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SPS 384.40(7)(b) (b) Elliptical pipe. Joints between elliptical concrete pipe or fittings shall be made by use of materials conforming to ASTM C887 Type II or ASTM C990.
SPS 384.40(8) (8)Copper pipe and tubing. Joints between copper pipe, tubing or fittings shall be installed in accordance with pars. (a) to (e).
SPS 384.40(8)(a) (a) Brazed joints. All joint surfaces to be brazed shall be cleaned bright by other than chemical means. Brazing filler metal conforming to AWS A5.8, NSF/ANSI 61, annex G, or other approved material shall be used. The joining of water supply piping shall be made with lead-free materials.
SPS 384.40(8)(b) (b) Flared joints. Flared joints may be used on annealed tubing for water supply systems and shall be made by the use of a tool designed for that operation.
SPS 384.40(8)(c) (c) Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Mechanical push-on joints and mechanical compression type joints for water supply systems which use flexible elastomeric seals shall be suitable for potable water.
SPS 384.40(8)(d) (d) Soldered joints. All joint surfaces to be soldered shall be made in accordance with ASTM B828. Flux approved by NSF for use in potable water systems shall be applied to all joint surfaces. Solder conforming to ASTM B32, NSF/ANSI 61, annex G, or other approved material shall be used. The joining of water supply piping shall be made with lead-free materials.
SPS 384.40(8)(e) (e) Threaded joints. Threaded joints shall conform to ASME B1.20.1. Pipe joint compound or tape shall be used on the male threads only.
SPS 384.40(9) (9)Ductile iron pipe.
SPS 384.40(9)(a)(a) Mechanical joints. Mechanical push-on joints and mechanical compression type joints for water supply systems shall conform to AWWA C111. Lead tipped gaskets may not be used.
SPS 384.40(9)(b) (b) Threaded joints. Threaded joints shall conform to ASME B1.20.1. Pipe joint compound or tape shall be used on the male threads only.
SPS 384.40(10) (10)Galvanized steel pipe. Joints between galvanized steel pipe or fittings or between galvanized steel pipe and cast iron fittings shall be installed in accordance with pars. (a) to (c).
SPS 384.40(10)(a) (a) Threaded joints. Threaded joints shall conform to ASME B1.20.1. Pipe joint compound or tape shall be used on the male threads only.
SPS 384.40(10)(b) (b) Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Mechanical push-on joints and mechanical compression type joints for water supply systems which use flexible elastomeric seals shall be suitable for potable water.
SPS 384.40(10)(c) (c) Caulked joints. Caulked joints shall only be used for drain or vent piping. Caulked joints for hub and spigot piping and fittings shall be firmly packed with oakum or hemp. Molten lead shall be poured in one operation not less than one inch deep and not to extend more than 1/8 inch below the rim of the pipe, and caulked tight. Paint, varnish or other coatings may not be used on the joining material until after the joint has been tested and approved.
SPS 384.40(10)(c)1. 1. Caulked joints for drain piping shall be used only for piping in a vertical position.
SPS 384.40(10)(c)2. 2. Caulked joints for vent piping may be used for piping in a vertical or horizontal position.
SPS 384.40(11) (11)Lead pipe. Joints between lead pipe or fittings shall be installed in accordance with pars. (a) and (b).
SPS 384.40(11)(a) (a) Burned joints. Burned joints shall be uniformly fused together into one continuous piece. The thickness of the joint shall be at least as thick as the lead being joined. The filler metal shall be of the same material as the pipe.
SPS 384.40(11)(b) (b) Wiped joints. A wiped joint shall be full wiped, having an exposed surface on each side of the joint not less than 3/4 inch and shall be at least 3/8 inch thick at the thickest point.
SPS 384.40(12) (12)PE Plastic pipe and tubing. Joints between polyethylene plastic pipe, tubing or fittings shall be in accordance with pars. (a) to (c).
SPS 384.40(12)(a) (a) Flared joints. Flared joints shall be made by use of a tool designed for that operation. Flared joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM D3140.
SPS 384.40(12)(b) (b) Heat fusion joints. Heat fusion joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM D2657. Heat fusion joints shall be of a socket fusion type.
