Ejectment as to public lands; conditions. 75.63(1)(a)
No action may be commenced, maintained or prosecuted by or on behalf of the original owner or any person claiming title through or under the original owner to recover possession of or in any way involving the title to any lands conveyed to this state by any county, or attempted to be so conveyed, and sold by this state to any person until all of the following have been paid into the treasury of the county where the lands are located:
All taxes levied and assessed on the lands from the date of the sale of the lands by the state.
All legal charges for assessing and collecting the taxes described in subd. 1, and interest thereon at the rate of 8 percent per year from the January 15 in each year during which the lands were assessed, commencing with the January following the first assessment after the sale.
All delinquent taxes levied upon and returned against the lands that were unpaid when the lands were conveyed or attempted to be conveyed to the state, together with interest on those delinquent taxes at the rate and in the manner described in subd. 2.
All money paid into a county treasury under par. (a)
shall be retained in the treasury pending the conclusion of the action described in par. (a) (intro.)
. The money shall be returned to the party paying or depositing the money if the party fails to maintain the action. If the action is maintained, an amount equal to the delinquent taxes and interest described in par. (a)
shall be retained by the county. The remainder shall be paid over to the person purchasing the lands from the state or that person's legal representatives.
If the title to any such lands shall be adjudged to be in such original owner or party claiming title through or under the original owner they shall be deemed to be and shall be subject to taxation during the time the same were held by the state in like manner as if they had not been conveyed to or held by it, and the taxes for such period shall be levied and assessed upon such lands and collected in like manner as other taxes upon real estate. In all such actions the court shall enter an order requiring the plaintiff therein, within a reasonable time to be fixed in the order, to comply with this section by payment of the taxes, charges and interest as provided herein, and in default of compliance therewith the court shall dismiss the action. Nothing herein contained shall be construed as amending or repealing s. 75.26
No jurisdiction; issue of deed postponed; deposit. 75.64(1)(1)
In all cases to set aside any inclusion of lands in a tax certificate, or to cancel any tax certificate or to enjoin or restrain the issuing of a tax deed because the lands included in the certificate were not liable to taxation or because the taxes on the lands were paid prior to the inclusion in the tax certificate or because the lands have been redeemed according to law, the owner of, or any person interested in, the lands covered by the lien of the certificate may, at any time before final judgment is entered, deposit with the county clerk the amount for which the lands are delinquent, with interest from the date of the inclusion in the tax certificate to the date of the deposit and penalty as provided under s. 74.47
, together with the legal charges on it.
The clerk or treasurer shall retain such deposit until the final determination of the action, and if the certificate is vacated and set aside or if the issuing of the deed is permanently restrained, the money deposited shall, at the time of entry of judgment or at any later time, upon demand, be returned to the person depositing it. If final judgment is rendered in the action sustaining the validity of the inclusion of the land in a tax certificate, and of the tax certificate, the court shall compute the interest upon the certificate from the date of the deposit to the date of judgment and penalty as provided under s. 74.47
and add it to the costs and disbursements taxable in the action and to the amount of the deposit, and shall enter judgment against the plaintiff for the total amount, and no tax deed may be issued upon the certificate unless the plaintiff fails to pay to the clerk or treasurer, for the use of the owner of the certificate, the amount of the judgment within 20 days after its rendition, together with interest on it.
History: 1981 c. 167
; 1987 a. 378
Procedure in populous counties containing authorized city. 75.67(1)(1)
In counties having a population of 750,000 or more containing a city authorized to proceed under s. 74.87
, whenever either such county or city acquires any property by tax deed or by quitclaim deed or by any other means, the issuance of other tax certificates and the redemption and cancellation thereof shall be as provided by this section.
All tax certificates issued upon such property by such county or city on the same day or subsequent to the date of issuance of the certificate upon which such deed was acquired, and which certificates are owned by such county or city at the time of the acquisition of the property, shall be assigned to such county or city so owning such property. On any issuance of tax certificate subsequent to the acquisition of such property after the first Monday of August in any year, such county or city so owning such land shall be the exclusive recipient of the tax certificates. Any issuance of a tax certificate in violation of these provisions shall be null and void. It is the duty of the city and the county treasurer to give the other, as the case may be, written notice of the acquisition of such property within 24 hours, Sundays and holidays excluded, after such tax deed or other conveyance has been acquired; and upon receipt of such notice it is the duty of such treasurer, as the case may be, to make entry of such notice upon the treasurer's records.
