FIRST CLASS CITY
First class city commission; appointment; terms.
The mayor of each 1st class city, whether the city is incorporated by special act of the legislature or under the general laws of the state, shall, before June 15 in the year following the first state or national census, showing the city to belong to the 1st class, appoint 5 persons, citizens and residents of the city, who shall constitute and be known as the board of city service commissioners of the city, and shall designate one of the persons so appointed to serve for a term of 5 years, one for a term of 4 years, one for a term of 3 years, one for a term of 2 years, and one for a term of one year, from the first Monday of July in the year of their appointment and until their respective successors are appointed and qualified. In cities having a board of city service commissioners the members of such board shall hold office and continue to be a member of such commission until the expiration of the term or terms of such member or members, and in each and every year after such first appointment, the mayor shall, in like manner, in the month of June, appoint one person as the successor of the commissioner whose term shall expire in that year, to serve as such commissioner for 5 years from the first Monday of July then next ensuing, and until a successor is appointed and qualified. The commission shall, at a meeting in July of each year, elect one member to act as president and one member to act as vice president, each for a term of one year, and until a successor is duly elected. Three commissioners shall constitute a quorum necessary for the transaction of business. Any vacancy in the office of commissioner occurring during the term shall be filled for the unexpired term by appointment by the mayor and all appointments, both original and to fill vacancies, shall be so made that not more than 2 commissioners shall at the time of the appointment be members of the same political party. The commissioners shall hold no other lucrative office or employment under the United States, this state, or any municipal corporation or political division thereof, and each commissioner shall before entering upon the discharge of the duties of office and within 10 days after receiving notice of appointment, take and subscribe the oath of office prescribed by article IV, section 28
, of the constitution, and file the oath, duly certified by the officer administering it with the clerk of his or her city.
History: 1979 c. 89
; 1983 a. 192
Duties and powers of board.
Every board of city service commissioners appointed under ss. 63.18
shall investigate the enforcement of ss. 63.18
and of its rules, adopted in accordance with ss. 63.18
to carry out the purposes of ss. 63.18
and the action of the examiners provided for in ss. 63.18
, and the conduct and action of the appointees in the official service in its city, and may inquire as to the nature, tenure and compensation of all offices and places in the public service thereof. In the course of such investigation each commissioner may administer oaths, and the board may secure by its subpoena both the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books and papers relevant to the investigation. The commission may investigate the character and standing in the community of all applicants for examination and appointment in the city service under ss. 63.18
History: 1979 c. 89
Compulsory attendance and fees of witnesses.
Any person who is served with a subpoena to appear and testify or to produce books and papers, issued by the board of city service commissioners in the course of any investigation conducted under ss. 63.18
, and who refuses or neglects to appear and testify or to produce books and papers relevant to the investigation, as commanded in the subpoena, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall on conviction be punished by a fine or imprisonment or both, as provided under ss. 63.18
. The fees of witnesses for attendance and travel shall be the same as the fees of witnesses before the circuit courts of this state, and shall be paid from the appropriation for the expenses of the board. Any circuit court of this state or any judge thereof, upon application of the board, may compel the attendance of witnesses, the production of books and papers and giving of testimony before the board by attachment for contempt or otherwise, in the same manner as the production of evidence may be compelled before the court. Every person, who takes an oath or makes affirmation before a commissioner in the course of the investigation, and swears or affirms willfully, corruptly and falsely, shall be guilty of perjury, and upon conviction shall be punished accordingly.
History: 1977 c. 449
; 1979 c. 221
The board of commissioners shall, on or before March 15 in each year, make to the mayor for transmission to the common council of such city, a report showing its own action, the rules in force, the practical effects thereof, and any suggestions it may approve for the more effectual accomplishment of the purposes of ss. 63.18
. The mayor may require a report from the board at any other time.
History: 1979 c. 89
City and its officers to cooperate in carrying out the law.
All officers of any such city shall aid the board in all proper ways in carrying out ss. 63.18
, and at any place where examinations are to be held, shall allow the reasonable use of the public buildings for holding such examinations. The mayor of each city shall cause suitable rooms to be provided for the board at the expense of the city, and a sufficient sum of money shall be appropriated each year by each city to carry out ss. 63.18
in the city.
History: 1979 c. 89
Classification of offices. 63.23(1)(1)
The city service commission shall classify all offices and positions in the city service, excepting those subject to the exemptions of s. 63.27
and those subject to an exclusion under s. 119.33 (2) (e) 1.
or 119.9002 (5) (a)
, according to the duties and responsibilities of each position. Classification shall be so arranged that all positions which in the judgment of the commission are substantially the same with respect to authority, responsibility and character of work are included in the same class. From time to time the commission may reclassify positions upon a proper showing that the position belongs to a different class.
