(8) Article VIII — Eligible Parties; Entry Into and Withdrawal. 39.75(8)(a)(a)
This compact shall have as eligible parties all states, territories, and possessions of the United States, the District of Columbia and the commonwealth of Puerto Rico. In respect of any such jurisdiction not having a governor, the term “governor", as used in this compact, shall mean the closest equivalent official of such jurisdiction.
Any state or other eligible jurisdiction may enter into this compact and it shall become binding thereon when it has adopted the same: provided that in order to enter into initial effect, adoption by at least 10 eligible party jurisdictions shall be required.
Adoption of the compact may be either by enactment thereof or by adherence thereto by the governor; provided that in the absence of enactment, adherence by the governor shall be sufficient to make the governor's state a party only until December 31, 1967. During any period when a state is participating in this compact through gubernatorial action, the governor shall appoint those persons who, in addition to the governor, shall serve as the members of the commission from the governor's state, and shall provide to the commission an equitable share of the financial support of the commission from any source available to the governor.
Except for a withdrawal effective on December 31, 1967, in accordance with par. (c)
, any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing the same, but no such withdrawal shall take effect until one year after the governor of the withdrawing state has given notice in writing of the withdrawal to the governors of all other party states. No withdrawal shall affect any liability already incurred by or chargeable to a party state prior to the time of such withdrawal.
(9) Article IX — Construction and Severability.
This compact shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate the purposes thereof. The provisions of this compact shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any state or of the United States, or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. If this compact shall be held contrary to the constitution of any state participating therein, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.
Compact commission delegation. 39.76(1)(1)
State representation on the education commission of the states.
There is created a 7-member delegation to represent the state of Wisconsin on the education commission of the states. The delegation shall consist of the governor, the state superintendent of public instruction, one senator and one representative to the assembly selected as are the members of standing committees in their respective houses, and 3 members appointed by the governor in compliance with s. 39.75 (3) (a)
who shall serve at the pleasure of the governor. The chairperson of the delegation shall be designated by the governor from among its members. Members of the delegation shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties from the appropriation in s. 20.505 (1) (ka)
. Annual commission membership dues shall be paid from the appropriation in s. 20.505 (1) (ka)
(2) Administration service.
The department of administration shall provide administrative and staff services for the delegation to the education commission of the states.
(3) Reports; bylaws.
Under s. 39.75 (3) (j)
, the education commission of the states shall file a copy of its bylaws and any amendments thereto with the secretary of state and the office of the governor on or before January 15 of each odd-numbered year. The delegation or the education commission of the states shall submit to the governor and the chief clerk of each house of the legislature, for distribution to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
, a report of the activities of the delegation and the commission.
(4) Cooperation of state agencies.
Any existing state department or board in the field of public education shall within existing appropriations cooperate with the education compact delegation in the execution of its functions.
Midwestern higher education compact.
The midwestern higher education compact is hereby enacted into law and entered into by this state with all other jurisdictions legally joining therein, in the form substantially as follows:
(1) Article I — Purpose.
The purpose of the midwestern higher education compact shall be to provide greater higher education opportunities and services in the midwestern region, with the aim of furthering regional access to, research in and choice of higher education for the citizens residing in the several states which are parties to this compact.
(2) Article II — The Commission. 39.80(2)(a)(a)
The compacting states hereby create the midwestern higher education commission, hereinafter called “the commission". The commission shall be a body corporate of each compacting state. The commission shall have all the responsibilities, powers and duties set forth herein, including the power to sue and be sued, and such additional powers as may be conferred upon it by subsequent action of the respective legislatures of the compacting states in accordance with the terms of this compact.
