“Post-use plastics” means plastics derived from any source that are not being used for their originally intended purpose and that might otherwise become solid waste if not processed at a pyrolysis or gasification facility or recycled. “Post-use plastics” includes plastics that may contain incidental contaminants or impurities such as paper labels or metal rings.
“Pyrolysis facility” means a facility at which post-use plastics are heated, in an oxygen-free environment, until melted and thermally decomposed, then cooled, condensed, and converted into oil, diesel, gasoline, home heating oil, or other liquid fuel; gasoline or diesel blendstock; chemicals or chemical feedstock; waxes or lubricants; or other similar raw materials or intermediate or final products.
“Refuse" means all matters produced from industrial or community life, subject to decomposition, not defined as sewage.
“Resource conservation and recovery act" means the federal resource conservation and recovery act, 42 USC 6901
, as amended on November 8, 1984.
“Secretary" means the secretary of natural resources.
“Sewage" means the water-carried wastes created in and to be conducted away from residences, industrial establishments, and public buildings as defined in s. 101.01 (12)
, with such surface water or groundwater as may be present.
“Solid waste" means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility, and other discarded or salvageable materials, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous materials resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities. “Solid waste” does not include solids or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial discharges which are point sources subject to permits under ch. 283
, slag generated by the production or processing of iron or steel and that is managed as an item of value in a controlled manner and is not discarded, source material, as defined in s. 254.31 (10)
, special nuclear material, as defined in s. 254.31 (11)
, or by-product material, as defined in s. 254.31 (1)
. “Solid waste” does not include post-use plastics or nonrecycled feedstock that are processed at a pyrolysis or gasification facility; that are held at a pyrolysis or gasification facility, prior to processing at the facility where they are being held, to ensure that production is not interrupted; or that are held off site before delivery to a pyrolysis or gasification facility with the intent that they will be processed at a pyrolysis or gasification facility.
“Solid waste disposal" means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping or placing of any solid waste into or on any land or water. This term does not include the transportation, storage or treatment of solid waste.
“Solid waste facility" means a facility for solid waste treatment, solid waste storage, or solid waste disposal, and includes commercial, industrial, municipal, state, and federal establishments or operations such as, without limitation because of enumeration, sanitary landfills, dumps, land disposal sites, incinerators, transfer stations, storage facilities, collection and transportation services, and processing, treatment, and recovery facilities. “Solid waste facility” includes the land where the facility is located. “Solid waste facility” does not include a facility for the processing of scrap iron, steel, or nonferrous metal using large machines to produce a principal product of scrap metal for sale or use for remelting purposes. “Solid waste facility” does not include a facility which uses large machines to sort, grade, compact, or bale clean wastepaper, fibers, or plastics, not mixed with other solid waste, for sale or use for recycling purposes. “Solid waste facility” does not include an auto junk yard or scrap metal salvage yard. “Solid waste facility” does not include a pyrolysis facility or a gasification facility.
“Solid waste management" means planning, organizing, financing, and implementing programs to effect the reduction, storage, collection, transporting, processing, reuse, recycling, composting, energy recovery from or final disposal of solid wastes in a sanitary, nuisance-free manner.
“Solid waste management plan" means a plan prepared to provide for solid waste management.
“Solid waste storage" means the holding of solid waste for a temporary period, at the end of which period the solid waste is to be treated or disposed. “Solid waste storage” does not include the holding of post-use plastics or nonrecycled feedstock at a pyrolysis or gasification facility, prior to processing at the facility where they are being held, to ensure that production is not interrupted, or the holding of post-use plastics or nonrecycled feedstock off site before delivery to a pyrolysis or gasification facility with the intent that they will be processed at a pyrolysis or gasification facility.
“Solid waste treatment" means any method, technique or process which is designed to change the physical, chemical or biological character or composition of solid waste. “Treatment" includes incineration. “Solid waste treatment” does not include the treatment of post-use plastics or nonrecycled feedstock at a pyrolysis or gasification facility.
“Termination" means the final actions taken by an owner or operator of a solid or hazardous waste facility when formal responsibilities for long-term care cease.
“Waste site" means any site, other than an approved facility, an approved mining facility or a nonapproved facility, where waste is disposed of regardless of when disposal occurred or where a hazardous substance is discharged before May 21, 1978.
“Water supply" means the sources and their surroundings from which water is supplied for drinking or domestic purposes.
A violation of rules promulgated under ss. 144.43 and 144.44 [now this chapter] does not give rise to a private right of action. Fortier v. Flambeau Plastics Co., 164 Wis. 2d 639
, 476 N.W.2d 593
(Ct. App. 1991).
