A financial regulator may not be an officer, director, employee or agent of a savings bank.
A financial regulator may not voluntarily acquire equity securities in a savings bank or a savings bank holding company. A financial regulator shall transfer equity securities which he or she owns within 90 days after commencement of employment as a financial regulator or within 90 days after acquiring ownership by inheritance or gift.
Notwithstanding par. (a)
, a financial regulator may not obtain a new loan from or renegotiate, refinance, renew, extend or modify an existing loan with a savings bank. A financial regulator may exercise contract rights under an existing variable rate, escalator or balloon-type mortgage. A financial regulator is not required to terminate a loan existing at the time he or she becomes a financial regulator.
Within 30 days after commencing employment as a financial regulator and at least once each year, each financial regulator, for himself or herself and covering his or her immediate family, shall complete a written, sworn report disclosing the nature of all business relationships with savings banks on forms prescribed by the department. Each report shall be reviewed by the department, except that the secretary's and deputy secretary's report shall be reviewed by the review board. The reviewers shall determine if any business relationship is or appears improper and, if so, may direct the termination of that business relationship within a reasonable, prescribed time period.
History: 1991 a. 221
; 1995 a. 27
Except as provided in par. (b)
, at least once every 18 months and more often if necessary, the division shall examine the books, records, operations and affairs of a savings bank. In the course of the examination, the division may also examine in the same manner any entity, company or individual that the division determines may have a relationship with the savings bank or a savings bank holding company, savings bank subsidiary, service corporation or affiliate of the savings bank, if the relationship may adversely affect the affairs, activities and safety and soundness of the savings bank.
In lieu of any examination required under par. (a)
, the division may accept any examination that may have been made of any savings bank within a reasonable period by the federal deposit insurance corporation, any federal agency with primary responsibility for supervising savings banks chartered under the laws of the United States, or any agency of another state with primary responsibility for supervising savings banks chartered under the laws of that state.
The division shall consider it to be necessary to conduct an examination more often than every 18 months if a required report from a savings bank indicates a material change in financial condition or a material violation of a state or federal law, of a federal regulation or of a rule of the division. If that condition is grounds for taking custody of the savings bank, the examination shall be initiated within 10 business days.
Subject to sub. (3m)
, an examination shall include a review of all of the following:
Quality of financial condition, including safety and soundness and investment and loan quality.
Compliance with this chapter and other applicable state laws and rules and federal laws and regulations.
Overall safety and soundness of the savings bank, its parent savings bank holding company, savings bank subsidiaries, service corporations and affiliates.
Remedial actions required to correct and to restore compliance with applicable statutes, regulations, rules and orders.
Any other matter the division considers to be appropriate.
In conducting examinations under sub. (1) (a)
, the division may accept and rely on information collected by other agencies or independent 3rd parties in determining whether a savings bank has satisfied any requirement that is part of the examination.
If a savings bank, its savings bank holding company or any of its savings bank subsidiaries or service corporations has not been audited at least once in the 12 months before the examination date under sub. (1) (a)
, notwithstanding sub. (1) (b)
, the division may order an audit of the entity's books and records to be made by an independent certified public accountant, selected by the division, who has experience in financial institution audits. The cost of the audit shall be paid for by the entity being audited.
Employees of the division or other designated agents may administer oaths and examine and take and preserve testimony under oath as to anything in the affairs or ownership of the savings bank or the entity examined.
An examination report under s. 214.735
or a report based upon an examination accepted under sub. (1) (b)
, may contain directives to correct violations or to perform acts to ensure the safety and soundness of the savings bank or the entity examined.
If a savings bank fails to submit to an examination, the division shall report that failure to the attorney general, who shall institute proceedings to revoke its certificate of incorporation.
Upon completion of an examination, the division shall provide an examination report to the board of directors of the savings bank or other entity examined. Each director shall read the report and shall sign an affidavit affirming that the director has read and understands the report. The affidavits shall be retained by the savings bank or entity examined and may be examined by the division.
History: 1991 a. 221
; 1995 a. 27
Orders of the division. 214.74(1)(1)
If the affairs of the savings bank, savings bank subsidiary, service corporation or affiliate or savings bank holding company are not being conducted in accordance with this chapter, the division may require the directors, officers and employees to take necessary corrective action. If the necessary corrective action is not taken, the division may issue an order to the directors of the entity, to be served personally or by certified mail, specifying a date for the performance of the corrective action.
