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91.46(2) (2)Nonfarm residences. A proposed new nonfarm residence or a proposal to convert a farm residence to a nonfarm residence through a change in occupancy qualifies for the purposes of sub. (1) (d) if the political subdivision determines that all of the following apply:
91.46(2)(a) (a) The ratio of nonfarm residential acreage to farm acreage on the base farm tract on which the residence is or will be located will not be greater than 1 to 20 after the residence is constructed or converted to a nonfarm residence.
91.46(2)(b) (b) There will not be more than 4 dwelling units in nonfarm residences, nor, for a new nonfarm residence, more than 5 dwelling units in residences of any kind, on the base farm tract after the residence is constructed or converted to a nonfarm residence.
91.46(2)(c) (c) The location and size of the proposed nonfarm residential parcel, and, for a new nonfarm residence, the location of the nonfarm residence on that nonfarm residential parcel, will not do any of the following:
91.46(2)(c)1. 1. Convert prime farmland from agricultural use or convert land previously used as cropland, other than a woodlot, from agricultural use if on the farm there is a reasonable alternative location or size for a nonfarm residential parcel or nonfarm residence.
91.46(2)(c)2. 2. Significantly impair or limit the current or future agricultural use of other protected farmland.
91.46(3) (3)Nonfarm residential cluster. A political subdivision may issue one conditional use permit that covers more than one nonfarm residence in a qualifying nonfarm residential cluster. A nonfarm residential cluster qualifies for the purposes of sub. (1) (e) if all of the following apply:
91.46(3)(a) (a) The parcels on which the nonfarm residences would be located are contiguous.
91.46(3)(b) (b) The political subdivision imposes legal restrictions on the construction of the nonfarm residences so that if all of the nonfarm residences were constructed, each would satisfy the requirements under sub. (2).
91.46(4) (4)Transportation, communications, pipeline, electric transmission, utility, or drainage use. A transportation, communications, pipeline, electric transmission, utility, or drainage use qualifies for the purposes of sub. (1) (f) if the political subdivision determines that all of the following apply:
91.46(4)(a) (a) The use and its location in the farmland preservation zoning district are consistent with the purposes of the farmland preservation zoning district.
91.46(4)(b) (b) The use and its location in the farmland preservation zoning district are reasonable and appropriate, considering alternative locations, or are specifically approved under state or federal law.
91.46(4)(c) (c) The use is reasonably designed to minimize conversion of land, at and around the site of the use, from agricultural use or open space use.
91.46(4)(d) (d) The use does not substantially impair or limit the current or future agricultural use of surrounding parcels of land that are zoned for or legally restricted to agricultural use.
91.46(4)(e) (e) Construction damage to land remaining in agricultural use is minimized and repaired, to the extent feasible.
91.46(5) (5)Governmental, institutional, religious, or nonprofit community use. A governmental, institutional, religious, or nonprofit community use qualifies for the purposes of sub. (1) (g) if the political subdivision determines that all of the following apply:
91.46(5)(a) (a) The use and its location in the farmland preservation zoning district are consistent with the purposes of the farmland preservation zoning district.
91.46(5)(b) (b) The use and its location in the farmland preservation zoning district are reasonable and appropriate, considering alternative locations, or are specifically approved under state or federal law.
91.46(5)(c) (c) The use is reasonably designed to minimize the conversion of land, at and around the site of the use, from agricultural use or open space use.
91.46(5)(d) (d) The use does not substantially impair or limit the current or future agricultural use of surrounding parcels of land that are zoned for or legally restricted to agricultural use.
91.46(5)(e) (e) Construction damage to land remaining in agricultural use is minimized and repaired, to the extent feasible.
91.46(6) (6)Nonmetallic mineral extraction. Nonmetallic mineral extraction qualifies for the purposes of sub. (1) (h) if the political subdivision determines that all of the following apply:
91.46(6)(a) (a) The operation complies with subch. I of ch. 295 and rules promulgated under that subchapter, with applicable provisions of the local ordinance under s. 295.13 or 295.14, and with any applicable requirements of the department of transportation concerning the restoration of nonmetallic mining sites.