Under sub. (33), “`solid waste' means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility and other discarded or salvageable materials . . ." Cigarette butts manifestly constitute “other discarded . . . materials." State v. Iverson, 2015 WI 101
, 365 Wis. 2d 302
, 871 N.W.2d 661
ADMINISTRATION; SOLID WASTE
Solid waste management standards. 289.05(1)(1)
The department shall promulgate rules establishing minimum standards for the location, design, construction, sanitation, operation, monitoring and maintenance of solid waste facilities. Following a public hearing, the department shall promulgate rules relating to the operation and maintenance of solid waste facilities as it deems necessary to ensure compliance and consistency with the purposes of and standards established under the resource conservation and recovery act, except that the rules relating to open burning shall be consistent with s. 289.51
. The rules promulgated under this subsection shall conform to the rules promulgated under sub. (2)
With the advice and comment of the metallic mining council, the department shall promulgate rules for the identification and regulation of metallic mining wastes. The rules promulgated to identify metallic mining wastes and to regulate the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of facilities for the disposal of metallic mining wastes shall be in accordance with any or all of the provisions under this chapter and chs. 30
. The rules shall take into consideration the special requirements of metallic mining operations in the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of facilities for the disposal of metallic mining wastes as well as any special environmental concerns that will arise as a result of the disposal of metallic mining wastes. In promulgating the rules, the department shall give consideration to research, studies, data and recommendations of the U.S. environmental protection agency on the subject of metallic mining wastes arising from the agency's efforts to implement the resource conservation and recovery act.
The department shall prescribe by rule minimum standards for closing, long-term care and termination of solid waste disposal facilities or hazardous waste facilities. The standards and any additional facility-specific requirements designated by the department shall be incorporated into the plan of operation prepared under s. 289.30
. The long-term care provisions in an approved plan of operation may be modified under s. 289.30 (8) (a) 3.
The department shall promulgate, by rule, standards for the reuse of foundry sand and other high-volume industrial waste, including high-volume industrial waste that qualifies for an exemption from regulation under s. 289.43 (8)
. The department shall design the rules under this subsection to allow and encourage, to the maximum extent possible consistent with the protection of public health and the environment, the beneficial reuse of high-volume industrial waste, in order to preserve resources, conserve energy and reduce or eliminate the need to dispose of high-volume industrial waste in landfills. In developing rules under this subsection, the department shall review methods of reusing high-volume industrial waste that are approved by other states and incorporate those methods to the extent that the department determines is advisable. In developing rules under this subsection, the department shall also consider the analysis and methodology used under 40 CFR 503.13
in determining the impacts on groundwater from various methods of reusing high-volume industrial wastes.
History: 1995 a. 227
The department shall:
Encourage voluntary cooperation by persons and affected groups to achieve the purposes of this chapter and ss. 292.31
Encourage local units of government to handle solid waste disposal problems within their respective jurisdictions and on a regional basis, and provide technical and consultative assistance for that purpose.
Collect and disseminate information and conduct educational and training programs relating to the purposes of this chapter and ss. 292.31
Organize a comprehensive and integrated program to enhance the quality, management and protection of the state's land and water resources.
Provide technical assistance for the closure of a solid waste disposal facility that is a nonapproved facility.
History: 1995 a. 227
See also NR ch. 500
- and NR
-, Wis. adm. code.
The department may:
Hold hearings relating to any aspect of the administration of this chapter and ss. 292.31
and, in connection therewith, compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of evidence.
Secure necessary scientific, technical, administrative and operational services, including laboratory facilities, by contract or otherwise.
Advise, consult, contract and cooperate with other agencies of the state, local governments, industries, other states, interstate or interlocal agencies, and the federal government, and with interested persons or groups.
Conduct or direct scientific experiments, investigations, demonstration grants and research on any matter relating to solid waste disposal, including, but not limited to, land fill, disposal and utilization of junked vehicles, and production of compost.
History: 1995 a. 227
Duties of metallic mining council. 289.08(2)
The council shall serve as an advisory, problem-solving body to work with and advise the department on matters relating to the reclamation of mined land in this state and on methods of and criteria for the location, design, construction and operation and maintenance of facilities for the disposal of metallic mine-related wastes.
All rules proposed by the department relating to the subjects specified in this section shall be submitted to the council for review and comment prior to the time the rules are proposed in final draft form by the department. The department shall transmit the written comments of all members of the council submitting written comments with the summary of the proposed rules to the presiding officer of each house of the legislature under s. 227.19 (2)
Written minutes of all meetings of the council shall be prepared by the department and made available to all interested parties upon request.
Confidentiality of records. 289.09(1)(1)
Except as provided under sub. (2)
, any records or other information furnished to or obtained by the department in the administration of this chapter and ss. 287.27
are public records subject to s. 19.21
An owner or operator of a solid waste facility may seek confidential treatment of any records or other information furnished to or obtained by the department in the administration of this chapter and s. 299.15
An owner or operator of a materials recovery facility, as defined in s. 287.27 (1)
, may seek confidential treatment of information submitted under s. 287.27 (3)
Standards for granting confidential status.
Except as provided under par. (c)
, the department shall grant confidential status for any records or information received by the department and certified by the owner or operator of the solid waste facility or materials recovery facility or by the licensed hauler as relating to production or sales figures or to processes or production unique to the owner or operator of the solid waste facility or materials recovery facility or which would tend to adversely affect the competitive position of the owner or operator if made public.
