The legislative reference bureau shall, in cooperation with the legislative council staff under s. 227.15 (7)
, prepare a manual informing agencies about the form, style and placement of rules in the code.
The legislative reference bureau shall, upon request, furnish an agency with advice and assistance on the form and mechanics of rule drafting.
An agency may request an advance commitment as to the title or numbering of a proposed rule by submitting a copy of the proposed rule indicating the requested title and numbering to the legislative reference bureau prior to filing. As soon as possible after that, the legislative reference bureau shall either approve the request or inform the agency of any change necessary to preserve uniformity in the code.
The legislative reference bureau may, prior to publication, edit the analysis of a proposed rule and any other material submitted for publication in the code and register, may refer to the fact that those materials are on file or may eliminate them and any reference to them in the code and register if they do not appreciably add to an understanding of the rule. The legislative reference bureau shall submit the edited version of any material to the agency for its comments prior to publication.
Legislative review after promulgation; joint committee for review of administrative rules. 227.26(1)(1)
In this section, “rule" means all or any part of a rule which has taken effect as provided under s. 227.22 (2)
The joint committee for review of administrative rules shall promote adequate and proper rules, statements of general policy and interpretations of statutes by agencies and an understanding upon the part of the public respecting the rules, statements and interpretations.
Requirement for promulgation.
If the committee determines that a statement of policy or an interpretation of a statute meets the definition of a rule, it may direct the agency to promulgate the statement or interpretation as an emergency rule under s. 227.24 (1) (a)
within 30 days after the committee's action.
The committee shall hold a public hearing to investigate any complaint with respect to a rule if it considers the complaint meritorious and worthy of attention.
Temporary suspension of rules.
The committee may suspend any rule by a majority vote of a quorum of the committee. A rule may be suspended only on the basis of testimony in relation to that rule received at a public hearing and only for one or more of the reasons specified under s. 227.19 (4) (d)
When the committee suspends a rule, it shall publish a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, of the suspension in the official state newspaper and give any other notice it considers appropriate.
Introduction of bills.
If any rule is suspended, the committee shall, within 30 days after the suspension, meet and take executive action regarding the introduction, in each house of the legislature, of a bill to support the suspension. The committee shall introduce the bills within 5 working days after taking executive action in favor of introduction of the bills unless the bills cannot be introduced during this time period under the joint rules of the legislature.
Committee report required.
No bill required by this subsection may be considered by the legislature until the committee submits a written report on the proposed bill. The report shall be printed as an appendix to the bills introduced under par. (f)
. The report shall contain all of the following:
An explanation of the issue regarding the suspended rule and the factual situation out of which the issue arose.
Arguments presented for and against the suspension action at the public hearing held under par. (c)
A statement of the action taken by the committee regarding the rule.
A statement and analysis of the grounds upon which the committee relies for suspending the rule.
Upon the introduction of bills by the committee under this subsection, the presiding officer of each house of the legislature shall refer the bill introduced in that house to the appropriate committee, to the calendar scheduling committee or directly to the calendar. If the committee to which a bill is referred makes no report within 30 days after referral, the bill shall be considered reported without recommendation. No later than 40 days after referral, or as soon thereafter as is possible if the legislature is not in a floorperiod 40 days after referral, the bills shall be placed on the calendar of each house of the legislature according to its rule governing the placement of proposals on the calendar. A bill introduced under this subsection which is received in the 2nd house shall be referred, reported and placed on the calendar in the same manner as an original bill introduced under this subsection.
Timely introduction of bills; effect.
If both bills required under this subsection are defeated, or fail to be enacted in any other manner, the rule remains in effect and the committee may not suspend it again. If either bill becomes law, the rule is repealed and may not be promulgated again unless a subsequent law specifically authorizes such action. This paragraph applies to bills that are introduced on or after the day specified under s. 13.02 (1)
for the legislature to convene and before February 1 of an even-numbered year.
Notwithstanding pars. (i)
, the committee may act to suspend a rule as provided under this subsection multiple times.
Late introduction of bills; effect.
If the bills required under par. (f)
are introduced on or after February 1 of an even-numbered year and before the next regular session of the legislature commences, as provided under s. 13.02 (2)
, or if the bills cannot be introduced during this time period under the joint rules of the legislature, unless either house adversely disposes of either bill, the committee shall introduce the bills on the first day of the next regular session of the legislature. If the committee is required to introduce the bills on the first day of the next regular session, the rule to which the bills pertain remains suspended except as provided in par. (i)
. If either house adversely disposes of either bill, the rule remains in effect and the committee may not suspend it again. In this paragraph, “adversely disposes of" has the meaning given under s. 227.19 (5) (g)
The committee shall submit a biennial report of its activities to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature, for distribution to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
, and to the governor and include recommendations.
