District board powers. 38.14(1)(1)
The district board may sue and be sued in the name of the district and may prosecute or defend all suits brought by or against the district.
For the use of the district schools, the district board may:
Purchase or lease materials, supplies and equipment.
Purchase or lease suitable land and buildings and rent to others any portion of such land and buildings not needed for school purposes.
Construct, enlarge and improve buildings. Existing school buildings and equipment shall be used as far as practicable.
If there is a county teachers college in the district which is no longer in operation, the district board shall utilize the existing buildings and equipment of the college to the extent possible.
With the approval of the director under s. 38.04 (2)
, the district board may sell any property which it finds to be no longer needed by the district.
All conveyances, leases and contracts under this subsection shall be in the name of the district.
Lease facilities to others for school purposes. The district board may not enter into a lease under this subdivision after June 30, 1999.
Lease land to others for the construction of a building for school purposes if any future acquisition of the building by the district board will not expose the district board to an expenditure exceeding $500,000, excluding moneys received from gifts, grants or federal funds. The district board may not enter into a lease under this subdivision after June 30, 1991.
The district board may enter into contracts to provide educational services to public and private educational institutions, tribal schools, federal and state agencies, local governmental bodies, industries, and businesses.
If a district board contracts with a school board to provide youth apprenticeship instruction to pupils enrolled in the school district, the district board may not charge the school board an amount that is greater than the technical college district's direct instructional costs associated with providing the instruction.
The district board may enter into contracts with local community-based organizations for basic skills instruction.
The district board may enter into contracts to provide fiscal and management services to public and private educational institutions, tribal schools, federal and state agencies, and local governmental units.
A district board may contract with a foreign government or any business which is not operating in this state, if a district board demonstrates that the district will receive a direct and measurable benefit from the contract and that the contract will not result in a reduction in the quality of education at district schools and if all of the following conditions are met:
The contract meets all of the requirements for a district board contract under this subsection.
The contract provides for full cost recovery so that no direct or indirect costs under the contract will be funded by the district.
The district board reviews all cost allocation and record-keeping systems for all services provided under the contract, which shall be subject to audit by the district board, and provides guidelines which conform with the requirements of this paragraph.
The district board agrees to conduct an audit, on at least an annual basis, to determine that no state aids or district tax funds are spent in the execution of the contract.
No district employee may receive compensation from a contract under par. (c)
in excess of the compensation that he or she receives as compensation as a district employee, and any compensation that a district employee receives from a contract under par. (c)
shall be paid in proportion to the percentage of an employee's workload that represents the amount of time that an employee is assigned to work under a contract.
The district board shall establish and file with the board policies governing contracting under this subsection. By December 1, 1990, and annually by December 1 thereafter, the district board shall submit to the board, in a form determined by the board, a report identifying all contracts under which the district board provided services under this subsection in the preceding fiscal year, and any other information requested by the board.
See also ch. TCS 8
, Wis. adm. code.
(4) Gifts and grants.
The district board may accept gifts, grants and bequests to be used in the execution of its functions.
(5) Advisory committees.
The district board may establish advisory committees representing every occupation in the district. Each advisory committee shall consist of equal numbers of employers and employees selected by the district board from recommendations submitted by representative organizations and associations of each occupation. The district board and the district director may request the advice and assistance of these advisory committees in selecting, purchasing and installing equipment, in preparing course materials, in developing instructional methods and vocational guidance programs and for such other purposes as the district board desires.
The district board may provide transportation for students within the district, but no state aid may be paid for this service.
(7) Sale of articles.
The district board may sell at market value articles manufactured in district schools. The proceeds from such sales shall be paid to the district treasurer.
(9) Activity, incidental and vocational-adult seminar and workshop fees.
Subject to s. 38.24 (1v)
, the district board may establish student activity and incidental fees to fund, in whole or in part, the cost of services and activities offered as support services for regular instruction. With the approval of the state director, the district board may establish fees for vocational-adult seminars and workshops, not to exceed the full cost of the seminar or workshop less the fee charged under s. 38.24 (1m)
(10) Bonds for officers and employees.
The district board may require an officer or employee of the district board to give security for the faithful performance of his or her duties in such form and amount as the district board determines, and may require at any time additional bonds and sureties of any officer or employee.
(11) Displaced homemakers' program.
The district board may apply for and spend grant funds from the board for displaced homemakers' programs. The district board may spend those grant funds for contracts with local community organizations.
(12) Initiatives to provide coordinated services.
If the county board of supervisors establishes an initiative to provide coordinated services under s. 59.53 (7)
, the district board may participate in the initiative and may enter into written interagency agreements or contracts under the initiative.
(13) Parking regulations and fees.
The district board may adopt resolutions regulating the parking of motor vehicles on property under its jurisdiction. The resolutions may establish a fee for the parking of motor vehicles by students, faculty, staff and visitors and fines for the violation of any parking regulation. Nothing in this subsection requires that all users of the parking facilities be charged a parking fee.
(14) Student identification numbers.
