(5) Unenforceable terms.
No business contract between a seller and a customer that is entered into, modified, or renewed after May 1, 2011, may require that the customer permit the seller to match any offer the customer receives from or makes to another seller for services to be provided after the end of the stated term of the contract or renewal period of the contract. A provision in a business contract that violates this subsection is void and unenforceable.
Any of the following customers may bring an action or counterclaim for damages against a seller:
A customer who has notified a seller that the customer declines renewal or extension of a business contract to which sub. (3)
applies, if the seller has failed to give notice as required under subs. (3)
and the seller has refused to terminate the contract as requested by the customer.
A customer against whom a seller has attempted to enforce a provision in a business contract that is unenforceable under sub. (5)
Notwithstanding par. (a) 1.
, if a seller who fails to give to a customer a notice required under sub. (3)
subsequently receives notice that the customer declines renewal or extension and agrees to terminate the contract as of the date the customer notified the seller, the customer is responsible for charges incurred by the customer under the contract before the date on which the customer notified the seller and the customer may not bring an action against the seller based on the seller's failure to provide the required notice, unless the seller's failure to provide the required notice was willful or malicious.
A customer who prevails in an action or counterclaim under par. (a)
is entitled to damages in either of the following amounts:
An amount that equals twice the amount of the damages incurred by the customer.
An amount that equals twice the amount of the periodic payment specified in the contract or $1,000, whichever is less.
Notwithstanding the limitations in s. 814.04 (1)
, the court shall award a customer who prevails in an action or counterclaim under this subsection costs, including reasonable attorney fees.
A seller is not liable in an action or counterclaim under this subsection if the court finds either of the following:
The seller has established and implemented written procedures for complying with this section.
The seller's failure to comply with subs. (3)
, or the seller's attempt to enforce a provision that is void and unenforceable under sub. (5)
, was not willful or malicious.
The seller has refunded any amounts paid by the customer after the date of the renewal or extension until the date on which the business contract is terminated.
The customer requested, in writing, renewal or extension of the contract that is the basis for the customer's action or counterclaim against the seller, and the customer was aware of the terms under which the contract would be renewed or extended.
History: 2009 a. 192
; 2019 a. 135
Poultry dealing regulations. 134.50(1)(1)
It is unlawful for any poultry dealer to purchase any live or dead poultry without registering annually with the county clerk.
Every poultry dealer shall keep a record of all purchases of poultry made by the poultry dealer showing in detail the place and date of purchase and the name and address of the person from whom the purchase was made, together with a general description of the kind of poultry purchased. Such record shall be kept in permanent form and be open to inspection at all reasonable times to any district attorney, assistant district attorney, sheriff, deputy sheriff or any police officer.
Any poultry dealer or his or her servant or agent violating any of the provisions of this section shall, upon the first conviction, be punished by a fine of from $10 to $100. Upon a 2nd or subsequent conviction, a poultry dealer or his or her servant or agent shall be punished by a fine of from $25 to $500 or be imprisoned in the county jail for not more than 90 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Any person selling poultry to a poultry dealer who gives falsely his name or address to such dealer, his agent or servant, shall be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than 30 days nor more than one year.
History: 1993 a. 482
Shipment of chickens. 134.52(1)(1)
It shall be unlawful for any person, or the person's agent or servant, to ship, or for any common carrier or the agent or servant of such common carrier to allow, aid, or abet in the shipment of chickens confined in coops unless such coops are at least 13 inches in height on the inside and are covered at the top by wires or slats not more than one inch apart or by wire screening with meshes of not more than one inch.
It shall be unlawful for any person or the person's agent or servant or for any common carrier or the agent or servant of such common carrier to so crowd or congest or to allow, aid or abet in the crowding or congesting of chickens within any coop in any shipment as to impair or endanger the well-being of such chickens during the course of transportation thereof; and any such crowding or congesting shall be deemed cruelty.
Whenever any humane officer or any peace officer in this state ascertains or observes any shipment of chickens in a crowded or congested condition, such officer may take or cause to be taken such steps as to give immediate relief.
Any person who shall violate the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than $10 nor more than $50, or by imprisonment in the county jail not less than 10 days nor more than 30 days.
History: 1993 a. 482
Transportation and sale of cattle. 134.53(1)(1)
No person shall transport cattle on any highway unless accompanied by shipping documents setting forth the number of cattle being moved, a description of the cattle, including brand, registry or other identification numbers if any, name and address of the owner, and point of origin and destination. The shipping document may consist of a statement signed by the owner setting forth the above information.
Cattle being transported on highways and all shipping documents and other records pertaining to such animals shall be subject to inspection by any police officer. Such officers may stop or intercept any vehicle used or suspected of being used for the transportation of cattle and may seize or detain any shipment of cattle not accompanied by shipping documents containing information as required under sub. (1)
, or accompanied by shipping documents which may be false, until such time as satisfactory evidence of ownership of the cattle is obtained.
