This chapter does not violate the establishment of religion clause. The primary effect of ch. 231 does not advance religion, nor does the chapter foster excessive entanglement between church and state. State ex rel. Wisconsin Health Facilities Authority v. Lindner, 91 Wis. 2d 145
, 280 N.W.2d 773
All expenses of the authority incurred in carrying out this chapter shall be payable solely from funds provided under the authority of this chapter, and no liability may be incurred by the authority beyond the extent to which moneys have been provided under this chapter except that, for the purposes of meeting the necessary expenses of initial organization and operation of the authority for the period commencing on June 19, 1974 and continuing until such date as the authority derives moneys from funds provided to it under the authority of this chapter, the authority may borrow such moneys as it requires to supplement the funds provided under s. 20.440
. Such moneys borrowed by the authority shall subsequently be charged to and apportioned among participating health institutions, participating educational institutions, participating nonprofit institutions, and participating research institutions in an equitable manner, and repaid with appropriate interest over a reasonable period of time.
Project applications. 231.05(1)(1)
By means of this chapter, it is the intent of the legislature to provide assistance and alternative methods of financing to nonprofit entities to aid them in providing needed health services consistent with the state's health plan, needed educational services, needed research facilities, and other needed services and facilities in this state.
With respect to an applicant requesting financing for health services, the authority shall, at the same time as it notifies the applicant of its action, notify the state health planning and development agency of its action, including data in support of its decision.
Subject to the approval of the authority, an applicant may recommend to the authority an underwriter for the bonds or notes related to its project.
The authority may acquire, directly or by and through a participating health institution, participating educational institution, participating nonprofit institution, or participating research institution as its agent, by purchase or by gift or devise, such lands, structures, property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, and other interests in lands, including lands lying under water and riparian rights, as it deems necessary or convenient for the construction or operation of a project, upon such terms and at such prices as it considers reasonable and can be agreed upon between it and the owner thereof, and take title thereto in the name of the authority or in the name of a health facility, educational facility, nonprofit facility, or research facility as its agent.
Property conveyance. 231.07(1)(1)
If the conditions of sub. (2)
are satisfied, the authority shall:
Release the lien of any mortgage, deed of trust or other security arrangement securing the bond; and
Convey to the participating health institution, participating educational institution, participating nonprofit institution, or participating research institution the authority's interest in the project and in any other health facility, educational facility, nonprofit facility, or research facility leased, mortgaged, or subject to a deed of trust or any other form of security arrangement to secure the bond.
The authority shall release the lien of the security arrangement and convey title under sub. (1)
The principal of and interest on any bond issued by the authority to finance a project or to refinance or refund outstanding indebtedness of one or more participating health institutions, participating educational institutions, participating nonprofit institutions, or participating research institutions, including any refunding bonds issued to refund and refinance the bond, have been fully paid and the bonds retired or if the adequate provision has been made to pay fully and retire the bond; and
The conveyance provides that the facility that was financed will not be used primarily for sectarian instruction or study or as a place for devotional activities or religious worship.
Issuance of bonds. 231.08(1)(1)
Subject to sub. (7)
, the authority may from time to time issue bonds for any corporate purpose. All such bonds or other obligations of the authority issued under this chapter are declared to be negotiable for all purposes, notwithstanding their payment from a limited source and without regard to any other law. The authority shall employ the building commission as its financial consultant to assist and coordinate the issuance of bonds and notes of the authority.
The bonds of each issue shall be payable solely out of revenues of the authority specified in the resolution under which they were issued or in a related trust agreement, trust indenture, indenture of mortgage or deed of trust.
The bonds may be issued as serial bonds or as term bonds, or the authority may issue bonds of both types. The bonds shall be authorized by a bond resolution of the authority and shall bear such dates, mature at such times not exceeding 50 years from their respective dates of issue, bear interest at such rates, be payable at such times, be in such denominations, be in such form, either coupon or fully registered, carry such registration and conversion privileges, be executed in such manner, be payable in lawful money of the United States at such places, and be subject to such terms of redemption as the bond resolution provides. The bonds or notes shall be executed by the manual or facsimile signatures of such officers of the authority as the authority designates. Coupon bonds shall have attached thereto interest coupons bearing the facsimile signature of the treasurer of the authority or such other officer as the authority designates. The bonds or notes may be sold at public or private sale for such price and in such manner and from time to time as the authority determines. Pending preparation of the definitive bonds, the authority may issue interim receipts or certificates which shall be exchanged for the definitive bonds.
