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281.58(7)(a) (a) The department shall, by rule, establish criteria for determining which applicants and which projects are eligible to receive financial assistance under the clean water fund program. The primary criteria for eligibility shall be water quality and public health. The rules for clean water fund projects funded from the account under s. 25.43 (2) (a) shall be consistent with 33 USC 1251 to 1376 and 33 USC 1381 to 1387 and the regulations promulgated thereunder. The rules for clean water fund projects funded from the account under s. 25.43 (2) (b) may be consistent with 33 USC 1251 to 1376 and 33 USC 1381 to 1387 and the regulations promulgated thereunder.
281.58(7)(b) (b) The department may determine whether a municipality is eligible for financial assistance under the clean water fund program for any of the following types of projects:
281.58(7)(b)1. 1. Projects that the department determines are necessary to prevent a municipality from significantly exceeding an effluent limitation contained in a permit issued under ch. 283, including projects or capacity for the receiving, storage, and treatment of septage.
281.58(7)(b)2. 2. Projects needed to provide treatment to achieve compliance with an enforceable requirement changed or established after May 17, 1988, if the project is for a municipality that is in substantial compliance with its permit, issued under ch. 283, in regard to the changed or established enforceable requirements.
281.58(7)(b)4. 4. Projects for unsewered municipalities.
281.58(7)(b)5. 5. Projects for the prevention or treatment of nonpoint source pollution or urban storm water runoff.
281.58(7)(b)6. 6. Projects for the planning, design, construction or replacement of treatment works that violate effluent limitations contained in a permit issued under ch. 283.
281.58(7)(b)7. 7. Pilot projects that are consistent with the federal program for state water pollution control revolving funds under 33 USC 1381 to 1387.
281.58(8) (8)Ineligibility for and limitations on financial assistance.
281.58(8)(a)(a) The following are not eligible for financial assistance from the clean water fund program:
281.58(8)(a)1. 1. A person or municipality that has failed to substantially comply, as specified by the rules promulgated under sub. (2), with the terms of a federal or state grant or loan used to pay the costs of studies, investigations, plans, designs or construction associated with wastewater collection, transportation, treatment or disposal or used to pay the cost of studies, investigations, plans, designs or construction associated with implementing a nonpoint source control management program.
281.58(8)(a)2. 2. Connection laterals and sewer lines that transport wastewater from structures to municipally owned or individually owned wastewater systems.
281.58(8)(a)3. 3. Public sanitary sewer mains, interceptors and individual systems which exclusively serve future development.
281.58(8)(a)4. 4. A planning, design or construction project which received financial assistance under 33 USC 1251 to 1376 or s. 281.57, except for any of the following:
281.58(8)(a)4.a. a. The nonlocal share of a project which receives funding under s. 281.59 (13).
281.58(8)(a)4.b. b. The portion of a project funded under s. 281.59 (13) relating to a collection system, even if the costs relating to the collection system were not eligible under s. 281.57.
281.58(8)(a)5. 5. During fiscal years 1989-90 to 1994-95, a person or municipality in violation of an effluent limitation contained in a permit issued under ch. 283, unless that person or municipality is eligible under s. 281.59 (13).
281.58(8)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2. and par. (k), the amount of reserve capacity for a project eligible for financial assistance through a method specified under sub. (6) (b) is limited to that future capacity required to serve the users of the project expected to exist within the sewer service area of the project and that future capacity required to serve the need expected to exist outside of the sewer service area of the project for septage that is reasonably likely to be disposed of in the project 10 years after the project is estimated to become operational. The department, in consultation with the demographic services center in the department of administration under s. 16.96, shall promulgate rules defining procedures for projecting population used in determining the amount of reserve capacity.
281.58(8)(b)2. 2. Except as provided in par. (k), the department may not determine that a municipality is eligible for financial assistance through a method specified under sub. (6) (b) for reserve capacity for a collection system, interceptors or an individual system project in an unsewered municipality.
281.58(8)(c) (c) Except as provided in par. (k), financial assistance may be provided for the design, planning and construction of a collection system, interceptor or individual system project in an unsewered municipality or an unsewered area of a municipality, only if the department finds that at least two-thirds of the initial flow will be for wastewater originating from residences in existence for at least 20 years prior to the submission of the application under sub. (9) (a).
