After investigation of the liable persons' ability to pay, the department shall make collection from the person who in the opinion of the department under all of the circumstances is best able to pay, giving due regard to relationship and the present needs of the person or of the lawful dependents. However, the liability of relatives for maintenance shall be in the following order: first, the spouse of the person; then, in the case of a minor, the parent or parents.
If a person liable under sub. (2)
fails to make payment or enter into or comply with an agreement for payment, the department may bring an action to enforce the liability or may issue an order to compel payment of the liability. Any person aggrieved by an order issued by the department under this paragraph may appeal the order as a contested case under ch. 227
by filing with the department a request for a hearing within 30 days after the date of the order.
If judgment is rendered in an action brought under par. (a)
for any balance that is 90 or more days past due, interest at the rate of 12 percent per year shall be computed by the clerk and added to the liable person's costs. That interest shall begin on the date on which payment was due and shall end on the day before the date of any interest that is computed under s. 814.04 (4)
If the department issues an order to compel payment under par. (a)
, interest at the rate of 12 percent per year shall be computed by the department and added at the time of payment to the person's liability. That interest shall begin on the date on which payment was due and shall end on the day before the date of final payment.
If any person named in an order to compel payment issued under sub. (4) (a)
fails to pay the department any amount due under the terms of the order, and no contested case to review the order is pending, and the time for filing for a contested case review has expired, the department may present a certified copy of the order to the circuit court for any county. The circuit court shall, without notice, render judgment in accordance with the order. A judgment rendered under this subsection shall have the same effect and shall be entered in the judgment and lien docket and may be enforced in the same manner as if the judgment had been rendered in an action tried and determined by the circuit court.
The sworn statement of the collection and deportation counsel, or of the secretary, shall be evidence of the fee and of the care and services received by the person.
The department shall administer and enforce this section. It shall appoint an attorney to be designated “collection and deportation counsel" and other necessary assistants. The department may delegate to the collection and deportation counsel such other powers and duties as it considers advisable. The collection and deportation counsel or any of the assistants may administer oaths, take affidavits and testimony, examine public records, and subpoena witnesses and the production of books, papers, records, and documents material to any matter of proceeding relating to payments for the cost of maintenance. The department shall encourage agreements or settlements with the liable person, having due regard to ability to pay and the present needs of lawful dependents.
The department may do any of the following:
Appear for the state in any and all collection and deportation matters arising in the several courts, and may commence suit in the name of the department to recover the cost of maintenance against the person liable therefor.
Determine whether any person is subject to deportation, and on behalf of this state enter into reciprocal agreements with other states for deportation and importation of persons who are public charges, upon such terms as will protect the state's interests and promote mutual amicable relations with other states.
From time to time investigate the financial condition and needs of persons liable under sub. (2)
, their present ability to maintain themselves, the persons legally dependent upon them for support, the protection of the property and investments from which they derive their living and their care and protection, for the purpose of ascertaining the person's ability to make payment in whole or in part.
After due regard to the case and to a spouse and minor children who are lawfully dependent on the property for support, compromise or waive any portion of any claim of the state or county for which a person specified under sub. (2)
is liable, but not any claim payable by an insurer under s. 632.89 (2)
or by any other 3rd party.
Make an agreement with a person who is liable under sub. (2)
, or who may be willing to assume the cost of maintenance of any person, providing for the payment of such costs at a specified rate or amount.
Make adjustment and settlement with the several counties for their proper share of all moneys collected.
Pay quarterly from the appropriation under s. 20.437 (1) (gg)
the collection moneys due county departments under ss. 46.215
, and 46.23
. Payments shall be made as soon after the close of each quarter as is practicable.
Any person who willfully testifies falsely as to any material matter in an investigation or proceeding under this section shall be guilty of perjury. Banks, employers, insurers, savings banks, savings and loan associations, brokers, and fiduciaries, upon request of the department, shall furnish in writing and duly certified, full information regarding the property, earnings, or income or any funds deposited to the credit of or owing to any person liable under sub. (2)
. That certified statement shall be admissible in evidence in any action or proceeding to compel payment under this section, and shall be evidence of the facts stated in the certified statement, if a copy of the statement is served upon the party sought to be charged not less than 3 days before the hearing.
The department shall make all reasonable and proper efforts to collect all claims for maintenance, to keep payments current, and periodically to review all unpaid claims.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, in any action to recover from a person liable under this section, the statute of limitations may be pleaded in defense.
