Historic preservation. 60.64(1)(1)
Subject to subs. (2)
, the town board, in the exercise of its zoning and police powers for the purpose of promoting the health, safety and general welfare of the community and of the state, may regulate any place, structure or object with a special character, historic interest, aesthetic interest or other significant value for the purpose of preserving the place, structure or object and its significant characteristics. Subject to subs. (2)
, and (3)
, the town board may create a landmarks commission to designate historic landmarks and establish historic districts. Subject to subs. (2)
, the board may regulate all historic landmarks and all property within each historic district to preserve the historic landmarks and property within the district and the character of the district.
Before the town board designates a historic landmark or establishes a historic district, the town board shall hold a public hearing. If the town board proposes to designate a place, structure, or object as a historic landmark or establish a historic district that includes a place, structure, or object, the town board shall, by 1st class mail, notify the owner of the place, structure, or object of the determination and of the time and place of the public hearing on the determination.
In the repair or replacement of a property that is designated as a historic landmark or included within a historic district or neighborhood conservation district under this section, the town board shall allow an owner to use materials that are similar in design, color, scale, architectural appearance, and other visual qualities.
An owner of property that is affected by a decision of a town landmarks commission may appeal the decision to the town board. The town board may overturn a decision of the commission by a majority vote of the town board.
Board of adjustment. 60.65(1)(1)
Town board shall appoint.
If a zoning ordinance has been adopted under s. 60.61
, the town board shall establish and appoint a board of adjustment.
The board of adjustment consists of 3 members. Not more than one town board supervisor may be a member of the board of adjustment. The initial terms of the members of the board of adjustment are one, 2 and 3 years, respectively, starting from the first day of the month next following the appointment. Successors shall be appointed or elected at the expiration of each term and their term of office shall be 3 years and until their successors are appointed or elected. Members of the board of adjustment shall reside within the town. The board shall choose a chairperson. Vacancies shall be filled for the unexpired term of any member whose office becomes vacant. The town board may compensate the members of the adjustment board.
(3) Powers and duties.
The town board may authorize the board of adjustment to, in appropriate cases and subject to appropriate conditions and safeguards, permit special exceptions to the terms of the zoning ordinance under s. 60.61
consistent with the ordinance's general purpose and intent and with applicable provisions of the ordinance. This subsection does not preclude the granting of special exceptions by the town zoning committee designated under s. 60.61 (4)
or the town board, in accordance with regulations and restrictions adopted under s. 60.61
The town board shall adopt regulations for the conduct of the business of the board of adjustment consistent with ordinances adopted under s. 60.61
. The board of adjustment may adopt rules necessary to implement the regulations of the town board. Meetings of the board shall be held at the call of the chairperson and other times as the board may determine. The chairperson or, in his or her absence, the acting chairperson, may administer oaths and compel the attendance of witnesses. The board shall keep minutes of its proceedings showing the vote of each member upon each question or, if absent, indicating that fact and shall keep records of its examinations and other official actions, all of which shall be immediately filed in the office of the board and shall be a public record. In any action involving a historic property, as defined in s. 44.31 (3)
, the board shall consider any suggested alternatives or recommended decision submitted by the landmarks commission or the zoning committee.
(5) Exercise of county board of adjustment powers.
Boards of adjustment under town zoning ordinances shall have the powers and duties provided for boards of adjustment under s. 59.694
and shall carry out their duties in the manner provided for boards of adjustment by s. 59.694
General, rather than explicit, standards regarding the granting of special exceptions may be adopted and applied by the governing body. The applicant has the burden of formulating conditions showing that the proposed use will meet the standards. Upon approval, additional conditions may be imposed by the governing body. Kraemer & Sons v. Sauk County Adjustment Board, 183 Wis. 2d 1
, 515 N.W.2d 256
Sub. (3) requires that the authority of a town board of adjustment to grant conditional use permits be contained in the town zoning ordinance. There is no statutory authority for a town board of adjustment to hear appeals from decisions of town boards granting or denying conditional use permits. Magnolia Township and Western Rock County Citizens Against Factory Farming v. Town of Magnolia, 2005 WI App 119
, 284 Wis. 2d 361
, 701 N.W.2d 60
Conditional Use Permits: Strategies for Local Zoning Proceedings. Peranteau. Wis. Law. Sept. 2015.