The commission shall consist of 5 resident members of each state as follows: the governor or the governor's designee who shall serve during the tenure of office of the governor; 2 legislators, one from each house (except Nebraska, which may appoint 2 legislators from its unicameral legislature), who shall serve 2-year terms and be appointed by the appropriate appointing authority in each house of the legislature; and 2 other at-large members, at least one of whom shall be selected from the field of higher education. The at-large members shall be appointed in a manner provided by the laws of the appointing state. One of the 2 at-large members initially appointed in each state shall serve a 2-year term. The other, and any regularly appointed successor to either at-large member, shall serve a 4-year term. All vacancies shall be filled in accordance with the laws of the appointing states. Any commissioner appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve until the end of the incomplete term.
The commission shall select annually, from among its members, a chairperson, a vice chairperson and a treasurer.
The commission shall appoint an executive director who shall serve at its pleasure and who shall act as secretary to the commission. The treasurer, the executive director and such other personnel as the commission may determine, shall be bonded in such amounts as the commission may require.
The commission shall meet at least once each calendar year. The chairperson may call additional meetings and, upon the request of a majority of the commission members of 3 or more compacting states, shall call additional meetings. Public notice shall be given of all meetings and meetings shall be open to the public.
Each compacting state represented at any meeting of the commission is entitled to one vote. A majority of the compacting states shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, unless a larger quorum is required by the bylaws of the commission.
(3) Article III — Powers and Duties of the Commission. 39.80(3)(a)(a)
The commission shall adopt a seal and suitable bylaws governing its management and operations.
Irrespective of the civil service, personnel or other merit system laws of any of the compacting states, the commission in its bylaws shall provide for the personnel policies and programs of the compact.
The commission shall submit a budget to the governor and legislature of each compacting state at such time and for such period as may be required. The budget shall contain specific recommendations of the amount or amounts to be appropriated by each of the compacting states.
The commission shall report annually to the legislatures and governors of the compacting states, to the midwestern governors' conference and to the midwestern legislative conference of the council of state governments concerning the activities of the commission during the preceding year. Such reports shall also embody any recommendations that may have been adopted by the commission.
The commission may borrow, accept, or contract for the services of personnel from any state or the United States or any subdivision or agency thereof, from any interstate agency, or from any institution, foundation, person, firm or corporation.
The commission may accept for any of its purposes and functions under the compact any and all donations, and grants of money, equipment, supplies, materials and services (conditional or otherwise) from any state or the United States or any subdivision or agency thereof, or interstate agency, or from any institution, foundation, person, firm, or corporation, and may receive, utilize and dispose of the same.
The commission may enter into agreements with any other interstate education organizations or agencies and with higher education institutions located in nonmember states and with any of the various states of these United States to provide adequate programs and services in higher education for the citizens of the respective compacting states. The commission shall, after negotiations with interested institutions and interstate organizations or agencies, determine the cost of providing the programs and services in higher education for use in these agreements.
The commission may establish and maintain offices, which shall be located within one or more of the compacting states.
The commission may establish committees and hire staff as it deems necessary for the carrying out of its functions.
The commission may provide for actual and necessary expenses for attendance of its members at official meetings of the commission or its designated committees.
(4) Article IV — Activities of the Commission. 39.80(4)(a)(a)
The commission shall collect data on the long-range effects of the compact on higher education. By the end of the 4th year from the effective date of the compact and every 2 years thereafter, the commission shall review its accomplishments and make recommendations to the governors and legislatures of the compacting states on the continuance of the compact.
The commission shall study issues in higher education of particular concern to the midwestern region. The commission shall also study the needs for higher education programs and services in the compacting states and the resources for meeting such needs. The commission shall, from time to time, prepare reports on such research for presentation to the governors and legislatures of the compacting states and other interested parties. In conducting such studies, the commission may confer with any national or regional planning body. The commission may draft and recommend to the governors and legislatures of the various compacting states suggested legislation dealing with problems of higher education.