281.58(8)(d) (d) An unsewered municipality that is not constructing a treatment work and will be disposing of wastewater in the treatment work of another municipality is not eligible for financial assistance under the clean water fund program until it executes an agreement under s. 66.0301 with another municipality to receive, treat and dispose of the wastewater of the unsewered municipality.
281.58(8)(e) (e) Financial assistance may be provided to a municipality for a project only if the financial assistance is used for a project that is the most cost-effective alternative for the municipality without regard to financial assistance from the federal government and this state.
281.58(8)(f) (f) Except as provided in par. (k), the department may not determine that a municipality is eligible for financial assistance through a method specified under sub. (6) (b) for the portion of a project that treats wastes from industrial users.
281.58(8)(g) (g) The sum of all of the financial assistance to a municipality approved under the clean water fund program for a project may not result in the municipality paying less than 30 percent of the cost of the project.
281.58(8)(h) (h) Except as provided in par. (k), a municipality that is a violator of an effluent limitation at the time that the application for a treatment work project is approved under sub. (9m) may not receive financial assistance of a method specified under sub. (6) (b) 1., 3., 4. or 5. for that part of the treatment work project that is needed to correct the violation. This paragraph does not apply to a municipality that after May 17, 1988, is in compliance with a court or department order to correct a violation of the enforceable requirements of its ch. 283 permit, and that is applying for financial assistance under s. 281.59 (13) to correct that violation.
281.58(8)(i) (i) After June 30, 1991, no municipality may receive for projects in a biennium an amount that exceeds 35.2 percent of the amount that the department of administration projects will be available to provide financial assistance for projects under this section for that biennium.
281.58(8)(j) (j) The amount of a payment under sub. (6) (b) 8. may not exceed the amount necessary to reduce the interest rate on the loan from market rate to the interest rate that would have been charged on a loan to the municipality under sub. (6) (b) 4.
281.58(8)(k) (k) The restrictions specified under par. (b) 1. and 2., (c), (f) or (h) do not apply to any of the following methods of financial assistance:
281.58(8)(k)1. 1. A loan at the market interest rate.
281.58(8)(k)2. 2. A purchase or refinancing of an obligation at fair market value and at the market interest rate.
281.58(8)(k)3. 3. A guarantee or a purchase of insurance for a municipal obligation which will permit the municipality credit market access not otherwise available or which will reduce the interest rate on the obligation to not less than the market rate.
281.58(8e) (8e)Priority. The department shall establish a priority list in accordance with 33 USC 1381 to 1387 which ranks each project. The ranking on the priority list shall be based on all of the following:
281.58(8e)(a) (a) The type of project and the order in which it is listed under sub. (7) (b) 1. to 6.
281.58(8e)(b) (b) The impact of the project on groundwater and surface water quality.
281.58(8e)(c) (c) The impact of the project on public health.
281.58(8e)(cm) (cm) A factor that gives higher priority than would otherwise be given to a project to serve more than one municipality if all of the following apply:
281.58(8e)(cm)1. 1. Each municipality to be served by the project has a population of 2,500 or less.
281.58(8e)(cm)2. 2. At least one of the municipalities to be served by the project has a wastewater treatment system that is unusable because of failures of the system.
281.58(8e)(cm)3. 3. The municipalities to be served by the project are submitting an application for a new joint treatment work.
281.58(8e)(cm)4. 4. At least one of the municipalities to be served by the treatment work has been ordered to upgrade a current system.
281.58(8e)(d) (d) Any other factor determined by the department.
281.58(8m) (8m)Notice of intent to apply.
281.58(8m)(a) (a) A municipality shall submit notice to the department of its intent to apply for financial assistance under this section and s. 281.59. A municipality shall submit the notice at least 6 months before the beginning of the fiscal year in which it will request to receive financial assistance. The notice shall be in a form prescribed by the department and the department of administration.
281.58(8m)(c) (c) The department may waive par. (a) upon the written request of a municipality.