If a person who is liable under this section is deceased, a claim may be filed against the decedent's estate and the statute of limitations specified in s. 859.02
shall be exclusively applicable. This paragraph applies to liability incurred on or after July 20, 1985.
Except as provided in pars. (b)
, liability of a person specified in sub. (2)
or s. 49.32 (1)
for care and maintenance of persons under 18 years of age in residential, nonmedical facilities such as group homes, foster homes, subsidized guardianship homes, and residential care centers for children and youth is determined in accordance with the cost-based fee established under s. 49.32 (1)
. The department shall bill the liable person up to any amount of liability not paid by an insurer under s. 632.89 (2)
or by other 3rd-party benefits, subject to rules that include formulas governing ability to pay established by the department under s. 49.32 (1)
. Any liability of the person not payable by any other person terminates when the person reaches age 18, unless the liable person has prevented payment by any act or omission.
Except as provided in par. (c)
, and subject to par. (cm)
, liability of a parent specified in sub. (2)
or s. 49.32 (1)
for the care and maintenance of the parent's minor child who has been placed by a court order under s. 48.32
, or 938.357
in a residential, nonmedical facility such as a group home, foster home, subsidized guardianship home, or residential care center for children and youth shall be determined by the court by using the percentage standard established by the department under s. 49.22 (9)
and by applying the percentage standard in the manner established by the department under par. (g)
Upon request by a parent, the court may modify the amount of child support payments determined under par. (b)
, subject to par. (cm)
, if, after considering the following factors, the court finds by the greater weight of the credible evidence that the use of the percentage standard is unfair to the child or to either of the parents:
The physical, mental, and emotional health needs of the child, including any costs for the child's health insurance provided by a parent.
The standard of living and circumstances of the parents, including the needs of each parent to support himself or herself at a level equal to or greater than that established under 42 USC 9902
The earning capacity of each parent, based on each parent's education, training, and work experience and based on the availability of work in or near the parent's community.
The need and capacity of the child for education, including higher education.
The financial resources and the earning ability of the child.
The needs of any person, including dependent children other than the child, whom either parent is legally obligated to support.
The best interests of the child, including, but not limited to, the impact on the child of expenditures by the family for improvement of any conditions in the home that would facilitate the reunification of the child with the child's family, if appropriate, and the importance of a placement that is the least restrictive of the rights of the child and the parents and the most appropriate for meeting the needs of the child and the family.
Any other factors that the court in each case determines are relevant.
Except as provided in subd. 2.
, if a parent who is required to pay child support under par. (b)
is receiving adoption assistance under s. 48.975
for the child for whom support is ordered, the amount of the child support payments determined under par. (b)
may not exceed the amount of the adoption assistance maintenance payments under s. 48.975 (3) (a)
. If an agreement under s. 48.975 (4)
is in effect that provides for a payment of $0 under s. 48.975 (3) (a)
, the payment of $0 shall be considered to be an adoption assistance maintenance payment for purposes of this subdivision.
does not apply if, after considering the factors under par. (c) 1.
, the court finds by the greater weight of the credible evidence that limiting the amount of the child support payments to the amount of the adoption assistance maintenance payments under s. 48.975 (3) (a)
is unfair to the child or to either of the parents.
If the court finds under par. (c)
that use of the percentage standard is unfair to the minor child or either of the parents, the court shall state in writing or on the record the amount of support that would be required by using the percentage standard, the amount by which the court's order deviates from that amount, its reasons for finding that use of the percentage standard is unfair to the child or the parent, its reasons for the amount of the modification, and the basis for the modification.
An order issued under s. 48.355 (2) (b) 4.
or (4g) (a)
, 48.357 (5m) (a)
, 48.363 (2)
, 938.183 (4)
, 938.355 (2) (b) 4.
, 938.357 (5m) (a)
, or 938.363 (2)
for support determined under this subsection constitutes an assignment of all commissions, earnings, salaries, wages, pension benefits, income continuation insurance benefits under s. 40.62
, duty disability benefits under s. 40.65
, benefits under ch. 102
, and other money due or to be due in the future to the county department under s. 46.215
, or 46.23
in the county where the order was entered or to the department, depending upon the placement of the child as specified by rules promulgated under subd. 5.
The assignment shall be for an amount sufficient to ensure payment under the order.
Except as provided in subd. 3.
, for each payment made under the assignment, the person from whom the payer under the order receives money shall receive an amount equal to the person's necessary disbursements, not to exceed $3, which shall be deducted from the money to be paid to the payer.