SPS 384.40(12)(b)1. 1. Joint surfaces to be fused shall be clean and free of moisture.
SPS 384.40(12)(b)2. 2. All joint surfaces shall be heated to the temperature recommended by the pipe or fitting manufacturer and joined.
SPS 384.40(12)(b)3. 3. The joint shall be undisturbed until cool.
SPS 384.40(12)(c) (c) Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints may be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Mechanical push-on joints and mechanical compression type joints which use flexible elastomeric seals shall be suitable for potable water.
SPS 384.40(13) (13)PEX plastic tubing. Joints between crosslinked polyethylene plastic pipe, tubing or fittings shall be made in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
SPS 384.40(14) (14)PVC plastic pipe. Joints between polyvinyl chloride plastic pipe or fittings shall be in accordance with pars. (a) to (c).
SPS 384.40(14)(a) (a) Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
SPS 384.40(14)(a)1. 1. `Drain and vent systems.' Mechanical push-on joints for drain and vent systems shall conform to ASTM D3212.
SPS 384.40(14)(a)2. 2. `Water supply systems.' Mechanical push-on joints and mechanical compression type joints for water supply systems which use flexible elastomeric seals shall be suitable for potable water.
SPS 384.40(14)(b) (b) Solvent cemented joints. Solvent cemented joints shall be made in accordance with ASTM D2855.
SPS 384.40(14)(b)1. 1. Joint surfaces shall be clean and free of moisture. A primer conforming to ASTM F656 shall be applied to all joint surfaces.
SPS 384.40(14)(b)2. 2. Solvent cement conforming to ASTM D2564 shall be applied to all joint surfaces and the joint shall be made while the cement is wet.
SPS 384.40(14)(b)3. 3. Solvent cement shall be handled in accordance with ASTM F402.
SPS 384.40(14)(b)4. 4. Primer and solvent cement used on pipes and fittings of a water supply system shall conform to NSF 14 and shall be certified by a nationally recognized testing agency as to conforming to NSF 14. The containers for the primer and the solvent cement shall bear the certification mark of the testing agency.
SPS 384.40(14)(c) (c) Threaded joints. Threaded joints shall only be used on pipes of schedule 80 or heavier. Threaded joints shall conform to ASME B1.20.1. The pipe shall be threaded with dies specifically designed for plastic pipe. Thread lubricant or tape approved for such use shall be applied to the male threads only.
SPS 384.40(15) (15)Stainless steel. Joints between stainless steel pipe or fittings shall be installed in accordance with the provisions of pars. (a) to (c).
SPS 384.40(15)(a) (a) Mechanical joints. Mechanical joints shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Mechanical push-on type joints which use flexible elastomeric seals shall be suitable for potable water.
SPS 384.40(15)(b) (b) Threaded joints. Threaded joints shall conform to ANSI B1.20.1. Pipe joint compound or tape shall be used on the male threads only.
SPS 384.40(15)(c) (c) Welded joints. Joints between stainless steel pipe or fittings may be welded.
SPS 384.40(16) (16)Joints between pipe and fittings of different materials. Connections between pipes of different materials shall be made with mechanical compression type joints, installed in accordance with manufacturer's instructions or as specified in pars. (a) to (e).
SPS 384.40(16)(a) (a) Copper to cast iron. Connections between copper pipe or tube and cast iron pipe shall be by means of either caulked joints in accordance with sub. (5) (a) or threaded fittings in accordance with sub. (5) (c).
SPS 384.40(16)(b) (b) Copper to galvanized steel. Connections between copper pipe or tube and galvanized steel pipe shall be by use of an adapter fitting. The copper pipe shall be soldered to the adapter in accordance with sub. (8) (d). The galvanized steel shall be threaded to the adapter in accordance with sub. (10) (a).
SPS 384.40(16)(c) (c) Cast iron to steel or brass pipe. Connections between cast iron pipe and galvanized or black steel or brass pipe shall be by means of:
SPS 384.40(16)(c)1. 1. Caulked joints in accordance with sub. (5) (a); or
SPS 384.40(16)(c)2. 2. Threaded joints in accordance with sub. (5) (c).
SPS 384.40(16)(d) (d) Plastic to other materials.
