Register October 2020 No. 778
Chapter Trans 309
Subchapter I—General Provisions
Purpose and scope; construction.
Inspections and enforcement.
Specialized emergency medical care vehicles.
Sale or lease of new or used vehicles for use as ambulances.
Subchapter II—Vehicle Standards
Patient compartment interior dimensions.
Bumpers, steps and stepwells.
Tires and wheels.
Environmental climatic equipment.
Exterior ambulance lighting.
Interior ambulance lighting.
Siren and public address system.
Lettering and markings on ambulances.
Smoking in ambulances.
Standard mandatory miscellaneous equipment.
Vehicle safe operating conditions.
Safety belts and child safety restraint systems.
Subchapter III—Medical Equipment Standards
Stretcher and chair stretcher and restraints.
Suction aspirator system.
Medical and surgical equipment.
Repeal of Subchapter III.
Ch. Trans 309 Note
Chapter Trans 309
created effective November 1, 1986 replaces ch. Trans 157
The purpose of this chapter is to prescribe minimum vehicle and medical equipment specifications for ambulances and to establish administrative procedures for implementing the ambulance inspection program under s. 341.085
Trans 309.01 Note
To be licensed as an ambulance service provider in Wisconsin, all ambulances used by the ambulance service provider must be first inspected by Wisconsin DOT per ch. Trans 309
This chapter applies to all ambulances in service in this state.
This chapter shall be construed by the department to reasonably effectuate the legislative purpose of promoting safe, efficient emergency transportation for the sick, injured and disabled.
Vehicles subject to the standards and specifications prescribed in the chapter are also subject to any other administrative rule or statute governing motor vehicle design, construction or equipment. Unless the express terms or context requires otherwise, this chapter shall be construed as supplementing rather than conflicting with other such statutes or administrative rules.
This chapter prescribes minimum standards applicable to all ambulances subject to inspection under s. 341.085
, Stats. Ambulance service providers may exceed these minimum standards. Also, some ambulances may be subject to higher or more restrictive standards imposed as conditions for receiving federal assistance in connection with the acquisition of ambulance vehicles and equipment. Ambulance service providers are responsible for complying with all conditions and requirements, including those related to color and marking, contained in federal assistance grants or agreements.
Trans 309.01 History
Cr. Register, October, 1986, No. 370
, eff. 11-1-86; am. (3) (a), Register, April, 1994, No. 460
, eff. 5-1-94; am. (2), Register, February, 1999, No. 518
, eff. 4-1-99.
Trans 309.02 Definitions.
As used in this chapter:
“Ambulance" means any authorized emergency motor vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (3)
, Stats., whether privately or publicly owned, which is designed, constructed or equipped to transport patients.
Gross axle weight rating” or “GAWR” means the maximum distributed weight that may be supported by an axle of a road vehicle.
Gross vehicle weight rating” or “GVWR” means the combination of the vehicle's curb weight and total usable payload.
“In-service ambulance" means an ambulance that is ready to take calls, including emergencies, transfers or standing by at a special function.
“Inspector" means any officer or employee of the department who is authorized and assigned to conduct ambulance inspections under this chapter.