281.58(8s) (8s)Facility plan. A municipality seeking financial assistance for a project under this section shall complete a facility plan as required by the department by rule.
281.58(9) (9)Application.
281.58(9)(a) (a) After the department approves a municipality's facility plan submitted under sub. (8s), the municipality shall submit an application for participation to the department. The application shall be in such form and include such information as the department and the department of administration prescribe and shall include design plans and specifications. The department shall review applications for participation in the clean water fund program. The department shall determine which applications meet the eligibility requirements and criteria under subs. (6), (7), (8), (8m) and (13).
281.58(9)(ae) (ae) A municipality that submits an application under par. (a) without design plans and specifications may obtain an initial determination of financial eligibility from the department of administration. The department of natural resources may not approve a municipality's application until the municipality submits design plans and specifications.
281.58(9)(am) (am) A municipality may not submit more than one application under par. (a) for any single project in any 12-month period except that this paragraph does not apply to applications for financial assistance for additional costs of an approved project.
281.58(9)(b) (b) A municipality seeking financial assistance for a project under the clean water fund program shall complete an environmental analysis sequence as required by the department by rule.
281.58(9)(c) (c) If a municipality is serviced by more than one sewerage district for wastewater pollution abatement, each service area of the municipality shall be considered a separate municipality for purposes of obtaining financial assistance under the clean water fund program.
281.58(9)(d) (d) The department of administration and the department jointly may charge and collect service fees, established by rule, which shall cover the estimated costs of reviewing and acting upon the application and servicing the financial assistance agreement. No service fee established by rule under this paragraph may be charged to or collected from an applicant for financial assistance under s. 281.59 (13).
281.58(9)(e) (e) If the department of natural resources and the department of administration determine that the total amount that the department of administration projects will be available to provide financial assistance for projects under this section for a biennium, as set forth in the biennial finance plan under s. 281.59 (3) (a) 2. and as updated under s. 281.59 (3) (bm) 2., is insufficient to provide funding for all projects for which applications will be approved during that biennium, the department shall inform municipalities that, if the governor's recommendations are approved, clean water fund program assistance during a fiscal year of that biennium will be available only to municipalities that submit financial assistance applications by September 30 of that fiscal year.
281.58(9)(f) (f) The fees collected under par. (d) shall be credited to the environmental improvement fund.
281.58(9m) (9m)Acceptance of application; allocation of funding.
281.58(9m)(a)(a) Subject to par. (d), the department shall approve an application after all of the following occur:
281.58(9m)(a)1. 1. The department determines that the project meets the eligibility requirements and criteria under subs. (7), (8), (8m) and (8s).
281.58(9m)(a)2. 2. The department of administration initially determines that the municipality will meet the requirements of s. 281.59 (9) (b).
281.58(9m)(d) (d) The department may not approve an application under par. (a) for a project that is not on the priority list under sub. (8e).
281.58(9m)(e)1.1. Except as provided under par. (f) and sub. (13), if a sufficient amount of financial assistance under this section is available for the municipality's project when the department approves the application under par. (a), the department of administration shall allocate that amount to the project.
281.58(9m)(e)2. 2. If a sufficient amount of financial assistance under this section is not available for the municipality's project when the department approves the application under par. (a), the department shall place the project on a list for allocation when additional financial assistance becomes available.
281.58(9m)(f) (f) If the department of natural resources and the department of administration determine that the amount available to provide financial assistance for projects under this section for a biennium is insufficient to provide funding for all projects for which applications will be approved during that biennium, all of the following apply:
281.58(9m)(f)1. 1. The department shall establish a funding list for each fiscal year of the biennium that ranks projects of municipalities that submit financial assistance applications under sub. (9) (a) no later than September 30 of the fiscal year in the same order that they appear on the priority list under sub. (8e).
281.58(9m)(f)2. 2. The department of administration shall allocate funding to projects in the order in which they appear on the funding list under subd. 1.
281.58(9m)(fm) (fm) The department, in consultation with the department of administration, shall promulgate, by rule, methods to establish deadlines for actions that must be taken by a municipality to which financial assistance has been allocated. The methods may provide for extending deadlines under specified circumstances. If a municipality fails to meet a deadline, including any extension, the department of administration shall rescind the allocation of financial assistance for the municipality's project.