If the committee suspends an emergency rule under this section, the agency may not submit to the legislature under s. 227.19 (2)
the substance of the emergency rule as a proposed permanent rule during the time the emergency rule is suspended.
Public hearings by state agencies.
By a majority vote of a quorum of the committee, the committee may require any agency to hold a public hearing in respect to recommendations made under sub. (2)
and to report its action to the committee within the time specified by the committee. The agency shall publish a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, of the hearing in the official state newspaper and give any other notice which the committee directs. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with s. 227.18
and shall be held not more than 60 days after receipt of notice of the requirement.
In this subsection, “unauthorized rule" means a rule that an agency lacks the authority to promulgate due to the repeal or amendment of the law that previously authorized its promulgation.
Notwithstanding ss. 227.114
, an agency that promulgated or that otherwise administers a rule that the agency determines is an unauthorized rule shall petition the joint committee for review of administrative rules for authorization to repeal that rule by using the following process:
The agency shall submit a petition with a proposed rule that repeals the rule the agency has determined is an unauthorized rule to the legislative council staff for review. The proposed rule shall be in the form required under s. 227.14 (1)
and shall include the material required under s. 227.14 (2) (a) 1.
, and 7.
and a statement that the agency is petitioning the joint committee for review of administrative rules to use the process under this subsection to repeal a rule the agency has determined to be an unauthorized rule. The agency shall also send an electronic copy of the petition and the proposed rule to the legislative reference bureau, in a format approved by the legislative reference bureau, for publication in the register.
The legislative council staff shall review the petition and proposed rule in accordance with s. 227.15 (2)
and submit to the joint committee for review of administrative rules the petition and proposed rule with a written report including a statement of its determination as to whether the proposed rule proposes to repeal an unauthorized rule. The legislative council staff shall send the agency a copy of its report with an indication of the date on which the petition and proposed rule were submitted to the committee.
Following receipt of the petition and proposed rule submitted by the legislative council staff under subd. 2.
, the joint committee for review of administrative rules shall review the petition and proposed rule and may do any of the following:
Approve the agency's petition if the committee determines that the proposed rule would repeal an unauthorized rule.
Request that the agency make changes to the proposed rule and resubmit the petition and proposed rule under subd. 1.
The committee shall inform the agency in writing of its decision as to the petition.
If the joint committee for review of administrative rules approves a petition to repeal an unauthorized rule as provided in par. (b) 3. a.
, the agency shall promulgate the proposed rule by filing a certified copy of the rule with the legislative reference bureau under s. 227.20
, together with a copy of the committee's decision.
Rule suspension under sub. (2) (d) does not violate the separation of powers doctrine. Martinez v. DILHR, 165 Wis. 2d 687
, 478 N.W.2d 582
A collective bargaining agreement between the regents and the teaching assistants association is not subject to review by the committee. 59 Atty. Gen. 200.
In giving notice of public hearings held under sub. (2), the committee should concurrently employ the various forms of notice available that best fit the particular circumstances. 62 Atty. Gen. 299.
If an administrative rule is properly adopted and is within the power of the legislature to delegate there is no material difference between it and a law. No law, including a valid rule can be revoked by a joint resolution of the legislature as such a resolution deprives the executive its power to veto an act of the legislature. 63 Atty. Gen. 159.
Legislative committee review of administrative rules in Wisconsin. Bunn and Gallagher. 1977 WLR 935.
Repeal or modification of rules.
If a bill to repeal or modify a rule is enacted, the procedures under ss. 227.114
do not apply. Instead, the legislative reference bureau shall publish the repeal or modification in the Wisconsin administrative code and register as required under s. 35.93
, and the repeal or modification shall take effect as provided in s. 227.22
History: 2013 a. 125
Construction of administrative rules. 227.27(2)
The code shall be prima facie evidence in all courts and proceedings as provided by s. 889.01
, but this does not preclude reference to or, in case of a discrepancy, control over a rule filed with the legislative reference bureau under s. 227.20
or modified under s. 227.265
, and the certified copy of a rule shall also and in the same degree be prima facie evidence in all courts and proceedings.