If the order contains a finding that the business of the savings bank or savings bank holding company is being conducted in a fraudulent, illegal, unsafe or unsound manner or that the violation or the continuance of the practice to be corrected may cause insolvency, substantial dissipation of assets or earnings or the impairment of capital, the savings bank or savings bank holding company shall comply with the order immediately, unless the order is modified or withdrawn by the division or modified or terminated by a court. Notwithstanding sub. (3)
, the division may apply to the circuit court in the county in which the home office of the savings bank or savings bank holding company is located for enforcement of an order.
If a hearing before the review board has not been requested within 20 days after service of an order, the division may, at any time within 90 days after the date specified in the order for an action to be taken or discontinued, commence an action in the circuit court of the county in which the home office of the savings bank or savings bank holding company is located to compel the directors, officers or employees to take required corrective action. If a hearing is requested pursuant to s. 214.78
, the division may institute suit within 90 days after a determination by the review board.
This section is in addition to the enforcement authority of the division under subch. XII
History: 1991 a. 221
; 1995 a. 27
See also ss. DFI-SB 2.03
, Wis. adm. code.
Division's notice to members or stockholders.
The division may prepare a statement of the condition of the savings bank, affiliate, savings bank subsidiary, service corporation or savings bank holding company and may mail the statement to the members or stockholders or may publish the statement as a class 1 notice under ch. 985
. The expense of a mailing or publication shall be paid by the savings bank, affiliate, savings bank subsidiary, service corporation or savings bank holding company.
History: 1991 a. 221
; 1995 a. 27
Record keeping and retention. 214.75(1)(1)
A savings bank shall maintain books and records, as required by the division, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and the requirements of its deposit insurance corporation. All books and records shall be current, complete, organized and accessible to the division's agents and examiners and to the savings bank's auditors and accountants.
A savings bank employing an outside data processing service shall inform the division at the initiation, renewal or changing of a contract for data processing services with an outside data processing service. The contract shall be submitted to the division at least 60 days before its implementation. The contract shall provide that the records maintained shall at all times be available for examination and audit by the division. A savings bank shall implement internal control and security measures for its data processing activities.
The division may examine any data processing center that provides data processing or related services to a savings bank as often as the division examines the savings bank it serves.
The division shall by rule prescribe standards by which savings banks must retain records and may destroy those records. Liability may not accrue against the savings bank, the division or this state for destruction of records according to rules of the division promulgated under this subsection. In an action in which records of the savings bank may be called in question or demanded, a showing of compliance with the division's standards shall be sufficient to excuse any inability to produce the records.
A savings bank may cause records kept by the savings bank to be recorded, copied or reproduced by any photostatic, photographic or miniature photographic process or by optical imaging if the process employed correctly, accurately and permanently copies, reproduces or forms a medium for copying, reproducing or recording the original record on a film or other durable material. A savings bank may thereafter dispose of the original record. This subsection is applicable to federal savings banks if it does not contravene federal law.
Any photographic, photostatic, or miniature photographic copy or reproduction or copy reproduced from a film record or any copy of a record generated by optical disc storage of a savings bank record shall be considered to be an original record for all purposes and shall be treated as an original record in all courts or administrative agencies for the purpose of its admissibility in evidence. A facsimile, exemplification, or certified copy of a photographic copy or reproduction, copy reproduced from a film record, or copy generated from optical disc storage of a record shall, for all purposes, be considered to be a facsimile, exemplification, or certified copy of the original record.
See also ch. DFI-SB 6
, Wis. adm. code.
Disclosure of examination reports and other records. 214.755(1)(1)
Employees of the division and members of the review board may not disclose information gathered by examination of or obtained through reports from a savings bank or from a state or federal financial institution regulatory authority except to any of the following:
Directors, officers or employees of the savings bank if required to administer this chapter.
A state or federal financial institution regulatory authority if the regulatory authority agrees to keep the information confidential.
A court, or law enforcement or prosecutorial agencies for use in investigating or prosecuting a crime involving that information.
