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61.23(2) (2)The regular term of office of village president and trustees shall commence on the 3rd Tuesday of April in the year of their election. The regular terms of other officers shall commence on May 1 succeeding their election unless otherwise provided by ordinance or statute.
61.23 History History: 1983 a. 484; 1997 a. 257; 2009 a. 173.
61.24 61.24 President. The president shall be by virtue of the office a trustee and preside at all meetings of the board and have a vote as trustee, sign all ordinances, rules, bylaws, regulations, commissions, licenses and permits adopted or authorized by the board and all orders drawn on the treasury except as provided by s. 66.0607. The president shall maintain peace and good order, see that the ordinances are faithfully obeyed, and in case of disturbance, riot or other apparent necessity appoint as many special marshals as the president shall deem necessary, who for the time being shall possess all the powers and rights of constables. The president shall have charge of the village jail, which the president shall conduct in the manner provided in s. 62.09 (13) (c); but the president may delegate this duty to the constable or any police officer of the village.
61.24 History History: 1979 c. 323 s. 33; 1991 a. 316; 1999 a. 150 s. 672.
61.25 61.25 Clerk. If required to do so by the village board, the village clerk shall execute and file an official bond. If the village board does not require the clerk to execute and file an official bond, the board shall obtain a dishonesty insurance policy or other appropriate insurance policy that covers the clerk, in an amount determined by the board, in lieu of the bond requirement. It shall be the village clerk's duty:
61.25(1) (1)To perform any duties prescribed by law relative to elections, to keep subject to inspection all election returns required to be filed in the clerk's office, and to notify persons elected or appointed to village offices.
61.25(2) (2)To transmit to the county clerk, within 10 days after election or appointment and qualification, a certified statement of the name and term for which elected or appointed, of the president, clerk, treasurer and assessor; and to the clerk of the circuit court immediately after their election or appointment and qualification, a like statement of the time and term for which elected or appointed of every municipal judge, chief of police, marshal or constable of the village.
61.25(3) (3)To attend all meetings of the village board; to record and sign the proceedings thereof and all ordinances, rules, bylaws, resolutions and regulations adopted, and to countersign and keep a record of all licenses, commissions and permits granted or authorized by them, and for such purpose to keep the following books: A minute book, in which shall be recorded in chronological order full minutes of all elections, general or special, and the statements of the inspectors thereof; full minutes of all the proceedings of the board of trustees; the titles of all ordinances, rules, regulations and bylaws, with reference to the book and page where the same may be found. An ordinance book, in which shall be recorded at length, in chronological order, all ordinances, rules, regulations and bylaws. A finance book, in which shall be kept a full and complete record of the finances of the village, showing the receipts, the date, amount and sources thereof, and the disbursements, with the date, amount and object for which paid out; and to enter in either such other matters as the board prescribes, and such other books as the board directs.
61.25(4) (4)To countersign and cause to be published or posted every ordinance, bylaw or resolution as required by law, and to have proper proof thereof made and filed.
61.25(5) (5)To be the custodian of the corporate seal, and to file as required by law and to safely keep all records, books, papers or property belonging to, filed or deposited in the clerk's office, and deliver the same to the clerk's successor when qualified; to permit, subject to subch. II of ch. 19, any person with proper care to examine and copy any of the same, and to make and certify a copy of any thereof when required, on payment of the same fees allowed town clerks therefor.
61.25(6) (6)To draw and countersign all orders on the village treasury ordered by the board and none other.
61.25(6m) (6m)To stamp or endorse street trade permits at the request of an employer under s. 103.25 (3m) (b).
61.25(6p) (6p)To stamp or endorse traveling sales crew worker permits at the request of an employer under s. 103.34 (11) (c).
61.25(8) (8)To make and deliver to the village treasurer a tax roll and to make and transmit to the county treasurer, on forms provided by the department of revenue, a statement showing the total amount of all taxes levied in the village.
61.25(9) (9)To perform all other duties required by law or by any ordinance or other direction of the village board.
61.25(10) (10)To notify the treasurer of the county in which the village is located, by February 20, of the proportion of property tax revenue and of the credits under s. 79.10 that is to be disbursed by the taxation district treasurer to each taxing jurisdiction located in the village.
