History: 1995 a. 227
Imminent danger. 289.94(1)(1)
If the department receives evidence that the past or present handling, storage, treatment, transportation or disposal of any solid waste may present an imminent and substantial danger to health or the environment, the department shall do all of the following:
Provide immediate notice of the danger to each affected municipality.
Promptly post notice of the danger at the site at which the danger exists, or order a person responsible for the danger to post such notice.
In addition to the actions under sub. (1)
, the department may do one or more of the following:
Issue any special order necessary to protect public health or the environment.
Take any other action necessary to protect public health or the environment.
Request the department of justice to commence legal proceedings to restrain or enjoin any person from handling, storage, treatment, transportation or disposal which presents or may present an imminent and substantial danger to health or the environment or take any other action as may be necessary to protect public health and the environment.
History: 1995 a. 227
Enforcement procedures for older facilities. 289.95(1)(1)
Notwithstanding s. 289.97
, for solid waste facilities licensed on or before January 1, 1977, that the department believes do not meet minimum standards promulgated under s. 289.05 (1)
, the department may do any of the following:
Refer the matter to the department of justice for enforcement under s. 299.95
Issue an order relating to the solid waste facility or refuse to relicense the solid waste facility using the procedure under sub. (2)
Before issuing an order relating to a solid waste facility or a decision refusing to relicense a solid waste facility under sub. (1) (c)
, the department shall notify the licensee of its intended action. The licensee, within 30 days after receipt of the notice, may request a hearing under par. (b)
. If the licensee requests a hearing under par. (b)
, it may not withdraw that request and proceed under par. (c)
If the licensee requests a hearing, the department may not issue the order or decision until a hearing, conducted as a class 2 proceeding under ch. 227
, is held unless the licensee has withdrawn the hearing request. The hearing shall be held in the county where the facility is located. At the hearing the department must establish by a preponderance of all the available evidence that the facility does not adhere to the minimum standards promulgated under s. 289.05 (1)
. If the hearing examiner's decision is in favor of the department, or if the licensee has withdrawn the hearing request, the department may issue the order or decision. The order or decision is subject to judicial review under ch. 227
If the licensee does not request a hearing under par. (b)
, the department shall issue the order or decision. The licensee may challenge the order or decision by commencing an action in circuit court for the county in which the solid waste facility is located within 15 days after the issuance of the order or decision. The complaint shall allege that the facility adheres to the minimum standards promulgated under s. 289.05 (1)
. The licensee shall receive a new trial on all issues relating to the facility and relicensing of the facility. The trial shall be conducted by the court without a jury.
History: 1995 a. 227
No person may treat, store or dispose of high-volume industrial waste in violation of a testing requirement or condition of an exemption under s. 289.43 (7) (d)
No person may violate a testing requirement or condition of an exemption from regulation under s. 289.43 (8) (c)
A person who violates sub. (1)
shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $25,000 for each violation. Each day of violation is a separate offense.
Except for the violations enumerated in sub. (1)
, any person who violates this chapter or any rule promulgated or any plan approval, license or special order issued under this chapter shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $5,000 for each violation. Each day of continued violation is a separate offense. While an order is suspended, stayed or enjoined, the penalty does not accrue.
In addition to the penalties provided under par. (a)
, the court may award the department of justice the reasonable and necessary expenses of the investigation and prosecution of the violation, including attorney fees. The department of justice shall deposit in the state treasury for deposit into the general fund all moneys that the court awards to the department or the state under this paragraph.
The costs of investigation and the expenses of prosecution, including attorney fees, shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.455 (1) (gh)
History: 1985 a. 46
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.96; 2001 a. 109
; 2003 a. 309
Violations: enforcement. 289.97(1)(a)
If the department has reason to believe that a violation of this chapter or any rule promulgated or special order, plan approval, or any term or condition of a license issued under this chapter occurred, it may:
Cause written notice to be served upon the alleged violator. The notice shall specify the law or rule alleged to be violated, and contain the findings of fact on which the charge of violation is based, and, except as provided in s. 289.95
, may include an order that necessary corrective action be taken within a reasonable time. This order shall become effective unless, no later than 30 days after the date the notice and order are served, the person named in the notice and order requests in writing a hearing before the department. Upon such request, the department shall after due notice hold a hearing. Instead of an order, and except as provided in s. 289.95
, the department may require that the alleged violator appear before the department for a hearing at a time and place specified in the notice and answer the charges complained of; or
If after such hearing the department finds that a violation has occurred, it shall affirm or modify its order previously issued, or issue an appropriate order for the prevention, abatement or control of the problems involved or for the taking of other corrective action as may be appropriate. If the department finds that no violation has occurred, it shall rescind its order. Any order issued as part of a notice or after hearing may prescribe one or more dates by which necessary action shall be taken in preventing, abating or controlling the violation.
History: 1979 c. 34
; 1981 c. 374
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.97.