The district board may assign to each student enrolled in the district a unique identification number. The district board shall not assign to any student an identification number that is identical to or incorporates the student's social security number. This subsection does not prohibit a district board from requiring a student to disclose his or her social security number, nor from using a student's social security number if such use is required by a federal or state agency or private organization in order for the district board or the student to participate in a particular program.
The district board may use funds received from participation in an auction of digital broadcast spectrum administered by the federal communications commission to provide scholarships that cover the fees established under s. 38.24 (1m)
for students who meet eligibility criteria established by the district board.
The Milwaukee technical college may acquire and operate a retail service station as a part of a vocational training program. 58 Atty. Gen. 23.
A vocational, technical and adult education (technical college) district has authority to purchase buildings for administration purposes or student dormitory housing, and in doing so would not violate the constitutional ban on works of internal improvement. 60 Atty. Gen. 231.
VTAE (technical college) districts and the state board of vocational, technical and adult education do not have the power of eminent domain and, therefore, are not subject to ss. 32.19 to 32.27, the relocation act. 63 Atty. Gen. 367.
A VTAE (technical college) board may subsidize public bus lines to provide transportation under sub. (6). 65 Atty. Gen. 305.
Responsibilities of students.
The students of each district, subject to the responsibilities and powers of the board, the state director, the district board, the district director and the faculty, shall be active participants in the immediate governance of and policy development for the district and may participate in all matters affecting student interests to the extent not in conflict with the terms of any collective bargaining agreement. As such, students have primary responsibility for the formulation and review of policies concerning student life and services. Students in consultation with the district director and subject to the final confirmation of the district board have the responsibility for the disposition of student activity and incidental fees under s. 38.14 (9)
. The students of each district may organize themselves in a manner that they determine and select their representatives to participate in district governance. This section does not prohibit the board, the state director, the district board, the district director or the faculty from selecting students to participate in district governance but any students selected by those bodies or persons shall not be considered to be representatives of the students for the purposes of the students' right to select their representatives to participate in district governance.
History: 1993 a. 101
Financing of capital expenditures. 38.15(1)(1)
Subject to subs. (3)
, if the district board intends to make a capital expenditure in excess of $1,500,000, excluding moneys received from gifts, grants or federal funds, for the acquisition of sites, purchase or construction of buildings, the lease/purchase of buildings if costs exceed $1,500,000 for the lifetime of the lease, building additions or enlargements or the purchase of fixed equipment relating to any such activity, it shall adopt a resolution stating its intention to do so and identifying the anticipated source of revenue for each project and shall submit the resolution to the electors of the district for approval. The referendum shall be noticed, called and conducted as provided in s. 67.05 (3)
insofar as applicable. For the purposes of this section, all projects located on a single campus site within one district which are bid concurrently or which are approved by the board under s. 38.04 (10)
within a 2-year period shall be considered as one capital expenditure project.
No more than $1,000,000 in reserve funds, consisting of property tax revenues and investment earnings on those revenues, may be utilized by the district board to finance capital expenditures in excess of $1,500,000 for the purposes under sub. (1)
This section does not apply to any of the following:
Building program actions approved by the board before February 1, 1980.
Building remodeling or improvement projects.
A capital expenditure to purchase or construct a facility to be used as an applied technology center if all of the following apply:
The district board adopts a resolution stating its intention to make a capital expenditure under this paragraph.
The capital expenditure is made before July 1, 2006.
The total amount of capital expenditures made by the district board under this paragraph does not exceed $5,000,000.
The acquisition of a building as a result of a lease under s. 38.14 (2) (d) 2.
if the district makes no cash expenditure to acquire the building.
That portion of a capital expenditure funded with student housing payments for the purchase or construction, or the lease/purchase, of a student residence facility if the district board uses no revenue derived from its tax levy under s. 38.16
, state aid received under s. 38.28
, or fees and tuition collected under s. 38.24
, for the purchase or construction, or the lease/purchase, of the student residence facility.
A district board may make a capital expenditure in excess of $1,500,000, but not more than $2,500,000, excluding moneys received from gifts, grants, or federal funds, for a purpose specified in sub. (1)
, without submitting a resolution to the electors of the district for approval, if the district board receives an equal amount of federal funds for the project. If a district board makes such a capital expenditure, the limit on capital expenditures for the same project in the succeeding 2-year period under sub. (1)
is reduced by the amount expended under this subsection that exceeded that limit. The limitation on the use of reserve funds under sub. (2)
does not apply to a capital expenditure made under this subsection.
For a building acquired as a result of a lease under s. 38.14 (2) (d) 2.
, the purchase price is a capital expenditure under sub. (1)
in the fiscal year commencing on the 2nd July 1 following the acquisition of the building.
See also s. TCS 7.07
, Wis. adm. code.