61.25 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 47, which affects this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
61.25 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 66.0609 for an alternative system of approving claims under sub. (6).
61.26 61.26 Treasurer. The village treasurer shall:
61.26(1) (1)If required to do so by the village board, execute and file an official bond which may be furnished by a surety company as provided by s. 632.17 (2). If the village board does not require the treasurer to execute and file an official bond, the board shall obtain a dishonesty insurance policy or other appropriate insurance policy that covers the treasurer, in an amount determined by the board, in lieu of the bond requirement.
61.26(2) (2)Except as provided in s. 66.0608, receive all moneys belonging or accruing to the village or directed by law to be paid to the treasurer.
61.26(3) (3)Except as provided in s. 66.0608, deposit upon receipt the funds of the village in the name of the village in the public depository designated by the board. Failure to comply with this subsection shall be prima facie grounds for removal from office. When the money is deposited, the treasurer and bonders are not liable for the losses defined by s. 34.01 (2), and the interest shall be paid into the village treasury.
61.26(4) (4)Pay money only on the written order of the president, countersigned by the clerk and specifying the number thereof, the payee and the amount and the object for which drawn.
61.26(5) (5)Keep just and accurate detailed accounts of all transactions under sub. (4), showing when, to whom and for what purpose all payments are made, in books provided by the village board, and preserve all vouchers filed in the office.
61.26(6) (6)Render an account and settlement of all official transactions to the board at its last meeting prior to the annual election, and at all other times when required by the board.
61.26(7) (7)Deliver to the successor when qualified all books of account, papers and property of the office and all money on hand as treasurer.
61.26(8) (8)Perform other duties as are required by law or the village board.
61.26(9) (9)Keep but one fund in the treasury, except as otherwise provided.
61.26(10) (10)Execute the bond required by s. 70.67 and take receipt therefor, which the treasurer shall file in the office of the village clerk.
61.26(11) (11)On receipt of the tax roll, and while acting as collector of taxes, exercise the same powers and perform the same duties as are by law conferred upon and required of town treasurers while acting in that capacity, and be subject to the same penalties and liabilities.
61.261 61.261 Deputy village treasurer. The village treasurer, subject to approval by a majority of all the members of the village board, may in writing, filed in the office of the clerk, appoint a deputy who shall act under the treasurer's direction and who during the temporary absence or disability of the treasurer or during a vacancy in such office shall perform the duties of treasurer. The deputy shall receive such compensation as the village board shall determine. The acts of such deputy shall be covered by official bond as the village board shall direct.
61.261 History History: 1991 a. 316.
61.27 61.27 Assessor. In all villages not assessed by a county assessor the assessor shall take and file the official oath. The assessor shall begin under s. 70.10 to make an assessment of all of the property in the village liable to taxation, as prescribed by law. The assessor shall return the assessment roll to the village clerk at the same time and in the same manner in which town assessors are required to do. The assessor's compensation shall be fixed by the village board. No person may assume the office of village assessor unless certified by the department of revenue under s. 73.09 as qualified to perform the functions of the office of assessor. If a person who has not been so certified is elected to the office, the office shall be vacant and the appointing authority shall fill the vacancy from a list of persons so certified by the department of revenue.
61.27 History History: 1975 c. 39, 199; 1979 c. 221; 1989 a. 56.
61.28 61.28 Marshal.
61.28(1)(1)If required to do so by the village board, the village marshal shall execute and file an official bond. If the village board does not require the marshal to execute and file an official bond, the board shall obtain a dishonesty insurance policy or other appropriate insurance policy that covers the marshal, in an amount determined by the board, in lieu of the bond requirement. The marshal shall possess the powers, enjoy the privileges and be subject to the liabilities conferred and imposed by law upon constables, and be taken as included in all writs and papers addressed to constables. The marshal shall obey all lawful written orders of the village board. The marshal is entitled to the same fees prescribed for sheriffs in s. 814.70 for similar services, unless a higher fee is applicable under s. 814.705 (1) (c); for other service rendered the village, compensation as the board fixes.
