See s. 46.011
for definitions applicable to chs. 46
, and 58
Alzheimer's disease is one type of a degenerative brain disorder. This chapter includes the definition of degenerative brain disorder only to specifically exclude it from the chapter's authority, whereas the ch. 55 definition is used to include it in the scope of authority granted under ch. 55. Rehabilitation is a necessary element of treatment under this chapter. Because there are no techniques that can be employed to bring about rehabilitation from Alzheimer's disease, an individual with the disease cannot be rehabilitated. Accordingly, an Alzheimer's patient is not a proper subject for treatment under this chapter. Fond du Lac County v. Helen E.F., 2011 WI App 72
, 333 Wis. 2d 740
, 798 N.W.2d 707
“Rehabilitation,” as used in sub. (17), addresses the control of symptoms. It comprises treatment going beyond custodial care to affect the disease and symptoms. But rehabilitation is not synonymous with cure. A symptom is an expression of the disorder at work within the patient. Rehabilitation refers to improving the patient's condition through ameliorating endogenous factors such as symptoms and behaviors. If a treatment controls symptoms to such a degree that withdrawing it would subject the patient to a more restrictive treatment alternative, then the treatment controls enough symptoms to establish the patient has rehabilitative potential. Waukesha County v. J.W.J., 2017 WI 57
, 375 Wis. 2d 542
, 895 N.W.2d 783
Council on mental health. 51.02(1)(1)
The council on mental health shall have the following duties:
Advise the department, the legislature and the governor on the use of state and federal resources and on the provision and administration of programs for persons who are mentally ill or who have other mental health problems, for groups who are not adequately served by the mental health system, for the prevention of mental health problems and for other mental health related purposes.
Provide recommendations to the department on the expenditure of federal funds received under the community mental health block grant under 42 USC 300x
and participate in the development of and monitor and evaluate the implementation of, the community mental health block grant plan.
Review all departmental plans for services affecting persons with mental illness and monitor the implementation of the plans.
Serve as an advocate for persons with mental illness.
Consult with the department in the development of a model community mental health plan under s. 51.42 (7) (a) 9.
, and review and advise the department on community mental health plans submitted by counties under s. 51.42 (3) (ar) 5.
Promote the development and administration of a delivery system for community mental health services that is sensitive to the needs of consumers of the services.
Review and comment on the human services and community programs board member training curriculum developed by the department under s. 51.42 (7) (a) 3m.
The secretary shall submit all departmental plans affecting persons with mental illness to the council for its review. The council shall provide its recommendations to the secretary within such time as the secretary may require.
Office of children's mental health. 51.025(1)(1)
The office of children's mental health shall study and recommend ways, and coordinate initiatives, to improve the integration across state agencies of mental health services provided to children and monitor the performance of programs that provide those services.
By January 1, 2015, and by January 1 of each year thereafter, the office of children's mental health shall submit a report to the joint committee on finance and to the appropriate standing committees of the legislature under s. 13.172 (3)
that includes all of the following:
A summary of the activities of that office in the previous year, including actions the office has taken to improve the coordination of mental health services provided to children by state agencies.
A summary of data collected by that office that relate to the outcomes of children who receive mental health services provided by state agencies.
A discussion of areas in which the state's delivery of mental health services for children could be improved.
History: 2013 a. 20
Department; powers and duties. 51.03(1g)(a)
“Early intervention" means action to hinder or alter a person's mental disorder or abuse of alcohol or other drugs in order to reduce the duration of early symptoms or to reduce the duration or severity of mental illness or alcohol or other drug abuse that may result.
“Individualized service planning" means a process under which a person with mental illness or who abuses alcohol or other drugs and, if a child, his or her family, receives information, education and skills to enable the person to participate mutually and creatively with his or her mental health or alcohol or other drug abuse service provider in identifying his or her personal goals and developing his or her assessment, crisis protocol, treatment and treatment plan. “Individualized service planning" is tailored to the person and is based on his or her strengths, abilities and needs.
“Prevention" means action to reduce the instance, delay the onset or lessen the severity of mental disorder, before the disorders may progress to mental illness, by reducing risk factors for, enhancing protections against and promptly treating early warning signs of mental disorder.
