“Conviction" or “convicted" means an unvacated adjudication of guilt, or a determination that a person has violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or an authorized administrative tribunal, an unvacated forfeiture of property deposited to secure the person's appearance in court, a plea of guilty or no contest accepted by the court, the payment of a fine or court cost, or violation of a condition of release without the deposit of property, regardless of whether or not the penalty is rebated, suspended, or probated, in this state or any other jurisdiction. It is immaterial that an appeal has been taken. “Conviction" or “convicted" includes:
An adjudication of having violated a law enacted by a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state.
An adjudication of having violated a local ordinance enacted under ch. 349
A finding by a court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48
of a violation of chs. 341
or a local ordinance enacted under ch. 349
“Crosswalk" means either of the following, except where signs have been erected by local authorities indicating no crossing:
Any portion of a highway clearly indicated for pedestrian crossing by signs, or pavement markings; or
In the absence of signs or pavement markings, that part of a roadway, at an intersection, which is included within the transverse lines which would be formed on such roadway by connecting the corresponding lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of such roadway or, in the absence of a corresponding sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of such roadway which is included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk across such roadway at right angles to the center line thereof, except in no case does an unmarked crosswalk include any part of the intersection and in no case is there an unmarked crosswalk across a street at an intersection of such street with an alley.
“Curb weight" means the total weight of a vehicle, including a full load of fuel, oil and water, but without any passengers or cargo.
“Dealer" means a person who, for a commission or other thing of value, sells, exchanges, buys or rents, or offers or attempts to negotiate a sale or exchange of an interest in motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, trailers or semitrailers, or who is engaged wholly or in part in the business of selling motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, trailers or semitrailers, whether or not such vehicles are owned by that person, but not including:
A receiver, trustee, personal representative, guardian, or other person appointed by or acting under the judgment or order of any court; or
A public officer while performing official duty; or
A finance company licensed under ss. 138.09
who sells or offers for sale motor vehicles repossessed or foreclosed by it under the terms of a security contract.
“Department" means the department of transportation.
“Direction signal lamp" means a lighting device used to indicate the intention of the operator of a vehicle to change direction.
“Disqualification" means the loss or withdrawal of a person's privilege to operate a commercial motor vehicle relating to certain offenses committed by the person while driving or operating a motor vehicle or while on duty time with respect to a commercial motor vehicle.
“Distributor" means a person who in whole or in part sells or distributes motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, trailers or semitrailers to dealers, or who maintains distributor representatives.
“Divided highway" means a highway with 2 or more roadways separated by spaces not intended for the use of vehicular traffic.
“Division of hearings and appeals" means the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration.
“Double bottom" means a combination of 3 vehicles consisting of a truck tractor, a semitrailer and a trailer, or of a truck tractor and 2 semitrailers. For purposes of this paragraph, “truck tractor" includes road tractor.
“Drawbar" means a rigid structure forming a connection between 2 vehicles, securely attached to both vehicles by non-rigid means, and carrying no part of the load of either vehicle. The surface to which the drawbar is attached shall be of sufficient strength to prevent failure under all conditions of operation, including the coupling platform and its attaching members or weldments which is attached to the towing vehicle, and shall otherwise comply with s. 347.47
“Dual purpose farm truck" means a motor truck owned and operated by a farmer and used for the transportation of supplies, farm equipment and products on the owner's farm or between the owner's farms, the transportation of farm products from the owner's farm to market, and the transportation of supplies to the owner's farm and also used in furtherance of any nonfarm occupation, trade, profession or employment.
“Dual purpose motor home" means a vehicle which can be interchangeably equipped as a motor home or as a motor truck.
“Electric bicycle” means a bicycle that is equipped with fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power and an electric motor of 750 watts or less and that meets the requirements of any of the following classifications:
Class 1 electric bicycle is an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.
Class 2 electric bicycle is an electric bicycle that may be powered solely by the motor and is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.
Class 3 electric bicycle is an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour.
“Electric personal assistive mobility device" means a self-balancing, 2-nontandem-wheeled device that is designed to transport only one person and that has an electric propulsion system that limits the maximum speed of the device to 15 miles per hour or less.
“Electric scooter” means a device weighing less than 100 pounds that has handlebars and an electric motor, is powered solely by the electric motor and human power, and has a maximum speed of not more than 20 miles per hour on a paved level surface when powered solely by the electric motor. “Electric scooter” does not include an electric personal assistive mobility device, motorcycle, motor bicycle, electric bicycle, or moped.
“Emergency or roadside response area” means the section of roadway within 500 feet of an authorized emergency vehicle giving a visible signal or a tow truck displaying flashing red lamps, as required by s. 347.26 (6) (b)
“Endorsement" means an authorization to an operator's license required to permit the operation of certain vehicles.
