“Wildlife" means all species of wild animals that are protected or otherwise regulated by law, regulation, ordinance, resolution, or administrative rule in a participating state. Species included in the definition of “wildlife" vary from state to state and determination of whether a species is “wildlife" for the purposes of this compact shall be based on the law of the participating state.
“Wildlife law" means any law, regulation, ordinance, resolution, or administrative rule developed and enacted for the management and use of wildlife resources.
“Wildlife officer" means any individual authorized by a participating state to issue a citation for a wildlife violation.
“Wildlife violation" means any cited violation of a law, regulation, ordinance, resolution, or administrative rule developed and enacted for the management and use of wildlife resources.
Article III — Procedures for issuing state. 29.03(3)(a)
When issuing a citation for a wildlife violation, a wildlife officer shall issue a citation to any violator whose primary residence is in a participating state in the same manner as though the violator were a resident of the issuing state and shall not require the violator to post collateral to secure appearance, subject to par. (b)
, if the officer receives the recognizance of the violator that he or she will comply with the terms of the citation.
Personal recognizance is acceptable if both of the following apply:
Personal recognizance is not prohibited by local law or the compact manual.
The violator provides adequate proof of identification to the wildlife officer.
Upon conviction or failure of a violator to comply with the terms of a citation issued for a wildlife violation, the appropriate official shall report the conviction or failure to comply to the licensing authority of the participating state in which the citation was issued. The report shall be made in accordance with procedures specified by the issuing state and shall contain information as specified in the compact manual as minimum requirements for effective processing by the home state.
Upon receipt of the report of conviction or noncompliance under par. (c)
, the licensing authority of the issuing state shall transmit to the licensing authority of the home state of the violator the information in form and content as prescribed in the compact manual.
Article IV — Procedure for home state. 29.03(4)(a)
Upon receipt of a report from the licensing authority of the issuing state reporting the failure of a violator to comply with the terms of a citation, the licensing authority of the home state shall notify the violator and shall initiate a suspension action in accordance with the home state's suspension procedures and shall suspend the violator's license privileges until satisfactory evidence of compliance with the terms of the wildlife citation has been furnished by the issuing state to the home state licensing authority. Due process safeguards shall be accorded.
Upon receipt of a report of conviction from the licensing authority of the issuing state, the licensing authority of the home state shall enter the conviction in its records and shall treat the conviction as though it occurred in the home state for the purposes of the suspension of license privileges.
The licensing authority of the home state shall maintain a record of actions taken and shall make reports to issuing states as provided in the compact manual.
Article V — Reciprocal recognition of suspension. 29.03(5)(a)(a)
Each participating state shall recognize the suspension of license privileges of any violator by any participating state as though the violation resulting in the suspension had occurred in its own state and could have been the basis for suspension of license privileges in its own state.
Each participating state shall communicate suspension information to other participating states in form and content as contained in the compact manual.
Article VI — Applicability of other laws.
Except as expressly required by provisions of this compact, nothing in this compact shall be construed to affect the right of any participating state to apply any of its laws relating to license privileges to any person or circumstance or to invalidate or prevent any agreement or other cooperative arrangement between a participating state and a nonparticipating state concerning wildlife resource law enforcement.
Article VII — Compact administrator procedures. 29.03(7)(a)(a)
For the purpose of administering the provisions of this compact and to serve as a governing body for the resolution of all matters relating to the operation of this compact, a board of compact administrators is established. The board shall be composed of one representative from each of the participating states. The head of the licensing authority of each participating state shall appoint the compact administrator. The compact administrator shall serve and be subject to removal in accordance with the laws of the state that he or she represents. A compact administrator may provide an alternate for the discharge of his or her duties and functions as a board member. An alternate may not serve unless written notification of his or her identity has been given to the board.
Each member of the board of compact administrators shall be entitled to one vote. No action of the board shall be binding unless taken at a meeting at which a majority of the total number of the board's votes are cast in favor of the action. Board action shall occur only at a meeting at which a majority of the participating states are represented.
The board shall elect annually from its membership a chairperson and vice chairperson.
The board shall adopt bylaws consistent with the provisions of this compact or the laws of a participating state for the conduct of its business and shall have the power to amend and rescind its bylaws.