61.28(2) (2)A village marshal who is given law enforcement duties by the village board, and who meets the definition of a law enforcement officer under s. 165.85 (2) (c), shall comply with the minimum employment standards for law enforcement officers established by the law enforcement standards board and shall complete training under s. 165.85 (4) (a) 1.
61.29 61.29 Constable.
61.29(1)(1)A constable shall:
61.29(1)(a) (a) If required to do so by the village board, execute and file an official bond. If the village board does not require the constable to execute and file an official bond, the board shall obtain a dishonesty insurance policy or other appropriate insurance policy that covers the constable, in an amount determined by the board, in lieu of the bond requirement.
61.29(1)(b) (b) Serve within his or her county any writ, process, order or notice, and execute any order, warrant or execution lawfully directed to or required by any court or officer to be executed by the constable.
61.29(1)(c) (c) Attend any session of the circuit court in his or her county when required by the sheriff.
61.29(1)(d) (d) Inform the district attorney of all trespasses on public lands of which the constable has knowledge or information.
61.29(1)(e) (e) Impound cattle, horses, sheep, swine and other animals at large on the highways in violation of a village ordinance.
61.29(1)(f) (f) Cause to be prosecuted all violations of law of which the constable has knowledge or information.
61.29(1)(g) (g) Perform all other duties required by law.
61.29(1)(h) (h) Keep his or her office in the village. No constable who keeps his or her office outside the limits of the village may receive fees for any service performed during the period the outside office is maintained.
61.29(2) (2)Section 60.351 applies to village constables.
61.29(3) (3)A village constable who is given law enforcement duties by the village board, and who meets the definition of a law enforcement officer under s. 165.85 (2) (c), shall comply with the minimum employment standards for law enforcement officers established by the law enforcement standards board and shall complete training under s. 165.85 (4) (a) 1.
61.29 History History: 1983 a. 532; 2013 a. 214; 2017 a. 51.
61.31 61.31 Peace officers, powers. Every village police officer shall possess the powers, enjoy the privileges, and be subject to the liabilities conferred and imposed by law upon village marshals.
61.31 History History: 2009 a. 173.
61.32 61.32 Village board; meeting; salaries. The trustees of each village shall constitute a board designated the “Village Board of" (name of village) in which shall be vested all the powers of the village not specifically given some other officer. A majority of the members-elect shall constitute a quorum, but a less number may adjourn from time to time. The president shall preside at all meetings when present. In the president's absence the board may select another trustee to preside. Regular meetings shall be held at such time as may be prescribed by their bylaws. Special meetings may be called by any 2 trustees in writing, filed with the clerk, who shall thereupon seasonably notify all the trustees of the time and place thereof in the manner directed by the bylaws. All meetings shall be open to the public. The board shall keep a record of all its proceedings, and if there is a newspaper published in any village, the board shall cause the proceedings to be published therein as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985. The proceedings for the purpose of publication shall include the substance of every official action taken by the governing body. If there is no newspaper published in the village, the board may cause the proceedings to be published in a newspaper having general circulation in the village, posted in several public places or publicized in some other fashion, in such manner as the board directs. Nothing herein shall be construed as requiring the republication of any proceeding, ordinance or other matter or thing which has already been published according to law, nor shall anything herein be construed to relieve any village from publishing any proceeding, ordinance or other matter or thing required by law to be published. Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 985.08 (4), the fee for any such publication shall not exceed the rates specified in s. 985.08 (1). The board has power to preserve order at its meetings, compel attendance of trustees and punish nonattendance and it shall be judge of the election and qualification of its members. The president and board of trustees of any village, whether operating under general or special law, may by a three-fourths vote of all the members of the village board determine that a salary be paid the president and trustees.
61.32 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2009 a. 173.
61.325 61.325 Trustee may be appointed president. A village trustee shall be eligible for appointment as village president to fill an unexpired term.
61.327 61.327 Village trustees serving as employees. Notwithstanding s. 66.0501 (2), a trustee of a village who also serves as a village employee may be paid an hourly wage for serving as a village employee, not exceeding a total of $15,000 each year. Amounts that are paid under this section may be paid in addition to any amount that an individual receives under s. 61.32 or as a volunteer fire fighter, emergency medical services practitioner, or emergency medical responder under s. 66.0501 (4) (a).
