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157.06(8)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (g) and subject to par. (f), in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor, a person other than the donor may not make, amend, or revoke an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part if the donor has made an unrevoked anatomical gift of his or her body or that part under sub. (5) (a) or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor's body or that part under sub. (6) (a).
157.06(8)(b) (b) A donor's revocation of an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (6) (b) is not a refusal to make an anatomical gift and does not bar another person authorized to make an anatomical gift under sub. (4) from making an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (5) and does not bar a person who is authorized to make an anatomical gift under sub. (9) from making an anatomical gift under sub. (10).
157.06(8)(c) (c) If a person other than the donor makes an unrevoked anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (5) (b) or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (6) (c), another person may not amend or revoke the anatomical gift under sub. (10) or otherwise make an anatomical gift of the body or part under sub. (10).
157.06(8)(d) (d) If a person other than the donor revokes an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (6) (d), the revocation does not bar another person from making an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (5) or (10).
157.06(8)(e) (e) An anatomical gift of a part of a donor's body that is made under sub. (5) or in an amendment under sub. (6), absent an express, contrary indication by the donor or other person who made the anatomical gift, is not a refusal by the donor to make an anatomical gift of another part of the donor's body or a limitation on a later anatomical gift of another part of the donor's body.
157.06(8)(f) (f) An anatomical gift of a part that is made under sub. (5) or in an amendment under sub. (6) for a specified purpose for which an anatomical gift may be made, absent an express, contrary indication by the person who made the anatomical gift, does not limit a person from making an anatomical gift of the part under sub. (5), (6), or (10) for any of the other purposes for which an anatomical gift may be made.
157.06(8)(g) (g) If a donor who is an unemancipated minor dies, a parent of the donor who is reasonably available may revoke or amend an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part.
157.06(8)(h) (h) If an unemancipated minor who has made a refusal to make an anatomical gift under sub. (7) dies, a reasonably available parent of the minor may revoke the minor's refusal to make an anatomical gift.
157.06(9) (9)Who may make an anatomical gift near or upon the donor's death.
157.06(9)(a)(a) Except as provided in subs. (7) and (8) and subject to pars. (b) and (c), any member of the following classes of persons, in the order of priority listed, who is reasonably available may, in the manner provided in sub. (10), make an anatomical gift of the body or part of an individual who is near death or has died:
157.06(9)(a)1. 1. A person who is the individual's agent near or at the time of the individual's death and has authority under sub. (4) (b) to make an anatomical gift of the decedent's body or part.
157.06(9)(a)2. 2. The spouse or domestic partner under ch. 770 of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)3. 3. The adult children of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)4. 4. The parents of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)5. 5. The adult siblings of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)6. 6. The adult grandchildren of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)7. 7. The grandparents of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)8. 8. Adults who exhibited special care and concern, except as a compensated health care provider, for the individual.
157.06(9)(a)9. 9. Persons who were guardians of the individual near or at the time of the individual's death.
157.06(9)(a)10. 10. Any other persons who have authority to dispose of the individual's body.
157.06(9)(b) (b) If the members of a class of persons under par. (a) 1., 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., or 9. have priority to make an anatomical gift of an individual's body or part under par. (a) and the class consists of more than one member, any member of the class may make an anatomical gift unless that member or the person to whom the anatomical gift will pass under sub. (11) has actual knowledge of an objection by another member of the class, in which case the anatomical gift may be made only by a majority of members of the class who are reasonably available.
157.06(9)(c) (c) A person may not make an anatomical gift of an individual's body or part under this subsection if a person who is a member of a class with higher priority under par. (a) is reasonably available.
157.06(10) (10)Manner of making, amending, or revoking an anatomical gift near or upon donor's death.
157.06(10)(a) (a) A person authorized under sub. (9) to make an anatomical gift of an individual's body or part may do so by doing any of the following:
157.06(10)(a)1. 1. Signing a record of gift.
157.06(10)(a)2. 2. Subject to sub. (25m) (c), making an oral communication of an anatomical gift that is electronically recorded.