No person shall purchase or receive for sale or shipment any cattle not accompanied by shipping documents required under sub. (1)
. Copies of such documents shall be retained for a period of 6 months following date of purchase or receipt of the cattle and shall be available for inspection at all reasonable times by any police officer.
Any person who transports cattle without shipping documents containing information required under sub. (1)
, or executes, furnishes or issues any false document pertaining to the ownership or shipment of cattle, or who violates this section in any other manner shall be fined not more than $500, or be imprisoned not more than 3 months, or both.
does not apply to cattle being transported between farms owned, rented or leased by the owner of the cattle when ownership of cattle does not change.
does not apply to cattle being transported to market by the owner of the cattle.
History: 1973 c. 239
Detectives, settlement with employees.
Any employer and any person employed to detect dishonesty on the part of employees, or fiduciary agents, on a commission basis or under a contract for a percentage of the amount recovered through or by reason of the detective work done by such person, shall submit the facts of the case and the settlement made with such employee or fiduciary agent to the circuit judge of the county wherein the dishonest act was committed, for approval or further proceedings, and the employee shall be notified of such hearing and shall have a right to be heard. Any such person or employer who shall not so submit the facts and settlement as made to such circuit judge for approval or further proceedings, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500, or imprisoned in the county jail not less than 3 months nor more than one year.
Use of unauthorized persons as officers.
Any person who, individually, in concert with another or as agent or officer of any firm, joint-stock company or corporation, uses, employs, aids or assists in employing any body of armed persons to act as militia, police or peace officers for the protection of persons or property or for the suppression of strikes, not being authorized by the laws of this state to so act, is guilty of a Class I felony.
Felons, burglar alarm installation. 134.59(1)(1)
No person may intentionally hire as a burglar alarm installer a felon who has not been pardoned. Any person engaged in the business of installing burglar alarms may request the department of justice to do a criminal history search on any person whom that person hires or proposes to hire as a burglar alarm installer.
No person engaged in the business of installing burglar alarms may intentionally allow a felon who has not been pardoned to have access to individual burglar alarm installation records.
Any person who violates sub. (1)
may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000.
History: 1991 a. 216
Cutting or transportation of evergreens.
No person may cut for sale in its natural condition and untrimmed, with or without roots, any evergreen or coniferous tree, branch, bough, bush, sapling or shrub, from the lands of another without the written consent of the owner, whether such land is publicly or privately owned. The written consent shall contain the legal description of the land where the tree, branch, bough, bush, sapling or shrub was cut, as well as the name of the legal owner. The written consent or a certified copy of the consent shall be carried by every person in charge of the cutting or removing of the trees, branches, boughs, bushes, saplings or shrubs, and shall be exhibited to any officer of the law, forest ranger, forest patrol officer, conservation warden, or other officer of the department of natural resources at the officer's request at any time. The officer may inspect the trees, branches, boughs, bushes, saplings or shrubs when being transported in any vehicle or other means of conveyance and may investigate to determine whether or not this section has been complied with. The officer may stop any vehicle or means of conveyance found carrying any trees, branches, boughs, bushes, saplings or shrubs upon any public highway of this state for the purpose of making such inspection and investigation, and may seize and hold, subject to the order of the court, any such trees, bushes, saplings or shrubs found being cut, removed or transported in violation of this section. No person may ship or transport any such trees, bushes, saplings or shrubs outside the county where they were cut unless the person attaches to the outside of each package, box, bale, truckload or carload shipped a tag or label on which appears the person's name and address. No common carrier or truck hauler may receive for shipment or transportation any such trees, bushes, saplings or shrubs unless the tag or label is attached. Any person who violates this section shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $100. Any person who signs any such written consent or certified copy under this section who is not authorized to do so, and any person who lends or transfers or offers to lend or transfer any such written consent or certified copy to another person who is not entitled to use it, and any person not entitled to use any such written consent or certified copy, or who borrows, receives or solicits from another any such written consent or certified copy thereof shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500.
See s. 23.50
concerning enforcement procedure.
Nitrous oxide; restrictions on sales; records of certain sales; labeling. 134.63(1)(a)
“Deliver" or “delivery" means the actual, constructive or attempted transfer of nitrous oxide or a nitrous oxide container from one person to another.
“Nitrous oxide container" means any compressed gas container that contains food grade or pharmaceutical grade nitrous oxide as its principal ingredient.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, no person who engages in the retail sale of cartridges of nitrous oxide may sell more than 24 cartridges in any single retail transaction.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, no person may, during any consecutive 48-hour period, engage in more than one retail purchase of nitrous oxide or any nitrous oxide container.
A retail sale to a bakery, restaurant, institutional food distributor or other person engaged in the food service industry if the bakery, restaurant, distributor or other person has an emergency business need for the cartridges.
Any retail sale to or retail purchase by a hospital, health care clinic or other health care organization that uses nitrous oxide to provide medical or dental care.