Emission data; analyses and summaries.
The department may not grant confidential status for emission data. Nothing in this subsection prevents the department from using records and other information in compiling or publishing analyses or summaries relating to the general condition of the environment if the analyses or summaries do not identify a specific owner or operator or the analyses or summaries do not reveal records or other information granted confidential status.
Use of confidential records.
Except as provided under par. (c)
and this paragraph, the department or the department of justice may use records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection only in the administration and enforcement of this chapter, ch. 287
or s. 299.15
. The department or the department of justice may release for general distribution records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection if the owner or operator expressly agrees to the release. The department of natural resources or the department of justice may release on a limited basis records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection if the department of natural resources or the department of justice is directed to take this action by a judge or hearing examiner under an order which protects the confidentiality of the records or other information. The department of natural resources or the department of justice may release to the U.S. environmental protection agency, or its authorized representative, records and other information granted confidential status under this subsection if the department of natural resources or the department of justice includes in each release of records or other information a request to the U.S. environmental protection agency, or its authorized representative, to protect the confidentiality of the records or other information.
County solid waste management plans. 289.10(1)(1)
Each county board individually or jointly with another county board may prepare and adopt a county solid waste management plan consistent with state criteria.
All county plans shall be submitted to the department for review. Within 90 days after submittal, the department shall approve or disapprove the plans. During its review, the department shall consult with the appropriate regional planning commission or other planning agency to determine whether any facility use and operation is in conflict with any plans adopted by such agency.
The department shall by rule adopt county solid waste management criteria for the development of the plans permitted under this section.
Subdivisions of this state and interlocal agencies may make application for, receive, administer and expend any federal aid for the development and administration of programs related to solid waste facilities if first submitted to and approved by the department. The department shall approve any such application if it is consistent with the purposes of this chapter and any other applicable requirements of law.
History: 1979 c. 34
; 1981 c. 374
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.11.
Landfill official liability. 289.12(1)(1)
As used in this section, “landfill official" means any officer, official, agent or employee of the state, a political corporation, governmental subdivision or public agency engaged in the planning, management, operation or approval of a solid or hazardous waste disposal facility.
(2) Exemption from liability.
A landfill official is immune from civil prosecution for good faith actions taken within the scope of his or her official duties under this chapter or ch. 291
History: 1983 a. 410
; Stats. 1983 s. 144.795; 1983 a. 538
; Stats. 1983 s. 144.446; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.12.
Initial site report. 289.21(1)(1)
Initial site report required.
Prior to constructing a landfill, the person who seeks to construct the facility shall submit to the department an initial site report. The department shall specify by rule the minimum contents of an initial site report.
(2) Determination if initial site report is complete.
Within 30 days after an initial site report is submitted, the department shall either determine that the initial site report is complete or notify the applicant in writing that the initial site report is not complete and specify the information which is required to be submitted before the initial site report is complete. The department shall notify the applicant in writing when the initial site report is complete.
History: 1995 a. 227
(1m) Application for local approvals required.
Prior to constructing a solid waste disposal facility or hazardous waste facility, the applicant shall submit a written request for the specification of all applicable local approvals to each affected municipality. Within 15 days after the receipt of a written request from the applicant, a municipality shall specify all local approvals for which applications are required or issue a statement that there are no applicable local approvals. Prior to constructing a solid waste disposal facility or a hazardous waste facility, the applicant shall apply for each local approval required to construct the waste handling portion of the facility.
(2) Standard notice.
The waste facility siting board shall develop and print a standard notice designed to inform an affected municipality of the time limits and requirements for participation in the negotiation and arbitration process under s. 289.33
. An applicant shall submit a copy of this standard notice, if it has been printed, with any written request submitted under sub. (1m)
(3) Attempts to obtain local approvals required.
Following applications for local approvals under sub. (1m)
and prior to submitting a feasibility report, any applicant subject to s. 289.33
shall undertake all reasonable procedural steps necessary to obtain each local approval required to construct the waste handling portion of the facility except that the applicant is not required to seek judicial review of decisions of the local unit of government.
(4) Waiver of local approvals.
If a local approval precludes or inhibits the ability of the applicant to obtain data required to be submitted under s. 289.21 (1)
or in a feasibility report or environmental impact report, the applicant may petition the department to waive the applicability of the local approval to the applicant. If a petition is received, the department shall promptly schedule a hearing on the matter and notify the local government of the hearing. If the department determines at the hearing that the local approval is unreasonable, the department shall waive the applicability of the local approval to the applicant.
(5) Compliance required.
Except as provided under sub. (4)
, no person may construct a solid waste disposal facility or a hazardous waste facility unless the person complies with the requirements of subs. (1m)
History: 1995 a. 227
; 2015 a. 197
See also ch. WFSB 3
, Wis. adm. code.
Feasibility report required; distribution; public notice. 289.23(1)(1)
Feasibility report required.
Prior to constructing a solid waste disposal facility or a hazardous waste facility the person who seeks to construct the facility shall submit to the department a feasibility report.