157.06(10)(a)3. 3. Subject to sub. (25m) (c), making an oral communication of an anatomical gift that is contemporaneously reduced to a record and that is signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.
157.06(10)(b) (b) A member of a class of persons that has higher priority to make an anatomical gift under sub. (9) than the person who made an anatomical gift under par. (a) and who is reasonably available may amend the anatomical gift in the manner provided in par. (d), except that if more than one member of the class with higher priority is reasonably available, the agreement of a majority of the reasonably available members is required to amend the anatomical gift.
157.06(10)(c)1.1. Subject to subd. 2., a member of a class of persons that has higher priority to make an anatomical gift under sub. (9) than the person who made an anatomical gift under par. (a) may revoke the anatomical gift in the manner provided in par. (d), except that if more than one member of the class with higher priority is reasonably available, the agreement of at least one-half of the reasonably available members is required to revoke the anatomical gift.
157.06(10)(c)2. 2. A revocation of an anatomical gift under subd. 1. is effective only if before an incision is made to remove a part from the donor's body or before invasive procedures have been begun to prepare the recipient, the procurement organization, transplant hospital, or physician or technician has actual knowledge of the revocation.
157.06(10)(d) (d) A person who is authorized to amend or revoke an anatomical gift under par. (b) or (c) may do so orally or by including the amendment or revocation in a record.
157.06(11) (11)Persons that may receive anatomical gifts; purpose of gifts.
157.06(11)(a)(a) An anatomical gift may be made to any of the following persons:
157.06(11)(a)1. 1. For the purpose of research or education, a hospital, accredited medical school, dental school, college, university, organ procurement organization, or other appropriate person.
157.06(11)(a)2. 2. Subject to par. (b) 1., an individual designated by the person making the anatomical gift into which individual's body a part is intended to be transplanted.
157.06(11)(a)3. 3. An eye bank or tissue bank.
157.06(11)(a)4. 4. An organ procurement organization, as custodian of a part for transplant or therapy.
157.06(11)(b)1.1. If a part that is the subject of an anatomical gift made to an individual under par. (a) 2. cannot be transplanted into the individual, the part passes as provided in par. (f) absent an express, contrary indication by the person making the anatomical gift.
157.06(11)(b)2. 2. If tissue that is the subject of an anatomical gift made to an organ procurement organization is unsuitable for transplantation or therapy, the organ procurement organization may give the tissue to an appropriate person for research or education if authorized to do so by the person who made the anatomical gift.
157.06(11)(c) (c) If an anatomical gift of one or more parts does not name a person under par. (a) 1. to 4. as the person to whom the anatomical gift is made, but identifies the purpose of the anatomical gift, all of the following apply:
157.06(11)(c)1. 1. If the purpose of the anatomical gift is transplantation or therapy, the part passes as provided in par. (f).
157.06(11)(c)2. 2. If the purpose of the anatomical gift is research or education, the part passes to the appropriate procurement organization.
157.06(11)(c)3. 3. If an anatomical gift is for more than one purpose, but the purposes are not set forth in any priority, the part shall be used for transplantation or therapy, if suitable, and if the part cannot be used for transplantation or therapy, may be used for research or education.
157.06(11)(d) (d) If an anatomical gift of one or more parts does not name a person under par. (a) 1. to 4. as the person to whom the anatomical gift is made and does not identify the purpose of the anatomical gift, the parts may be used only for transplantation or therapy, and the parts pass as provided in par. (f).
157.06(11)(e) (e) If an anatomical gift specifies only a general intent to make an anatomical gift by words such as “donor," “organ donor," or “body donor," or by a symbol or statement of similar meaning, the anatomical gift may be used only for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, and the parts pass as provided in par. (f).
157.06(11)(f) (f) If par. (b) 1., (c) 1., (d), or (e) applies, all of the following apply:
157.06(11)(f)1. 1. If the part is an eye, the part passes to the appropriate eye bank.
157.06(11)(f)2. 2. If the part is tissue, the part passes to the appropriate tissue bank.
157.06(11)(f)3. 3. If the part is an organ, the part passes to the appropriate organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ.