61.327 History History: 2021 a. 69.
61.34 61.34 Powers of village board.
61.34(1)(1)General grant. Except as otherwise provided by law, the village board shall have the management and control of the village property, finances, highways, streets, navigable waters, and the public service, and shall have power to act for the government and good order of the village, for its commercial benefit and for the health, safety, welfare and convenience of the public, and may carry its powers into effect by license, regulation, suppression, borrowing, taxation, special assessment, appropriation, fine, imprisonment, and other necessary or convenient means. The powers hereby conferred shall be in addition to all other grants and shall be limited only by express language.
61.34(2) (2)Cooperation with other municipalities. The village board, in behalf of the village, may join with other villages or cities in a cooperative arrangement for executing any power or duty in order to attain greater economy or efficiency, including joint employment of appointive officers and employees.
61.34(3) (3)Acquisition and disposal of property.
61.34(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the village board may acquire property, real or personal, within or outside the village, for parks, libraries, recreation, beautification, streets, water systems, sewage or waste disposal, harbors, improvement of watercourses, public grounds, vehicle parking areas, and for any other public purpose; may acquire real property within or contiguous to the village, by means other than condemnation, for industrial sites; may improve and beautify the same; may construct, own, lease and maintain buildings on such property for instruction, recreation, amusement and other public purposes; and may sell and convey such property. Condemnation shall be as provided by ch. 32.
61.34(3)(b) (b) The village board may not use the power of condemnation to acquire property for the purpose of establishing or extending a recreational trail; a bicycle way, as defined in s. 340.01 (5s); a bicycle lane, as defined in s. 340.01 (5e); or a pedestrian way, as defined in s. 346.02 (8) (a).
61.34(3m) (3m)Acquisition of easements and property rights. Confirming all powers granted to the village board and in furtherance thereof, the board is expressly authorized to acquire by gift, purchase or condemnation under ch. 32 any and all property rights in lands or waters, including rights of access and use, negative or positive easements, restrictive covenants, covenants running with the land, scenic easements and any rights for use of property of any nature whatsoever, however denominated, which may be lawfully acquired for the benefit of the public or for any public purpose, including the exercise of powers granted under ss. 61.35 and 62.23; and may sell and convey such easements or property rights when no longer needed for public use or protection.
61.34(4) (4)Village finances. The village board may levy and provide for the collection of taxes and special assessments; may refund any tax or special assessment paid, or any part thereof, when satisfied that the same was unjust or illegal; and generally may manage the village finances. The village board may loan money to any school district located within the village or within which the village is wholly or partially located in such sums as are needed by such district to meet the immediate expenses of operating the schools thereof, and the board of the district may borrow money from such village accordingly and give its note therefor. No such loan shall be made to extend beyond August 30 next following the making thereof or in an amount exceeding one-half of the estimated receipts for such district as certified by the state superintendent of public instruction and the local school clerk. The rate of interest on any such loan shall be determined by the village board.
61.34(5) (5)Construction of powers. For the purpose of giving to villages the largest measure of self-government in accordance with the spirit of article XI, section 3, of the constitution it is hereby declared that this chapter shall be liberally construed in favor of the rights, powers and privileges of villages to promote the general welfare, peace, good order and prosperity of such villages and the inhabitants thereof.
61.34 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 118.105 for control of traffic on school premises.
61.34 Annotation When a municipality's power to contract is improperly or irregularly exercised and the municipality receives a benefit under the contract, it is estopped from asserting the invalidity of the contract. Village of McFarland v. Town of Dunn, 82 Wis. 2d 469, 263 N.W.2d 167 (1978).
61.34 Annotation A village was authorized under ss. 30.77 (3) and 61.34 (1) to enact an ordinance granting exclusive temporary use of a portion of a lake for public water exhibition licensees. State v. Village of Lake Delton, 93 Wis. 2d 78, 286 N.W.2d 622 (Ct. App. 1979).