Town park commission. 60.66(1)(1)
Established by annual town meeting.
The annual town meeting may establish a town park commission consisting of 7 members.
The town board shall appoint the members of the commission within 60 days after the commission is established. Each member shall take and file the official oath.
Except as provided under par. (c)
, members shall serve a term of 7 years, commencing July 1 of the year in which appointed. The town board shall appoint a successor during the month of June immediately preceding the expiration of the member's term.
The first 7 members shall be appointed for staggered terms so that on the first day of July in each of the 7 years next following the year in which they are appointed, the term of one member expires.
A member shall hold his or her office until his or her successor is appointed and qualified.
Within 30 days after the appointment and qualification of the initial members of the commission, the commission shall hold a meeting to appoint officers and establish bylaws for its operation.
The commission may appoint necessary assistants and employees to carry out its functions, make rules and regulations concerning their work and remove them at pleasure.
The town board shall provide sufficient office space for the maps, plans, documents and records of the commission.
In this subsection, “park" means a public park, parkway, boulevard or pleasure drive.
The commission shall have charge of and supervision over all parks located in the town and may exercise the powers of a board of park commissioners under ss. 27.08
and 27.10 (1)
Within 2 years after its organization under sub. (3)
, the commission shall:
Make a thorough study of the town with reference to reserving lands for park purposes.
Make plans and maps of a comprehensive town park system.
Present the results of its study and its plans to the town meeting.
Lay out, improve and maintain parks in the town.
Lay out, grade, construct, improve and maintain highways, roads and bridges in a park or connecting the park with any other park or with any municipality.
Establish regulations for the use and enjoyment of the parks by the public.
With town board approval, acquire, in the name of the town, by purchase, land contract, lease, condemnation or otherwise, tracts of land suitable for parks. No land acquired by the commission may be disposed of by the town without the consent of the commission. If the land is disposed of, all money received for the land shall be paid into a town park fund.
Accept, in the name of the town, grants, conveyances and devises of land and bequests and donations of money to be used for parks located in the town.
History: 1983 a. 532
TOWN SANITARY DISTRICTS
In this subchapter:
“Commission" means the town sanitary district commission.
“Commissioner" means a member of a commission.
“Equalized full value" means the assessed full value adjusted to reflect the full value as determined under s. 70.57
“Municipality" means a city, village or town.
“Pollution" means contaminating or rendering unclean or impure the waters of the state, or making them injurious to public health, harmful for commercial or recreational use, or deleterious to fish, bird, animal or plant life.
“Private on-site wastewater treatment system" has the meaning given under s. 145.01 (12)
“Sewerage system" means all structures, conduits and pipelines by which sewage is collected, transported, pumped, treated and disposed of, except plumbing inside and in connection with buildings served, and service pipes from building to street main.
“Town sanitary district" or “district" means a town sanitary district created under this subchapter.
“Water system" means all structures, conduits and appurtenances by means of which water is delivered to consumers except piping and fixtures inside buildings served and service pipes from building to street main.
Creation of town sanitary district by town board order. 60.71(1)(a)
The town board may establish one or more town sanitary districts under this section.
If a proposed town sanitary district is in more than one town, the town board of the town containing the largest portion of the equalized full value of taxable property within the proposed district has exclusive jurisdiction to establish the town sanitary district.
At least 51 percent of the persons owning land or the owners of at least 51 percent of the land within the limits of the territory proposed to be organized into a town sanitary district may petition the town board for the establishment of a town sanitary district. The petition shall be addressed to the town board and filed with the town clerk. The petition shall contain the following information:
The proposed name of the town sanitary district.
