Except as provided in pars. (am)
, and subject to par. (ag)
, any person eligible for medical assistance under s. 49.46
, or 49.47
, or for the benefits under s. 49.46 (2) (a)
under s. 49.471
shall pay up to the maximum amounts allowable under 42 CFR 447.53
for purchases of services provided under s. 49.46 (2)
. The service provider shall collect the specified or allowable copayment, coinsurance, or deductible, unless the service provider determines that the cost of collecting the copayment, coinsurance, or deductible exceeds the amount to be collected. The department shall reduce payments to each provider by the amount of the specified or allowable copayment, coinsurance, or deductible. No provider may deny care or services because the recipient is unable to share costs, but an inability to share costs specified in this subsection does not relieve the recipient of liability for these costs.
Except as provided in pars. (am)
, and (c)
, and subject to par. (d)
, a recipient specified in par. (ac)
shall pay all of the following:
Except as provided in subd. 2.
, no person is liable under this subsection for services provided through prepayment contracts.
A person who is eligible for the benefits under s. 49.46 (2) (a)
under s. 49.471
is liable under this subsection for services provided through a prepayment contract in the amounts and according to the procedures specified by the department.
The following services are not subject to recipient cost sharing under this subsection:
Any service provided to a person receiving care as an inpatient in a skilled nursing home or intermediate care facility certified under 42 USC 1396
Any service provided to a person who is less than 18 years old. This subdivision does not apply if the person's family income exceeds 100 percent of the poverty line and he or she is eligible for the benefits under s. 49.46 (2) (a)
under s. 49.471
Any service provided under s. 49.46 (2)
to a pregnant woman, if the service relates to the pregnancy or to other conditions that may complicate the pregnancy.
Transportation by common carrier or private motor vehicle, if authorized in advance by a county department under s. 46.215
Home health services or, if a home health agency is unavailable, nursing services.
The department may limit any medical assistance recipient's liability under this subsection for services it designates.
No person who designates a pharmacy or pharmacist as his or her sole provider of prescription drugs and who so uses that pharmacy or pharmacist is liable under this subsection for more than $12 per month for prescription drugs received.
(19) Assigning medical support rights. 49.45(19)(a)(a)
As a condition of eligibility for medical assistance, a person shall, notwithstanding other provisions of the statutes, be deemed to have assigned to the state, by applying for or receiving medical assistance, any rights to medical support or other payment of medical expenses from any other person, including rights to unpaid amounts accrued at the time of application for medical assistance as well as any rights to support accruing during the time for which medical assistance is paid.
If a person charged with the care and custody of a dependent child or children does not comply with the requirements of this subsection, the person is ineligible for medical assistance. In this case, medical assistance payments shall continue to be made on behalf of the eligible child or children.
The department or the county department under s. 46.215
shall notify applicants of the requirements of this subsection at the time of application.
If the mother of a child was enrolled in a health maintenance organization or other prepaid health care plan under medical assistance at the time of the child's birth, birth expenses that may be recovered by the state under this subsection are the birth expenses incurred by the health maintenance organization or other prepaid health care plan.
(20) Exemption from continuation requirements.
An insurer, as defined in s. 632.897 (1) (d)
, with which the department contracts under sub. (2) (b) 2.
for the provision of health care to medical assistance recipients is exempt from the continuation of group coverage requirements of s. 632.897
with regard to those recipients, their spouses and dependents.
(21) Taking over provider's operation; repayments required. 49.45(21)(ag)(ag)
In this subsection, “take over the operation" means obtain, with respect to an aspect of a provider's business for which the provider has filed claims for medical assistance reimbursement, any of the following:
Ownership of the provider's business or all or substantially all of the assets of the business.
The right to contact and offer services to patients, clients, or residents served by the provider.
An agreement that the provider will not compete with the person at all or with respect to a patient, client, resident, service, geographical area, or other part of the provider's business.
The right to perform services that are substantially similar to services performed by the provider at the same location as those performed by the provider.