The board may accept for any of its purposes and functions under this compact any and all donations and grants of moneys, equipment, supplies, materials, and services from any state, the United States, or any governmental agency, and may receive, utilize, and dispose of those donations and grants.
The board may contract with, or accept services or personnel from, any governmental or intergovernmental agency, individual, firm, or corporation, or any private nonprofit organization or institution.
The board shall formulate necessary procedures and develop uniform forms and documents for administering the provisions of this compact. All procedures and forms adopted by board action shall be contained in a compact manual.
Article VIII — Entry into compact and withdrawal. 29.03(8)(a)(a)
This compact shall become effective when it is adopted in a substantially similar form by 2 or more states.
Entry into the compact shall be made by resolution of ratification executed by the authorized officials of the applying state and submitted to the chairperson of the board. The resolution shall be substantially in the form and content as provided in the compact manual and shall include all of the following:
A citation of the authority from which the state is empowered to become a party to this compact.
An agreement of compliance with the terms and provisions of this compact.
An agreement that compact entry is with all states participating in the compact and with all additional states legally becoming a party to the compact.
The effective date of entry shall be specified by the applying state but shall not be less than 60 days after notice has been given by one of the following:
The chairperson of the board of the compact administrators.
The secretary of the board to each participating state that the resolution from the applying state has been received.
A participating state may withdraw from participation in this compact by official written notice to each participating state, but withdrawal shall not become effective until 90 days after the notice of withdrawal is given. The notice shall be directed to the compact administrator of each member state. No withdrawal of any state shall affect the validity of this compact as to the remaining participating states.
Article IX — Amendments to the compact. 29.03(9)(a)
This compact may be amended from time to time. Amendments shall be presented in resolution form to the chairperson of the board of compact administrators and shall be initiated by one or more participating states.
Adoption of an amendment shall require endorsement by all participating states and shall become effective 30 days after the date of the last endorsement.
A participating state shall respond to the compact chairperson within 120 days after receipt of a proposed amendment. Amendments proposed to change local law by the compact administrators shall be reviewed and approved by the legislature.
History: 2005 a. 282
Report of department.
On or before March 15 of each even-numbered year, the department shall submit to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the appropriate standing committees under s. 13.172 (3)
, to the governor and to the Wisconsin conservation congress a report identifying the accomplishments of the department under this chapter that relate to fish and wildlife in the previous biennium and identifying the department's use and expenditure of all fishing, hunting and trapping approval fees collected under this chapter in the previous biennium.
History: 1997 a. 248
Sporting heritage council. 29.036(1)(1)
The sporting heritage council shall study, and provide advice and make recommendations to the governor, the natural resources board, and the legislature about, issues relating to hunting, trapping, fishing, and other types of outdoor recreation activities including all of the following:
Ways to improve the recruitment and retention of hunters, trappers, and anglers.
Ways to improve the management and protection of the natural resources of this state for the purposes of hunting, trapping, fishing, and other types of outdoor recreation activities.
Ways to encourage youth to participate in outdoor recreation activities, including ways to implement outdoor recreation programs for youth.
Ways to improve access to public and private land for hunting, trapping, fishing, and other types of outdoor recreation activities.
Ways to increase the availability of public shooting ranges.
The sporting heritage council shall prepare a biennial report on the status of the recruitment and retention of hunters, trappers, and anglers in this state. The sporting heritage council shall submit its initial report under this subsection no later than July 1, 2014, and shall submit subsequent reports no later than July 1 of each even-numbered year thereafter, to the governor, to the chairperson of the natural resources board, and to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature, for distribution to the appropriate standing committees under s. 13.172 (3)
History: 2011 a. 168
Fish and wildlife restoration.
This state assents to the provisions of 16 USC 669
. The department is authorized and directed to perform any acts necessary to establish cooperative wildlife restoration projects and cooperative fish restoration and management projects in compliance with these federal provisions and with regulations promulgated by the secretary of the interior. No funds accruing to this state from license fees paid by hunters and from sport and recreation fishing license fees may be diverted for any other purpose than the administration of the department when it is exercising its responsibilities that are specific to the management of the fish and wildlife resources of this state.