The city service commission may, if it sees fit, receive any expert study or recommendation of the classification, allocation and compensation of offices and positions in the service of the city and transmit the same, with or without the commission's recommendations, to the common council. Any such report shall become effective when approved by the common council.
History: 2015 a. 55
Delegation to board of school directors.
In a 1st class city, the city service commission shall delegate its recruitment and hiring duties related to specified classifications of school employees to the board of school directors if the board adopts a resolution requesting the commission to do so.
History: 1987 a. 382
; 1989 a. 290
Commission to make rules.
The commissioners shall make such rules adapted to carry out the purposes of ss. 63.18
and not inconsistent with ss. 63.18
, as in their judgment shall be adapted to secure the best service for the city in each department affected by ss. 63.18
, and as shall tend to promote expedition and speed the elimination of all unnecessary formalities in making appointments. All rules so made shall be subject to the approval of the mayor of the city, and they may with like approval be from time to time altered or rescinded by the commissioners. If the mayor takes no action on a rule or an amendment to the rules, submitted to the mayor, within 10 days from the date of its submission, then the rule or amendment to the rules shall become effective as though approved by the mayor. The commissioners shall supervise the administration of rules so established.
History: 1979 c. 89
Rules, what to require. 63.25(1)(1)
The rules mentioned in ss. 63.18
shall provide among other things for the following:
For open, competitive examinations and for other examinations by which to test applicants for office or for employment as to their practical fitness to discharge the duties of the positions which they desire to fill, which examinations shall be public and free to all persons with proper limitations as to age, health, and, subject to ss. 111.321
, and 111.335
, arrest and conviction record.
For the filling of vacancies in offices and places of employment in accordance with the results of such examinations, and for the selection of persons for public employment in accordance with such results, or otherwise, as may seem most desirable to carry out ss. 63.18
For the promotions in offices or positions on the basis of ascertained merit and seniority in service, or by examination, or by both, as may seem desirable.
For a period of probation before an appointment or employment is made permanent. During or at the end of such probationary period the appointment may be terminated by the commissioners after investigation, or the appointing officer or board may terminate same, but in case of termination by the appointing officer or board the commission may, under its general investigative powers, review the circumstances and take such action as may in its judgment seem desirable for the best interests of the service. Nothing herein shall be construed to confer on any officer or employee a right of appeal as provided in s. 63.43
during or at the end of the probationary period.
All rules made as provided in ss. 63.18
and all changes therein shall forthwith be printed for distribution by the board.
Appointments to conform to rules.
From and after the adoption of such rules, all appointments to subordinate offices, positions and employments in the several departments of the service of such city, which are subject to such rules, shall be made by the respective heads of such departments under and in conformity with the provisions of such rules.
Rules not applicable to certain officers.
Officers who are elected by the people, or who by the statutes are required to be elected by the city council, inspectors and clerks of election, one deputy in each department whose office was created and exists by reason of statute, the members of the board of school directors, persons enumerated in s. 63.53 (2)
, heads of principal departments of the city, all members of the law, fire and police departments, permanent or temporary technical advisers and experts employed by the board of assessment under s. 32.52 (4)
, one private secretary of the mayor, the appointees of the mayor under s. 62.51
and any other officers, clerks or employees in the service of the city whose positions, in the judgment of the city service commissioners, cannot for the time being be subjected, with advantage to the public service, to the general rules prepared under this chapter shall not be affected as to their election, selection or appointment by rules made by the commissioners.
Civil service to include stenographic and clerical employees in the office of the city attorney.
The expression “members of the law, fire and police departments" as used in s. 63.27
and as used in any charter ordinance in any city of the first class which may supersede, amend, extend or modify said section for said city, shall be held to include all employees of the law department of such city who are members of the bar engaged in legal duties but shall not be held to include clerks, stenographers, typists or other employees of the law department who are not members of the bar.
Civil service for attorneys in office of city attorney. 63.29(1)(1)
In any city of the first class the common council may by ordinance provide for civil service in the office of the city attorney except for the city attorney and the deputy city attorney.
The matters treated in this section are declared to be of local and not statewide concern.
History: 1991 a. 316
; 1993 a. 213
Secretary; selection, duties.