A statement of the necessity for the proposed work.
A statement that the public health, safety, convenience or welfare will be promoted by the establishment of the town sanitary district and that the property to be included will be benefited by the proposed district.
A legal description of the boundaries of the proposed town sanitary district.
A plat or sketch showing the approximate area and boundaries of the proposed town sanitary district.
A general description of the proposed improvements.
One or more of the petitioners shall verify that the petition was signed personally by the persons whose signatures appear on the petition, or a person who signs a petition may have his or her signature notarized. The petition is presumed to have been signed by the persons whose signatures appear on the petition. No petition with the requisite number of valid signatures may be declared void because of alleged defects in the information required to be included in the petition. The town board at any time may permit a petition to be amended to conform to the facts.
At least 15 days prior to the hearing under sub. (4)
, the petitioners shall file a personal or a surety bond with the town clerk, with security approved by the town board, sufficient to pay all of the expenses connected with the proceedings if the town board refuses to organize the district. The petitioners shall maintain the bond until either the town board issues an order to organize the district, the petitioners pay the costs of the town board under sub. (6) (f)
or the proceedings are otherwise terminated. If the town board determines that a bond is insufficient, it may order the execution of an additional bond within a specified time, but not less than 10 days from the date of the order. If the petitioners fail to execute or maintain the bond, the town board may dismiss the petition.
The town board shall schedule and conduct a hearing within 30 days after receipt of any petition with the requisite number of valid signatures.
The town board shall publish a class 2 notice, under ch. 985
, of the hearing. The notice shall contain an announcement of the hearing and a description of the boundaries of the proposed town sanitary district. The town board shall mail the notice to the department of safety and professional services and the department of natural resources at least 10 days prior to the hearing.
Any person may file written comments on the formation of the district with the town clerk. Any owner of property within the boundary of the proposed district may appear at the hearing and offer objections, criticisms or suggestions as to the necessity of the proposed district and the question of whether his or her property will be benefited by the establishment of the district. A representative of the department of safety and professional services and of the department of natural resources may attend the hearing and advise the town board.
(5) Territory comprising a district. 60.71(5)(a)(a)
A town sanitary district may not include any territory located within a village or city.
A town sanitary district may include territory located within a metropolitan sewerage district or any other similar district outside of the boundaries of a village or city for the purpose of auxiliary sewer construction by the town sanitary district.
(6) Decision by the town board. 60.71(6)(a)
Within 30 days after the conclusion of the hearing under sub. (4)
, the town board shall issue written findings and a decision on formation of the proposed town sanitary district.
As part of its findings, the town board shall determine if:
Public health, safety, convenience or welfare will be promoted by the establishment of the district.
Property to be included in the district will be benefited by the district.
If the town board's findings required by par. (b)
are all in the affirmative, the town board shall issue an order establishing the boundaries of the town sanitary district, declaring the district organized and giving the district a corporate name. After the district is established, the town board and the petitioners may submit to the commission certified bills covering their reasonable costs and disbursements in connection with the petition and hearing. The commission shall pay the expenses out of the funds of the district.
If the town board's findings required by par. (b)
are in the affirmative, except that part of the territory described in the petition will not be benefited by the establishment of the district, the town board shall issue an order under par. (c)
, but shall exclude such territory from the district.
If the town board determines that other territory not described in the original petition should be included within the town sanitary district, the town board shall continue the hearing for not more than 30 days and publish a class 2 notice, under ch. 985
, of the continued hearing. The notice shall contain a description of the revised boundaries of the proposed town sanitary district.
Except as provided in par. (d)
, if any of the town board's findings under par. (b)
are partly or wholly in the negative, the town board shall dismiss the proceedings and order the petitioners to pay, within 30 days, all reasonable costs and disbursements of the town board in connection with the proceedings.
(7) Filing and recording the order.
The town board shall file copies of the order establishing the town sanitary district with the department of natural resources and record the order with the register of deeds in each county in which the district is located.