Intentionally retaliate or discriminate against a patient or rural medical center employee for doing any of the following:
Initiating, participating in or testifying in an action to enforce any provision of this subchapter or rules promulgated under this subchapter.
Intentionally destroy or modify the original report of an inspection that the department conducts under this subchapter or the rules promulgated under this subchapter.
History: 1995 a. 98 50.55
Penalties and remedies. 50.55(1)(a)(a)
Any person who violates this subchapter or any rule promulgated under this subchapter, except s. 50.54 (2)
, may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $500 for each offense. Each day of continued violation constitutes a separate offense.
In determining whether a forfeiture is to be imposed and in fixing the amount of the forfeiture to be imposed, if any, for a violation, the department shall consider all of the following factors:
Any previous violations committed by the licensee.
The financial benefit to the rural medical center of committing or continuing to commit the violation.
The department may directly assess forfeitures provided for under par. (a)
. If the department determines that a forfeiture should be assessed for a particular violation or for failure to correct it, the department shall send a notice of assessment to the rural medical center. The notice shall specify the amount of the forfeiture assessed, the violation, and the statute or rule alleged to have been violated, and shall inform the licensee of the right to a hearing under par. (d)
A rural medical center may contest an assessment of forfeiture by sending, within 10 days after receipt of notice under par. (c)
, a written request for hearing under s. 227.44
to the division of hearings and appeals under s. 15.103 (1)
. The division shall commence the hearing within 30 days after receipt of the request for hearing and shall issue a final decision within 15 days after the close of the hearing. Proceedings before the division are governed by ch. 227
All forfeitures shall be paid to the department within 10 days after receipt of notice of assessment or, if the forfeiture is contested under par. (d)
, within 10 days after receipt of the final decision, unless the final decision is appealed and the decision is in favor of the appellant. The department shall remit all forfeitures paid to the secretary of administration for deposit in the school fund.
(2) Other penalty.
Whoever violates s. 50.54 (2)
may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
The department may, upon the advice of the attorney general, who shall represent the department in all proceedings under this subsection, institute an action in the name of the state in the circuit court for Dane County for injunctive relief or other process against any licensee, owner, operator, administrator or representative of any owner of a rural medical center for the violation of any of the provisions of this subchapter or rules promulgated under this subchapter if the department determines that the violation seriously affects the care, treatment, health, safety, rights, welfare or comfort of patients.
History: 1995 a. 98
; 2003 a. 33
Any of the following facilities or entities is not required to obtain licensure or a certificate of approval under the following statutes or to pay license fees under the following statutes if all of the services of the facility or entity are provided as a part of a rural medical center that holds a valid license under this subchapter:
may not be construed to apply to limit the authority of the department to develop, establish or enforce any statutes and rules for the care, treatment, health, safety, rights, welfare and comfort of patients or residents of facilities or entities that are specified in sub. (1) (a)
and for the construction, general hygiene, maintenance or operation of those facilities or entities.
Notwithstanding sub. (2)
, insofar as a conflict exists between this subchapter, or the rules promulgated under this subchapter, and subch. I
, or the rules promulgated under subch. I
, the provisions of this subchapter and the rules promulgated under this subchapter control.
This subchapter may not be construed to limit a health care service that is included in a rural medical center from any tax-exempt financing or reimbursement, insurance, payment for services or other advantage for which a health care service that is not included in a rural medical center is eligible.
Fees permitted for a workshop or seminar.
If the department develops and provides a workshop or seminar relating to the provision of services by rural medical centers under this subchapter, the department may establish a fee for each workshop or seminar and impose the fee on registrants for the workshop or seminar. A fee so established and imposed shall be in an amount sufficient to reimburse the department for the costs directly associated with developing and providing the workshop or seminar.
History: 1997 a. 27
In this subchapter:
“Interventional pain medicine" means the branch of medicine and surgery devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of pain syndromes through the use of invasive techniques.
“Pain clinic" means any of the following:
A privately owned facility where a majority of the health care providers, practicing within the scope of their licenses, devotes a majority of their practices to the treatment of pain syndromes through the practice of pain medicine or interventional pain medicine.
A privately owned facility that advertises or otherwise holds itself out as providing pain medicine or interventional pain medicine services and that has one or more employees or contractors who prescribe opioids or opiates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or carisoprodol as chronic therapy for pain syndromes.
“Pain medicine" means the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of pain syndromes through treatments, including prescription of a monitored prescription drug, as defined in s. 961.385 (1) (ag)
“Pain syndrome" means any of the following:
Pain that is reasonably anticipated to persist, or has persisted, beyond the time frame for normal healing.
Pain that is reasonably anticipated to persist, or has persisted, for more than 3 months.
History: 2015 a. 265
Pain clinics. 50.65(1)(a)(a)
Except as provided under par. (g)
, no pain clinic may operate unless it holds a certificate to operate issued by the department.
A pain clinic shall submit to the department an application, on a form prescribed by the department, for a certificate. A business entity that owns more than one pain clinic may apply for a single certificate for all pain clinics it owns, but the business entity assuming responsibility for the pain clinics shall submit with the application a listing of each pain clinic site, the number of days each week each pain clinic site operates, and the health care providers who are working on each day of operation at each site. The department may charge an applicant a fee for applying for a certificate.
