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SPS 390.12(2)(a)(a) Except as permitted in par. (b) stairs, ladders, recessed treads and swimouts may serve as acceptable entries and exits.
SPS 390.12(2)(b) (b) Where the distance from the pool floor to deck surface is 24 inches or less, such areas shall be considered as providing their own natural mode for entry and exit.
SPS 390.12(3) (3)Stairs and handrails.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)(a) Stairways.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)1.1. Stairways shall be located only in areas of the basin with less than 5 feet of water depth.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)2. 2. Stairways shall be recessed so as not to protrude onto the basin floor.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)3. 3. All risers at the centerline shall have a maximum uniform height of 10 inches.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)4. 4. All treads shall have a minimum depth of 10 inches.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)5. 5. Stairways shall have a minimum width of 17 inches.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)6. 6. All treads shall have a minimum unobstructed surface area of 240 square inches.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)7. 7. Except as permitted in subd. 8., treads may not project beyond the face of the riser.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)8. 8. The maximum cantilevered coping at the deck level is one inch.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)9.a.a. Except as required in subd. 9. b., stairways shall extend to the basin floor.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)9.b. b. When stairways are located in a water depth over 4 feet, the lowest tread shall not be more than 4 feet below the deck.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)10. 10. The bottom riser height shall be allowed to vary from the other risers as may be required to meet the floor.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)11. 11. The leading edge of all steps shall be distinguished by a color contrasting with the color of the steps and pool floor.
SPS 390.12(3)(a)12. 12. All step corners shall be rounded to a radius of 1/2 inch.
SPS 390.12(3)(b) (b) Handrails.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)1.1. Handrails shall be provided for all stairways and ramps.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)2. 2. Handrails shall be located between 30 and 34 inches above the ramp surface or nosing of the stair treads.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)3. 3. Handrails shall be a maximum of 8 feet apart at deck level.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)4. 4. Handrails shall return to the pool wall, guard or deck or shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)5. 5. Handrails shall be made of corrosion resistant materials.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)6. 6. Handrails shall be securely anchored.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)7. 7. Handrails shall be installed so they cannot be removed without the use of tools.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)8. 8. The leading edge of stair tread-mounted handrails shall be located on the bottom tread.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)9. 9. The leading edge of entirely deck-mounted handrails shall be located so as to extend to within 3 inches of the vertical plane of the bottom riser.
SPS 390.12 Note Note: See ch. SPS 390 Appendix for further clarification of deck-mounted handrail installation.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)10. 10. The outside diameter of handrails shall be a minimum of 1-1/4 inches and may not exceed 1-15/16 inches.
SPS 390.12(3)(b)11. 11. There shall be at least 3 inches but not more than 6 inches clearance between the pool wall and the handrail.
SPS 390.12(4) (4)Ladders.
SPS 390.12(4)(a)(a) Ladders shall be provided with two handrails.
SPS 390.12(4)(b) (b) There shall be at least 3 but not more than 6 inches clearance between the basin wall and the ladder.
SPS 390.12(4)(c) (c) The distance between ladder handrails shall be 17 inches minimum and 24 inches maximum.
SPS 390.12(4)(d) (d) There shall be a uniform distance between ladder treads with a 7-inch minimum distance and 12-inch maximum distance.
SPS 390.12(4)(e) (e) Ladder treads shall have a minimum horizontal uniform depth of 2 inches.
SPS 390.12(5) (5)Recessed treads.
SPS 390.12(5)(a)(a) Recessed treads in a basin wall shall have a uniform vertical spacing of no less than 7 inches and no greater than 12 inches measured at the centerline.
SPS 390.12(5)(b) (b) The vertical distance between the pool coping edge, deck or step surface and the uppermost recessed tread shall be 12 inches maximum.
SPS 390.12(5)(c) (c) Recessed treads shall have a depth of no less than 5 inches and width of no less than 12 inches.
SPS 390.12(5)(d) (d) Recessed treads shall drain into the pool.
SPS 390.12(5)(e) (e) Recessed treads shall be provided with a handrail on each side of the treads.
SPS 390.12(6) (6)Swimouts.
SPS 390.12(6)(a)(a) The horizontal surface of a swimout may not be greater than 20 inches below the waterline.
SPS 390.12(6)(b) (b) A minimum unobstructed surface equal to that required for a stair under sub. (5) shall be provided in a swimout.
SPS 390.12(6)(c) (c) The leading edge of a swimout shall be visually set apart with a marking color to contrast with the swimout.
SPS 390.12(6)(d) (d) A swimout may occupy no more than 20 percent of the perimeter of the basin.
SPS 390.12(6)(e) (e) The horizontal surface of a swimout may extend no further than 48 inches from the main basin wall.
SPS 390.12(7) (7)Underwater seats and benches.
