Reaches a binding, written agreement with another person who is not required to obtain a permit under which the other person agrees to reduce the amount of water pollution that it causes below the levels of water pollution that it causes when the agreement is reached.
Reaches a binding, written agreement with the department or a local governmental unit, as defined in s. 16.97 (7)
, under which the person pays money to the department or local governmental unit and the department or local governmental unit uses the money to reduce water pollution or to provide cost-sharing, for the purposes of s. 281.16 (3) (e)
, for projects to reduce water pollution.
Reaches a binding, written agreement with the department under which the person reduces the discharge of pollutants under another permit that the person holds below the levels that would otherwise be authorized in the other permit.
Reaches a binding, written agreement with the department under which the person constructs a project or implements a plan that results in reducing the amount of water pollution from sources other than the source covered by the permit.
Reaches a binding, written agreement with a clearinghouse that holds a valid contract under s. 16.9685
to purchase credits from the clearinghouse, if the clearinghouse has consulted with the department about the agreement to the extent required under the contract under s. 16.9685
Reaches a binding, written agreement approved by the department with a 3rd party under which the 3rd party agrees to work with one or more persons, other than the permit holder, to reduce the amount of water pollution that those persons cause below the levels of water pollution that those persons cause when the agreement is reached. If an agreement is reached under this paragraph, the person who is required to obtain a permit or the 3rd party shall notify the clearinghouse that holds a valid contract under s. 16.9685
, if any, and shall report to the clearinghouse, in the time and manner specified by the department, any information that the department, in consultation with the department of administration, determines is reasonable and necessary for the operation of the centralized registry under s. 16.9685 (3) (h)
. The 3rd party shall also verify the credit by reporting to the department of natural resources any pertinent information regarding the agreement and the related water pollution reduction activities, including the location of the activities; the type of practice or technology used; any maintenance schedule; the frequency of inspections; the duration for which the credit is valid; and the amount of credits generated by the water pollution reduction activities.
No later than 45 days after reviewing the information provided under s. 16.9685 (3) (g)
, the department shall certify the amount of credits and the duration of the credits available for sale.
Under the program, the department may authorize a person to increase a discharge of pollutants above levels that would otherwise be authorized in the permit only if all of the following apply:
The agreement under sub. (1)
results in an improvement in water quality.
The increase in pollutants and the reduction in pollutants provided for in the agreement under sub. (1)
involve the same pollutant or the same water quality standard.
Except as provided under par. (e) 1.
, the increase in pollutants and the reduction in pollutants occur within the same basin or portion of a basin, as determined by the department.
If the person has entered into an agreement under sub. (1) (f)
, the increase in pollutants and the reduction in pollutants occur within the same applicable hydrologic area, as determined by the department.
In this paragraph, “
applicable hydrologic area” means the largest area possible within this state to facilitate implementation of this section while achieving water quality standards and any applicable federally approved total maximum daily load allocations.
The department shall include terms and conditions related to agreements under sub. (1)
in new and reissued permits. The department shall determine how to incorporate credits purchased under sub. (1) (f)
and the terms and conditions related to agreements entered into under sub. (1) (g)
into new and reissued permits.
The department shall modify the permits of persons entering into agreements under sub. (1)
to enable the agreements to be implemented and to include terms and conditions related to the agreements.
The department may enter into a memorandum of understanding with the federal environmental protection agency relating to the administration of this section and s. 16.9685
in relation to the operations of a central clearinghouse.
The department may promulgate rules for the administration of this section.
Design of publicly owned treatment facilities. 283.85(1)(1)
The department shall encourage the design of publicly owned treatment works which provide for:
The recycling of sewage pollutants by using them in agriculture, silviculture or aquaculture;
The confined and contained disposal of those pollutants not recycled;
The ultimate disposal of sludge in a manner not resulting in environmental hazards; and
The integration of facilities for sewage disposal with other facilities designed to dispose of solid waste and thermal pollution, for the purpose of producing revenues in excess of cost in the operation of the integrated facility.
All plans submitted under s. 281.41
after July 22, 1973, for new treatment works, or modifications of treatment works, which will be eligible for construction grants or loans under s. 281.55
or under ss. 281.58
, shall contain:
Adequate analysis and data establishing that the works or modification is the most cost efficient method of meeting limitations and standards required of the facility; and
A feasibility plan on using ultimate disposal of pollutants to land rather than to air or the waters of the state.
Liability for water pollution. 283.87(1)(1)
Department may recover costs.
In an action against any person who violates this chapter or any provision of s. 29.601
or chs. 30
relating to water quality the department may recover the cost of removing, terminating or remedying the adverse effects upon the water environment resulting from the unlawful discharge or deposit of pollutants into the waters of the state, including the cost of replacing fish or other wildlife destroyed by the discharge or deposit. All moneys recovered under this section shall be deposited into the environmental fund.