This section requires approval by referendum of a general building plan and the source of funding, not a specific project proposal that is definite as to cost, location, and campus configuration. Ball v. District No. 4, Area Board, 117 Wis. 2d 529
, 345 N.W.2d 389
District tax levy; revenue limit; property tax relief aid. 38.16(1)(1)
Annually by October 31, or within 10 days after receipt of the equalized valuations from the department of revenue, whichever is later, the district board may levy a tax on the full value of the taxable property of the district for the purposes of making capital improvements, acquiring equipment, operating and maintaining the schools of the district, and paying principal and interest on valid bonds or notes now or hereafter outstanding as provided in s. 67.035
. The district board secretary shall file with the clerk of each city, village and town, any part of which is located in the district, a certified statement showing the amount of the levy and the proportionate amount of the tax to be spread upon the tax rolls for collection in each city, village and town. Such proportion shall be ascertained on the basis of the ratio of full value of the taxable property of that part of the city, village or town located in the district to the full value of all taxable property in the district, as certified to the district board secretary by the department of revenue. Upon receipt of the certified statement from the district board secretary, the clerk of each city, village and town shall spread the amounts thereof upon the tax rolls for collection. When the taxes are collected, such amounts shall be paid by the treasurer of each city, village and town to the district board treasurer.
The district board may borrow money and levy taxes to be used for the purchase or construction of buildings and for additions, enlargements and improvements to buildings and for the acquisition of sites and equipment. In financing activities under this subsection, the district may issue its bonds or promissory notes under ch. 67
to pay the cost thereof.
“Equalized value" excludes the value of tax incremental districts.
“Excess revenue" means the amount by which a district board's revenue exceeds the limit under this subsection.
“Noncapital note" means a note issued by a district board under s. 67.12 (12)
for any purpose other than financing any capital project or equipment with a useful life of more than one year or refunding any municipal obligations or any interest on municipal obligations.
“Revenue" means the sum of the tax levy, property tax relief aid under sub. (4)
, and payments received under s. 79.096
“Tax levy" excludes taxes levied for the purpose of paying principal and interest on valid bonds and notes other than noncapital notes issued on or after July 2, 2013.
“Valuation factor" means a percentage equal to the greater of either zero percent or the percentage change in the district's January 1 equalized value due to the aggregate new construction, less improvements removed, in municipalities located in the district between the previous year and the current year, as determined by the department of revenue under par. (am)
For the purpose of making the determination under par. (a) 4.
, if a municipality is located in 2 or more districts, the department of revenue shall apportion the value of the aggregate new construction, less improvements removed, in the municipality among the districts based on the percentage of the municipality's equalized value located in each district.
Notwithstanding sub. (1)
, no district board may increase its revenue in the 2014-15 school year or in any school year thereafter by a percentage that exceeds the district's valuation factor, except as provided in pars. (bg)
The limit otherwise applicable to a district board under this subsection is increased by an amount equal to the amount of any refunded or rescinded property taxes paid by the district board in the year of the levy as determined by the department under s. 74.41
If a district board's allowable revenue under this subsection in the 2014-15 school year, or any school year thereafter, is greater than its actual revenue in that school year, the limit otherwise applicable to the district board under this subsection in the succeeding school year is increased by the difference between the prior school year's allowable revenue and the prior school year's actual revenue, as determined by the department of revenue, up to a maximum increase of 0.5 percent of the actual revenue in that prior school year, if the district board approves the increase by a three-fourths vote.
If a district board wishes to exceed the limit otherwise applicable to the district under this subsection, it shall adopt a resolution supporting inclusion in the final district budget of an amount equal to the proposed excess revenue. The resolution shall be filed as provided in s. 8.37
. Within 10 days after adopting the resolution, the district board shall notify the board of the scheduled date of the referendum and submit a copy of the resolution to the board. The district board shall call a special referendum for the purpose of submitting the resolution to the electors of the district for approval or rejection. In lieu of a special referendum, the district board may specify that the referendum be held at the next succeeding spring primary or election or partisan primary or general election, if such election is to be held not sooner than 70 days after the filing of the resolution of the district board. The district board shall certify the results of the referendum to the board within 10 days after the referendum is held.
The district board shall publish type A, B, C, D, and E notices of the referendum under s. 10.01 (2)
. Notwithstanding s. 10.01 (2) (a)
, the type A notice shall include a statement of the amount of the excess revenue specified in subd. 1.
and a copy of the resolution under subd. 1.
Section 5.01 (1)
applies in the event of failure to comply with the notice requirements of this subdivision.
The referendum shall be held in accordance with chs. 5
. The district board shall provide the election officials with all necessary election supplies. The form of the ballot shall correspond substantially with the standard form for referendum ballots prescribed by the elections commission under ss. 5.64 (2)
and 7.08 (1) (a)
. The question submitted shall be whether the limit under this subsection may be exceeded by a specified amount. The limit otherwise applicable to the district under this subsection is increased by the amount approved by a majority of those voting on the question.
Except as provided in par. (d)
, if the board determines that a district board exceeded its limit under this subsection, the board shall do all of the following:
Reduce the amount of state aid payments to the district board in the school year in which the district board exceeded its limit by an amount equal to the amount of the excess revenue.
Ensure that the amount of any reductions in state aid under subd. 1.
lapses to the general fund.
Ensure that the amount of the excess revenue is not included in determining the limit under this subsection for the district board for the following year.
Ensure that, if a district board's excess revenue exceeds the amount of state aid that may be reduced under subd. 1.
, the excess amount is subtracted from state aid payments in the following years until the total amount of the excess revenue is subtracted from the state aid payments.