The right to use any distinctive name or symbol by which the provider is known in connection with services to be provided by the person.
Before a person may take over the operation of a provider that is liable for repayment of improper or erroneous payments or overpayments under ss. 49.43
, full repayment shall be made. Upon request, the department shall notify the provider or the person that intends to take over the operation of the provider as to whether the provider is liable.
If, notwithstanding the prohibition under par. (ar)
, a person takes over the operation of a provider and the applicable amount under par. (ar)
has not been repaid, the department may, in addition to withholding certification as authorized under sub. (2) (b) 8.
, proceed against the provider or the person. Within 30 days after the certified provider receives notice from the department, the amount shall be repaid in full. If the amount is not repaid in full, the department may bring an action to compel payment, may proceed under sub. (2) (a) 12.
, or may do both.
The department may enforce this subsection within 4 years following a transfer.
The department shall promulgate rules to implement this subsection.
(22) Medical assistance services provided by health maintenance organizations.
If the department contracts with health maintenance organizations for the provision of medical assistance it shall give special consideration to health maintenance organizations that provide or that contract to provide comprehensive, specialized health care services to pregnant teenagers. If the department contracts with health maintenance organizations for the provision of medical assistance, the department shall determine which medical assistance recipients who have attained the age of 2 but have not attained the age of 6 and who are at risk for lead poisoning have not received lead screening from those health maintenance organizations. The department shall report annually to the appropriate standing committees of the legislature under s. 13.172 (3)
on the percentage of medical assistance recipients under the age of 2 who received a lead screening test in that year provided by a health maintenance organization compared with the percentage that the department set as a goal for that year.
(23) Assistance for childless adults demonstration project. 49.45(23)(a)(a)
The department shall request a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services to permit the department to conduct a demonstration project to provide health care coverage to adults who are under the age of 65, who have family incomes not to exceed 100 percent of the poverty line before application of the 5 percent income disregard under 42 CFR 435.603
(d), and who are not otherwise eligible for medical assistance under this subchapter, the Badger Care health care program under s. 49.665
, or Medicare under 42 USC 1395
If the waiver is granted and in effect, the department may promulgate rules defining the health care benefit plan, including more specific eligibility requirements and cost-sharing requirements. Cost sharing may include an annual enrollment fee, which may not exceed $75 per year. Notwithstanding s. 227.24 (3)
, the plan details under this subsection may be promulgated as an emergency rule under s. 227.24
without a finding of emergency. If the waiver is granted and in effect, the demonstration project under this subsection shall begin on the effective date of the waiver.
In determining income for purposes of eligibility under this subsection, the department shall apply s. 49.471 (7) (d)
to the individual to the extent the federal department of health and human services approves, if approval is required.
The department shall apply the definition of family income under s. 49.471 (1) (f)
and the regulations defining household under 42 CFR 435.603
(f) to determinations of income for purposes of eligibility under this subsection.
The department may provide services to individuals who are eligible under this subsection through a medical home initiative under sub. (24j)
The department shall submit to the secretary of the federal department of health and human services an amendment to the waiver requested under par. (a)
that authorizes the department to do all of the following with respect to the childless adults demonstration project under this subsection:
Impose monthly premiums as determined by the department.
Impose higher premiums for enrollees who engage in behaviors that increase their health risks, as determined by the department.
Limit an enrollee's eligibility under the demonstration project to no more than 48 months. The department shall specify the eligibility formula in the waiver amendment.
Require, as a condition of eligibility, that an applicant or enrollee submit to a drug screening assessment and, if indicated, a drug test, as specified by the department in the waiver amendment.
Provide employment and training services to childless adults receiving Medical Assistance under this subsection.
(23b) Childless adults demonstration project reform waiver implementation required. 49.45(23b)(a)1.
