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196.027(7) (7)Environmental trust bonds as legal investments. Any of the following may legally invest any sinking funds, moneys, or other funds belonging to them or under their control in environmental trust bonds:
196.027(7)(a) (a) The state, the investment board, municipal corporations, political subdivisions, public bodies, and public officers except for members of the public service commission.
196.027(7)(b) (b) Banks and bankers, savings and loan associations, credit unions, trust companies, savings banks and institutions, investment companies, insurance companies, insurance associations, and other persons carrying on a banking or insurance business.
196.027(7)(c) (c) Personal representatives, guardians, trustees, and other fiduciaries.
196.027(8) (8)State pledge.
196.027(8)(a) (a) In this subsection, “bondholder" means a person who holds an environmental trust bond.
196.027(8)(b) (b) The state pledges to and agrees with bondholders that the state will not do any of the following:
196.027(8)(b)1. 1. Take or permit any action that impairs the value of environmental control property.
196.027(8)(b)2. 2. Except as allowed under this section, reduce, alter, or impair environmental control charges that are imposed, collected, and remitted for the benefit of the bondholders until any principal, interest, premium, or other charge incurred, or contract to be performed, in connection with environmental trust bonds held by the bondholders are paid or performed in full.
196.027(8)(c) (c) Any person who issues environmental trust bonds is allowed to include the pledge specified in par. (b) in the bonds and relating documentation.
196.027(9) (9)Conflicts. In the event of conflict between this section and any other law regarding the attachment, assignment, or perfection, or the effect of perfection, or priority of any security interest in environmental control property, this section to the extent of the conflict shall govern.
196.027(10) (10)Effect of invalidity on actions. Effective on the date that environmental trust bonds are first issued under this section, if any provision of this section is held to be invalid or is invalidated, superseded, replaced, repealed, or expires for any reason, that occurrence shall not affect any action allowed under this section that is taken by an energy utility, an assignee, a collection agent, or a party to a transaction and any such action shall remain in full force and effect.
196.027 History History: 2003 a. 152, 326; 2011 a. 260; 2017 a. 365 s. 112.
196.029 196.029 Energy administration.
196.029(1)(1)Information. If the governor determines that a disruption of energy supplies poses a serious risk to the economic well-being, health or welfare of the citizens of this state, the governor may issue an order declaring an energy alert. Upon declaration of an energy alert by the governor, the commission may issue general or special orders, as defined in s. 101.01 (7), or promulgate emergency rules under ch. 227 to compel disclosure of information required for purposes of this section. Any person, or agent of the person, who produces, imports or sells, coal or other forms of fuel, other than electricity, natural gas or wood, who is subject to an emergency rule or general or special order of the commission within reasonable time limits specified in the order shall file or furnish such reports, information, data, copies of extracts of originals as the commission deems necessary relating to existing and future energy supplies, including but not limited to record of sales in years for 1970 and thereafter, storage capacity, supplies on hand and anticipated supplies, and anticipated demand. To the extent that the reports and data requested by the commission are presently available from other state or federal agencies, the commission shall coordinate its data reporting requirements with the agencies to avoid duplication of reporting.
196.029(2) (2)Information to be confidential. All information furnished under sub. (1) shall be considered confidential and may be compiled or published only for purposes of general statistical comparison. The information may be disclosed to agencies of the state or of the federal government, under the same or similar rules of confidentiality.
196.029(3) (3)Penalties and judicial relief.
196.029(3)(a) (a) Any person, or agent of a person, who produces, imports or sells, coal or other forms of fuel, other than electricity, natural gas or wood, who fails to provide information requested by the commission at the time and in the manner specified by the commission shall forfeit an amount not to exceed $1,000. Each day the violation of this section continues from the day notice has been received constitutes a separate offense.
196.029(3)(b) (b) Upon request of the commission, the attorney general or the district attorney of the proper county may aid in any investigation, enforce any request of the commission for information under this section or seek forfeitures for violations of this section.
196.029(3)(c) (c) Upon request of the commission, the attorney general or the district attorney of the proper county may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for a temporary or permanent injunction restraining any person from violating this section.