The board of city service commissioners shall select a secretary of the board, who shall be its chief executive and administrative officer and who shall, subject to its direction and control, administer the city civil service law and rules and the personnel statutes and ordinances governing city service employment, direct and coordinate the work and staff of the board, act as liaison officer between the board and the several departments, bureaus, boards and commissions and perform such other duties as the board may direct.
History: 1987 a. 382
; 1989 a. 31
Funds for board.
The common council of any city of the first class shall hereafter provide such funds for the annual support and operation of the board of city service commissioners as in its judgment may be necessary for the purpose of carrying out all of its functions, duties and responsibilities assigned to it by law or by the common council. The procedure applicable to appropriations and disbursements of such board shall be determined as provided in ch. 65
Applicants to be examined; character of examinations.
All applicants for offices, places or employments in the civil service of such city, except those mentioned in s. 63.27
, shall be residents of this state before their application for examination, and shall be subject to examination under and in accordance with the rules so made by said commissioners; except that for technical and professional services the commission may open the examination to residents of other states who are citizens of the United States. Such examinations, including minimum training and experience requirements, shall be job-related in compliance with appropriate validation standards and may include tests of physical qualifications, and, when appropriate, of manual skill. All relevant experience, whether paid or unpaid, shall satisfy experience requirements. No otherwise qualified blind persons shall be discriminated against in examination, reexamination, appointment, reappointment, promotion or demotion unless eyesight is absolutely indispensable for the performance of the duties and responsibilities of the position. No question in any examination shall relate to political or religious opinions or affiliations, and no appointment or selection to an office or for employment within the scope of the rules established as aforesaid shall be in any manner affected or influenced by such opinions or affiliations. All such applicants may be examined by a competent physician as to the soundness of their health for the work to be performed. Upon the request of an applicant or an eligible for a civil service position who is blind, the department of health services, shall obtain from the city civil service commission a detailed description of all duties entailed by such position and shall investigate the necessity for eyesight in the fulfillment of the duties of any position, and shall determine and report its findings to the civil service commission, as to the physical ability of the applicant, or eligible, to perform the duties of such position. Such findings shall be conclusive as to the physical qualifications of any applicant or eligible so examined.
The examinations held under ss. 63.18
shall consist of any reasonable and impartial method of ascertaining the fitness or relative merit of candidates. To ensure competitive equality between the blind and persons not so handicapped in connection with the taking of civil service examinations, the applicant may request from the civil service commission the furnishing of an amanuensis or a reader when necessary, and the furnishing of a place to take the examination, or other similar prerequisites to ensure equality in the examination.
History: 1979 c. 89
Notice of examinations.
Notice of the time, place and general scope of every examination shall be given by the board by publication of a class 3 notice, under ch. 985
, and such notice shall also be posted by said board in a conspicuous place in its office at least 10 days before such examination. Such further notice of examinations may be given as the board shall prescribe.
Application, contents. 63.35(1)(1)
Every application, in order to entitle the applicant to appear for examination, or to be examined, must state the facts under oath on the following subjects:
Full name, residence address and post-office address.
Health and physical capacity for the public service.
Previous employment in the public service.
Business or employment and residence for the previous 5 years.
In addition to the information required under sub. (1)
, the applicant shall furnish any other information that may reasonably be required by the board concerning the applicant's fitness for the public service.
History: 1995 a. 225
Appointment of examiners; compensation. 63.36(1)(1)
The board shall control all examinations, and may, whenever an examination is to take place, designate a suitable number of persons, either in or not in the official service of the city, to be examiners, and the examiners shall make return or report of the examination to the board. The board may, at any time, substitute any other person, whether or not in the official service of the city, in the place of anyone so selected. The board may themselves, at any time, act as examiners under this section without appointing examiners. The examiners, at any examination, shall not all be members of the same political party. No person shall serve in an examination of a candidate for office under ss. 63.18
who is a relative or connected by marriage within the degree of first cousin.
Persons in the service of the city shall not be compensated for acting as examiners if they are public officers or if their service as examiners is rendered during their paid working schedule, but the board may compensate employees of the board of school directors for serving as city service examiners beyond their regular working hours and beyond their regular duties as such employees.
Board to keep a register of eligibles.
From the returns or reports of the examiners, or from the examinations made by the board, the board shall prepare and keep a register for each grade or class of position in the service of such city, of the persons whose general average standing upon examinations for such grade or class is not less than the minimum fixed by the rules of such board, and who are otherwise eligible, and such persons shall take rank upon the register as candidates in the order of their relative excellence as determined by examination without reference to priority of time of examination. The board shall impose no restrictions as to age in case of veterans, and veterans and their spouses shall be given preference points in accordance with s. 63.08 (1) (fm)
Persons examined not to be obstructed, aided or impersonated.