91.46(6)(b) (b) The operation and its location in the farmland preservation zoning district are consistent with the purposes of the farmland preservation zoning district.
91.46(6)(c) (c) The operation and its location in the farmland preservation zoning district are reasonable and appropriate, considering alternative locations outside the farmland preservation zoning district, or are specifically approved under state or federal law.
91.46(6)(d) (d) The operation is reasonably designed to minimize the conversion of land around the extraction site from agricultural use or open space use.
91.46(6)(e) (e) The operation does not substantially impair or limit the current or future agricultural use of surrounding parcels of land that are zoned for or legally restricted to agricultural use.
91.46(6)(f) (f) The farmland preservation zoning ordinance requires the owner to restore the land to agricultural use, consistent with any required locally approved reclamation plan, when extraction is completed.
91.46 History History: 2009 a. 28.
91.48 91.48 Rezoning of land out of a farmland preservation zoning district.
91.48(1)(1)A political subdivision with a certified farmland preservation zoning ordinance may rezone land out of a farmland preservation zoning district without having the rezoning certified under s. 91.36, if the political subdivision finds all of the following, after public hearing:
91.48(1)(a) (a) The land is better suited for a use not allowed in the farmland preservation zoning district.
91.48(1)(b) (b) The rezoning is consistent with any applicable comprehensive plan.
91.48(1)(c) (c) The rezoning is substantially consistent with the county certified farmland preservation plan.
91.48(1)(d) (d) The rezoning will not substantially impair or limit current or future agricultural use of surrounding parcels of land that are zoned for or legally restricted to agricultural use.
91.48(2) (2)A political subdivision shall by March 1 of each year provide to the department a report of the number of acres that the political subdivision has rezoned out of a farmland preservation zoning district under sub. (1) during the previous year and a map that clearly shows the location of those acres.
91.48(3) (3)A political subdivision that is not a county shall by March 1 of each year submit a copy of the information that it reports to the department under sub. (2) to the county in which the political subdivision is located.
91.48(4) (4)If a political subdivision fails to comply with sub. (2), the department may withdraw the certification granted under s. 91.06, 2007 stats., or under s. 91.36 for the political subdivision's farmland preservation zoning ordinance.
91.48 History History: 2009 a. 28; 2011 a. 32; 2011 a. 257 s. 56.
91.50 91.50 Exemption from special assessments.
91.50(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (3), no political subdivision, special purpose district, or other local governmental entity may levy a special assessment for sanitary sewers or water against land in agricultural use, if the land is located in a farmland preservation zoning district.
91.50(2) (2)A political subdivision, special purpose district, or other local governmental entity may deny the use of improvements for which the special assessment is levied to land that is exempt from the assessment under sub. (1).
91.50(3) (3)The exemption under sub. (1) does not apply to an assessment that an owner voluntarily pays, after the assessing authority provides notice of the exemption under sub. (1).
91.50 History History: 2009 a. 28.
subch. IV of ch. 91 SUBCHAPTER IV
FARMLAND PRESERVATION AGREEMENTS
91.60 91.60 Farmland preservation agreements; general.
91.60(1)(1)Agreements authorized. The department may enter into a farmland preservation agreement that complies with s. 91.62 with the owner of land that is eligible under sub. (2).
91.60(2) (2)Eligible land. Land is eligible if all of the following apply:
91.60(2)(a) (a) The land is operated as part of a farm that produced at least $6,000 in gross farm revenues during the taxable year preceding the year in which the owner applies for a farmland preservation agreement or a total of at least $18,000 in gross farm revenues during the last 3 taxable years preceding the year in which the owner applies for a farmland preservation agreement.
91.60(2)(b) (b) The land is located in a farmland preservation area identified in a certified farmland preservation plan.
91.60(2)(c) (c) The land is in an agricultural enterprise area designated under s. 91.84.
91.60(3) (3)Prior agreements.
91.60(3)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (c) or s. 91.66, a farmland preservation agreement entered into before July 1, 2009, remains in effect for the term specified in the agreement and under the terms that were agreed upon when the agreement was last created, extended, or renewed.