(2) Adverse effects.
The department may introduce evidence of the environmental pollution that resulted from the unlawful discharge or deposit and evidence of the potential of the water environment for public use if the unlawful discharge or deposit had not occurred in order to assist the court in determining the adverse effects upon the water environment resulting from the unlawful discharge or deposit and in determining the amount of liability under sub. (1)
(3) Administration of award.
The court shall administer an award made under this section. An award made under this section may be used to remove, terminate or remedy the adverse effects of the discharge or deposit, to restore or develop the water environment for public use or to provide grants to municipalities consistent with any court order.
(4) Aids to municipalities; environmental damage compensation.
The department may make grants to any county, city, village, or town for the acquisition or development of recreational lands and facilities from moneys appropriated under s. 20.370 (4) (dv)
. Use and administration of the grant shall be consistent with any court order issued under sub. (3)
. A county, city, village, or town which receives a grant under this section is not required to share in the cost of a project under this section.
Note: 2005 Wis. Act 347
, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
Except as provided in sub. (2m)
, whenever on the basis of any information available to it the department finds that any person is violating this chapter, any rule adopted thereunder or any term or condition of any permit issued pursuant to this chapter, including general permits issued under s. 283.35
, the department shall refer the matter to the department of justice for enforcement under s. 283.91
The department of justice shall initiate the legal action requested by the department under sub. (1)
. In any action commenced by it under this subsection, the department of justice shall, prior to stipulation, consent order, judgment or other final disposition of the case, consult with the department for the purpose of determining the department's views on final disposition. The department of justice shall not enter into a final disposition different than that previously discussed without first informing the department.
If the department finds a violation of s. 283.33 (1)
for which a person is subject to a forfeiture under s. 283.91 (2)
, the department may issue a citation and, if the department does issue a citation, the procedures in ss. 23.50
In any criminal action commenced under s. 283.91
, the department of justice may request the assistance of the district attorney of any county in which the violation occurred, and the district attorney shall provide the requested assistance.
Any civil action on a violation shall be commenced in the circuit court for the county in which the violation occurred in whole or in part, unless all the parties consent to the commencement of the action in the circuit court for Dane County. Any criminal action on a violation shall be commenced in the circuit court for the county in which the violation occurred.
Civil and criminal remedies. 283.91(1)(1)
The department of justice, upon a referral pursuant to s. 283.89
, may initiate a civil action for a temporary or permanent injunction for any violation of this chapter or any rule promulgated thereunder or of a term or condition of any permit issued under this chapter.
Any person who violates this chapter, any rule promulgated under this chapter, any term or condition of a permit issued under this chapter, or any rule promulgated or order issued under s. 200.45 (1)
shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $10,000 for each day of violation, except that the minimum forfeiture does not apply if the point source at which the violation occurred is an animal feeding operation.
Any person who willfully or negligently violates this chapter, any rule promulgated under this chapter or any term or condition of a permit issued under this chapter shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $25,000 per day of violation, or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both. If the conviction is for a violation committed after a first conviction of such person under this subsection, the person shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $50,000 per day of violation, or imprisoned for not more than one year in the county jail or both. The minimum forfeiture does not apply if the point source at which the violation occurred is an animal feeding operation. In determining the amount of the fine under this subsection, the court shall assess an amount which represents an actual and substantial economic deterrent to the action which was the basis of the conviction.
Any person who knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, record, report, plan, or other document filed or required to be maintained under this chapter or who falsifies, tampers with, or knowingly renders inaccurate any monitoring device or method required to be maintained under this chapter shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
In addition to all other civil and criminal penalties prescribed under this chapter, the court may assess as an additional penalty a portion or all of the costs of the investigation, including monitoring, which led to the establishment of the violation. The court may award the department of justice the reasonable and necessary expenses of the prosecution, including attorney fees. The department of justice shall deposit in the state treasury for deposit into the general fund all moneys that the court awards to the department or the state under this subsection. The costs of investigation and the expenses of prosecution, including attorney fees, shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.455 (1) (gh)
For the purposes of subs. (3)
, the term “person" means in addition to the definition under s. 283.01 (11)
, any responsible corporate officer.
Regulatory actions taken by the department to eliminate or control environmental pollution shall be exempt from the provisions of s. 1.11
, other than:
Involvement in federal financial assistance grants for the construction of publicly owned treatment works;
Issuance of permits or approvals for new sources of environmental pollution.
Except as provided in this chapter, nothing in this chapter shall be deemed to supersede any other statute or session law.
History: 1973 c. 74
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 283.95.