“Recovery" means the process of a person's growth and improvement, despite a history of mental illness or alcohol or other drug abuse, in attitudes, feelings, values, goals, skills and behavior and is measured by a decrease in dysfunctional symptoms and an increase in maintaining the person's highest level of health, wellness, stability, self-determination and self-sufficiency.
“Stigma" means disqualification from social acceptance, derogation, marginalization and ostracism encountered by persons with mental illness or persons who abuse alcohol or other drugs as the result of societal negative attitudes, feelings, perceptions, representations and acts of discrimination.
The department through its authorized agents may visit or investigate any treatment facility to which persons are admitted or committed under this chapter.
No later than 14 days after the date of a death reported under s. 51.64 (2) (a)
, the department shall investigate the death.
Beginning on September 1, 1996, the department shall collect and analyze information in this state on each of the following:
The number of, cost of and paying sources for days of inpatient mental health treatment that result from the commitments initiated under subd. 1.
or ordered under subd. 2.
The number of persons who are receiving care and treatment under community support programs voluntarily or under commitments ordered under s. 51.20 (13)
The number of individuals authorized to consent to involuntary administration of psychotropic medication under s. 55.14 (8)
or for whom guardians were appointed under s. 880.33 (4m)
, 2003 stats.
By April 1, 1997, and annually by that date for 3 years thereafter, the department shall submit a report to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
on the information collected under par. (a)
Within the limits of available state and federal funds, the department may do all of the following:
Promote the creation of coalitions among the state, counties, providers of mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services, consumers of the services and their families and advocates for persons with mental illness and for alcoholic and drug dependent persons to develop, coordinate and provide a full range of resources to advance prevention; early intervention; treatment; recovery; safe and affordable housing; opportunities for education, employment and recreation; family and peer support; self-help; and the safety and well-being of communities.
In cooperation with counties, providers of mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services, consumers of the services, interested community members and advocates for persons with mental illness and for alcoholic and drug dependent persons, develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to reduce stigma of and discrimination against persons with mental illness, alcoholics and drug dependent persons.
Develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to involve counties, providers of mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services, consumers of the services and their families, interested community members and advocates for persons with mental illness and for alcoholic and drug dependent persons as equal participants in service system planning and delivery.
Promote responsible stewardship of human and fiscal resources in the provision of mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services.
Develop and implement methods to identify and measure outcomes for consumers of mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services.
Promote access to appropriate mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services regardless of a person's geographic location, age, degree of mental illness, alcoholism or drug dependency or availability of personal financial resources.
Promote consumer decision making to enable persons with mental illness and alcohol or drug dependency to be more self-sufficient.
Promote use by providers of mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services of individualized service planning, under which the providers develop written individualized service plans that promote treatment and recovery, together with service consumers, families of service consumers who are children and advocates chosen by consumers.
The department shall ensure that providers of mental health and alcohol and other drug abuse services who use individualized service plans, as specified in sub. (4) (h)
, do all of the following in using a plan:
Establish meaningful and measurable goals for the consumer.
Base the plan on a comprehensive assessment of the consumer's strengths, abilities, needs and preferences.
In this subsection, “licensed treatment professional" means a physician who has completed a residence in psychiatry; a psychologist; a private practice school psychologist licensed under ch. 455
; a marriage and family therapist licensed under s. 457.10
; a professional counselor licensed under s. 457.12
; an advanced practice social worker granted a certificate under s. 457.08 (2)
; an independent social worker licensed under s. 457.08 (3)
; a clinical social worker licensed under s. 457.08 (4)
; or any of these individuals practicing under a currently valid training or temporary license or certificate granted under applicable provisions of ch. 457
. “Licensed treatment professional" does not include an individual whose license or certificate is suspended, revoked, or voluntarily surrendered, or whose license or certificate is limited or restricted, when practicing in areas prohibited by the limitation or restriction.
The department may not require a mental health clinic or an individual licensed treatment professional who is otherwise authorized to provide outpatient mental health services at a school to designate the school site as a clinic office in order to provide outpatient mental health services at a school.
