A county may submit to the department an application to regulate the disposal of septage on land. The county shall include in its application a complete description of the proposed county program, including a proposed ordinance and forms and information on plans for personnel, budget and equipment. The department shall investigate the capability of the county to implement a regulatory program under this subsection and shall approve or deny the application based on the county's capability. If the department approves the county application, the county may adopt and enforce a septage disposal ordinance.
The county septage disposal ordinance shall apply uniformly to the entire area of the county. No city, village or town may adopt or enforce a septage disposal ordinance if the county has adopted such an ordinance. If a city, village or town adopts a septage disposal ordinance, the ordinance shall conform with requirements applicable to a county septage disposal ordinance under this section.
The site criteria and disposal procedures in a county ordinance shall be identical to the corresponding portions of rules promulgated by the department under this section. The county shall require the person engaged in septage disposal to submit the results of a soil test conducted by a soil tester certified under s. 145.045
and to obtain a site approval for each location where the person disposes of septage on land. The county shall maintain records of soil tests, site approvals, county inspections and enforcement actions under this subsection. A county may not require licensing or registration for any person or vehicle engaged in septage disposal. The county may establish a schedule of fees for site approvals under this paragraph if the department determines that the fees are no more than is necessary to fund the county program under this paragraph. The county may require a bond or other method of demonstrating the financial ability to comply with the septage disposal ordinance. The county shall provide for the enforcement of the septage disposal ordinance by penalties identical to those in s. 281.98
The department shall monitor and evaluate the performance of any county adopting a septage disposal ordinance. If a county fails to comply with the requirements of this subsection or fails adequately to enforce the septage disposal ordinance, the department shall conduct a public hearing in the county seat upon 30 days' notice to the county clerk. As soon as practicable after the hearing, the department shall issue a written decision regarding compliance with this subsection. If the department determines that there is a violation of this subsection, the department shall by order revoke the authority of the county to adopt and enforce a septage disposal ordinance. At any time after the department issues an order under this paragraph, a county may submit a new application under par. (a)
. The department may enforce this section and rules adopted under this section in any county which has adopted a septage disposal ordinance.
Limit on local regulation.
No city, village, town, or county may prohibit or regulate, through zoning or any other means, the disposal of septage on land if that disposal complies with this section and rules promulgated under this section or with an ordinance adopted under sub. (5m) (a)
The department may follow the procedures for the issuance of a citation under ss. 23.50
to collect a forfeiture for a violation of subs. (2)
Notwithstanding s. 23.66 (4)
, the department shall promulgate rules establishing the basic amount of the deposit that may be made under s. 23.66 (1)
by a person to whom a citation is issued under par. (a)
. The rules shall specify a different amount for each offense under subs. (2)
See also ch. NR 113
, Wis. adm. code.
NOTE: 2005 Wis. Act 347
, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
Disposal of septage in municipal sewage systems. 281.49(1)(m)
“Septage" means the scum, liquid, sludge or other waste from a septic tank, soil absorption field, holding tank or privy. This term does not include the waste from a grease interceptor.
Requirement to treat septage.
A municipal sewage system shall accept and treat septage from a licensed disposer during the period of time commencing on November 15 and ending on April 15. The sewage system may, but is not required to, accept and treat septage at other times during the year.
Notwithstanding sub. (2)
, a municipal sewage system is not required to accept septage from a licensed disposer if:
Treatment of the septage would cause the sewage system to exceed its operating design capacity or to violate any applicable effluent limitations or standards, water quality standards or any other legally applicable requirements, including court orders or state or federal statutes, rules, regulations or orders;
The septage is not compatible with the sewage system;
The licensed disposer has not applied for and received approval under sub. (5)
to dispose of septage in the sewage system or the licensed disposer fails to comply with the disposal plan; or
The licensed disposer fails to comply with septage disposal rules promulgated by the municipal sewage system.
The municipal sewage system shall accept that part of the total amount of septage offered for disposal which is not within the exceptions in par. (a)
If the municipal sewage system can accept some, but not all, of the septage offered for disposal, the municipal sewage system may accept septage which is generated within the sewage service area before accepting septage which is generated outside of the sewage service area.
Each year a licensed disposer may apply to the municipal sewage system, prior to September 1, for permission to dispose of septage in the sewage system.
The municipal sewage system shall approve applications for septage disposal, or reject those applications which are within the exceptions in sub. (3)
, no later than October 1 of each year.
The municipal sewage system may impose reasonable terms and conditions for septage disposal including:
Specific quantities, locations, times and methods for discharge of septage into the sewage system.
Requirements to report the source and amount of septage placed in the sewage system.
