Scheduling the annual meeting of the district; and
Preparing the proposed annual budget for presentation at the annual meeting of the district. The proposed annual budget shall include all of the following:
A list of all existing indebtedness and all anticipated revenue from all sources during the ensuing year.
A list of all proposed appropriations for each department, activity, and reserve account during the ensuing year.
The actual revenues and expenditures for the preceding year.
The actual revenues and expenditures for not less than the first 6 months of the current year.
The estimated revenues and expenditures for the balance of the current year.
For informational purposes by fund, all anticipated unexpended or unappropriated balances and surpluses.
The board shall have control over the fiscal matters of the district, subject to the powers and directives of the annual or a special meeting. The board shall annually at the close of the fiscal year cause an audit to be made of the financial transactions of the district, which shall be submitted to the annual meeting.
The board, immediately after each annual meeting, shall elect a chairperson, secretary and treasurer, whose duties shall be as follows:
The chairperson shall preside at the annual meeting, at all special meetings and meetings of the board and at all public hearings held by the board.
The secretary shall keep minutes of all meetings of the board and hearings held by it. The secretary shall prepare and send the notices required for the annual meeting, any special meeting, and any meeting of the board.
The treasurer shall receive and take charge of all moneys of the district, and pay out the same only on order of the board.
Annual meeting of district. 33.30(1)(1)
Every district shall have an annual meeting. Each annual meeting shall be scheduled during the time period between May 22 and September 8 unless scheduled outside those dates by majority vote of the previous annual meeting.
The annual meeting shall be preceded by written notice mailed at least 14 days in advance of the meeting to all electors within the district whose address is known or can be ascertained with reasonable diligence, to all owners of property within the district at the owner's address as listed in the tax roll, and to the department. The district board of commissioners may substitute a class 2 notice, under ch. 985
, in lieu of sending written notice to electors residing within the district.
No absentee ballots or proxies are permitted at the annual meeting.
The notice of the annual meeting under sub. (2)
shall include all of the following:
A list of each item proposed for consideration at the annual meeting in addition to the proposed annual budget.
A list of any items proposed for consideration at the annual meeting by persons eligible to vote at the annual meeting if all of the following conditions are met:
The item relates to an issue that is within the district's authority.
Each item is submitted by a petition to the board at least 30 days before the annual meeting.
The petition is signed by persons who are eligible to vote at the annual meeting.
The number of persons signing the petition equals or exceeds 20 percent of the number of parcels located in the district that are subject to the property tax.
At the annual meeting, electors and property owners who attend the meeting shall do all of the following:
Elect by secret ballot one or more commissioners to fill vacancies occurring in the elected membership of the district board.
Approve a budget for the coming year. The electors and property owners may consider and vote on amendments to the budget before approving that budget. The budget shall separately identify the capital costs and the costs of operation of the district, shall conform with the applicable requirements under s. 33.29 (1) (g)
and shall specify any item that has a cost to the district in excess of $10,000.
At the annual meeting, electors and property owners may do any of the following:
Vote by majority a tax upon all taxable property within the district. That portion of the tax that is for the costs of operation for the coming year may not exceed a rate of 2.5 mills of equalized valuation as determined by the department of revenue and reported to the district board. The tax shall be apportioned among the municipalities having property within the district on the basis of equalized full value, and a report shall be delivered by the treasurer, by November 1, by certified statement to the clerk of each municipality having property within the district for collection.
Take up and consider such other business as comes before it.
Establish compensation to be paid the district board commissioners.
Create a nonlapsible fund to finance specifically identified capital costs and for maintenance of capital equipment.
Ballots shall be distributed only to qualified electors and property owners in attendance at the meeting. No ballots may be distributed after collection of the ballots commences.
Ballots shall be counted immediately following the election and results read to those attending the meeting, including the total number of ballots cast and the number of votes each candidate received. Any candidate for the district board or his or her designee may be present to observe the counting of ballots.
After the procedure under par. (b)
is complete, any elector or candidate may request a recount. If a recount is requested, the secretary shall note the request in the meeting minutes. A recount requested under this paragraph shall be conducted following the same procedure as under par. (b)
. The recount results are final when one of the following applies:
If the total number of votes cast is fewer than 100, when 2 successive recounts yield identical results.
If the total number of votes cast is 100 or more, after one recount, unless a recount is requested under par. (d)
If par. (c) 2.
applies, the runner-up candidate may request another recount. If a recount is requested under this paragraph, the secretary shall note the request in the meeting minutes and the following process applies:
The ballots shall be enclosed in a container sealed with a tamper-evident seal.