Any bond resolution may contain provisions, which shall be a part of the contract with the holders of the bonds to be authorized, as to:
Pledging or assigning the revenues of the project with respect to which the bonds are to be issued or other specified revenues of the authority;
The rentals, fees and other amounts to be charged, and the sums to be raised in each year thereby, and the use, investment and disposition of such sums;
The setting aside of reserves or sinking funds, and the regulation, investment and disposition thereof;
Limitations on the purpose to which or the investments in which the proceeds of sale of any issue of bonds then or thereafter to be issued may be applied;
Limitations on the issuance of additional bonds, the terms upon which additional bonds may be issued and secured and the terms upon which additional bonds may rank on a parity with, or be subordinate or superior to, other bonds;
The procedure, if any, by which the terms of any contract with bondholders may be amended or abrogated, the amount of bonds the holders of which must consent thereto and the manner in which such consent may be given;
Defining the acts or omissions to act which shall constitute a default in the duties of the authority to holders of its obligations, and providing the rights and remedies of such holders in the event of a default; and
Any other matters relating to the bonds which the authority deems desirable.
In addition to the other authorizations under this section, bonds of the authority may be secured by a pooling of leases whereby the authority may assign its rights, as lessor, and pledge rents under 2 or more leases of health facilities, educational facilities, nonprofit facilities, or research facilities with 2 or more participating health institutions, participating educational institutions, participating nonprofit institutions, or participating research institutions, as lessees respectively, upon such terms as may be provided for in bond resolutions of the authority.
Neither the members of the authority nor any person executing the bonds are liable personally on the bonds or subject to any personal liability or accountability by reason of the issuance thereof.
Beginning on May 23, 2000, the authority may not issue bonds for the purpose of purchasing a health maintenance organization, as defined in s. 609.01 (2)
, or any other insurer, as defined in s. 600.03 (27)
The proceeds of a bond issued under this section may be used for a project in this state or any other state, except that if the proceeds of a bond are used for a project located in another state, that project shall include a substantial component located in this state, as determined by the executive director.
The authority may secure any bonds issued under this chapter by a trust agreement, trust indenture, indenture of mortgage or deed of trust by and between the authority and one or more corporate trustees, which may be any trust company or bank in this state having the powers of a trust company. The bond resolution providing for the issuance of bonds so secured shall pledge the revenues to be received by the authority as a result of the terms of the financing referred to in the resolution, and may contain such provisions for protecting and enforcing the rights and remedies of the bondholders as are reasonable and proper and not in violation of law, including particularly such provisions as are specifically authorized by this chapter to be included in any bond resolution of the authority, and may restrict the individual right of action by bondholders. In addition, any bond resolution may contain such other provisions as the authority deems reasonable and proper for the security of the bondholders. All expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of the bond resolution may be treated as a part of the cost of the operation of a project.
History: 1973 c. 304
; 1977 c. 29
Bonds not public debt. 231.10(1)(1)
The state is not liable on notes or bonds of the authority and the notes and bonds are not a debt of the state. All notes and bonds of the authority shall contain on the face thereof a statement to this effect. The issuance of bonds under this chapter shall not, directly or indirectly or contingently, obligate the state or any political subdivision thereof to levy any form of taxation therefor or to make any appropriation for their payment. Nothing in this section prevents the authority from pledging its full faith and credit or the full faith and credit of a participating health institution, participating educational institution, participating nonprofit institution, or participating research institution to the payment of bonds authorized under this chapter.
Nothing in this chapter authorizes the authority to create a debt of the state, and all bonds issued by the authority under this chapter are payable and shall state that they are payable solely from the funds pledged for their payment in accordance with the resolution authorizing their issuance or in any trust indenture or mortgage or deed of trust executed as security therefor. The state shall not in any event be liable for the payment of the principal of or interest on any bonds of the authority or for the performance of any pledge, mortgage, obligation or agreement which may be undertaken by the authority. No breach of any such pledge, mortgage, obligation or agreement may impose any pecuniary liability upon the state or any charge upon its general credit or against its taxing power.
The state pledges to and agrees with the holders of any obligations issued under this chapter, and with those parties who may enter into contracts with the authority under this chapter, that the state will not limit or alter the rights vested in the authority by this chapter until such obligations, together with the interest thereon, are fully met and discharged and such contracts are fully performed on the part of the authority, but nothing shall preclude such a limitation or alteration if adequate provision is made by law for the protection of the holders of such obligations of the authority or those entering into such contracts with the authority.
History: 1973 c. 304
; 1977 c. 29
Studies and recommendations.
It is the intent and purpose of this chapter that the exercise by the authority of the powers granted to it shall be in all respects for the benefit of the people of this state to assist them to provide needed health facilities, educational facilities, nonprofit facilities, and research facilities of the number, size, type, distribution, and operation that will assure admission and health care, education, research opportunities, or other necessary services of high quality to all who need it. The authority shall identify and study all projects which are determined by health planning agencies to be needed, but which could not sustain a loan were such to be made to it under this chapter. The authority shall formulate and recommend to the legislature such amendments to this and other laws, and such other specific measures as grants, loan guarantees, interest subsidies, or other actions the state may provide which would render the construction and operation of needed health facilities, educational facilities, nonprofit facilities, and research facilities feasible and in the public interest. The authority also shall identify and study any laws or rules which it finds handicaps or bars a needed health facility, educational facility, nonprofit facility, or research facility from participating in the benefits of this chapter, and recommend to the legislature such actions as will remedy such situation.