“Community engagement activity” includes any of the following:
Participation in a work, job training, or job search program, as approved by the department, including the employment and training program under s. 49.79 (9)
, the Wisconsin Works program under ss. 49.141
, programs under the federal workforce innovation and opportunity act, and tribal work programs.
“Exempt individual” means an individual who is any of the following:
Receiving temporary or permanent disability benefits from the federal or state government or a private source.
Determined by the department to be physically or mentally unable to work.
Verified as unable to work in a statement from a social worker or other health care professional.
Serving as primary caregiver for a person who cannot care for himself or herself.
Receiving or applying for unemployment compensation and complying with the work requirements for unemployment compensation.
Participating regularly in an alcohol or other drug abuse treatment or rehabilitation program, except for alcoholics anonymous or narcotics anonymous but including cultural interventions specific to American Indian tribes or bands.
Attending high school at least half time or enrolled in an institution of higher education, including vocational programs or high school equivalency programs, at least half time.
Beginning as soon as practicable after October 31, 2018, and ending no sooner than December 31, 2023, the department shall do all of the following with regard to the childless adults demonstration project under sub. (23)
Require in each month persons, except exempt individuals, who are eligible to receive Medical Assistance under sub. (23)
and who are at least 19 years of age but have not attained the age of 50 to participate in, document, and report 80 hours per calendar month of community engagement activities. The department, after finding good cause, may grant a temporary exemption from the requirement under this subdivision upon request of a Medical Assistance recipient.
Require persons with incomes of at least 50 percent of the poverty line to pay premiums in accordance with par. (c)
as a condition of eligibility for Medical Assistance under sub. (23)
Require as a condition of eligibility for Medical Assistance under sub. (23)
completion of a health risk assessment.
Disenroll from Medical Assistance under sub. (23)
for 6 months any individual who does not pay a required premium under subd. 2.
and any individual who is required under subd. 1.
to participate in a community engagement activity but who does not participate for 48 aggregate months in the community engagement activity.
Persons who are eligible for the demonstration project under sub. (23)
and who have monthly household income that exceeds 50 percent of the poverty line shall pay a monthly premium amount of $8 per household. A person who is eligible to receive an item or service furnished by an Indian health care provider is exempt from the premium requirement under this subdivision.
The department may disenroll under par. (b) 5.
a person for nonpayment of a required monthly premium only at annual eligibility redetermination after providing notice and reasonable opportunity for the person to pay. If a person who is disenrolled for nonpayment of premiums pays all owed premiums or becomes exempt from payment of premiums, he or she may reenroll in Medical Assistance under sub. (23)
The department shall reduce the amount of the required household premium by up to half for a recipient of Medical Assistance under sub. (23)
who does not engage in certain behaviors that increase health risks or who attests to actively managing certain unhealthy behaviors.
The department shall comply with any other requirements not specified elsewhere in this subsection that are imposed by the federal department of health and human services in its approval effective October 31, 2018.
Before December 31, 2023, the demonstration project requirements under this subsection may not be withdrawn and the department may not request from the federal government withdrawal, suspension, or termination of the demonstration project requirements under this subsection unless legislation has been enacted specifically allowing for the withdrawal, suspension, or termination.
The department shall comply with all applicable timing in and requirements of s. 20.940
(24) Primary care provider pilot.
The department may request a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services under 42 USC 1396n
(b) (1) to permit the establishment of a primary care provider pilot project. If the waiver is granted, the department may establish a primary care provider pilot project under which primary care providers act as case managers for medical assistance beneficiaries. If the department establishes a primary care provider pilot project, it shall reimburse a case manager for the allowable charges for case management services provided to a beneficiary participating in the pilot project.
(24g) Physician practice payment pilot. 49.45(24g)(a)(a)
The department shall develop a proposal to increase medical assistance reimbursement to providers to which at least one of the following applies:
The provider is recognized by the National Committee on Quality Assurance as a Patient-Centered Medical Home.
The secretary determines that the provider performs well with respect to all of the following aspects of care:
Adoption of written standards for patient access and patient communication.