“Energy emergency" means a period of disruption of energy supplies which poses a serious risk to the economic well-being, health or welfare of the citizens of this state, as certified by executive order of the governor.
“Fair market value" means the value of a vehicle that takes into account the condition of the vehicle immediately before the damage occurred and which has been determined by reliable sources generally accepted within the automotive and insurance industries, limited to price guidebooks, dealer quotations, computerized valuation services and other methods which may be prescribed by the department.
“Farm tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as an implement of husbandry for drawing, or having attached to it, other implements of husbandry.
“Farm trailer" means a trailer or semitrailer with a gross weight greater than 3,000 pounds which is owned or leased and operated by a farmer and is used exclusively for the transportation of farm products from the owner's farm to market or for the transportation of supplies to the owner's farm. As used in this subsection “leased" means that the farmer has entered into a written agreement with a person in the business of leasing vehicles to lease the trailer or semitrailer for a period of one year or more.
A motor truck having a gross weight of less than 38,000 pounds that is owned or leased and operated by a farmer and used primarily for the transportation of supplies, farm equipment and products on the owner's farm or between his or her farms, the transportation of farm products from the owner's farm to market, and the transportation of supplies to his or her farm.
A motor truck having a gross weight of 38,000 pounds or more that is owned or leased and operated by a farmer and used exclusively for the transportation of supplies, farm equipment and products on the owner's farm or between his or her farms, the transportation of farm products from the owner's farm to market, and the transportation of supplies to his or her farm.
In this subsection, the term “farmer" includes persons who are engaged in those activities specified in the definition of “operation of farm premises" contained in s. 102.04 (3)
, provided that such activities are directly or indirectly for the purpose of producing a commodity or commodities for market, or as an accessory to such production. In this subsection, “leased" means that the farmer has entered into a written agreement with a person in the business of leasing vehicles to lease the motor truck for a period of one year or more.
“Farm truck tractor" means a truck tractor that is owned or leased and operated by a farmer as defined in sub. (18)
, used exclusively for the transportation of supplies, farm equipment and products on the owner's farm or between his or her farms, the transportation of farm products from the owner's farm to market and the transportation of supplies to his or her farm and is exempt from payment of the heavy vehicle use tax imposed by section 4481
of the internal revenue code. In this subsection, “leased" means that the farmer has entered into a written agreement with a person in the business of leasing vehicles to lease the truck tractor for a period of one year or more.
“Federal out-of-service order for unsatisfactory safety compliance" means an out-of-service order issued by the federal motor carrier safety administration under 49 CFR 385.13
(a), 385.105 (b), 385.111 (a) or (c), 385.325 (c), 385.337 (b), 386.72 (b) (2), 386.83 (a) (1), or 386.84 (a) (1).
“Fifth-wheel recreational vehicle" means a recreational vehicle that is towed by a vehicle with a flatbed frame so the trailer hitch of the recreational vehicle is bolted to the flatbed frame of the towing vehicle.
“Flood damaged vehicle" means any motor vehicle that is not precluded from subsequent registration or titling and that is damaged by flood to the extent that the estimated or actual cost, whichever is greater, of repairing the vehicle exceeds 70 percent of its fair market value.
“Forward" means send by mail or furnish by another mode of transmission approved by the department.
“Fusee" means a paper or fiber tube filled with a flammable material which, when ignited, burns with a red flame for 5 to 30 minutes and which is designed to produce a warning light for temporarily marking a disabled vehicle until more permanent warning devices can be properly placed.
“Gross combination weight rating" means the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a combination or articulated vehicle. In the absence of a value specified by the manufacturer, the gross combination weight rating is determined by adding the gross vehicle weight rating of the power unit and the total weight of the towed unit and any load carried.
“Gross vehicle weight rating" means the value specified by the vehicle manufacturer, including secondary or final stage manufacturer, as the loaded weight of a vehicle.
“Gross weight" means the weight of the vehicle equipped for service plus the weight which the vehicle is carrying as a load.
“Hail-damaged vehicle" means a vehicle less than 7 years old that is not precluded from subsequent registration and titling and that is damaged solely by hail to the extent that the estimated or actual cost, whichever is greater, of repairing the vehicle exceeds 70 percent of its fair market value.
“Hazardous inhalant" means a substance that is ingested, inhaled, or otherwise introduced into the human body in a manner that does not comply with any cautionary labeling that is required for the substance under s. 100.37
or under federal law, or in a manner that is not intended by the manufacturer of the substance, and that is intended to induce intoxication or elation, to stupefy the central nervous system, or to change the human audio, visual, or mental processes.
“Headlamp" means a major lighting device used to provide general illumination ahead of a vehicle.
