) (d)
, for the cost of providing court attached intake services in amounts not to exceed 50 percent of the cost of providing court attached intake services or $30,000 per county per calendar year, whichever is less.
(5) Short-term detention as a disposition or sanction or for violation of order. 938.06(5)(a)
The county board of supervisors of any county may, by resolution, authorize the court to do any of the following:
See also ch. DCF 82
, Wis. adm. code.
Powers and duties of intake workers.
To carry out the objectives of this chapter, intake workers shall do all of the following:
Provide intake services 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, for the purpose of screening juveniles taken into custody and not released under s. 938.20 (2)
Interview, if possible, any juvenile who is taken into physical custody and not released, and, if appropriate, other available concerned parties. If the juvenile cannot be interviewed, the intake worker shall consult with the juvenile's parent or a responsible adult. No juvenile may be placed in a juvenile detention facility unless the juvenile has been interviewed in person by an intake worker, except that if the intake worker is in a place which is distant from the place where the juvenile is or the hour is unreasonable, as defined by written court intake rules, and if the juvenile meets the criteria under s. 938.208
, the intake worker, after consulting by telephone with the law enforcement officer who took the juvenile into custody, may authorize the secure holding of the juvenile while the intake worker is en route to the in-person interview or until 8 a.m. of the morning after the night on which the juvenile was taken into custody.
(3) Whether juvenile should be held.
Determine whether the juvenile shall be held under s. 938.205
and policies promulgated under s. 938.06 (1)
(4) Where juvenile should be held.
If the juvenile is not released, determine where the juvenile shall be held.
(5) Crisis counseling.
Provide any necessary crisis counseling during the intake process.
(6) Request for petition; deferred prosecution.
Receive referral information, conduct intake inquiries, request that a petition be filed, and enter into deferred prosecution agreements under policies promulgated under s. 938.06 (1)
(6g) Victims' rights.
Provide information and notices to and confer with victims as required under s. 938.346 (1m)
(6m) Multidisciplinary screen.
Conduct the multidisciplinary screen in counties that have a pilot program under s. 938.547
Make referrals of cases to other agencies if their assistance is needed or desirable.
(8) Interim recommendations.
Make interim recommendations to the court concerning juveniles awaiting final disposition under s. 938.355
(9) Other functions.
Perform any other functions ordered by the court, and, when the court or chief judge requests, assist the court or chief judge of the judicial administrative district in developing written policies or carrying out its other duties.
Powers and duties of disposition staff. 938.069(1)(1)
The staff of the department of corrections shall provide community supervision services for juveniles as provided in s. 938.533
. Subject to sub. (2)
, the staff of the department of corrections, the court, a county department, or a licensed child welfare agency designated by the court to carry out the objectives of this chapter shall:
Supervise and assist a juvenile under a deferred prosecution agreement, a consent decree or an order of the court.
Make an affirmative effort, and investigate and develop resources, to obtain necessary or desired services for the juvenile and the juvenile's family.
Prepare reports for the court recommending a plan of rehabilitation, treatment and care.
Provide aftercare services for a juvenile released from a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth.
Perform any other court‐ordered functions consistent with this chapter.
(2) Agency approval needed.
Licensed child welfare agencies and the department of corrections shall provide services under this section only upon the approval of the agency from whom services are requested.
(3) Intake services.
A court or county department responsible for disposition staff may agree with the court or county department responsible for providing intake services that the disposition staff may be designated to provide some or all of the intake services.
(4) Qualifications of disposition staff.
Disposition staff employed to perform the duties specified in sub. (1)
after November 18, 1978, shall have the qualifications required under the county merit system.
Additional sources of court services.
If the county board of supervisors has complied with s. 938.06
, the court may obtain supplementary services for investigating cases and providing supervision of cases from one or more of the following sources:
(2) Licensed child welfare agency.
The court may request the services of a child welfare agency licensed under s. 48.60
in accordance with procedures established by that agency. The agency shall receive no compensation for these services but may be reimbursed out of funds made available to the court for the actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of duties for the court.
(3) County department in populous counties.
In counties having a population of 750,000 or more, the court may order the director of the county department to provide emergency shelter care services to any juvenile whose need for the services, either by reason of need of protection and services or delinquency, is determined by the intake worker under s. 938.205
. The court may authorize the director to appoint members of the county department to furnish emergency shelter care services for the juvenile. The emergency shelter care may be provided under s. 938.207
(4) County departments that provide developmental disabilities, mental health or alcohol and other drug abuse services.
Within the limits of available state and federal funds and of county funds appropriated to match state funds, the court may order county departments established under s. 51.42
to provide special treatment or care to a juvenile if special treatment or care has been ordered under s. 938.34 (6)
and if s. 938.362 (4)
Duties of person furnishing services to court. 938.08(1)(1)
A person appointed to furnish services to the court under ss. 938.06
shall make any investigations and exercise any discretionary powers that the court may direct, keep a written record of the investigations, and submit a report to the court. The person shall keep informed concerning the conduct and condition of the juvenile under the person's supervision and shall report on the conduct and condition as the court directs.
(2) Power to take juvenile into custody; limits.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
and ss. 938.355 (6d)
and 938.534 (1)
, a person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services for the court under s. 938.067
has the power of police officers and deputy sheriffs only for the purpose of taking a juvenile into physical custody when the juvenile comes voluntarily, is suffering from illness or injury, or is in immediate danger from his or her surroundings and removal from the surroundings is necessary.
(3) Conditions for certain other persons to take juvenile into custody. 938.08(3)(a)(a)
In addition to the law enforcement authority under sub. (2)
, personnel of the department of corrections designated by that department and personnel of an agency contracted with under s. 301.08 (1) (b) 3.
and designated by agreement between the agency and the department of corrections have the power of law enforcement authorities to take a juvenile into physical custody under the following conditions:
If they are in prompt pursuit of a juvenile who has run away from a juvenile correctional facility or a residential care center for children and youth.
If the juvenile has failed to return to a juvenile correctional facility or a residential care center for children and youth after any authorized absence.
A juvenile who is taken into custody under par. (a)
may be returned directly to the juvenile correctional facility or residential care center for children and youth and shall have a hearing regarding placement in disciplinary status in accordance with ch. 227
Representation of the interests of the public.
The interests of the public shall be represented in proceedings under this chapter as follows:
By the district attorney, in any matter under s. 938.12
(2) Civil law violation.
By the district attorney or, if designated by the county board of supervisors, by the corporation counsel, in any matter concerning a civil law violation under s. 938.125
. If the county board transfers this authority to or from the district attorney on or after May 11, 1990, the board may do so only if the action is effective on September 1 of an odd-numbered year and the board notifies the department of administration of that change by January 1 of that year.
(3) Municipal ordinance violation.
By the city, village, or town attorney, in any matter concerning a city, village, or town ordinance violation, respectively, under s. 938.125
(4) County ordinance violation.
By an appropriate person designated by the county board of supervisors in any matter concerning a county ordinance violation under s. 938.125