281.58(11) (11)Type of financial assistance.
281.58(11)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), the department of administration shall specify the method by which financial assistance is to be provided for each approved application.
281.58(11)(b) (b) For municipalities meeting the financial hardship assistance requirements under sub. (13), the department of natural resources may approve financial hardship assistance.
281.58(12) (12)Loan interest rates.
281.58(12)(a)1.1. Except as modified under par. (f) and except as restricted by sub. (8) (b), (c), (f) or (h), the interest rate for projects specified in sub. (7) (b) 1. to 5. is one of the following:
281.58(12)(a)1.a. a. For a municipality that has a population of less than 1,000, and in which the median household income is 65 percent or less of the median household income in this state, zero percent of market interest rate.
281.58(12)(a)1.b. b. For a municipality that has a population of less than 10,000, and in which the median household income is 80 percent or less of the median household income in this state, 33 percent of market interest rate.
281.58(12)(a)1.c. c. For a municipality that does not meet the requirements specified in subd. 1. a. or b., 75 percent of market interest rate for projects for which the subsidy was allocated from the amount under s. 281.59 (3e) (b), 2013 stats., for a biennium before the 2015-17 biennium and 70 percent of market interest rate for projects for which the financial assistance is allocated under this section for the 2015-17 biennium, and 55 percent of market interest rate for projects for which the financial assistance is allocated under this section for the 2017-19 biennium or later.
281.58(12)(a)4. 4. The interest rate for projects specified in sub. (7) (b) 6. and for those portions of projects under subd. 1. that are restricted by sub. (8) (b), (c), (f) or (h) is market interest rate.
281.58(12)(a)5. 5. Notwithstanding subd. 1., the interest rate for the portion of a project that provides facilities for receiving and storing septage and capacity for treating septage is zero percent.
281.58(12)(c) (c) The department and the department of administration shall attempt to ensure all of the following:
281.58(12)(c)1. 1. That increases in all state water pollution abatement general obligation debt service costs do not exceed 4 percent annually.
281.58(12)(c)2. 2. That state water pollution abatement general obligation debt service costs are not greater than 50 percent of all general obligation debt service costs in any fiscal year.
281.58(12)(f) (f) The department and the department of administration jointly may request the joint committee on finance to take action under s. 13.101 (11) to modify the percentage of market interest rate established in par. (a) 1.
281.58(13) (13)Financial hardship assistance.
281.58(13)(b) (b) A municipality with an application that is approved under sub. (9m) is eligible for state financial hardship assistance for the project costs that are eligible under the clean water fund program, except for costs to which sub. (8) (b), (c), (f) or (h) applies, if the initial application was submitted on or before June 30, 2017, the application, including the facility plan and the design plans and specifications, was completed on or before June 30, 2018, and the municipality meets all of the following criteria:
281.58(13)(b)1. 1. The median household income in the municipality is 80 percent or less of the median household income in this state.
281.58(13)(b)2. 2. The estimated total annual charges per residential user in the municipality that relate to wastewater treatment would exceed 2 percent of the median household income in the municipality without assistance under this subsection.
281.58(13)(c) (c) The department shall provide assistance so that estimated total annual charges per residential user in the municipality that relate to wastewater treatment do not exceed 2 percent of the median household income in the municipality, if possible. The department may not reduce the amount of financial hardship assistance for a municipality's project due to the municipality receiving assistance for the project from another source unless the combination of financial hardship assistance plus the assistance from the other source would reduce the estimated total annual charges per residential user in the municipality that relate to wastewater treatment to less than 2 percent of the median household income in the municipality.
281.58(13)(cm) (cm) The amount and type of assistance to be provided to a municipality that receives state financial hardship assistance shall be determined under rules promulgated by the department.
281.58(13)(d) (d) The department shall establish a financial hardship assistance funding list for each fiscal year that ranks projects of municipalities that are eligible under par. (b), and that submit complete financial assistance applications under sub. (9) (a) no later than June 30 of the preceding fiscal year, in the same order that they appear on the priority list under sub. (8e).
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