157.06(11)(g) (g) If a body or part that is the subject of an anatomical gift does not pass pursuant to pars. (a) to (e) or is not used for transplantation, therapy, research, or education, custody of the body or part passes to the person who is obligated to dispose of the body or part.
157.06(11)(h) (h) A person may not accept an anatomical gift of a decedent's body or part if the person has actual knowledge that the anatomical gift was not made as provided in sub. (5), (6), or (10) or if the person has actual knowledge that the decedent made a refusal to make an anatomical gift under sub. (7) that was not revoked.
157.06(11)(i) (i) Except as provided under par. (a) 2., nothing in this section affects the allocation of organs for transplantation or therapy.
157.06(12) (12)Search and notification.
157.06(12)(a) (a) If any of the following persons reasonably believes an individual to be dead or near death, the person shall make a reasonable search of the individual for a record of gift or a record of refusal or other information identifying the individual as a donor or as an individual who has refused to make an anatomical gift:
157.06(12)(a)1. 1. A law enforcement officer, fire fighter, emergency medical services practitioner, emergency medical responder, or ambulance service provider.
157.06(12)(a)2. 2. If no other source of information is immediately available, a hospital, as soon as practical after the individual's arrival at the hospital.
157.06(12)(b) (b) If a record of gift or record of refusal is located by a search under par. (a) 1., and the individual or deceased individual to whom the record or gift or record of refusal relates is taken to a hospital, the person responsible for conducting the search shall send the record of gift or record of refusal to the hospital.
157.06(12)(c) (c) A person is immune from any criminal or civil liability for failure to discharge the duties imposed under this subsection but may be subject to an administrative sanction for such failure.
157.06(13) (13)Delivery of record of gift not required; right to examine.
157.06(13)(a)(a) A record of gift need not be delivered during the donor's lifetime to be effective.
157.06(13)(b) (b) Upon or after an individual's death, a person who has possession of a record of gift or a record of refusal relating to the individual's body or part shall allow any person who is authorized to revoke, make, or object to the making of an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part, and any person to whom the body or part could pass under sub. (11), to examine and copy the record of gift or record of refusal.
157.06(14) (14)Rights and duties of procurement organization and others.
157.06(14)(a)(a) A procurement organization shall do all of the following when a hospital refers an individual who is near death or who is deceased to the procurement organization:
157.06(14)(a)1. 1. If the individual is a prospective donor, make a reasonable search for any person under sub. (9) having priority to make an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part.
157.06(14)(a)2. 2. If the individual referred is a minor who is a donor or who made an unrevoked refusal to make an anatomical gift, unless the procurement organization has actual knowledge that the minor was emancipated, conduct a reasonable search for the parents of the minor and provide the parents an opportunity to revoke or amend the anatomical gift or refusal relating to the minor.
157.06(14)(a)3. 3. If the procurement organization receives information about an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part that under sub. (11) passes to a person other than the procurement organization, promptly advise the other person of relevant information regarding the anatomical gift.
157.06(14)(a)4. 4. If procurement organization personnel make a request of a family member of a potential donor to make an anatomical gift of organs, tissues, or eyes, ensure that the personnel make the request with discretion and sensibility with respect to the circumstances, views, and beliefs of the family of the potential donor.
157.06(14)(b) (b) When a hospital refers an individual at or near death to a procurement organization, the procurement organization may conduct any reasonable examination to determine whether a part of the individual that is or could be the subject of an anatomical gift is medically suitable for transplantation, therapy, research, or education. Unless otherwise prohibited by law, an examination under this paragraph may include an examination of all of the individual's medical or dental records. During the examination period, measures necessary to ensure the medical suitability of the part may not be withdrawn unless the hospital or procurement organization has actual knowledge that the individual expressed a contrary intent.
157.06(14)(c) (c) Unless otherwise prohibited by law, at any time after a donor's death, the person to whom the donor's body or part passes under sub. (11) may conduct any reasonable examination, including an examination of all of the donor's medical or dental records, to determine the medical suitability of the donor's body or part for its intended purpose.