SPS 384.40(16)(d)1.1. Connections between plastic pipe and cast iron pipe shall be by means of:
SPS 384.40(16)(d)1.a. a. Caulked joints in accordance with sub. (5) (a); or
SPS 384.40(16)(d)1.b. b. Threaded joints in accordance with sub. (5) (c).
SPS 384.40(16)(d)2. 2. Except as provided in par. (f), connections between different types of plastic pipe or between plastic pipe and other piping materials other than cast iron shall be by means of threaded joints in accordance with sub. (14) (c).
SPS 384.40(16)(e) (e) Lead to other piping materials. Connections between lead pipe and other piping materials shall be by use of an adapter fitting conforming to s. SPS 384.30 (5) (a). The lead pipe shall be caulked or burned to the adapter fitting in accordance with sub. (11).
SPS 384.40(16)(f) (f) ABS plastic to PVC plastic. For solvent-cemented connections between ABS and PVC piping in non-pressurized systems, all of the following shall apply:
SPS 384.40(16)(f)1. 1. Joint surfaces shall be clean and free of moisture.
SPS 384.40(16)(f)2. 2. Primer conforming to ASTM F656 shall be applied to all PVC joint surfaces.
SPS 384.40(16)(f)3. 3. Solvent conforming to ASTM D3138 shall be applied to all joint surfaces and the joint shall be made while the cement is wet.
SPS 384.40(16)(f)4. 4. Solvent shall be handled in accordance with ASTM F402.
SPS 384.40(17) (17)Connection of fixtures. Flanged fixtures which have integral traps shall be mechanically fastened to the drain piping by means of a compatible fitting. The joint between the fixture and the fitting shall be sealed with a watertight gasket or setting compound.
SPS 384.40(18) (18)Connection of pipe to concrete structures. Joints between concrete structures and piping shall be made with mechanical joints in conformance with ASTM C923, ASTM C564 or as otherwise permitted by local authority. Openings for pipe connections that are installed with mechanical joints conforming to ASTM C564 shall have an inside diameter of that required for cast iron pipe in conformance with ASTM A74.
SPS 384.40 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1988, No. 389, eff. 6-1-88; am. (5) (b) 1. b., Register, September, 1992, No. 441, eff. 10-1-92; am. (1) (a) and cr. (13m), Register, February, 1994, No. 458, eff. 3-1-94; am. (2) (c), (3) (a), (4) (a), (c) and (d), (8) (a), (d), (9) (b), (10) (a) and (14) (c), renum. (7) to be (7) (a), cr. (7) (b); Register, December, 2000, No. 540, eff. 1-1-01; CR 02-002: am. (1) (c) 1. to 4., (6) (b) (intro.) and 1., (8) (d), (17) (d) 2., r. (6) (b) 4., renum. (6) (b) 5. to be (6) (b) 4., cr. (17) (f) and (19), Register April 2003 No. 568, eff. 5-1-03; CR 08-055: am. (2) (a) 2., (4) (b), (6) (a), (8) (c), (9) (a), (10) (b), (14) (a) 2. and (15) (a), r. (12) and (16), renum. (13), (13m) and (17) to (19) to be (12), (13) and (16) to (18) and am. (12) (c) Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; correction to renumbering of (13) to (18) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1., Stats., Register February 2009 No. 638; CR 10-064: am. (5) (c), (6) (c), (8) (e) Register December 2010 No. 660, eff. 1-1-11; correction in (1) (c), (16) (e) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672; CR 13-062: am. (8) (a), (d) Register February 2014 No. 698, eff. 3-1-14.
SPS 384.50 SPS 384.50Alternate approvals and experimental approvals.
SPS 384.50(1)(1)General. The provisions of chs. SPS 382 to 384 are not intended to prevent the use of a plumbing material or product not specifically addressed therein if the plumbing material or product has been approved by the department.
SPS 384.50(2) (2)Alternate approval.
SPS 384.50(2)(a)(a) Plumbing materials or products determined by the department to comply with the intent of chs. SPS 382 to 384 and ch. 145, Stats., and not approved under s. SPS 384.10, shall be issued an alternate approval. Alternate approvals shall be issued by the department in writing.