The commission shall study the need for provision of adequate programs and services in higher education, such as undergraduate, graduate or professional student exchanges in the region. If a need for exchange in a field is apparent, the commission may enter into such agreements with any higher education institution and with any of the compacting states to provide programs and services in higher education for the citizens of the respective compacting states. The commission shall, after negotiations with interested institutions and the compacting states, determine the cost of providing the programs and services in higher education for use in its agreements. The contracting states shall contribute the funds not otherwise provided, as determined by the commission, for carrying out the agreements. The commission may also serve as the administrative and fiscal agent in carrying out agreements for higher education programs and services.
The commission shall serve as a clearinghouse on information regarding higher education activities among institutions and agencies.
In addition to the activities of the commission previously noted, the commission may provide services and research in other areas of regional concern.
The moneys necessary to finance the general operations of the commission not otherwise provided for in carrying forth its duties, responsibilities and powers as stated herein shall be appropriated to the commission by the compacting states, when authorized by the respective legislatures, by equal apportionment among the compacting states.
The commission shall not incur any obligations of any kind prior to the making of appropriations adequate to meet the same; nor shall the commission pledge the credit of any of the compacting states, except by and with the authority of the compacting state.
The commission shall keep accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements. The receipts and disbursements of the commission shall be subject to the audit and accounting procedures established under its bylaws. However, all receipts and disbursements of funds handled by the commission shall be audited yearly by a certified public accountant licensed or certified under ch. 442
and the report of the audit shall be included in and become part of the annual report of the commission.
The accounts of the commission shall be open at any reasonable time for inspection by duly authorized representatives of the compacting states and persons authorized by the commission.
(6) Article VI — Eligible Parties and Entry into Force. 39.80(6)(a)(a)
The states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin shall be eligible to become party to this compact. Additional states will be eligible if approved by a majority of the compacting states.
As to any eligible party state, this compact shall become effective when its legislature shall have enacted the same into law; provided that it shall not become initially effective until enacted into law by 5 states prior to the 31st day of December, 1995.
Amendments to the compact shall become effective upon their enactment by the legislatures of all compacting states.
(7) Article VII — Withdrawal, Default and Termination. 39.80(7)(a)(a)
Any compacting state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing the compact, but such withdrawal shall not become effective until 2 years after the enactment of such statute. A withdrawing state shall be liable for any obligations which it may have incurred on account of its party status up to the effective date of withdrawal, except that if the withdrawing state has specifically undertaken or committed itself to any performance of an obligation extending beyond the effective date of withdrawal, it shall remain liable to the extent of such obligation.
If any compacting state shall at any time default in the performance of any of its obligations, assumed or imposed, in accordance with the provisions of this compact, all rights, privileges and benefits conferred by this compact or agreements hereunder shall be suspended from the effective date of such default as fixed by the commission, and the commission shall stipulate the conditions and maximum time for compliance under which the defaulting state may resume its regular status. Unless such default shall be remedied under the stipulations and within the time period set forth by the commission, this compact may be terminated with respect to such defaulting state by affirmative vote of a majority of the other member states. Any such defaulting state may be reinstated by performing all acts and obligations as stipulated by the commission.
(8) Article VIII — Severability and Construction.
The provisions of this compact entered into hereunder shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any compacting state or of the United States or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. If this compact entered into hereunder shall be held contrary to the constitution of any compacting state, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters. The provisions of this compact entered into pursuant hereto shall be liberally construed to effectuate the purposes thereof.
History: 1993 a. 358
; 2001 a. 16
DISTANCE LEARNING AUTHORIZATION BOARD
In this subchapter:
“Board" means the distance learning authorization board.
“Other jurisdiction" or “another jurisdiction" means any state of the United States other than Wisconsin, any foreign country, the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the United States.
History: 2015 a. 208
Distance education reciprocity agreement. 39.86(1)(1)
In this section:
“Agreement" means any of the following:
The agreement developed by the National Council for State Authorization Reciprocity Agreements that, as of March 3, 2016, is known as the “State Authorization Reciprocity Agreement" and that, for the region that includes this state, is administered under the midwestern higher education compact entered into by this state under s. 39.80
Any amendment or superseding version of the agreement described in subd. 1.