157.06(14)(d) (d) Subject to subs. (11) (g), (22m), and (23m), the rights of the person to whom an anatomical gift of a part passes under sub. (11) are superior to the rights of all others with respect to a part. The person may accept or reject an anatomical gift in whole or in part. A person who accepts an anatomical gift of a part shall cause the part to be removed from the donor's body after the death of the donor and before embalming, burial, or cremation and without unnecessary mutilation.
157.06(14)(e) (e) A person who accepts an anatomical gift of an entire body may, subject to the terms of an anatomical gift and this section, allow embalming, burial, cremation, or use of the remains of the body in a funeral service.
157.06(14)(f) (f) A physician who attends a decedent at death or determines the time of death may not participate in the procedures for removing or transplanting a part from the decedent.
157.06(14)(g) (g) A physician or technician may remove from the body of a donor a donated part that the physician or technician is qualified to remove.
157.06(14m) (14m)Coordination of procurement and use; duties of hospitals. Each hospital shall do all of the following:
157.06(14m)(a) (a) Enter into agreements or affiliations with procurement organizations for coordination of procurement and use of bodies and parts that are the subject of anatomical gifts, including the following:
157.06(14m)(a)1. 1. An agreement with an organ procurement organization to notify the organ procurement organization or its designee in a timely manner of individuals whose death is imminent or who have died in the hospital.
157.06(14m)(a)2. 2. Agreements with at least one tissue bank and at least one eye bank to cooperate in the retrieval, processing, preservation, storage, and distribution of tissues and eyes to assure that all usable tissues and eyes are obtained from potential donors, as long as such agreements do not interfere with the procurement of organs.
157.06(14m)(b) (b) Ensure, in collaboration with the organ procurement organization with which the hospital has an agreement under par. (a) 1. that the family of each potential donor is informed of its options to donate organs, tissues, or eyes or to refuse to donate organs, tissues, or eyes.
157.06(14m)(c) (c) Ensure that the individual who requests family members of potential donors to make anatomical gifts of organs, tissues, or eyes is either an organ procurement representative or has completed a course on the methodology for approaching persons to request that they make anatomical gifts, which course is designed in conjunction with the tissue and eye bank community and offered or approved by the organ procurement organization with which the hospital has an agreement under par. (a) 1.
157.06(14m)(d) (d) Ensure that hospital personnel who make requests of family members of potential donors to make anatomical gifts of organs, tissues, or eyes make the requests with discretion and sensibility with respect to the circumstances, views, and beliefs of the families of potential donors.
157.06(14m)(e) (e) Ensure that the hospital works cooperatively with the procurement organizations with which it has agreements under par. (a) in educating staff on donation issues, reviewing death records to improve identification of potential donors, and maintaining potential donors while necessary testing and placement of potential donated organs, tissues, and eyes takes place.
157.06(17) (17)Prohibited acts related to records. Any person who intentionally falsifies, forges, conceals, defaces, or obliterates a record of gift, an amendment or revocation of a record of gift, or a record of refusal for pecuniary gain is guilty of a Class H felony, except that notwithstanding the maximum fine specified in s. 939.50 (3) (h), the person may be fined not more than $50,000.
157.06(18) (18)Immunity.
157.06(18)(a) (a) A person who acts, or in good faith attempts to act, in accordance with this section or with the applicable anatomical gift law of another state is not liable for the act in a civil action, criminal prosecution, or administrative proceeding.
157.06(18)(b) (b) A person who makes an anatomical gift and the person's estate are not liable for any injury or damage that results from the making of the anatomical gift or the use of the body or any part that is the subject of the anatomical gift.
157.06(18)(c) (c) A person may rely on a representation made by an individual purporting to be an individual listed under sub. (9) (a) 2., 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., or 8. as to the individual's relation to a donor or prospective donor in determining whether an anatomical gift of the donor's or prospective donor's body or part has been made, amended, or revoked.
157.06(19) (19)Law governing validity; choice of law as to making of anatomical gift; presumption of validity.
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