No person or officer shall willfully and corruptly, by himself or in cooperation with one or more other persons, defeat, deceive or obstruct any person in respect to his or her right of examination, or corruptly or falsely mark, grade, estimate or report upon the examination or proper standing of any person examined hereunder, or aid in so doing or willfully or corruptly make any false representations concerning the same or concerning the person examined, or willfully or corruptly furnish to any person any special or secret information for the purpose either of improving or injuring the prospects or chances of any person so examined, or to be examined, of being appointed, employed or promoted, or personate any other person, or permit or aid in any manner any other person to personate him or her, in connection with any examination, or registration or application or request to be examined or registered.
Vacancies, how filled. 63.39(1)(1)
If a position classified and graded under ss. 63.18
becomes vacant, the appointing officer may fill the position or let it remain vacant. If the appointing officer chooses to fill the vacant position, the appointing officer may, with the approval of the board of city service commissioners, fill it through reinstatement, promotion, reduction or open competitive examination. If the appointing officer chooses not to fill the vacant position by reinstatement, promotion or reduction, the appointing officer shall so notify the board. Except as provided under sub. (2)
, if the board is so notified, it shall certify to the appointing officer from the list of eligibles the names and addresses of any number of persons standing highest on the list, in accordance with rules established by the board. All persons on the list who have the same test score shall be included on the same certification. If there are less than 3 names upon an eligible list, certification shall be made and, unless objection is made by the appointing officer to the person or persons so certified and the objection sustained by the board, appointment shall be made under the rules.
If the appointing officer chooses not to fill a vacant managerial, supervisory or confidential position through reinstatement, promotion or reduction, the appointing officer shall so notify the board of city service commissioners. If the board is so notified, it shall certify to the appointing officer from the list of eligibles the names and addresses of any number of persons standing highest on the list, in accordance with rules established by the board. All persons on the list who have the same test score shall be included on the same certification. If there are less than 5 names on an eligible list, certification shall be made and, unless objection is made by the appointing officer to the person or persons so certified and unless the objection is sustained by the board, appointment shall be made under the rules.
Notwithstanding s. 63.08 (1) (fm)
, the board shall certify persons from the list of eligibles without adding preference points to their grades. After the certification under sub. (1)
, the board shall add to the certification list any veteran or veteran's spouse whose grade, plus the points to which the veteran or spouse is entitled under s. 63.08 (1) (fm)
, is equal to or higher than the lowest grade on the list of eligibles.
An appointing officer under this section shall select, solely with reference to merit and fitness, the number of persons for which the appointing officer has made requisition. In case the board cannot certify eligibles for appointment, it may grant to the appointing officer authority to make appointment for a period not to exceed 2 months or until regular appointment can be made.
Special expert class. 63.40(1)(1)
There is hereby created a new division of the classified service to be known as the special expert class. The board of city service commissioners shall place in this class all positions of a technical, scientific, or professional character, together with all positions where the qualifications are peculiar to the service in any department of the city government, and may in addition thereto temporarily classify as of the special expert class positions where the service is new and experimental in character.
The provisions of ss. 63.18
now governing selections, appointments, promotions, reinstatements, removals, transfers or other changes, shall apply to the special expert class, except as may be otherwise provided in this section.
For the filling of positions in the special expert class the appointing officer shall be free to suggest names of persons for consideration in examination together with all other applicants and all other persons whose names have been suggested to the board of city service commissioners, and the board shall inquire into the fitness of persons so nominated and may notify such persons and any other suitable person to participate in the examination.
Previous to an examination to fill a position in the special expert class, the board of city service commissioners may provide in its published announcement that the resulting eligible list shall expire as soon as an appointment has been made therefrom, providing the appointing officer so desires. When an appointing officer makes objection in writing to names of persons in the special expert class, certified from an eligible list not especially appropriate for the position or group of positions in question, such certification shall be invalid.
The appointing officer shall in all cases be consulted as to qualifications and requirements, examination standards, and procedure for filling positions in the special expert class.
In filling positions in the special expert class the board of city service commissioners shall select a board of one or more experts to conduct the examination when requested in writing to do so by an appointing officer.
Whenever the board of city service commissioners or the officer having the power of appointment shall deem it advisable in the interests of the service, no qualifications as to residence or citizenship shall be imposed in the examination for a position in the special expert class. Any restrictions contained in any law, or in any charter of any city of the first class inconsistent with this provision shall not be applicable in such case.