Project revenues. 231.13(1)(1)
The authority shall collect rents for the use of, or other revenues relating to the financing of, each project. The authority shall contract with a participating health institution, participating educational institution, participating nonprofit institution, or participating research institution for each issuance of bonds. The contract shall provide that the rents or other revenues payable by the health facility, educational facility, nonprofit facility, or research facility shall be sufficient at all times to:
Pay its share of the administrative costs and expenses of the authority;
Pay the principal of, the premium, if any, and the interest on outstanding bonds of the authority issued in respect of such project as they become due and payable; and
Create and maintain reserves which may but need not be required or provided for in the bond resolution relating to such bonds of the authority.
The authority shall pledge the revenues derived and to be derived from a project and other related health facilities, educational facilities, nonprofit facilities, or research facilities for the purposes specified in sub. (1)
, and additional bonds may be issued which may rank on a parity with other bonds relating to the project to the extent and on the terms and conditions provided in the bond resolution. Such pledge shall be valid and binding from the time when the pledge is made, the revenues so pledged by the authority shall immediately be subject to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act and the lien of any such pledge shall be valid and binding as against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract, or otherwise against the authority, irrespective of whether such parties have notice thereof. Neither the bond resolution nor any financing statement, continuation statement, or other instrument by which a pledge is created or by which the authority's interest in revenues is assigned need be filed or recorded in any public records in order to perfect the lien thereof as against 3rd parties, except that a copy thereof shall be filed in the records of the authority and with the department of financial institutions.
All moneys received under the authority of this chapter, whether as proceeds from the sale of bonds or as revenues, shall be deemed to be trust funds to be held and applied solely as provided in this chapter. Any officer with whom, or any bank or trust company with which, such moneys are deposited shall act as trustee of such moneys and shall hold and apply the same for the purposes of this chapter, subject to such regulations as this chapter and the bond resolution authorizing the bonds of any issue provide.
History: 1973 c. 304
Rights of bondholders.
Any holder of bonds issued under this chapter or a trustee under a trust agreement, trust indenture, indenture of mortgage or deed of trust entered into under this chapter, except to the extent that their rights are restricted by any bond resolution, may, by any suitable form of legal proceedings, protect and enforce any rights under the laws of this state or granted by the bond resolution. Such rights include the right to compel the performance of all duties of the authority required by this chapter or the bond resolution; to enjoin unlawful activities; and in the event of default with respect to the payment of any principal of, premium, if any, and interest on any bond or in the performance of any covenant or agreement on the part of the authority in the bond resolution, to apply to a court to appoint a receiver to administer and operate the projects, the revenues of which are pledged to the payment of principal of, premium, if any, and interest on such bonds, with full power to pay, and to provide for payment of, principal of, premium, if any, and interest on such bonds, and with such powers, subject to the direction of the court, as are permitted by law and are accorded receivers, excluding any power to pledge additional revenues of the authority to the payment of such principal, premium and interest.
History: 1973 c. 304
Refunding bonds. 231.16(1)(1)
The authority may issue bonds to refund any outstanding bond of the authority or indebtedness that a participating health institution, participating educational institution, participating nonprofit institution, or participating research institution may have incurred for the construction or acquisition of a project prior to or after April 30, 1980, including the payment of any redemption premium on the outstanding bond or indebtedness and any interest accrued or to accrue to the earliest or any subsequent date of redemption, purchase, or maturity, or to pay all or any part of the cost of constructing and acquiring additions, improvements, extensions, or enlargements of a project or any portion of a project. Except for bonds to refund bonds issued under s. 231.03 (6) (g)
, no bonds may be issued under this section unless the authority has first entered into a new or amended agreement with a participating health institution, participating educational institution, participating nonprofit institution, or participating research institution to provide sufficient revenues to pay the costs and other items described in s. 231.13
The authority may apply the proceeds of the bonds issued to refund or refinance any outstanding bond or indebtedness to the purchase or retirement at maturity or redemption of the outstanding bond or indebtedness either on its earliest or any subsequent redemption date or upon the purchase or at the maturity of the bond or indebtedness. The authority may, pending application, place the proceeds in escrow to be applied to the purchase or retirement at maturity or redemption on any date the authority determines.
All bonds issued under this section shall be subject to this chapter in the same manner and to the same extent as other bonds issued pursuant to this chapter, except that the limitations with respect to dates under s. 231.03 (14)
do not apply to bonds issued under this section, and the requirement under s. 231.08 (3)
that the bonds mature in 50 years or less from their date of issue does not apply to bonds issued under this section to refund bonds issued under s. 231.03 (6) (g)
Investment of funds.