Whenever such property has been so acquired, the city treasurer shall notify the county clerk and the county treasurer, or the county clerk shall notify the city treasurer, as the case may be, in writing thereof within 24 hours thereafter, Sundays and holidays excluded. The county treasurer or the city treasurer upon receipt of such notice shall forthwith charge the amount, without interest or penalties, of all city, county, state and metropolitan sewerage district current and delinquent taxes, all unpaid installments of special assessments and other assessments, charges and tax certificates which are liens upon the land, and which are held by or due to such county or city, as the case may be, and upon which the time limitations of s. 75.20
have not expired, to a “tax deed in force" account, and such taxes, assessments and certificates shall thereby be considered as paid or redeemed and such taxes shall be marked paid or redeemed on the tax roll, as the case may be; thereafter the amounts thereof owned by or due to such county shall be charged back against such city and such amounts thereof owned or held by or due to such city shall be credited to such city in the next tax levy upon such city by the county.
On or before October 1 of each year, the city treasurer and the county treasurer shall respectively furnish the other with an itemized statement of the amounts so charged by the treasurer, as the case may be, to the city's or county's “tax deed in force" account as a result of tax deeds taken by the city or county. The county clerk shall include an itemized statement of such amounts in the apportionment filed by the clerk. If any such tax deed is set aside, the city treasurer and the county treasurer shall respectively credit the other with the amounts so charged with respect to the deed set aside, and the amounts and entries by either treasurer with reference thereto, comprising said amounts shall be as though no charge had been made to a “tax deed in force" account; and the city treasurer and the county treasurer, respectively, shall, on or before October 1 of each year, advise the other of such credits due.
In the event that such property is so acquired by such city while the county tax roll is in the possession of its city treasurer, the latter shall consider such taxes as paid and mark the tax roll accordingly, and furnish the county treasurer with a statement thereof upon a form provided by the county. The city treasurer shall return such records to the county treasurer with the delinquent county tax roll, and shall receive credit therefor the same as for delinquent taxes. The amount for which such credit is given shall be included in the amount to be charged back to such city in succeeding apportionment of county taxes.
Sale of tax delinquent real estate. 75.69(1)(1)
Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, no tax delinquent real estate acquired by a county may be sold unless the sale and appraised value of such real estate has first been advertised by publication of a class 3 notice, under ch. 985
. Any county may accept the bid most advantageous to it but, at the first attempt to sell the property, every bid less than the appraised value of the property shall be rejected. Any county is authorized to sell for any amount any land previously advertised for sale after advertising the sale of such land by publication of a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
; except that no property may be sold for an amount that is less than the property's appraised value unless the county board or a committee designated by the county board has reviewed and approved such a sale and no property may be sold for an amount that is less than the amount of the highest bid unless the county board or a committee designated by the county board prepares a written statement, available for public inspection, that explains the reasons for accepting a bid that is less than the highest bid. In this subsection, “appraised value" means the value determined, at the discretion of the county board, by the county board, a committee designated by the county board, or a certified appraiser, as defined in s. 458.01 (7)
does not apply to counties with a population of 750,000 or more.
Notwithstanding sub. (1)
, any county may advertise the sale of any or all of its real estate that has been tax delinquent for at least 4 years by publishing a class 3 notice under ch. 985
, indicating in which municipality or municipalities and in which ward or wards the real estate is located and the place and date for filing written bids but without listing specific parcels or appraised values for the parcels, if the county makes readily available in the courthouse a list of the parcels and the appraised value of each parcel.
This section shall not apply to exchange of property under s. 59.69 (8)
, to withdrawal and sale of county forest lands, nor to the sale or exchange of lands to or between municipalities or to the state.
This section shall apply to all tax delinquent lands regardless of the date of acquisition by the county.
No tax delinquent real estate may be sold by a county under this section unless notice of such sale is mailed to the clerk of the municipality in which the real estate is located at least 3 weeks prior to the time of the sale. Any county may sell tax delinquent real estate by open or closed bid.
Counties may not transfer county owned mineral rights, acquired through nonpayment of taxes to private persons without following the appraisal and public sale provisions of this section. 67 Atty. Gen. 236.
When a county proceeds under sub. (1), it can accept a bid it considers, in good faith, to be most advantageous to the county in view of the criteria in the bid notice. 70 Atty. Gen. 1.