Benefits under ch. 108
may be assigned and withheld only in the manner provided in s. 108.13 (4)
. Any order to withhold benefits under ch. 108
shall be for an amount certain. When money is to be withheld from these benefits, no fee may be deducted from the amount withheld and no fine may be levied for failure to withhold the money.
No employer may use an assignment under this paragraph as a basis for the denial of employment to a person, the discharge of an employee, or any disciplinary action against an employee. An employer who denies employment or discharges or disciplines an employee in violation of this subdivision may be fined not more than $500 and may be required to make full restitution to the aggrieved person, including reinstatement and back pay. Except as provided in this subdivision, restitution shall be in accordance with s. 973.20
. An aggrieved person may apply to the district attorney or to the department of workforce development for enforcement of this subdivision.
The department shall promulgate rules for the operation and implementation of assignments under this paragraph.
If the amount of the child support determined under this subsection is greater than the cost for the care and maintenance of the minor child in the residential, nonmedical facility, the assignee under par. (e) 1.
shall expend or otherwise dispose of any funds that are collected in excess of the cost of such care and maintenance in a manner that the assignee determines will serve the best interests of the minor child.
For purposes of determining child support under par. (b)
, the department shall promulgate rules related to the application of the standard established by the department under s. 49.22 (9)
to a child support obligation for the care and maintenance of a child who is placed by a court order under s. 48.32
, or 938.357
in a residential, nonmedical facility. The rules shall take into account the needs of any person, including dependent children other than the child, whom either parent is legally obligated to support.
The department shall delegate to county departments under ss. 46.215
, and 46.23
or the local providers of care and services meeting the standards established by the department under s. 49.34
the responsibilities vested in the department under this section for collection of fees for services other than those provided at state facilities, if the county departments or providers meet the conditions that the department determines are appropriate. The department may delegate to county departments under ss. 46.215
, and 46.23
the responsibilities vested in the department under this section for collection of fees for services provided at the state facilities if the necessary conditions are met.
Sections 46.03 (18) and 46.10 do not constitute an unlawful delegation of legislative power. In Matter of Guardianship of Klisurich, 98 Wis. 2d 274
, 296 N.W.2d 742
Sections 46.03 (18) and 46.10 permit the department to promulgate rules that consider non-liable family members' incomes in determining a liable family member's ability to pay. In Interest of A.L.W. 153 Wis. 2d 412
, 451 N.W.2d 416
Section 46.03 (18) (b) imposes liability upon minors and parents for the costs of services, but does not give counties an automatic right of recovery; Section 46.10 governs enforcement procedure and allows courts to exercise discretion. In Matter of S.E. Trust, 159 Wis. 2d 709
, 465 N.W.2d 231
(Ct. App. 1990).
The uniform fee system under ss. 46.03 (18) and 46.10 allows imputing income and, consequently, looking beyond tax returns to determine ability to pay. In Interest of Kevin C. 181 Wis. 2d 146
, 510 N.W.2d 746
(Ct. App. 1993).
A circuit court may order parents to pay toward a child's support when a CHIPS child is placed in residential treatment, but the court may not assess any of the facility's education-related costs against the parents. Calumet County Department of Human Services v. Randall H. 2002 WI 126
, 257 Wis. 2d 57
, 653 N.W.2d 503
NOTE: The above-cited cases relate to cost of care and maintenance for a person receiving services provided by predecessor agencies to the department of children and families under s. 46.10.
Recidivism reduction program. 49.348(1)(1)
The department may request proposals for a program that reduces the rate of recidivism of persons in the city of Milwaukee who have previously been incarcerated following a criminal conviction. The department shall specify that the program will be conducted under a contract with a 5-year term and that no payment will be made under the contract until the organization selected to conduct the program demonstrates, after the 5-year term, that the program met a certain minimum level of success, as determined under subs. (2)
. The selected organization may serve as an intermediary for obtaining funding to perform the contract by raising capital from private donors or investors and for subcontracting with direct providers to achieve the specified performance outcomes. In evaluating proposals, the department shall give a preference to those that incorporate reuniting parents with their children.
The legislative audit bureau shall assist the department and the selected organization in identifying benchmarks by which to measure the organization's performance under the contract.
After completion of the 5-year contract term, the legislative audit bureau shall conduct an audit of the program to determine whether the benchmarks identified under sub. (2)
have been met.
History: 2015 a. 55
Public assistance; supervisory functions of department. 49.35(1)(a)
The department shall supervise the administration of programs under this subchapter and ch. 48
and of community-based juvenile delinquency-related programs under ch. 938
. The department shall submit to the federal authorities state plans for the administration of programs under this subchapter and ch. 48
and of community-based juvenile delinquency-related programs under ch. 938
in such form and containing such information as the federal authorities require, and shall comply with all requirements prescribed to ensure their correctness.