History: 1979 c. 89
Vacancies in special cases, how filled.
In case of a vacancy in a position, requiring peculiar and exceptional qualifications of a scientific, technical or professional character, upon satisfactory evidence that competition is impracticable and that the position can be best filled by the selection of some designated person of recognized attainments, the commission may, after public hearing, by the affirmative vote of at least 4 commissioners, suspend competition, but no such suspension shall be general in its application to such position and all such cases of suspension shall be reported, together with the reason therefor, in the annual reports of the commission.
Notice to commissioners of all appointments, and of all offices abandoned.
Immediate notice in writing shall be given by the appointing power to the board of city service commissioners of all appointments, permanent or temporary, made under ss. 63.18
and the rules made and established under ss. 63.18
, in those branches or departments of the civil service of such city which are subject to ss. 63.18
and the rules of the board, and of all transfers, promotions, resignations, other changes or vacancies from any cause in such branches or departments of the city service, and of the date thereof, and a record of the same shall be kept by the board. When any office or place of employment, subject to such rules, is created or abolished, or the compensation attached thereto is altered, the officer or board making such change shall immediately report the same in writing to the board of commissioners.
History: 1979 c. 89
Removals for just cause only; reasons to be furnished in writing; hearings; decisions. 63.43(1)(1)
No person or employee holding an office or position classified and graded under ss. 63.18
shall be removed, discharged or reduced, except for just cause which shall not be political or religious. A person removed, discharged or reduced shall be furnished, by the officer making the removal, with the reasons in writing, for such action when demanded by the removed, discharged or reduced person. When reasons are given by the officer making the removal, a copy of the same shall be immediately forwarded to the commission. Within 3 days after such removal, discharge or reduction an appeal may be made to the commission in writing, by the employee so removed, discharged or reduced. The commission, on receiving the notice of appeal, shall set a date for a hearing on or investigation of the reasons for the removal, discharge or reduction, which date shall not be more than 30 days after the date of removal, discharge or reduction. Notice of the time and place of the hearing or investigation shall be served upon the employee appealing, in the same manner that a summons is served in this state. Notice shall also be given the officer making the removal. The city service commission, or board or committee of the board or boards appointed by the commission, shall conduct the hearing or investigation. The employee appealing shall have full opportunity to be heard and may, at the discretion of the commission, be represented by counsel. When the employee is represented by counsel, the officer making the removal, discharge or reduction may be represented by the city attorney. If, however, the officer chooses to be represented by counsel other than the city attorney, the officer may so do, but any expense so incurred shall not be paid by the city. In the course of a hearing or investigation as provided in this section, any member of the commission and of any board or committee appointed by it, may administer oaths and may secure by its subpoena both the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books and papers relevant to the hearing or investigation. All evidence may, on the order of the board, be taken by a competent reporter.
The decision and findings of the commission, or of the investigating board or committee, when approved by the commission, shall be final and shall be filed, in writing, with the secretary of the board and shall be forthwith certified to and enforced by the head of the department or appointing officer. Nothing in ss. 63.18
shall limit the power of an officer to suspend a subordinate for a reasonable period not exceeding 15 days. In case an employee is again suspended within 6 months for any period whatever, the employee so suspended shall have the right of hearing or investigation by the commission on the second suspension or any subsequent suspension within the period, the same as provided in this section.
If such city and a labor organization representing employees of the city enter into a collective bargaining agreement under subch. IV of ch. 111
, the agreement may provide that the provisions of that agreement relating to removal, discharge, suspension and reduction shall supersede this section with respect to employees covered by the agreement while the agreement is in effect. This subsection does not apply to any action under sub. (1)
to suspend an employee with pay.
History: 1979 c. 89
; 1987 a. 153
Section 63.43 creates a property interest in employment, but not to continuous employment free from suspension. Listenbee v. City of Milwaukee, 976 F.2d 348
Provisions for removals not to apply to certain departments.
shall not apply to removals of persons in any department of the city where the department is under the supervision and control of a board or commission of 3 or more members, but every such board or commission shall establish rules relating to the removal, discharge or reduction of employees in its department. No such employee shall be removed, discharged or reduced for religious or political reasons and any removed, discharged or reduced employee shall have the right to a trial and determination by the board or commission, or by a committee duly appointed by the board or commission as to whether there existed sufficient grounds for removal, discharge or reduction and the determination of the board or commission, or of the committee when approved by the board or commission, shall be final in the matter. The right of suspension is granted boards and commissions included under this section the same as is elsewhere provided for in ss. 63.18
History: 1979 c. 89