SPS 390.12(7)(a)(a) Underwater seats and benches shall be located in a recessed area to eliminate any protrusion beyond the main basin wall except in whirlpools and cold soak pools.
SPS 390.12(7)(b)1.1. The width of the bench seat may not exceed 18 inches.
SPS 390.12(7)(b)2. 2. The depth of the water above the bench seat may not exceed 20 inches.
SPS 390.12(7)(c) (c) The surface of all underwater seats and benches shall be of a color in distinct contrast to the color of the surrounding basin or have a 2-inch leading edge of contrasting boundary line.
SPS 390.12(7)(d) (d) The words “bench below" shall be placed on the deck at the edge of the basin at the bench area in a color in distinct contrast to the deck background.
SPS 390.12(7)(e) (e) Underwater seats and benches may not be considered an entry or exit.
SPS 390.12(8) (8)Lift chairs. Water supply outlets serving lift chairs shall terminate within 18 inches of the chair's support post.
SPS 390.12 History History: CR 08-056: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; correction in (1), Table 390.12-1 made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 390.13 SPS 390.13Deck.
SPS 390.13(1) (1)Minimum deck.
SPS 390.13(1)(a)(a) Except as permitted in pars. (b) to (e), deck shall extend around the entire perimeter of all basins within the same enclosure.
SPS 390.13(1)(b) (b) A water attractions shall be provided with deck immediately adjacent to a basin where patrons are allowed to walk.
SPS 390.13(1)(c) (c) A wading pool shall be provided with deck around at least 50 percent of the basin perimeter.
SPS 390.13(1)(d) (d) A whirlpool shall be provided with deck around at least 50 percent of the basin perimeter.
SPS 390.13(1)(e) (e) A therapy pool shall be provided with deck at all entry and exit points.
SPS 390.13(2) (2)Deck width.
SPS 390.13(2)(a)(a) Except as required in pars. (b) to (e), deck shall extend for at least 6 feet from all basins.
SPS 390.13(2)(b) (b) Deck shall extend for at least 5 feet from a whirlpool basin.
SPS 390.13(2)(c) (c) Deck shall extend for at least 3 feet around deck obstructions and equipment.
SPS 390.13(2)(d) (d) Deck shall extend for at least 12 feet from a basin with a water depth exceeding 24 inches to a basin with a water depth less than 30 inches or an interactive play attraction.
SPS 390.13(2)(e) (e) Deck shall extend for a minimum 15 feet from a basin to locker or shower room doors where the basin meets all of the following criteria:
SPS 390.13(2)(e)1. 1. The basin consists of 3,500 square feet of water surface.
SPS 390.13(2)(e)2. 2. The basin has a water depth exceeding 24 inches.
SPS 390.13(2)(f) (f) Deck required in par. (e) shall extend for at least 12 feet wide at all locker or shower room doors.
SPS 390.13(2)(g) (g) Deck areas that do not provide the minimum deck required in pars. (b) to (f) shall be installed so as to permanently prohibit public access from the deck.
SPS 390.13(3) (3)Deck obstructions.
SPS 390.13(3)(a)(a) Except as permitted in par. (c), deck obstructions, including roof support columns, may be no greater than 2 feet in diameter and of contrasting color so as to provide adequate clearance, safety, visibility and access where a department of health services-approved lifeguard staffing plan is not required.
SPS 390.13 Note Note: Deck obstructions include pillars, play equipment and themeing. Equipment includes but is not limited to ladders, life guard chairs, lift chairs and handrails.
SPS 390.13(3)(b) (b) Deck obstructions shall extend a minimum of 3 feet above the deck so as not to create a tripping hazard.
SPS 390.13(3)(c) (c) Deck obstructions may occupy a maximum of 10 percent of the pool perimeter for basins where a lifeguard staffing plan is not required.
SPS 390.13(4) (4)In-deck ventilation systems.
SPS 390.13(4)(a)(a) Ventilation registers in decks shall be installed so that water flowing from the surrounding pool deck will not enter the registers, but will flow to the deck drains serving the deck.
SPS 390.13(4)(b) (b) Ventilation registers in decks shall be installed so that the registers are one inch higher than the deck drain grating.
SPS 390.13(4)(c) (c) Where ventilation registers are installed in decks, the owner of the facility shall obtain approval from the department of health services for their means of deck maintenance.
SPS 390.13(5) (5)Deck slopes.
SPS 390.13(5)(a)(a) Except as permitted in subds. 2. and 3., interior decks shall be sloped so as to effectively drain to deck drains.
SPS 390.13(5)(a)1. 1. The maximum slope of interior decks shall be ½ inch per foot.
SPS 390.13(5)(a)2. 2. A maximum of 6 feet of deck adjacent to a plunge pool exit, stairway or runout slide terminal section may discharge to the surge tank.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.