The municipal sewage system shall prepare a disposal plan for each licensed disposer whose application for septage disposal is approved. The disposal plan shall consist of the approved application and all terms and conditions imposed on the licensed disposer.
Analysis of septage.
The municipal sewage system may require the licensed disposer to analyze representative samples of septage placed in the sewage system in order to determine the characteristics of the septage and the compatibility of the septage with the municipal sewage system. The municipal sewage system may not require the analysis of septage from exclusively residential sources.
A municipal sewage system which is required to accept and treat septage shall provide adequate facilities for the introduction of septage into the sewage system.
The department shall prepare a model septage disposal regulation which may be used by municipal sewage systems in the implementation of this section.
Land disposal not prohibited.
This section shall not be construed as a prohibition of the land disposal of septage. The land disposal of septage is governed by s. 281.48
Disposal fees established by a municipal sewage system under sub. (5) (c) 4.
for the disposal of septage introduced into the system by a licensed disposer may be based on only the following actual costs related to the disposal of the septage, as determined in accordance with a uniform cost accounting system applicable to all services provided by the system:
The cost of facilities at the system that receive and store septage.
The cost of any testing of septage conducted by the system.
The cost of treating septage by the system. This cost may vary based on the quantity and type of the septage.
The portion of the system's additional administrative and personnel costs for accepting the septage not reflected in the costs identified in subds. 2.
In determining its actual costs under par. (a) 1.
, a municipal sewage system may include any associated cost of capital, debt service, operation, and maintenance, and any other type of cost used by a municipal sewage system in establishing fees for the treatment and disposal of sewage by its customers connected to the system.
Each municipal sewage system shall establish a procedure to review a septage disposal fee charged by the system that is disputed by a licensed disposer.
Upon the request of a licensed disposer, a municipal sewage system shall use the procedure established by the system under par. (a)
to review whether a septage disposal fee charged by the system for the quantity and type of septage specified by the licensed disposer conforms with sub. (5) (c) 4.
After pursuing the review of a septage disposal fee under par. (b)
, a licensed disposer may request the staff of the public service commission to informally review the disputed septage disposal fee. If the staff determine that there is sufficient basis for a dispute regarding the fee and that use of the procedure under par. (b)
is not likely to resolve the dispute, the staff may agree to review the disputed septage disposal fee. Based on its review, the staff may recommend a reasonable septage disposal fee that conforms with sub. (5) (c) 4.
If the use of the procedure under par. (c)
does not lead to resolution of the dispute, the licensed disposer requesting the review under par. (c)
may make a written request to the public service commission for review of the disputed septage disposal fee under s. 66.0821 (5)
or 200.59 (5)
Upon the request of a licensed disposer, or the public service commission or its staff, a municipal sewage system shall provide information to the requester concerning the basis of its septage disposal fees. A municipal sewage system shall provide to the public service commission or its staff any other information that the commission or its staff requests related to a review under par. (c)
Notice of septage disposal increases.
Each municipal sewage system shall notify each licensed disposer currently approved under sub. (5) (b)
to dispose of septage in the system of any increase in a disposal fee applicable to the licensed disposer at least 60 days prior to imposing the increased disposal fee. The notice shall include a description of how the system calculated the new disposal fee.
History: 1983 a. 410
; 1989 a. 31
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 281.49; 2005 a. 347
; 2009 a. 180
NOTE: 2005 Wis. Act 347
, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
Financial assistance program; local water quality planning. 281.51(1)(1)
As used in this section:
“Designated local agency" means the designated local agency under section 208 of the federal act.
“Federal act" means the federal water pollution control act amendments of 1972, P.L. 92-500
, 86 Stat. 816.
“Local governmental unit" means a political subdivision of this state, a special purpose district in this state, an instrumentality or corporation of such a political subdivision or special purpose district, a combination or subunit of any of the foregoing or an instrumentality of the state and any of the foregoing.
State water quality planning assistance program; designated local agencies. 281.51(2)(a)
The department shall administer a program to provide state assistance to designated local agencies for water quality planning activities.
The department shall establish grant eligibility criteria for designated planning agencies seeking state assistance for water quality planning activities. The department shall consider the capacity of an agency to conduct areawide planning activities in establishing these eligibility criteria.
A designated planning agency may receive state assistance to conduct water quality planning activities if:
The designated planning agency agrees to provide planning matching funds. At a minimum, the department shall require the designated planning agency to agree to provide planning matching funds in an amount equal to the state assistance. The department may require the designated planning agency to agree to provide local matching funds in a higher amount.
The designated planning agency meets all grant eligibility criteria.
State water quality planning assistance; other local governmental units.
The department may provide financial assistance for water quality planning activities to local governmental units that are not designated local agencies.