SPS 384.50(2)(b) (b) The department may require the submission of any information deemed necessary for review. Sufficient evidence shall be submitted to the department to substantiate:
SPS 384.50(2)(b)1. 1. Assertions of function and performance; and
SPS 384.50(2)(b)2. 2. Compliance with the intent of chs. SPS 382 to 384 and ch. 145, Stats.
SPS 384.50(2)(c) (c) The department shall review and make a determination on an application for alternate approval within 3 months of receipt of all information and fees required to complete the review.
SPS 384.50(2)(d) (d) The department may impose specific conditions in issuing an alternate approval, including an expiration date for the alternate approval. Violations of the conditions under which an alternate approval is issued shall constitute a violation of this chapter.
SPS 384.50(2)(e) (e) If, upon review, the department determines that a plumbing material or product does not comply with the intent of chs. SPS 382 to 384 and ch. 145, Stats., the request for alternate approval shall be denied in writing.
SPS 384.50(3) (3)Experimental approval.
SPS 384.50(3)(a)(a) The department may allow the installation of a plumbing material or product for the purpose of proving compliance with the intent of chs. SPS 382 to 384 and ch. 145, Stats.
SPS 384.50(3)(b) (b) An experimental approval shall be required for each plumbing material or product to be installed for the purpose of proving compliance with the intent of chs. SPS 382 to 384 and ch. 145, Stats. A separate experimental approval shall be obtained for each project where such a product is to be used. Experimental approvals shall be issued by the department in writing. Experimental approvals shall be denied by the department in writing.
SPS 384.50(3)(c) (c) The department may require the submission of any information deemed necessary for review.
SPS 384.50(3)(d) (d) The department may limit the number of applications it will accept for experimental approval of products.
SPS 384.50(3)(e) (e) The department shall review and make a determination on an application for experimental approval within 6 months of receipt of all information and fees required to complete the review.
SPS 384.50(3)(f) (f) The department may impose specific conditions in issuing an experimental approval. Violations of the conditions under which an experimental approval is issued shall constitute a violation of this chapter.
SPS 384.50(3)(g) (g) If the department issues an experimental approval:
SPS 384.50(3)(g)1. 1. Plans detailing the installation of the plumbing material or product shall be submitted to the department in accordance with s. SPS 382.20 (4) or 383.22.
SPS 384.50(3)(g)2. 2. A copy of the experimental approval shall be attached to the submitted plans and approved plans.
SPS 384.50(3)(g)3. 3. A letter of consent from the owner of the installation shall be attached to the submitted plans and approved plans. The letter shall acknowledge that the owner has received and read a copy of the experimental approval and s. SPS 384.50.
SPS 384.50(3)(g)4. 4. The completed installation shall be inspected for compliance with the approved plans by the department. A report on the completed installation shall be written by the department.
SPS 384.50(3)(g)5. 5. A written report, from the party who was issued the experimental approval, shall be submitted to the department detailing the function and performance of the installed plumbing material or product. The report shall be completed at time intervals specified by the department, but not less than once a year.
SPS 384.50(3)(g)6. 6. On-site inspections shall be performed by the department at time intervals specified by the department, but not less than once a year. A report on the inspection shall be written by the department. The department may assess a fee for the inspection.
SPS 384.50(3)(g)7. 7. Five years after the date of the completed installation the department shall within 6 months order the removal of the plumbing material or product, issue an approval, or renew the experimental approval for another 5-year period to obtain additional information to determine the result of the experiment.
SPS 384.50(3)(h) (h) If chs. SPS 382 to 384 or ch. 145, Stats., are revised to include or permit an experimental plumbing material or product to conform with the intent of chs. SPS 382 to 384 and ch. 145, Stats., the department shall waive the requirements of par. (f) as to that material or product.
SPS 384.50(4) (4)Modifications. If a plumbing material or product with an alternate or experimental approval or the installation of an experimentally approved plumbing material or product is modified or additional assertions of function or performance are made, the alternate or experimental approval shall be considered null and void, unless the product is resubmitted to the department for review and the approval is reaffirmed.
SPS 384.50(5) (5)Revocation. The department may revoke an alternate or experimental approval issued under this section for any false statements or misrepresentations of facts or data on which the alternate or experimental approval was based or as a result of product failure.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.