Any other interstate reciprocity agreement related to state authorization and oversight of postsecondary institutions that offer distance education to students located beyond the borders of the state where the institution is located.
“Distance education program" means the offering of courses for credit to students in another jurisdiction that will lead to a degree or certificate from the institution offering the course, but also includes noncredit courses and field experiences offered as part of the program.
“Eligible institution" means a postsecondary institution to which all of the following apply:
The institution holds institutional accreditation by name, as a single entity, from an accrediting agency or association that is recognized by the federal secretary of education as meeting the criteria established under 20 USC 1099b
and that has formal recognition to accredit distance education programs.
The institution maintains its principal campus in this state, and this state is the state where the institution's principal campus holds its institutional accreditation as described in subd. 1.
The institution has authority, which is not derived under this section, to offer in this state degrees at the associate level or higher.
The institution offers any distance education program and grants degrees or certificates in connection with the program.
(2) Authorization to enter into an agreement. 39.86(2)(a)(a)
Subject to par. (b)
, the board, on behalf of this state, may enter into an agreement.
Before entering into an agreement, the board shall provide written notice to the joint committee on finance of the board's intention to enter into an agreement, which notice shall include a copy of the agreement.
If, within 14 working days after the date of the notice under subd. 1.
, the cochairpersons of the joint committee on finance do not notify the board that the committee has scheduled a meeting to review the board's proposal to enter into the agreement, the board may enter into the agreement. If, within 14 working days after the date of the notice, the cochairpersons of the committee notify the board that the committee has scheduled a meeting to review the board's proposal to enter into the agreement, the board may not enter into the agreement unless the committee approves.
If the board enters into an agreement under par. (a)
, the board shall comply with the provisions of the agreement.
If the board enters into an agreement under par. (a)
, the board shall provide notice to the legislative reference bureau and the legislative reference bureau shall publish a notice of the state's joinder in the agreement in the Wisconsin administrative register under s. 35.93 (2)
If the board enters into an agreement under par. (a)
, the board shall be this state's lead contact agency, or portal agency, for purposes of the agreement, including administration, enforcement, and compliance under the agreement.
(3) Powers and duties of the board. 39.86(3)(a)
Subject to sub. (7)
, if the board enters into an agreement under sub. (2) (a)
, the board shall do all of the following:
Review and authorize eligible institutions for the offering of distance education programs, consistent with the provisions of the agreement.
Create and maintain a list of eligible institutions authorized by the board under subd. 1.
Maintain and administer a complaint resolution process, consistent with the provisions of the agreement, for complaints related to the distance education programs of eligible institutions authorized by the board, including complaints originating outside of this state. The complaint resolution process shall require complaints to be first addressed at the institutional level.
Monitor the eligible institutions authorized by the board with respect to consumer protection of students enrolled in these institutions' distance education programs.
Compile and provide data related to students enrolled in board-authorized distance education programs to the extent required by the agreement. The board's responsibility under this subdivision is subject to any provision of state or federal law protecting the privacy of student data.
Administer and enforce the provisions of the agreement, including through investigation and appropriate action, with respect to those eligible institutions authorized by the board. The board may take action, consistent with the provisions of the agreement, against a non-complying eligible institution, including suspending or revoking, or denying renewal of, the eligible institution's authorization under subd. 1.
Work cooperatively with any other jurisdiction that has entered into the agreement and, as applicable, other agencies of this state with responsibilities that include consumer protection or oversight of postsecondary institutions.
Beginning with the first January 30 to occur not less than 6 months after the board enters into the agreement, and no later than January 30 of each year thereafter, and also upon specific request of the governor, submit a report to the governor and to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
that summarizes the board's actions taken during the immediately preceding calendar year relating to the provisions of the agreement.