Except as provided in sub. (5)
, every person in this state who delivers nitrous oxide or any nitrous oxide container to another shall keep a register of all deliveries of nitrous oxide or any nitrous oxide container. The register shall show the name and complete address of the person to whom the nitrous oxide or nitrous oxide container is delivered, the number of cartridges or other containers delivered and the date of delivery.
A person required to keep a register under par. (a)
shall preserve the register on his or her business premises for 2 years in such a manner as to ensure permanency and accessibility for inspection and shall permit inspection of the register at all reasonable hours by state and local law enforcement agencies and by any state agency, as defined in s. 16.61 (2) (d)
No person required to keep a register under par. (a)
may deliver nitrous oxide or any nitrous oxide container to another person unless the person to whom the nitrous oxide or nitrous oxide container is delivered presents an official identification card, as defined in s. 125.085 (1) (a)
No person to whom nitrous oxide or any nitrous oxide container is delivered may give a false name or address to a person required to keep a register under par. (a)
Except as provided in sub. (5)
, no person may deliver a cartridge of nitrous oxide to another unless the cartridge bears a label, stamp or tag that sets forth in clearly legible and conspicuous form the following warning: “Nitrous oxide cartridges are to be used only for purposes of preparing food. Nitrous oxide cartridges may not be sold to persons under the age of 21. Do not inhale the contents of this cartridge. Misuse of nitrous oxide can be dangerous to your health."
Except as provided in sub. (5)
, no person may deliver a cartridge of nitrous oxide to another unless the packaging in which the cartridge is enclosed is marked with a label or other device that indicates the name and business address of the person delivering the cartridge of nitrous oxide.
History: 1997 a. 336
; 2007 a. 164
Cigarette and tobacco products retailer license. 134.65(1)(1)
No person shall in any manner, or upon any pretense, or by any device, directly or indirectly sell, expose for sale, possess with intent to sell, exchange, barter, dispose of or give away any cigarettes or tobacco products to any person not holding a license as herein provided or a permit under ss. 139.30
without first obtaining a license from the clerk of the city, village or town wherein such privilege is sought to be exercised.
A city, village, or town clerk may not issue a license under sub. (1)
unless the applicant specifies in the license application whether the applicant will sell, exchange, barter, dispose of, or give away the cigarette or tobacco products over the counter or in a vending machine, or both.
A city, village, or town clerk may not require an applicant's signature on an application for a cigarette and tobacco products retailer license to be notarized. If a city, village, town, or any department of this state prepares an application form for a cigarette and tobacco products retailer license, the form may not require an applicant's signature on the form to be notarized.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, upon filing of a proper written application a license shall be issued on July 1 of each year or when applied for and continue in force until the following June 30 unless sooner revoked. The city, village or town may charge a fee for the license of not less than $5 nor more than $100 per year which shall be paid to the city, village or town treasurer before the license is issued.
In any municipality electing to come under this paragraph, upon filing of a proper written application a license shall be issued and continue in force for one year from the date of issuance unless sooner revoked. The city, village or town may charge a fee for the license of not less than $5 nor more than $100 per year which shall be paid to the city, village or town treasurer before the license is issued.
Each such license shall name the licensee and specifically describe the premises where such business is to be conducted. Such licenses shall not be transferable from one person to another nor from one premises to another.
Every licensed retailer shall keep complete and accurate records of all purchases and receipts of cigarettes and tobacco products. Such records shall be preserved on the licensed premises for 2 years in such a manner as to insure permanency and accessibility for inspection and shall be subject to inspection at all reasonable hours by authorized state and local law enforcement officials.
Any person violating this section shall be fined not more than $100 nor less than $25 for the first offense and not more than $200 nor less than $25 for the 2nd or subsequent offense. If upon such 2nd or subsequent violation, the person so violating this section was personally guilty of a failure to exercise due care to prevent violation thereof, the person shall be fined not more than $300 nor less than $25 or imprisoned not exceeding 60 days or both. Conviction shall immediately terminate the license of the person convicted of being personally guilty of such failure to exercise due care and the person shall not be entitled to another license hereunder for a period of 5 years thereafter, nor shall the person in that period act as the servant or agent of a person licensed hereunder for the performance of the acts authorized by such license.
Any person who knowingly provides materially false information in an application for a cigarette and tobacco products retailer license under this section may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000.
Any 1st class city may revoke, suspend, or refuse to renew any license issued under this section, as provided in sub. (7)
Any duly authorized employee of a 1st class city issuing licenses under this section may file a sworn written complaint, supported by reports from a law enforcement agency, with the clerk of the city alleging at least 2 separate instances of one or more of the following about a person holding a license issued under this section by the city:
The person's premises are disorderly, riotous, indecent, or improper.
The person has knowingly permitted criminal behavior, including prostitution and loitering, to occur on the licensed premises.
The person has been convicted of any of the following:
Manufacturing, distributing, or delivering a controlled substance or controlled substance analog under s. 961.41 (1)
Possessing with intent to manufacture, distribute, or deliver, a controlled substance or controlled substance analog under s. 961.41 (1m)