61.34 Annotation There is a 4-part test in evaluating whether a municipality may regulate a matter of state-wide concern: 1) whether the legislature has expressly withdrawn the power of municipalities to act; 2) whether the ordinance logically conflicts with the state legislation; 3) whether the ordinance defeats the purpose of the state legislation; or 4) whether the ordinance goes against the spirit of the state legislation. Anchor Savings and Loan Association v. Madison EOC, 120 Wis. 2d 391, 355 N.W.2d 234 (1984).
61.34 Annotation The delegation of village powers to a non-governmental entity is discussed. Save Elkhart Lake v. Elkhart Lake Village, 181 Wis. 2d 778, 512 N.W.2d 202 (Ct. App. 1993).
61.34 Annotation The state regulatory scheme for tobacco sales preempts municipalities from adopting regulations that are not in strict conformity with those of the state. U.S. Oil, Inc. v. City of Fond du Lac, 199 Wis. 2d 333, 544 N.W.2d 589 (Ct. App. 1995), 95-0213.
61.34 Annotation It was not a violation of this section, s. 236.45, or the public purpose doctrine for a municipality to assume the dual role of subdivider of property it owned and reviewer of the plat under ch. 236. Town of Beloit v. Rock County, 2001 WI App 256, 249 Wis. 2d 88, 637 N.W.2d 71, 00-1231.
61.34 AnnotationAffirmed on other grounds, 2003 WI 8, 259 Wis. 2d 37, 657 N.W.2d 344, 00-1231.
61.34 Annotation One who deals with a municipality does so at his or her own risk and may be subject to any provisions of law that might prevent him or her from being paid by a municipality even though the services are rendered. Unless the power to bind the municipality financially has been specifically delegated, the only entity with the statutory authority to contract is the municipality. Holzbauer v. Safway Steel Products, Inc. 2005 WI App 240, 288 Wis. 2d 250, 711 N.W.2d 672, 04-2058.
61.34 Annotation The line distinguishing general police power regulation from zoning ordinances is far from clear. The question of whether a particular enactment constitutes a zoning ordinance is often a matter of degree. Broad statements of the purposes of zoning and the purposes of an ordinance are not helpful in distinguishing a zoning ordinance from an ordinance enacted pursuant to non-zoning police power. The statutorily enumerated purposes of zoning are not the exclusive domain of zoning regulation. A more specific and analytically helpful formulation of the purpose of zoning, at least in the present case, is to separate incompatible land uses. Multiple factors are considered and discussed. Zwiefelhofer v. Town of Cooks Valley, 2012 WI 7, 338 Wis. 2d 488, 809 N.W.2d 362, 10-2398.
61.34 Annotation State statutory enabling legislation is required to authorize enactment of typical rent control ordinances. 62 Atty. Gen. 276.
61.34 Annotation Local units of government may not create and accumulate unappropriated surplus funds. However, a local unit of government may maintain reasonable amounts necessary in the exercise of sound business principles to meet the immediate cash flow needs of the municipality during the current budgetary period or to accumulate needed capital in non-lapsing funds to finance specifically identified future capital expenditures. 76 Atty. Gen. 77.
61.34 Annotation Article VIII, section 5 restricts the state from levying taxes to create a surplus having no public purpose. Although the constitutional provision does not apply directly to municipalities, the same limitation applies indirectly to them because the state cannot delegate more power than it has. 76 Atty. Gen. 77.
61.34 Annotation Conflicts between state statutes and local ordinances in Wisconsin. 1975 WLR 840.
61.342 61.342 Direct legislation. The provisions of s. 9.20, relating to direct legislation, shall be applicable to villages.
61.342 History History: 1989 a. 273.
61.345 61.345 Recycling or resource recovery facilities. A village may establish and require use of facilities for the recycling of solid waste or for the recovery of resources from solid waste as provided under s. 287.13.
61.345 History History: 1983 a. 27; 1989 a. 335 s. 89; 1995 a. 227.
61.35 61.35 Village planning. Section 62.23 applies to villages, and the powers and duties conferred and imposed by s. 62.23 upon mayors, councils and specified city officials are hereby conferred upon presidents, village boards, and village officials performing duties similar to the duties of such specified city officials, respectively. Any ordinance or resolution passed prior to May 30, 1925, by any village board under s. 61.35, 1923 stats., shall remain in effect until repealed or amended by such village board.
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