History: 1983 a. 544
; 1985 a. 182
, 55 (2)
, (3); Stats. 1985 s. 227.27; 2005 a. 249
; 2007 a. 20
; 2013 a. 125
When interpreting administrative regulations, a court uses the same rules of interpretation as the court applies to statutes. DaimlerChrysler v. LIRC, 2007 WI 15
, 299 Wis. 2d 1
, 727 N.W.2d 311
An administrative agency's interpretation of its own rules or regulations is controlling unless plainly erroneous or inconsistent with the regulations. For an agency's interpretation of its own rules or regulations, if the interpretation is reasonable and consistent with the intended purpose, a court generally applies either “controlling weight" or “great weight" deference. DaimlerChrysler v. LIRC, 2007 WI 15
, 299 Wis. 2d 1
, 727 N.W.2d 311
. But see Tetra Tech EC, Inc. v. DOR, 2018 WI 75
, 382 Wis. 2d 496
, 914 N.W.2d 21
Agency review of rules and enactments. 227.29(1)(1)
By March 31 of each odd-numbered year, each agency with any rules published in the code shall submit a report to the joint committee for review of administrative rules listing all of the following rules promulgated or otherwise administered by that agency:
Unauthorized rules, as defined in s. 227.26 (4) (a)
, together with a description of the legislation that eliminated the agency's authority to promulgate any such rule.
Rules for which the authority to promulgate has been restricted, together with a description of the legislation that restricted that authority.
Rules that are obsolete or that have been rendered unnecessary, together with a description of why those rules are obsolete or have been rendered unnecessary.
Rules that are duplicative of, superseded by, or in conflict with another rule, a state statute, a federal statute or regulation, or a ruling of a court of competent jurisdiction, together with a citation to or the text of any such statute, regulation, or ruling.
Rules that the agency determines are economically burdensome.
The report under sub. (1)
shall also include all of the following:
A description of the agency's actions, if any, to address each rule listed in the report. If the agency has not taken any action to address a rule listed in the report, the agency shall include an explanation for not taking action.
A description of the status of each rule listed in the previous year's report not otherwise listed.
If an agency identifies an unauthorized rule under sub. (1) (a)
and is not otherwise in the process of promulgating a rule that repeals the unauthorized rule, the agency shall, within 30 days after the agency submits the report, submit a petition to the legislative council staff under s. 227.26 (4) (b) 1.
to repeal the unauthorized rule if the agency has not previously done so.
In this subsection, “enactment" means an act or a portion of an act that is required to be published under s. 35.095 (3) (a)
Each agency shall review enactments to determine whether any part of an enactment does any of the following:
Eliminates or restricts the agency's authority to promulgate any rules promulgated or otherwise administered by that agency.
Renders any rules promulgated or otherwise administered by that agency obsolete or unnecessary.
Renders, for any reason, any rules promulgated or otherwise administered by that agency not in conformity with or superseded by a state statute, including due to statutory numbering or terminology changes in the enactment.
Requires or otherwise necessitates rule making by the agency.
If an agency determines that any consequence specified in par. (b) 1.
results from an enactment or part of an enactment, within 6 months after the applicable effective date for the enactment or part of the enactment, the agency shall do one or more of the following, as applicable, to address the consequence identified by the agency and notify the joint committee for review of administrative rules of its action:
Submit a statement of the scope of a proposed rule under s. 227.135 (2)
, unless the enactment requires otherwise or unless the agency submits a notice to the committee explaining why it is unable to submit the statement of scope within that time period and an estimate of when the agency plans to submit the statement of scope.
In the case of a consequence specified under par. (b) 3.
that can be addressed by the legislative reference bureau using its authority under s. 13.92 (4) (b)
, submit a request to the legislative reference bureau to use that authority.
History: 2017 a. 108
Review of administrative rules or guidelines. 227.30(1)(1)
The small business regulatory review board may review the rules and guidelines of any agency to determine whether any of those rules or guidelines place an unnecessary burden on the ability of small businesses, as defined in s. 227.114 (1)
, to conduct their affairs. If the board determines that a rule or guideline places an unnecessary burden on the ability of a small business to conduct its affairs, the board shall submit a report and recommendations regarding the rule or guideline to the joint committee for review of administrative rules and to the agency.
When reviewing the report, the joint committee for review of administrative rules shall consider all of the following:
The continued need for the rule or guideline.
The nature of the complaints and comments received from the public regarding the rule or guideline.
The extent to which the rule or guideline overlaps, duplicates, or conflicts with federal regulations, other state rules, or local ordinances.
The length of time since the rule or guideline has been evaluated.
The degree to which technology, economic conditions, or other factors have changed in the subject area affected by the rule or guideline since the rule or guideline was promulgated.
The joint committee for review of administrative rules may refer the report regarding the rule or guideline to the presiding officer of each house of the legislature for referral to a committee under s. 227.19 (2)
or may review the rule or guideline as provided under s. 227.26
History: 2003 a. 145
; 2005 a. 249
ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW
Subch. III of ch. 227 Cross-reference
See also ch. NR 2
, Wis. adm. code.