196.029(3)(d) (d) The remedies under this section shall not be exclusive.
196.029(4) (4)Hearings; evidence; witness fees.
196.029(4)(a)(a) The commission or any of its authorized agents may, in relation to any matter arising under this section, conduct hearings, administer oaths, issue subpoenas and take testimony.
196.029(4)(b) (b) The witnesses subpoenaed by the commission or its agent and officers who serve subpoenas shall be entitled to the fees allowed in courts of record. The fees shall be audited and paid by the state in the same manner as other expenses of the commission are audited and paid. No witness subpoenaed at the instance of any party other than the commission is entitled to payment of fees by the state, unless the commission certifies that the testimony of the witness was material.
196.029(4)(c) (c) Any person who unlawfully fails to attend as a witness or refuses to testify may be compelled to do so as provided in s. 885.12.
196.029(4)(d) (d) A record of all hearings shall be kept by the commission. All hearings shall be public.
196.029 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1979 c. 19; 1983 a. 189 s. 329 (4); 1985 a. 236; 1989 a. 359; 1995 a. 27; 2017 a. 136 s. 2; 2017 Stats. s. 196.029.
196.029 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Adm 40, Wis. adm. code.
196.03 196.03 Utility charges and service; reasonable and adequate.
196.03(1)(1)Subject to s. 196.63, a public utility shall furnish reasonably adequate service and facilities. The charge made by any public utility for any heat, light, water, telecommunications service or power produced, transmitted, delivered or furnished or for any service rendered or to be rendered in connection therewith shall be reasonable and just and every unjust or unreasonable charge for such service is prohibited and declared unlawful.
196.03(2) (2)For rate-making purposes the commission may consider 2 or more municipalities as a regional unit if the same public utility serves the municipalities and if the commission determines that the public interest so requires.
196.03(3) (3)
196.03(3)(a)(a) In the case of a public utility furnishing water, the commission shall include, in the determination of water rates, the cost of fluoridating the water in the area served by the public utility furnishing water if the governing body of the city, village or town which owns or is served by the public utility furnishing water authorizes the fluoridation of water by the public utility furnishing water.
196.03(3)(b) (b) Unless the governing body of a city, village or town adopts a resolution providing that the city, village or town will pay the retail charges for the production, storage, transmission, sale and delivery or furnishing of water for public fire protection purposes that are not included in general service charges:
196.03(3)(b)1. 1. A public utility shall include the charges in the water utility bill of each customer of the public utility in the city, village or town.
196.03(3)(b)2. 2. A municipal utility may, in addition to including the charges in water utility bills under subd. 1., bill the charges to any person who meets all of the following conditions:
196.03(3)(b)2.a. a. The person is not a customer of the municipal utility.
196.03(3)(b)2.b. b. The person owns land that is located in the city, village or town and in an area in which the municipal utility has an obligation to provide water for public fire protection. If the person owns 2 or more parcels that are adjacent to each other or divided only by a roadway or brook, creek, river, or stream, the municipality may bill the person for only one parcel.
196.03(4) (4)Any public utility which is not a city, town or village and which supplies gas or electricity to its customers may not recover in rates set by the commission from any customer for any expenditure for costs in a proceeding before the commission which exceed 4 times the total amount assessed to the utility under s. 196.85 (1) and (2) unless the object of the expenditure has been ordered by the commission. The commission, by rule, shall establish procedures whereby a public utility may recover its expenditures under this subsection.
196.03(5) (5)
196.03(5)(a)(a) In this subsection “facility" means nuclear-fired electric generating equipment and associated facilities subject to a loss of coolant accident in March 1979.
196.03(5)(b) (b) The commission may not authorize a utility furnishing electricity to recover in rates charged to consumers for the costs of repairing, maintaining or operating any facility owned by another public utility located outside of this state.
196.03(5)(c) (c) The commission may not authorize a utility furnishing electricity to recover in rates charged to consumers for insurance premiums that provide coverage for an accident at a facility in March 1979, if the coverage is first obtained on or after May 7, 1982.
196.03(5)(d) (d) No utility may otherwise pay directly or indirectly for the costs in pars. (b) and (c).
196.03(5m) (5m)The commission shall promulgate rules establishing requirements and procedures for the commission, in setting rates for retail electric service, to reflect the assignment of costs and the treatment of revenues from sales to customers outside this state that the public utility does not have a duty to serve.
196.03 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. PSC 117, Wis. adm. code.
196.03(6) (6)In determining a reasonably adequate telecommunications service or a reasonable and just charge for that telecommunications service, the commission shall consider at least the following factors in determining what is reasonable and just, reasonably adequate, convenient and necessary or in the public interest:
196.03(6)(a) (a) Promotion and preservation of competition consistent with ch. 133 and s. 196.219.
196.03(6)(b) (b) Promotion of consumer choice.
196.03(6)(c) (c) Impact on the quality of life for the public, including privacy considerations.
196.03(6)(d) (d) Promotion of universal service.
196.03(6)(e) (e) Promotion of economic development, including telecommunications infrastructure deployment.
196.03(6)(f) (f) Promotion of efficiency and productivity.
196.03(6)(g) (g) Promotion of telecommunications services in geographical areas with diverse income or racial populations.
196.03 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. PSC 113, 134, and 185, Wis. adm. code.
196.03 Annotation A charge for fire protection services under sub. (3) is a fee not a tax; imposing the fee against a church is constitutional. City of River Falls v. St. Bridget's Catholic Church, 182 Wis. 2d 436, 513 N.W.2d 673 (Ct. App. 1994).
196.03 Annotation This section and related administrative rules dictate contract terms between a regulated utility and its customers and do not create any duties independent of the utility service contract. A phone company's failure to include a subscriber in its directory did not result in tort liability. Recycle Worlds Consulting Corp. v. Wisconsin Bell, 224 Wis. 2d 586, 592 N.W.2d 637 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-0752.
196.03 Annotation A public utility has no duty to provide services to persons in the utility's area of undertaking requesting service who live in a mobile home park, are supplied with services by a vendor selected by the park operator that is not a public utility, and are not claiming that service is inadequate or rates unreasonable. An agreement between the park operator and the selected vendor is not void as against public policy. Northern States Power Co. v. National Gas Company, Inc. 2000 WI App 30, 232 Wis. 2d 541, 606 N.W.2d 613, 99-1486.
196.04 196.04 Facilities granted other utilities; physical telecommunications connections; petition; investigation.
196.04(1)(1)
196.04(1)(a) (a) Definitions. In this section:
196.04(1)(a)2. 2. “Physical connection" means the number of trunk lines or complete circuits and connections, including connections by wire, optics, radio signal or other means, required to furnish reasonably adequate telecommunications service between telecommunications providers.
196.04(1)(a)3. 3. “Political subdivision" means any county, city, village, or town or public utility owned or operated by any county, city, village, or town.
196.04(1)(a)4. 4. “Transmission equipment and property" means any conduit, subway, pole, tower, transmission wire, or other equipment on, over, or under any right-of-way owned or controlled by a political subdivision, street, or highway.
196.04(1)(b) (b) Transmission equipment and property access.
196.04(1)(b)1. 1. Any person who owns transmission equipment and property shall permit, for reasonable compensation, the use of the transmission equipment and property, including an attachment to a pole, by any public utility, video service provider, or telecommunications provider if public convenience and necessity require such use and if the use will not result in irreparable injury to any owner or user of the transmission equipment and property or in any substantial detriment to the service to be rendered by the owner or user.
196.04(1)(b)2. 2. Every telecommunications utility shall permit physical connections to be made, and telecommunications service to be furnished, between any telecommunications system operated by it and the telecommunications toll line operated by another telecommunications provider, or between its toll line and the telecommunications system of another telecommunications provider, or between its toll line and the toll line of another telecommunications provider, or between its telecommunications system and the telecommunications system of another telecommunications provider if all of the following apply:
196.04(1)(b)2.a. a. Public convenience and necessity require the connection.
196.04(1)(b)2.b. b. The connection will not result in irreparable injury to the owners or other users of the facilities of the public utility making the connection.
196.04(1)(b)2.c. c. The connection will not result in any substantial detriment to the service to be rendered by a public utility making the connection.
196.04(2) (2)If there is a failure to agree upon the use of transmission equipment and property under sub. (1) or the conditions or compensation for the use, or if there is a failure to agree upon the physical connections or the terms and conditions upon which the physical connections shall be made, any public utility, video service provider, telecommunications provider, or other interested person may apply to the commission. If, after investigation, the commission determines that public convenience and necessity require the use of the transmission equipment and property or the physical connections and that the use or physical connections will not result in irreparable injury to the owner or other users of the transmission equipment and property or of the facilities of the public utility, video service provider, or telecommunications provider or in any substantial detriment to the service to be rendered by the owner or the public utility, video service provider, telecommunications provider, or other users of the transmission equipment and property or facilities, the commission, by order, shall direct that the use of the transmission equipment and property be permitted and that the physical connections be made. The commission shall prescribe reasonable conditions and compensation for the use of the transmission equipment and property and shall determine how and within what time the physical connections shall be made and by whom the expense of making and maintaining the physical connections shall be paid. An order under this subsection may be revised by the commission.
196.04(4) (4)
196.04(4)(a)(a) In this subsection, “sewerage system operator" means any of the following:
196.04(4)(a)1. 1. A municipality that operates a sewerage system under s. 66.0821.
196.04(4)(a)2. 2. A town sanitary district commission that operates a sewerage system under s. 60.77 (4).
196.04(4)(a)3. 3. A city or village that obtains a sewerage system under s. 60.79.
196.04(4)(a)4. 4. A metropolitan sewerage district commission that operates a sewerage system under s. 200.11 (2) or 200.31 (1).
196.04(4)(a)5. 5. A public inland lake protection and rehabilitation district that exercises the powers of a town sanitary district under s. 33.22 (3) and that operates a sewerage system under s. 60.77 (4).
196.04(4)(b) (b) If the parties cannot agree and the commission finds that public convenience and necessity or the rendition of reasonably adequate service to the public requires that a public utility, telecommunications provider, sewerage system operator, or video service provider be permitted to extend its lines on, over or under the right-of-way of any railroad, or requires that the tracks of any railroad be extended on, over or under the right-of-way of any public utility, telecommunications provider, sewerage system operator, or video service provider, the commission may order the extension by the public utility, telecommunications provider, sewerage system operator, video service provider, or railroad on, over or under the right-of-way of the other if it will not materially impair the ability of the railroad, telecommunications provider, sewerage system operator, video service provider, or public utility, on, over or under whose right-of-way the extension would be made, to serve the public. The commission shall prescribe lawful conditions and compensation which the commission deems equitable and reasonable in light of all the circumstances.
196.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. PSC 132, Wis. adm. code.
196.04 Annotation It was reasonable to determine that an award under sub. (4) should consist of compensation for: 1) the right of crossing the railway, measured by the diminution of value; and 2) the consequential damages that result directly from the construction and maintenance of the utility's crossing. Wisconsin Central LTD. v. PSC, 170 Wis. 2d 558, 490 N.W.2d 27 (Ct. App. 1992).
196.05 196.05 Public utility property; valuation; revaluation. If the commission deems it proper or necessary for effective regulation, the commission shall value or revalue all the property of every public utility actually used and useful for the convenience of the public.
196.05 History History: 1983 a. 53.
196.06 196.06 Uniform accounting; forms; books; office.
196.06(1)(1)Every public utility shall keep and render to the commission in the manner and form prescribed by the commission uniform accounts of all business transacted.
196.06(2) (2)The commission may require any public utility engaged directly or indirectly in any business other than that of the production, transmission or furnishing of heat, light, water, telecommunications service or power to keep and render separately to the commission in like manner and form the accounts of all such other business. This chapter applies to the books, accounts, papers and records of such other business if the commission requires the keeping and rendering separately of the accounts under this subsection.
196.06(3) (3)Each public utility shall keep and render its books, accounts, papers and records accurately and faithfully in the manner and form prescribed by the commission and shall comply with all directions of the commission relating to such books, accounts, papers and records.
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