The savings bank's independent certified public accountants.
The savings bank's deposit insurance corporation.
A federal home loan bank if the federal home loan bank agrees to keep the information confidential.
The officers or employees of a savings bank may not disclose the contents of an examination report except to any of the following:
A court, or law enforcement or prosecutorial agencies for use in investigating or prosecuting a crime involving the contents of the report.
The savings bank's attorneys, independent certified public accountants or other professional advisers.
An individual who violates sub. (1)
shall forfeit his or her office or position.
Annual audit requirement. 214.76(1)(1)
Except as provided in sub. (2)
, the board of directors of a savings bank shall hire a certified public accountant licensed or certified under ch. 442
or other qualified person to conduct a comprehensive annual audit of the records, accounts, and affairs of the savings bank.
The board of directors of a savings bank may appoint an auditing committee of one or more capable persons to annually audit the records, accounts, and cash of the savings bank and to verify customer accounts. Verification procedures shall be conducted according to the savings bank's auditing program or the rules of the division.
Audit reports under this section shall be submitted to the savings bank's board of directors and retained as records of the savings bank.
Unsafe and unsound practices; orders of prohibition and removal. 214.765(1)(1)
A violation of subch. VI
or s. 214.34
, or the failure to comply with recommendations of an examination report of the division within 60 days after the date of issuance of the report or within any other period the division specifies, shall be considered an unsafe and unsound practice and creates an unsafe and unsound condition in the savings bank. A savings bank or a person affiliated with a savings bank who violates these provisions shall be subject to a forfeiture under s. 214.935
and to other enforcement powers of the division under this subchapter, subch. XII
and rules of the division.
Continued violation of any provision in sub. (1)
after the division issues an order to correct shall subject the members of the board of directors of the savings bank to removal from the board and to a permanent order of prohibition under s. 214.91
The division shall promulgate rules to implement this section.
History: 1991 a. 221
; 1995 a. 27
See also s. DFI-SB 2.04
, Wis. adm. code.
Foreign savings banks. 214.772(1)(1)
In this section, “foreign savings bank" means a savings bank organized under the laws of another state or territory. “Foreign savings bank" does not include a federal savings bank.
A foreign savings bank is doing business in this state if it accepts funds for deposit accounts in this state, takes loan applications in this state in the regular course of business or otherwise engages in any activity which would, if engaged in by a domestic entity, require that entity to be organized under this chapter as a savings bank. A foreign savings bank is not considered to be doing business in this state solely because it does one or more of the following:
Makes a mortgage loan in this state, purchases a loan secured by real property located in this state or otherwise acquires an interest in real property located in this state.
Holds or disposes of any interest in real property located in this state.
Pursues its rights or remedies in this state as the owner of real estate or under the terms of a real estate mortgage or similar security interest.
The activities in this state that a foreign savings bank may engage in are limited to those activities that a savings bank may engage in, and are subject to the laws of this state to the same extent as those activities conducted by a savings bank. A foreign savings bank may not do business in this state without a certificate of authority issued under this section.
An application by a foreign savings bank for a certificate of authority to do business in this state shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable $500 application fee and shall contain all of the following:
A certified copy of the foreign savings bank's articles of incorporation and bylaws.
The name and address of the person in this state who will serve as the foreign savings bank's agent under sub. (6)
Satisfactory evidence that the foreign savings bank is in good standing with the regulatory authority responsible for its supervision in the jurisdiction in which the foreign savings bank is organized.
Satisfactory evidence of insurance by a deposit insurance corporation.
Upon receipt of a completed application and the required fee, the division may issue a certificate of authority. The certificate of authority may be subject to specific conditions that the division believes necessary to adequately safeguard the interests of the residents of this state. The division may not issue a certificate of authority to do business in this state unless all of the following conditions are met:
The foreign savings bank is in sound financial condition and entitled to public confidence, and the division is satisfied that the foreign savings bank will conduct its business in this state in accordance with the laws of this state.
The deposit accounts of the foreign savings bank are insured by a deposit insurance corporation.
The division may revoke a certificate of authority issued under this section if any of the following occurs:
The foreign savings bank fails to conduct its business in this state in accordance with the laws of this state.