A certified pain clinic that undergoes a change of majority ownership shall submit a new application for a certificate.
A pain clinic shall have a medical director who is a physician that practices in this state. In the event that the medical director no longer meets the requirements of holding the position of medical director, the pain clinic shall notify the department within 10 business days of the identity of a physician who meets the requirements of medical director and who acts as medical director at that pain clinic. Failure to notify the department of an acting medical director within 10 days of the departure of the previous medical director may be a basis for the department to suspend the pain clinic's certification.
The department shall issue a certificate of operation to a pain clinic if the department finds that the pain clinic meets the requirements of this section, has paid any application fee required by the department, and meets any requirements established by the department. The department may not issue a certificate of operation to a pain clinic if the owner has been convicted of a felony or found guilty of a misdemeanor related to the distribution of an illegal prescription drug or controlled substance.
Subject to sub. (2)
, a certificate issued under this subsection is valid for 3 years and may be renewed.
A pain clinic at which health care providers do not regularly prescribe monitored prescription drugs, as defined in s. 961.385 (1) (ag)
, to a patient for more than 90 days in a 12-month period is not required to obtain a certificate to operate under this subsection.
If the department finds that a pain clinic which was issued a certificate under this section no longer meets any requirement of this section or rules promulgated under this section or of requirements established by the department, the department may do any of the following:
Suspend the certificate of the pain clinic until the department determines that the pain clinic demonstrates compliance.
Impose a forfeiture of up to $1,000 per day for each day of continued violation.
A pain clinic subject to a penalty under par. (a)
is entitled to an appeal and a hearing under ch. 227
In this subsection, “traceable" means capable of allowing a person to ascertain, retain, and verify personally identifiable information, including, at a minimum, the first and last name, home address, and date of birth, of a payer in connection with a payment.
A pain clinic may only accept payment by insurance coverage, credit, a credit card, a check, a draft, or another form of payment that is traceable to the individual seeking treatment at the pain clinic and shall retain records of payment. An individual seeking treatment for which a claim is submitted to an insurance company may pay to the pain clinic any insurance copayment, coinsurance, or deductible with cash or another payment method that is not traceable.
(4) Direct dispensing.
A pain clinic may not directly dispense, as defined in s. 450.01 (7)
, a monitored prescription drug, as defined in s. 961.385 (1) (ag)
, that is administered orally, unless any of the following are true:
The pain clinic is treating an individual under ch. 102
for a condition or complaint reasonably related to a condition for which the individual claims worker's compensation under ch. 102
This section does not apply to any of the following:
A medical or dental school, nursing school, physician assistant training program, or outpatient clinic associated with any of the schools or training programs specified in this paragraph.
The department, after consulting with the medical examining board, may promulgate rules to govern the operation of pain clinics as the department finds necessary to provide safety to the public. The department may promulgate other rules it determines are necessary to implement this section.
(7) Regulation of professions.
Nothing in this section confers authority on the department of health services to regulate the profession or practice of a health care provider whose profession is regulated by the department of safety and professional services or an examining board attached to the department of safety and professional services.
History: 2015 a. 265
In this subchapter:
“Hospice" means any of the following:
An organization that primarily provides palliative care and supportive care to an individual with terminal illness where he or she lives or stays and, if necessary to meet the needs of an individual with terminal illness, arranges for or provides short-term inpatient care and treatment or provides respite care.
A program, within an organization, that primarily provides palliative care and supportive care to an individual with terminal illness where he or she lives or stays, that uses designated staff time and facility services, that is distinct from other programs of care provided, and, if necessary to meet the needs of an individual with terminal illness, that arranges for or provides short-term inpatient care and treatment or respite care.
A place, including a freestanding structure or a separate part of a structure in which other services are provided, that primarily provides palliative and supportive care and a place of residence to individuals with terminal illness and provides or arranges for short-term inpatient care as needed.
“Managing employee" means a general manager, business manager, administrator, director or other individual who exercises operational or managerial control over, or who directly or indirectly conducts, the operation of the hospice.
“Organization" means a public agency, as defined in s. 46.856 (1) (b)
, a nonprofit corporation, a for-profit stock corporation, a cooperative, an unincorporated cooperative association, a partnership, a limited liability company or a sole proprietorship.
“Palliative care" means management and support provided for the reduction or abatement of pain, for other physical symptoms and for psychosocial or spiritual needs of individuals with terminal illness and includes physician services, skilled nursing care, medical social services, services of volunteers and bereavement services. “Palliative care" does not mean treatment provided in order to cure a medical condition or disease or to artificially prolong life.
“Respite care" means care provided to a terminally ill individual in order to provide temporary relief to the primary caregiver.
“Short-term care" means care provided to a terminally ill individual in an inpatient setting for brief periods of time for the purpose of pain control or acute or chronic symptom management.
“Supportive care" means services provided during the final stages of an individual's terminal illness and dying and after the individual's death to meet the psychosocial, social and spiritual needs of family members of the terminally ill individual and other individuals caring for the terminally ill individual. “Supportive care" includes personal adjustment counseling, financial counseling, respite services, bereavement counseling and follow-up services provided by volunteers or other persons.
“Terminal illness" means a medical prognosis that an individual's life expectancy is less than 12 months.
Departmental powers and duties.
The department shall provide uniform, statewide licensing, inspection and regulation of hospices as specified in this subchapter.