All records of the department and all county records relating to programs under this subchapter and ch. 48
, community-based juvenile delinquency-related programs under ch. 938
, and aid under s. 49.18
, 1971 stats., s. 49.20
, 1971 stats., and s. 49.61
, 1971 stats., as affected by chapter 90, laws of 1973
, shall be open to inspection at all reasonable hours by authorized representatives of the federal government. Notwithstanding ss. 48.396 (2)
and 938.396 (2)
, all county records relating to the administration of the services and public assistance specified in this paragraph shall be open to inspection at all reasonable hours by authorized representatives of the department.
All records of the department relating to aid provided under s. 49.19
are open to inspection at reasonable hours by members of the legislature who require the information contained in the records in pursuit of a specific state legislative purpose. All records of any county relating to aid provided under s. 49.19
are open to inspection at reasonable hours by members of the board of supervisors of the county or the governing body of a city, village or town located in the county who require the information contained in the records in pursuit of a specific county or municipal legislative purpose. The right to records access provided by this paragraph does not apply if access is prohibited by federal law or regulation or if this state is required to prohibit such access as a condition precedent to participation in a federal program in which this state participates.
The department may at any time audit all county records relating to the administration of the services and public assistance specified in this section and may at any time conduct administrative reviews of county departments under ss. 46.215
. If the department conducts such an audit or administrative review in a county, the department shall furnish a copy of the audit or administrative review report to the chairperson of the county board of supervisors and the county clerk in a county with a single-county department or to the county boards of supervisors and the county clerks in counties with a multicounty department, and to the director of the county department under s. 46.215
The county administration of all laws relating to programs under this subchapter and ch. 48
and to community-based juvenile delinquency-related programs under ch. 938
shall be vested in the officers and agencies designated in the statutes.
Work experience program for noncustodial parents. 49.36(1)(a)
“Custodial parent" means a parent who lives with his or her child for substantial periods of time.
“Tribal governing body" means an elected tribal governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band.
The department may contract with any county, tribal governing body, or Wisconsin Works agency to administer a work experience and job training program for parents who are not custodial parents and who fail to pay child support or to meet their children's needs for support as a result of unemployment or underemployment. The program may provide the kinds of work experience and job training services available from the program under s. 49.193
, 1997 stats., or s. 49.147 (3)
. The program may also include job search and job orientation activities. The department shall fund the program from the appropriations under s. 20.437 (2) (dz)
Except as provided in par. (f)
and subject to sub. (3m)
, a person ordered to register under s. 767.55 (2) (am)
shall participate in a work experience program if services are available.
A person may not be required to participate for more than 32 hours per week in the program under this section.
A person may not be required to participate for more than 16 weeks during each 12-month period in a program under this section.
If a person is required by a governmental entity to participate in another work or training program, the person may not be required to participate in a program under this section in a week for more than 32 hours minus the number of hours he or she is required to participate in the other work or training program in that week.
If a person is employed, the person may not be required to participate in a program under this section in a week for more than 80 percent of the difference between 40 hours and the number of hours actually worked in the unsubsidized job during that week.
A person who works, on average, 32 hours or more per week in an unsubsidized job is not required to participate in a program under this section.
A person is not eligible to participate in a program under this section unless the person satisfies all of the requirements related to substance abuse screening, testing, and treatment under s. 49.162
that apply to the individual.
When a person completes 16 weeks of participation in a program under this section, the county, tribal governing body, or Wisconsin works agency operating the program shall inform the clerk of courts, by affidavit, of that completion.
A person participating in work experience as part of the program under this section is considered an employee of the county, tribal governing body, or Wisconsin works agency administering the program under this section for purposes of worker's compensation benefits only.
A county, tribal governing body, or Wisconsin works agency administering the program under this section shall reimburse a person for reasonable transportation costs incurred because of participation in a program under this section up to a maximum of $25 per month.
The department shall pay a county, tribal governing body, or Wisconsin works agency not more than $800 for each person who participates in the program under this section in the region in which the county, tribal governing body, or Wisconsin works agency administers the program under this section. The county, tribal governing body, or Wisconsin works agency shall pay any additional costs of the program.
Offender reentry demonstration project. 49.37(1)(1)
Beginning in fiscal year 2017-18, the department of children and families shall establish a 5-year offender reentry demonstration project focused on noncustodial fathers in a 1st class city.