91.60(3)(b) (b) The department may not extend or renew a farmland preservation agreement entered into before July 1, 2009.
91.60(3)(c) (c) The department and an owner of land who entered into a farmland preservation agreement before July 1, 2009, may agree to modify the farmland preservation agreement in order to allow the owner to claim the tax credit under s. 71.613 rather than the tax credit for which the owner would otherwise be eligible.
91.60 History History: 2009 a. 28.
91.62 91.62 Farmland preservation agreements; requirements.
91.62(1)(1)Contents. The department may not enter into a farmland preservation agreement unless the agreement does all of the following:
91.62(1)(a) (a) Specifies a term of at least 15 years.
91.62(1)(b) (b) Includes a correct legal description of the tract of land covered by the farmland preservation agreement.
91.62(1)(c) (c) Includes provisions that restrict the tract of land to the following uses:
91.62(1)(c)1. 1. Agricultural uses and accessory uses.
91.62(1)(c)2. 2. Undeveloped natural resource and open space uses.
91.62(2) (2)Form. The department shall specify a form for farmland preservation agreements that complies with s. 59.43 (2m).
91.62(3) (3)Effectiveness. A farmland preservation agreement takes effect when it is signed by all owners of the land covered by the farmland preservation agreement and by the department.
91.62(4) (4)Recording. The department shall provide a copy of a signed farmland preservation agreement to a person designated by the signing owners and shall promptly present the signed agreement to the register of deeds for the county in which the land is located for recording.
91.62(5) (5)Change of ownership. A farmland preservation agreement is binding on a person who purchases land during the term of a farmland preservation agreement that covers the land.
91.62 History History: 2009 a. 28.
91.64 91.64 Applying for a farmland preservation agreement.
91.64(1)(1)Submitting an application. An owner who wishes to enter into a farmland preservation agreement shall submit an application signed by the owner and each person required to be identified under sub. (2) (f), on a form provided by the department, to the county clerk of the county in which the land is located.
91.64(2) (2)Contents of application. A person submitting an application under sub. (1) shall include all of the following in the application:
91.64(2)(a) (a) The name and address of each person who has an ownership interest in the land proposed for coverage by the agreement.
91.64(2)(b) (b) The location of the land proposed for coverage, indicated by street address, global positioning system coordinates, or township, range, and section.
91.64(2)(c) (c) The legal description of the land proposed for coverage.
91.64(2)(d) (d) A map or aerial photograph of the land proposed for coverage, showing parcel boundaries, residences and other structures, and significant natural features.
91.64(2)(e) (e) Information showing that the land proposed for coverage is eligible under s. 91.60 (2).
91.64(2)(f) (f) A description of every existing mortgage, easement, and lien, other than liens on growing crops, on land proposed for coverage, including the name and address of the person holding the lien, mortgage, or easement.
91.64(2)(h) (h) Any other information required by the department by rule.
91.64(2)(i) (i) Any fee under sub. (2m).
91.64(2m) (2m)County processing fee. A county may charge a reasonable fee for processing an application for a farmland preservation agreement.
91.64(3) (3)County review.
91.64(3)(a) (a) A county shall review an application under sub. (2) to determine whether the land proposed for coverage meets the requirements under s. 91.60 (2) (b) and (c). The county shall provide its findings to the applicant in writing within 60 days after the day on which the county clerk receives a complete application.
91.64(3)(b) (b) If the county finds under par. (a) that the land proposed for coverage meets the requirements under s. 91.60 (2) (b) and (c), the county shall promptly send all of the following to the department, along with any other comments that the county chooses to provide:
91.64(3)(b)1. 1. The original application, including all of the information provided with the application.
91.64(3)(b)2. 2. A copy of the county's findings.
91.64(4) (4)Department action on application.
91.64(4)(a)(a) The department may prepare a farmland preservation agreement that complies with s. 91.62 and enter into the farmland preservation agreement under s. 91.60 (1) based on a complete application and on county findings under sub. (3) (b).
91.64(4)(b) (b) The department may decline to enter into a farmland preservation agreement for any of the following reasons:
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 31, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 31, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-31-20)