The authority may invest any funds in bonds, notes, certificates of indebtedness, treasury bills, or other securities constituting direct obligations of, or obligations the principal and interest of which are guaranteed by, the United States; in those certificates of deposit or time deposits constituting direct obligations of any bank that are insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation; in certificates of deposit constituting direct obligations of any credit union that are insured by the national board, as defined in s. 186.01 (3m)
; in certificates of deposit constituting direct obligations of any savings and loan association or savings bank that are insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation; in short-term discount obligations of the federal national mortgage association; or in any of the investments provided under s. 66.0603 (1m) (a)
. Any such securities may be purchased at the offering or market price thereof at the time of such purchase.
The notes and bonds of the authority are securities in which all public officers and bodies of this state and all political subdivisions and public officers thereof, all banks, trust companies, savings banks and institutions, savings and loan associations, investment companies and all personal representatives, guardians, trustees and other fiduciaries may legally invest any sinking funds, moneys or other funds belonging to them or within their control.
History: 1973 c. 304
; 1979 c. 279
The authority shall keep an accurate account of all its activities and of all its receipts and expenditures, and shall annually in January make a report thereof to the governor and the chief clerk of each house of the legislature, for distribution to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
. The reports shall be in a form approved by the state auditor. The state auditor may investigate the affairs of the authority, may examine the properties and records of the authority and may prescribe methods of accounting and the rendering of periodical reports in relation to projects undertaken by the authority.
The authority, annually on January 15, shall file with the department of administration and the joint legislative council a complete and current listing of all forms, reports and papers required by the authority to be completed by any person, other than a governmental body, as a condition of obtaining the approval of the authority or for any other reason. The authority shall attach a blank copy of each such form, report or paper to the listing.
Waiver of construction and bidding requirements.
In exercising its powers under s. 101.12
, the department of safety and professional services or any city, village, town, or county may, within its discretion for proper cause shown, waive any particular requirements relating to public buildings, structures, grounds, works, and improvements imposed by law upon projects under this chapter; the requirements of s. 101.13
may not be waived, however. If, however, the prospective lessee so requests in writing, the authority shall, through the participating health institution, participating educational institution, participating nonprofit institution, or participating research institution as its agent, call for construction bids in such manner as is determined by the authority with the approval of the lessee.
Employees under social security.
The authority may take such action as it deems appropriate to enable its employees to come within the provisions and obtain the benefits of the federal social security act.
History: 1973 c. 304
Incorporator for purpose related to purchase or sale of right to payments.
The authority, or its executive director, may organize one or more nonstock corporations under ch. 181
or limited liability companies under ch. 183
for any purpose related to purchasing or selling the state's right to receive any of the payments under the tobacco settlement agreement and may take any action necessary to facilitate and complete the purchase or sale.
History: 2001 a. 16
Effect of chapter.
This chapter shall be deemed to provide a complete, additional and alternative method for the doing of the things authorized hereby and shall be regarded as supplemental and additional to powers conferred by other laws. The issuance of bonds and refunding bonds under this chapter need not comply with the requirements of any other law applicable to the issuance of bonds.
History: 1973 c. 304
It is intended that all nonprofit entities in this state be enabled to benefit from and participate in this chapter. To this end, all nonprofit entities operating, or authorized to be operated, under any law of this state may undertake projects and utilize the capital financing sources and methods of repayment provided by this chapter, the provisions of any other laws to the contrary notwithstanding.
This chapter, being necessary for the welfare of the state and its inhabitants, shall be liberally construed to effect its purposes.
History: 1973 c. 304
The exercise of the powers granted by this chapter will be in all respects for the benefit of the people of this state, for the increase of their commerce, welfare and prosperity, and for the improvement of their health and living conditions, and as the operation and maintenance of a project undertaken pursuant to this chapter will constitute the performance of an essential public function, neither the authority nor any agent with which it contracts to operate or maintain a project is required to pay any taxes or assessments, including mortgage recording taxes, upon or in respect of a project or any property acquired or used by the authority or its agent under this chapter and the authority's income therefrom shall at all times be free from taxation of every kind by the state and by political subdivisions of the state.
History: 1973 c. 304
; 1977 c. 29
Residential facility for the severely physically disabled. 231.26(1)(1)
If proper application is made in accordance with this chapter for a project meeting the requirements of this section, the authority shall undertake a project to provide a residential facility for severely physically disabled persons utilizing any capital finance sources, methods of repayment and operation specified in this chapter.
The proposed residential facility shall provide a stable, viable environment for severely physically disabled individuals in that, while attendants will be on call at all times and personal care assistance will be provided, the residents will be given the opportunity to fulfill useful and productive life styles.