History: 1997 a. 248
; 2001 a. 16
Local regulation of wild animals. 29.038(1)(b)
“Political subdivision" means a city, village, town or county.
No local governmental unit may enact any ordinance or adopt any regulation, resolution or other restriction for the purpose of regulating the hunting, fishing, trapping or management of wild animals, except as follows:
A local governmental unit may enact an ordinance or adopt any regulation, resolution or other restriction that is authorized under this chapter.
A local governmental unit may enact an ordinance or adopt any regulation, resolution or other restriction that restricts or prohibits access for hunting, fishing or trapping in any portion of land that it owns or leases.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, a local governmental unit may enact an ordinance or adopt a regulation, resolution or other restriction that has an incidental effect on hunting, fishing or trapping, but only if the primary purpose is to further public health or safety.
“Building" means a permanent structure used for human occupancy and includes a manufactured home, as defined in s. 101.91 (2)
“Restriction" means an ordinance, regulation, resolution, or other restriction enacted or adopted by a local governmental unit.
Except as provided in subd. 3.
, if a local governmental unit has in effect on or after July 14, 2015, a restriction that prohibits a person from hunting with a bow and arrow or crossbow within the jurisdiction of that local governmental unit, the restriction does not apply and may not be enforced.
A local governmental unit may enact or adopt a restriction that does any of the following:
Prohibits a person from hunting with a bow and arrow or crossbow within a specified distance, not to exceed 100 yards, from a building located on another person's land. A restriction enacted or adopted under this subd. 3. a.
shall provide that the restriction does not apply if the person who owns the land on which the building is located allows the hunter to hunt within the specified distance of the building.
Requires a person who hunts with a bow and arrow or crossbow to discharge the arrow or bolt from the respective weapon toward the ground.
If the department determines that an ordinance, regulation, resolution or other restriction enacted or adopted by a local governmental unit exceeds the authority granted to local governmental units in this section, the department may issue a notice to the local governmental unit of the department's intent to issue an order under this subsection. The department shall hold an informal hearing on the matter if a hearing is requested by the local governmental unit within 30 days after it receives the notice. The informal hearing is not a contested case under ch. 227
. Following the hearing or following the failure of the local governmental unit to request a hearing within 30 days after it receives the notice, the department may issue an order declaring the ordinance, regulation, resolution or other restriction void.
See also s. NR 19.40
, Wis. adm. code.
Nongame species. 29.039(1)(1)
The department may conduct investigations of nongame species to develop scientific information relating to population, distribution, habitat needs, and other biological data to determine necessary conservation measures. The department may develop conservation programs to ensure the perpetuation of nongame species. The department may require harvest information and may establish limitations relating to taking, possession, transportation, processing and sale or offer for sale, of nongame species.
Any rules promulgated or programs developed under this section may not impede, hinder or prohibit the utilization of lands for the construction, operation or maintenance of utility facilities otherwise authorized or permitted.
History: 1977 c. 370
; 1979 c. 154
; 1985 a. 332
s. 251 (1)
; 1997 a. 248
; Stats. 1997 s. 29.039.
“Taking," as used in this section, includes those activities delineated under the definition of “hunting" in s. 29.001 (42), such as killing, shooting, shooting at, trapping, and pursuing. Wisconsin Citizens Concerned for Cranes and Doves v. Department of Natural Resources, 2004 WI 40
, 270 Wis. 2d 318
, 677 N.W.2d 612
Deer management report rules.
The department may promulgate rules to implement the recommendations contained in the 2012 final report of the assessment of this state's deer management plans and policies that was conducted under the terms of a contract between the department of administration and a recognized deer management expert.
History: 2013 a. 20
Department to regulate hunting and fishing in interstate waters.
The department may regulate hunting and fishing on and in all interstate boundary waters, and outlying waters.
History: 1983 a. 27
s. 2202 (38)
; 1997 a. 248
; Stats. 1997 s. 29.041.
See also chs. NR 20
, and 25
, Wis. adm. code.
Agreements to retire licenses. 29.042(1)(1)
Beginning on January 1, 1998, the department may not enter into any agreement to make payments to persons holding approvals issued under s. 29.501
, or 29.614
in exchange for the retirement of the approval or for the temporary or permanent cessation of any activity authorized under the approval.