“Highway" means all public ways and thoroughfares and bridges on the same. It includes the entire width between the boundary lines of every way open to the use of the public as a matter of right for the purposes of vehicular travel. It includes those roads or driveways in the state, county or municipal parks and in state forests which have been opened to the use of the public for the purpose of vehicular travel and roads or driveways upon the grounds of public schools, as defined in s. 115.01 (1)
, and institutions under the jurisdiction of the county board of supervisors, but does not include private roads or driveways as defined in sub. (46)
“Highway maintenance or construction area" means the entire section of roadway between the first advance warning sign of highway maintenance or construction work and an “END ROAD WORK" or “END CONSTRUCTION" sign or, in the case of a moving vehicle engaged in the maintenance or construction work, that section of roadway where traffic may return to its normal flow without impeding such work.
“Hours of darkness" means the period of time from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and all other times when there is not sufficient natural light to render clearly visible any person or vehicle upon a highway at a distance of 500 feet.
“Household goods" means personal effects and property used or to be used in a dwelling when such effects and property are a part of the equipment or supply of the dwelling, but does not include property moving from a factory to a store except such property as a householder has purchased with intent to use in his or her dwelling and which is transported at the request of, and for which the transportation charges are paid to the carrier by, the householder.
“Household goods carrier" means any person engaged in the transportation of household goods for hire by motor vehicle upon the public highways.
Means a motor vehicle which is not painted in accordance with s. 347.44 (1)
and which is used for the purpose of transporting individuals with disabilities as defined in s. 85.22 (2) (bm)
or seniors as defined in s. 85.22 (2) (d)
in connection with any transportation assistance program for seniors or individuals with disabilities.
A motor vehicle performing transportation services under par. (a)
provided by a volunteer. Under this subdivision, “volunteer" includes a person who may receive an allowance to defray vehicle operating costs but does not include a person who receives compensation for his or her time for operating the vehicle.
A motor vehicle operated in an urban mass transit system as defined in s. 85.20 (1) (e)
or as a taxicab service or as a common carrier of passengers.
“Identification lamps" means lamps grouped in a horizontal row and mounted on the permanent structure of the vehicle at or near the vertical center line.
“Identification number" means the numbers, letters or combination of numbers and letters assigned by the manufacturer of a vehicle or vehicle part or by the department and stamped upon or affixed to a vehicle or vehicle part for the purpose of identification. “Identification number" does not include the letters, numbers or combinations thereof on registration plates issued under ch. 341
“Ignition interlock device" means a device which measures the person's alcohol concentration and which is installed on a vehicle in such a manner that the vehicle will not start if the sample shows that the person has a prohibited alcohol concentration.
“Immobilization device" means a device or mechanism which immobilizes a motor vehicle, making the motor vehicle inoperable.
Subject to par. (b)
, “implement of husbandry" means all of the following:
A self-propelled or towed vehicle that is manufactured, designed, or reconstructed to be used and that is exclusively used in the conduct of agricultural operations. An “implement of husbandry" may include any of the following:
A self-propelled combine; a self-propelled forage harvester; self-propelled fertilizer or pesticide application equipment but not including manure application equipment; towed or attached tillage, planting, harvesting, and cultivation equipment and its towing farm tractor or other power unit or farm tractor or other power unit to which it is attached; or another self-propelled vehicle that directly engages in harvesting farm products, directly applies fertilizer, spray, or seeds but not manure, or distributes feed to livestock.
A farm wagon, grain cart, farm trailer, manure trailer, or trailer adapted to be towed by, or to tow or pull, another implement of husbandry.
A combination of vehicles in which each vehicle in the vehicle combination is an implement of husbandry as described in subd. 1.
or in which an implement of husbandry described in subd. 1.
is towed by a farm truck, farm truck tractor, motor truck, or agricultural commercial motor vehicle.
“Implement of husbandry" does not include any of the following:
“In-line skates" means skates with wheels arranged singly in a tandem line rather than in pairs.
“Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the curb lines or, if none, then within the boundary lines of the roadways of 2 or more highways which join one another at, or approximately at right angles, whether or not one such highway crosses the other, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
“Intoxicant" includes a hazardous inhalant.
“Junked" means dismantled for parts or scrapped.
“Junk vehicle" means any of the following:
A vehicle which is incapable of operation or use upon a highway and which has no resale value except as a source of parts or scrap.
A vehicle for which an insurance company has taken possession of or title to if the estimated cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds its fair market value.
“Kingpin" means a pin or peg designed to be locked into the 5th wheel of a truck tractor to attach a semitrailer to the truck tractor.
“Local authorities" means every county board, city council, town or village board or other local agency having authority under the constitution and laws of this state to adopt traffic regulations.