The container of ballots shall be delivered, unopened, to the clerk of the most populous municipality in the district within 2 business days after the election.
The clerk under subd. 2.
shall conduct a recount of the ballots within 2 weeks of receiving the ballots and shall immediately transmit the results of the recount to the secretary of the board. The clerk shall inform all candidates of the time and location of the recount at least 48 hours in advance. Any candidate for the district board or his or her designee may be present to observe the recount.
The clerk under subd. 2.
may charge the actual cost of conducting the recount under subd. 3.
to the district.
No recount under this subsection may be requested after the meeting at which the election is held has been adjourned.
Special meetings of district. 33.305(1)(1)
The board of commissioners of a district may schedule a special meeting of the district at any time. The board of commissioners shall schedule a special meeting upon receipt of a petition signed by at least 10 percent of the electors and property owners in the district.
Written notice of a special meeting shall be given to the same persons and in the same manner required under s. 33.30 (2) (a)
At a special meeting, electors and property owners may take any action that is required or allowed to be taken at an annual meeting, except they may not do any of the following:
Approve an annual budget but they may consider and vote on amendments to the annual budget.
Consider the dissolution of the district or dissolve the district.
Consider a matter that was resolved during another special meeting that was held since the previous annual meeting.
No absentee ballots or proxies are permitted at a special meeting.
Power to finance. 33.31(1)(1)
Every district may borrow money and use any other financing method prescribed by law. In utilizing financing powers, the commission shall follow the procedures required by statute for the selected financing methods so far as they are applicable and not in conflict with this subchapter.
Any district, when in temporary need, may borrow money under s. 67.12
The district shall levy an annual, irrepealable tax to pay the principal and interest of the indebtedness incurred under subs. (1)
when they are due. The district shall levy this tax without limitation as to rate or amount on all taxable property within the district. The tax shall be reported in accordance with s. 33.30 (4) (a)
and may not be included nor includable in the operations tax limit of s. 33.30 (4) (a)
At an annual or special meeting, the district may not consider or approve any borrowing or any tax to pay the indebtedness incurred under sub. (1)
unless the meeting notice under s. 33.30 (2) (a)
or 33.305 (2)
includes a statement that borrowing or a tax levy to pay the indebtedness will be considered at the meeting.
Special assessments and special charges. 33.32(1)(1)
Special assessments for the purpose of carrying out district protection and rehabilitation projects, or for other lake management or sanitary service activities undertaken by the district, may be levied by the commissioners as an exercise of the district's police powers in the following manner:
Upon approval of plans for any work by the annual or by a special meeting of the district, the commissioners shall determine the entire cost to the district of the work to be done.
The commissioners shall then apportion the special assessment within the district, other than state or federal lands, on a reasonable basis. In apportioning the special assessment, the commissioners shall examine each parcel and determine the benefits to each parcel from the project, considering such factors as size, proximity to the lake and present and potential use of the parcel, including applicable zoning regulations. After benefits to each parcel are determined, assessments shall be made in an aggregate amount equal to the cost to the district of the project. Such assessments shall be made in accordance with s. 66.0703
, so far as it is applicable and not in conflict with this subchapter.
The commissioners shall file in the office of the county clerk a report of the assessments made. Notice shall be given to each owner, mortgagee, lessee or other person having an interest in an affected parcel that the report is open for review at a specified place within the district for 30 days after the date of the notice and that on a day named therein, which shall not be more than 3 days after the expiration of the 30 days, the commissioners will hear objections that may be made to the report. Notice shall be by mail to each person whose post-office address is known or can be ascertained with reasonable diligence, accompanied by a statement of the assessment, and shall also be published as a class 2 notice, under ch. 985
, in a newspaper having general circulation within the district.
At the time specified for hearing objections to the report, the commissioners shall hear parties interested who may appear for that purpose and may review, modify and correct the report as they deem just and at the conclusion of the hearing shall make a final determination of assessments. No assessment may be increased without additional notice to affected persons and provisions for hearing objections to such increases.
When a final determination of assessments has been made, the secretary shall publish a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, within the district that a final determination has been made, and shall notify by mail each person entitled to notice under par. (c)
of the amount assessed against the affected parcel.
An owner, mortgagee, lessee or other person having an interest in any parcel affected by the determination who feels aggrieved thereby may, within 40 days after the date of mailing of notice, appeal therefrom to the circuit court of the county in which the district is located by causing a written notice of appeal to be served upon the secretary of the district. The secretary in case such appeal is taken shall make a brief statement of the proceedings had in the matter and shall transmit the same with all papers in the matter to the clerk of the circuit court. Such appeal shall be tried and determined in the same manner as cases originally commenced in said court.
The commissioners of any district may provide that special assessments levied may be paid in annual installments, not more than 10 in number, in the manner provided in s. 66.0715 (3)
Any delinquent special assessment or special charge that is collected under s. 66.0627 (4)
or 66.0703 (13)
shall be levied without limitation as to rate or amount on all taxable property within the district, shall be reported in accordance with s. 33.30 (4) (a)
and shall not be included or includable in the operations tax limit of s. 33.30 (4) (a)
County and municipally owned real estate within a district shall be subject to special assessments.
If a county or municipality fails to pay a special assessment levied by a district, the clerk of the district may certify this fact to the department of administration, and shall state the amount due. The department, at the time of making the next scheduled distribution under s. 79.035
, shall deduct the amount claimed from the payment due the county or municipality, and shall forward it to the district.
Outstanding unpaid assessments on privately owned lands shall be paid in full by any public body, including the state, which purchases such lands.
Sewerage system service charges imposed by districts with town sanitary district powers shall be in conformance with s. 66.0821
. Special charges may be imposed for other services identified in the annual budget adopted under s. 33.30 (3) (b)
. The special charges may not exceed the rate of $2.50 per $1,000 of assessed valuation. The special charges may be certified by the district secretary to the clerk of each municipality having property within the district for collection and settlement in the same manner as provided under ch. 74
. The commissioners shall allocate the charges to the property served in a manner prescribed by them unless the manner is specified by a resolution of the annual or of a special meeting. Delinquent special charges shall be governed by s. 66.0627 (4)
Merger, attachment, detachment. 33.33(1)(1)
Any district may be merged with a contiguous district by resolution passed by a four-fifths vote of all the members of each board of commissioners. At the next annual or special meeting, whichever occurs first, the electors and property owners shall vote on whether to ratify the merger. If a majority of the electors and property owners present and voting in each district endorse the merger, it takes effect. Following ratification, the boards of commissioners of merging districts shall act jointly until the next annual or special meeting whichever occurs first, at which time the board of the merged district shall be conformed to the requirements specified in s. 33.28
. The governing body of the county, town, village or city having the largest portion by valuation within the district shall make the appointments under s. 33.28 (2)
Contiguous territory may be attached to a district upon petition by the owner or motion of the commissioners.
A petition by an owner, directed to the district and requesting attachment, may be accepted by majority vote of the commissioners, upon which the attachment shall become effective.
If the commissioners by motion initiate attachment proceedings, they shall notify the owners of the territory contemplated for attachment and the county board. The county board shall schedule a hearing on the motion, using the procedure of s. 33.26
as far as is applicable. Following the hearing, the board shall make a finding on the necessity of attachment of territory, using the standards of s. 33.26 (3)
, and shall declare the territory to be either attached or not. Appeals of the board's decision shall be taken under s. 33.26 (7)
Territory may be detached from the district following petition of the owner or motion of the commissioners. Proposals for detachment shall be considered by the commissioners, and territory may be detached upon a finding that such territory is not benefited by continued inclusion in the district. Appeals of the commissioners' decision may be taken under s. 33.26 (7)
It is not always necessary for the petitioner in a detachment proceeding to prove that there has been a change in circumstances since the district was created. The finding of benefit to property required under s. 33.26 (3) in forming a district is not the same as the finding that the property is not benefited as required under s. 33.33 (3) to detach a property form the district. The s. 33.26 (3) finding is general and predictive. Section 33.33 (3) requires an individualized evaluation of property under present circumstances. Donaldson v. Board of Commissioners of Rock-Koshkonong Lake District, 2004 WI 67
, 272 Wis. 2d 146
, 680 N.W.2d 762
Dissolution of districts.
A petition to dissolve an existing district created under this chapter may not be considered at an annual meeting of the district unless an elector within the district or a property owner within the district notifies the district board of commissioners in writing at least 90 days before the annual meeting that the elector or property owner intends to petition for dissolution at that annual meeting. The notice of the annual meeting must include a statement that a petition to dissolve the district will be considered. The district may be dissolved upon a two-thirds vote of the electors and property owners present at the annual meeting. The county board shall by order dissolve the district following receipt of the petition if the county board finds that one or more of the standards for the creation of a district under s. 33.26 (3)
are not met. The order for dissolution shall be conditioned upon proper petition to the circuit court and appointment of a receiver to administer the winding up of the district under the supervision of the court and a final order of the court. The attorney general shall represent the state and shall be a party to every dissolution proceeding where state money is involved.