Denial and revocations of certification or approval based on delinquent taxes or unemployment insurance contributions. 51.032(1)(1)
Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, the department shall require each applicant to provide the department with his or her social security number, if the applicant is an individual, or the applicant's federal employer identification number, if the applicant is not an individual, as a condition of issuing any of the following:
If an individual who applies for a certification or approval under sub. (1)
does not have a social security number, the individual, as a condition of obtaining the certification or approval, shall submit a statement made or subscribed under oath or affirmation to the department that the applicant does not have a social security number. The form of the statement shall be prescribed by the department of children and families. A certification or approval issued in reliance upon a false statement submitted under this subsection is invalid.
The department may not disclose any information received under sub. (1)
to any person except to the department of revenue for the sole purpose of requesting certifications under s. 73.0301
and to the department of workforce development for the sole purpose of requesting certifications under s. 108.227
Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, the department shall deny an application for the issuance of a certification or approval specified in sub. (1)
if the applicant does not provide the information specified in sub. (1)
The department shall deny an application for the issuance of a certification or approval specified in sub. (1)
or shall revoke a certification or approval specified in sub. (1)
if the department of revenue certifies under s. 73.0301
that the applicant for or holder of a certification or approval is liable for delinquent taxes or if the department of workforce development certifies under s. 108.227
that the applicant for or holder of a certification or approval is liable for delinquent unemployment insurance contributions.
Outpatient mental health clinic certification.
Except as provided in s. 51.032
, if a facility that provides mental health services on an outpatient basis holds current accreditation from the council on accreditation of services for families and children, the department may accept evidence of this accreditation as equivalent to the standards established by the department, for the purpose of certifying the facility for the receipt of funds for services provided as a benefit to a medical assistance recipient under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. f.
or 49.471 (11) (k)
, a community aids funding recipient under s. 51.423 (2)
or as mandated coverage under s. 632.89
Treatment facility certification.
Except as provided in s. 51.032
, any treatment facility may apply to the department for certification of the facility for the receipt of funds for services provided as a benefit to a medical assistance recipient under s. 49.46 (2) (b) 6. f.
or 49.471 (11) (k)
or to a community aids funding recipient under s. 51.423 (2)
or provided as mandated coverage under s. 632.89
. The department shall annually charge a fee for each certification.
History: 1975 c. 224
; Stats. 1975 s. 51.44; 1975 c. 430
; Stats. 1975 s. 51.04; 1983 a. 27
; 1985 a. 29
; 1995 a. 27
; 1997 a. 237
; 2007 a. 20
See also ch. DHS 35
, Wis. adm. code.
Youth crisis stabilization facilities. 51.042(1)(a)
“Crisis” means a situation caused by an individual's apparent mental disorder that results in a high level of stress or anxiety for the individual, persons providing care for the individual, or the public and that is not resolved by the available coping methods of the individual or by the efforts of those providing ordinary care or support for the individual.
“Youth crisis stabilization facility” is a treatment facility with a maximum of 8 beds that admits a minor to prevent or de-escalate the minor's mental health crisis and avoid admission of the minor to a more restrictive setting.
Certification required; exemption. 51.042(2)(a)
No person may operate a youth crisis stabilization facility without a certification from the department. The department may limit the number of certifications it grants to operate a youth crisis stabilization facility.
A youth crisis stabilization facility that has a certification from the department under this section is not subject to facility regulation under ch. 48
Admission of minors.
A minor may be admitted to a youth crisis stabilization facility under this section by a court order under s. 51.20 (13) (a) 3.
or through the procedure under s. 51.13
. No person may transport a minor to a youth crisis stabilization facility for detention under s. 51.15
The department may promulgate rules to implement this section.
History: 2017 a. 59
Availability of inpatient psychiatric and other beds. 51.045(1m)(1m)
From the appropriation under s. 20.435 (2) (cm)
, the department shall award a grant in the amount of $80,000 in fiscal year 2021-22 and $50,000 in each fiscal year thereafter to the entity under contract under s. 153.05 (2m) (a)
to develop and operate an Internet site and system to show the availability of inpatient psychiatric beds, peer run respite beds, and crisis stabilization beds statewide. To receive the grant, the entity shall use a password protected Internet site to allow an inpatient psychiatric unit or hospital or a facility, center, or program that has inpatient psychiatric, peer run respite, or crisis stabilization beds to enter all of the following information and to enable any hospital emergency department or person who approves emergency detentions under s. 51.15 (2) (c)
in the state to view all of the following information reported to the system: