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179.04023(2m)(a)4. 4. A declaration that the statement of authority is being renewed.
179.04023(2m)(b) (b) When filed, a statement of renewal that complies with par. (a) renews the statement of authority for a 5-year period commencing with the date of filing of the statement of renewal.
179.04023(3) (3)A statement of authority affects only the power of a person to bind a partnership to persons that are not partners.
179.04023(4) (4)Subject to sub. (3) and s. 179.0103 (4) (cr), and except as otherwise provided in subs. (6) to (8), a limitation on the authority of a person or a position contained in an effective statement of authority is not by itself evidence of any person's knowledge or notice of the limitation.
179.04023(5) (5)Subject to sub. (3), a grant of authority not pertaining to transfers of real property and contained in an effective statement of authority is conclusive in favor of a person that gives value in reliance on the grant, except to the extent that when the person gives value any of the following applies:
179.04023(5)(a) (a) The person has knowledge to the contrary.
179.04023(5)(b) (b) The statement has been canceled or restrictively amended under sub. (2).
179.04023(5)(c) (c) A limitation on the grant is contained in another statement of authority that became effective after the statement containing the grant became effective.
179.04023(6) (6)Subject to sub. (3), an effective statement of authority that grants authority to transfer real property held in the name of the partnership, a certified copy of which statement is recorded in the office of the register of deeds for the county in which the property is located, is conclusive in favor of a person that gives value in reliance on the grant without knowledge to the contrary, except to the extent that when the person gives value any of the following applies:
179.04023(6)(a) (a) The statement has been canceled or restrictively amended under sub. (2), and a certified copy of the cancellation or restrictive amendment has been recorded in the office of the register of deeds for the county in which the property is located.
179.04023(6)(b) (b) A limitation on the grant is contained in another statement of authority that became effective after the statement containing the grant became effective, and a certified copy of the later-effective statement is recorded in the office of the register of deeds for the county in which the property is located.
179.04023(7) (7)Subject to sub. (3), if a certified copy of an effective statement containing a limitation on the authority to transfer real property held in the name of a partnership is recorded in the office of the register of deeds for the county in which the property is located, all persons are deemed to know of the limitation.
179.04023(8) (8)Subject to sub. (9), an effective statement of dissolution is a cancellation of any filed statement of authority for the purposes of sub. (6) and is a limitation on authority for purposes of sub. (7).
179.04023(9) (9)After a statement of dissolution becomes effective, a limited partnership may deliver to the department for filing and, if appropriate, may record a statement of authority that is designated as a postdissolution statement of authority. The statement operates as provided in subs. (6) and (7).
179.04023(10) (10)Unless canceled earlier, an effective statement of authority is canceled by operation of law 5 years after the date on which the statement, or its most recent amendment or renewal, was filed. The cancellation is effective without recording under sub. (6) or (7).
179.04023(11) (11)An effective statement of denial operates as a restrictive amendment under this section and may be recorded by certified copy for purposes of sub. (6) (a).
179.04023(11m) (11m)Certified copies to be recorded in the office of the register of deeds are to be sent by the person desiring the copies to be recorded and the department is not obligated to send the copies to the office of the register of deeds unless it chooses to undertake this responsibility.
179.04023 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.04025 179.04025 Statement of denial. A person named in a filed statement of authority granting that person authority may deliver to the department for filing a statement of denial that does all of the following:
179.04025(1) (1)Provides the name of the limited partnership and the caption of the statement of authority to which the statement of denial pertains.
179.04025(2) (2)Denies the grant of authority.
179.04025 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.0403 179.0403 Limited partnership liable for general partner's actionable conduct.
179.0403(1)(1)A limited partnership is liable for loss or injury caused to a person, or for a penalty incurred, as a result of a wrongful act or omission, or other actionable conduct, of a general partner acting in the ordinary course of partnership activities and affairs or with the actual or apparent authority of the partnership.
179.0403(2) (2)If, in the course of the limited partnership's activities and affairs or while acting with actual or apparent authority of the partnership, a general partner receives or causes the partnership to receive money or property of a person not a partner, and the money or property is misapplied by a general partner, the partnership is liable for the loss.
179.0403 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.0404 179.0404 General partner's liability.
179.0404(1)(1)Except as otherwise provided in subs. (2) and (3), all general partners are liable jointly and severally for all debts, obligations, and other liabilities of the limited partnership unless otherwise agreed by the claimant or provided by law.
179.0404(2) (2)A person that becomes a general partner is not personally liable for a debt, obligation, or other liability of the limited partnership incurred before the person became a general partner.
179.0404(3)(a)(a) A debt, obligation, or other liability of a limited partnership incurred while the partnership is a limited liability limited partnership is solely the debt, obligation, or other liability of the limited liability limited partnership. A general partner is not personally liable, directly or indirectly, by way of contribution or otherwise, for a debt, obligation, or other liability of the limited liability limited partnership solely by reason of being or acting as a general partner.
179.0404(3)(b) (b) This subsection applies despite anything inconsistent in the partnership agreement that existed immediately before the vote or consent required to become a limited liability limited partnership under s. 179.0406 (2) (b).
179.0404(3)(c) (c) This subsection applies regardless of the dissolution of the partnership.
179.0404(4) (4)The failure of a limited liability limited partnership to observe formalities relating to the exercise of its powers or management of its activities and affairs is not a ground for imposing liability on a general partner for a debt, obligation, or other liability of the partnership.
179.0404(5) (5)An amendment of a certificate of limited partnership which deletes a statement that the limited partnership is a limited liability limited partnership does not affect the limitation in this section on the liability of a general partner for a debt, obligation, or other liability of the limited partnership incurred before the amendment became effective.
179.0404 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.0405 179.0405 Actions against partnership and partners.
179.0405(1)(1)To the extent not inconsistent with s. 179.0404, a general partner may be joined in an action against the limited partnership or named in a separate action.
179.0405(2) (2)A judgment against a limited partnership is not by itself a judgment against a general partner. A judgment against a partnership may not be satisfied from a general partner's assets unless there is also a judgment against the general partner.
179.0405(3) (3)A judgment creditor of a general partner may not levy execution against the assets of the general partner to satisfy a judgment based on a claim against the limited partnership unless the partner is personally liable for the claim under s. 179.0404 and any of the following is true:
179.0405(3)(a) (a) A judgment based on the same claim has been obtained against the limited partnership and a writ of execution on the judgment has been returned unsatisfied in whole or in part.
179.0405(3)(b) (b) The partnership is a debtor in bankruptcy.
179.0405(3)(c) (c) The general partner has agreed that the creditor need not exhaust partnership assets.
179.0405(3)(d) (d) A court grants permission to the judgment creditor to levy execution against the assets of a general partner based on a finding that partnership assets subject to execution are clearly insufficient to satisfy the judgment, that exhaustion of partnership assets is excessively burdensome, or that the grant of permission is an appropriate exercise of the court's equitable powers.
179.0405(3)(e) (e) Liability is imposed on the general partner by law or contract independent of the existence of the partnership.
179.0405 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.0406 179.0406 Management rights of general partner.
179.0406(1)(1)Each general partner has equal rights in the management and conduct of the limited partnership's activities and affairs. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, any matter relating to the activities and affairs of the partnership is decided exclusively by the general partner or, if there is more than one general partner, by a majority of the general partners.
179.0406(2) (2)The affirmative vote or consent of all the partners is required to do any of the following:
179.0406(2)(a) (a) Amend the partnership agreement.
179.0406(2)(b) (b) Amend the certificate of limited partnership to add or delete a statement that the limited partnership is a limited liability limited partnership.
179.0406(2)(c) (c) Sell, lease, exchange, or otherwise dispose of all, or substantially all, of the limited partnership's property, with or without the good will, other than in the usual and regular course of the limited partnership's activities and affairs.
179.0406(2m) (2m)Unless otherwise provided in the partnership agreement, any action that is to be voted on or consented to by some or all of the general partners may be taken without a meeting of the general partners entitled to vote or consent if all of such partners consent to the action. The consent shall be evidenced by one or more written consents describing the action, signed by each of such partners, and delivered to the partnership for inclusion in the partnership records. Unless otherwise provided in the partnership agreement, if a person, whether or not then a general partner, so consenting directs, whether through instruction to an agent or otherwise, that such consent will be effective at a future time, including a time determined upon the happening of an event, then the person shall be deemed to have consented as a partner at this future time so long as the person is then a general partner and did not revoke the consent prior to that time. Any such consent shall be revocable prior to its becoming effective.
179.0406(3) (3)A limited partnership shall reimburse a general partner for an advance to the partnership beyond the amount of capital the general partner agreed to contribute.
179.0406(4) (4)A payment or advance made by a general partner which gives rise to an obligation of the limited partnership under sub. (3) or s. 179.0408 (1) constitutes a loan to the limited partnership which accrues interest from the date of the payment or advance.
179.0406(5) (5)Unless authorized by the partnership agreement or otherwise in accordance with this chapter, a general partner is not entitled to remuneration for services performed for the partnership.
179.0406 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.0407 179.0407 Rights to information of general partner and person dissociated as general partner.
179.0407(1)(1)A general partner may inspect and copy required information during regular business hours in the limited partnership's principal office, without having any particular purpose for seeking the information.
179.0407(2) (2)On reasonable notice, a general partner may inspect and copy during regular business hours, at a reasonable location specified by the limited partnership, any record maintained by the partnership regarding the partnership's activities, affairs, financial condition, and other circumstances, to the extent the information is material to the general partner's rights and duties under the partnership agreement or this chapter.
179.0407(3) (3)A limited partnership shall furnish to each general partner all of the following:
179.0407(3)(a) (a) Without demand, any information concerning the partnership's activities, affairs, financial condition, and other circumstances which the partnership knows and is material to the proper exercise of the general partner's rights and duties under the partnership agreement or this chapter, except to the extent the partnership can establish that it reasonably believes the general partner already knows the information.
179.0407(3)(b) (b) On demand, any other information concerning the partnership's activities, affairs, financial condition, and other circumstances, except to the extent the demand or the information demanded is unreasonable or otherwise improper under the circumstances.
179.0407(4) (4)The duty to furnish information under sub. (3) also applies to each general partner on whom a demand is made to the extent the general partner knows any of the information described in sub. (2).
179.0407(5) (5)On 10 days' demand made in a record received by a limited partnership, a person dissociated as a general partner may have access to the information and records described in subs. (1) and (2) at the locations specified in those subsections if all of the following apply:
179.0407(5)(a) (a) The information or record pertains to the period during which the person was a general partner.
179.0407(5)(b) (b) The person seeks the information or record in good faith.
179.0407(5)(c) (c) The person satisfies the requirements imposed on a limited partner by s. 179.0304 (2).
179.0407(6) (6)A limited partnership shall respond to a demand made pursuant to sub. (5) in the manner provided in s. 179.0304 (3).
179.0407(7) (7)A limited partnership may charge a person that makes a demand under this section the reasonable costs of copying, limited to the costs of labor and material.
179.0407(8) (8)A general partner or person dissociated as a general partner may exercise the rights under this section through an agent or, in the case of an individual under legal disability, a legal representative. Any restriction or condition imposed by the partnership agreement or under sub. (10) applies both to the agent or legal representative and to the general partner or person dissociated as a general partner.
179.0407(9)(a)(a) Subject to pars. (b) and (c), the rights under this section do not extend to a person as transferee.
179.0407(9)(b) (b) If a general partner dies, s. 179.0704 applies.
179.0407(9)(c) (c) If an individual dissociates as a general partner under s. 179.0603 (6) (b) or (c), the legal representative of the individual may exercise the rights under sub. (5) of a person dissociated as a general partner.
179.0407(10) (10)In addition to any restriction or condition stated in its partnership agreement, a limited partnership, as a matter within the ordinary course of its activities and affairs, may impose reasonable restrictions and conditions on access to and use of information to be furnished under this section, including designating information confidential and imposing nondisclosure and safeguarding obligations on the recipient. In a dispute concerning the reasonableness of a restriction under this subsection, the partnership has the burden of proving reasonableness.
179.0407 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.0408 179.0408 Reimbursement; indemnification; advancement; and insurance.
179.0408(1)(1)A limited partnership shall reimburse a general partner for any payment made by the general partner in the course of the general partner's activities on behalf of the partnership, if the general partner complied with ss. 179.0406, 179.0409, and 179.0504 in making the payment.
179.0408(2) (2)A limited partnership shall indemnify and hold harmless a person with respect to any claim or demand against the person and any debt, obligation, or other liability incurred by the person by reason of the person's former or present capacity as a general partner, if the claim, demand, debt, obligation, or other liability does not arise from the person's breach of s. 179.0406, 179.0409, or 179.0504.
179.0408(3) (3)In the ordinary course of its activities and affairs, a limited partnership may advance reasonable expenses, including attorney fees and costs, incurred by a person in connection with a claim or demand against the person by reason of the person's former or present capacity as a general partner, if the person promises to repay the partnership if the person ultimately is determined not to be entitled to be indemnified under sub. (2).
179.0408(4) (4)A limited partnership may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of a general partner against liability asserted against or incurred by the general partner in that capacity or arising from that status even if, under s. 179.0105 (3) (h), the partnership agreement could not eliminate or limit the person's liability to the partnership for the conduct giving rise to the liability.
179.0408 History History: 2021 a. 258.
179.0409 179.0409 Standards of conduct for general partners.
179.0409(1)(1)A general partner owes to the limited partnership and, subject to s. 179.0901, the other partners the duties of loyalty and care stated in subs. (2) and (3).
179.0409(2) (2)The fiduciary duty of loyalty of a general partner includes all of the following duties:
179.0409(2)(a) (a) The duty to account to the limited partnership and hold as trustee for it any property, profit, or benefit derived by the general partner in or from any of the following:
179.0409(2)(a)1. 1. The conduct or winding up of the partnership's activities and affairs.
179.0409(2)(a)2. 2. A use by the general partner of the partnership's property.
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 267 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 24, 2022. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 24, 2022, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-24-22)