History: 1979 c. 221
; 1985 a. 29
; 1991 a. 39
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 281.51.
Municipal clean drinking water grants. 281.53(1)(1)
The department may award a municipal clean drinking water grant, from the appropriation under s. 20.866 (2) (tb)
, to a municipality for capital costs to achieve compliance with standards for contaminants established by the department by rule under the safe drinking water program under s. 281.17 (8)
, if the municipality is not in compliance with those standards on or after April 1, 1990, if the municipality incurs the capital costs after January 1, 1989, and if the violation of the standards for contaminants occurs in a public water system owned by the municipality.
The department shall approve grants under this section equal to 90 percent of the amount by which the reasonable and necessary capital costs of achieving compliance with the standards for contaminants exceed an amount equal to $25 times the population that is served by the contaminated public water system for which a grant is sought if the reasonable and necessary capital costs of achieving compliance with those standards are an amount equal to an amount that is greater than $150 times the population that is served by the contaminated water system.
The department shall rank applicants for grants under this section on the basis of the severity of risk to human health posed by each applicant's violation of the standards for contaminants. If insufficient funds are available for providing grants to eligible municipalities, the department shall allocate grants based on the severity of risk to human health.
The department shall promulgate rules for the administration of the program under this section that include the establishment of which capital costs are eligible for reimbursement and the method for ranking applicants under sub. (3)
History: 1989 a. 366
; 1991 a. 32
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 281.53; 1995 a. 378
; 1997 a. 35
Financial assistance program. 281.55(1)(1)
The legislature finds that state financial assistance for the construction and financing of pollution prevention and abatement facilities is a public purpose and a proper state government function in that the state is trustee of the waters of the state and that such financial assistance is necessary to protect the purity of state waters.
In order that the construction of pollution prevention and abatement facilities necessary to the protection of state waters be encouraged, a state program of assistance to municipalities and school districts for the financing of such facilities is established and a program of state advances in anticipation of federal aid reimbursement is established to meet the state's water quality standards. These state programs shall be administered by the department of natural resources and the department shall make such rules as are necessary for the proper execution of the state program.
In this section “estimated reasonable costs" include the costs of preliminary planning to determine the economic and engineering feasibility of pollution prevention and abatement facilities, the engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal and economic investigations and studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures and other action necessary to the construction of pollution prevention and abatement facilities and the erection, building, acquisition, alteration, remodeling, improvement or extension of pollution prevention and abatement facilities and the inspection and supervision of the construction of pollution prevention and abatement facilities.
The department shall establish criteria to determine those municipalities and school districts and projects which are eligible for the state program and to determine appropriate priorities among the projects.
All municipalities and school districts are eligible for agreements under sub. (6) (b)
based on the criteria in this paragraph. The criteria shall consider the health hazards of existing conditions, the extent and nature of pollution, per capita costs of the project, property valuation of the municipalities or school districts as equalized by the state, income of the residents in the municipalities or school districts, the availability of federal funds for the project, soil conditions, the feasibility and practicality of the project, the borrowing capacity of the municipality or school district and any other factors which the department considers important. Municipalities or school districts commencing projects but not completed prior to January 18, 1970, shall be deemed eligible for agreements under sub. (6) (b)
. School district projects are not eligible if the project is located within the corporate limits of a city or of a village with an operating municipal sewage system.
Municipalities or school districts which desire to participate in the state program shall submit application for participation to the department. The application shall be in such form and include such information as the department prescribes.
The department shall review applications for participation in the state program. It shall determine those applications which meet the criteria it established under sub. (3)
, and shall arrange the applications in appropriate priority order.
The department may enter into agreement with municipalities and school districts to provide state assistance for the financing of those pollution prevention and abatement facilities projects it approves under sub. (5)
The department may enter into agreements with municipalities and school districts to make payments to them from the appropriations made by s. 20.866 (2) (tm)
These payments shall not exceed 50 percent of the approved project in conjunction with the state program of advancement in anticipation of federal reimbursement under sub. (2)
. To provide for the financing of pollution prevention and abatement facilities, the natural resources board, with the approval of the governor, subject to the limits of s. 20.866 (2) (tm)
may direct that state debt be contracted as set forth in subd. 2.
and subject to the limits set therein. Said debts shall be contracted for in the manner and form as the legislature hereafter prescribes.
It is the intent of the legislature that state debt not to exceed $150,850,000 in the 10-year period from 1969 to 1979 may be incurred for state water pollution and abatement assistance.
The department shall review and approve the plans and specifications of all facilities designed and constructed by agreement under this section.
This section shall be construed liberally in aid of the purposes declared in sub. (1)