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Note c: All coarse fragment voids must be filled with fine earth
Note d:   COS - Coarse Sand   LVFS - Loamy Very Fine Sand   SI - Silt
  S-Sand   COSL - Coarse Sandy Loam   SCL - Sandy Clay Loam
  LCOS - Loamy Coarse Sand   SL - Sandy Loam     CL - Clay Loam
  LS - Loamy Sand   FSL - Fine Sandy Loam     SICL - Silty Clay Loam
  FS - Fine Sand   VFSL - Very Fine Sandy Loam   SC - Sandy Clay
  LFS - Loamy Fine Sand   L - Loam     C - Clay
  VFS - Very Fine Sand   SIL - Silt Loam     SIC - Silty Clay
Note e: The values for fecal coliform are reported as a monthly geometric mean. The geometric mean shall be determined on the basis of measurements taken over 30 consecutive days, with at least 6 measurements occurring on 6 separate days.
SPS 383.44(6) (6)Orientation.
SPS 383.44(6)(a)1.1. The infiltrative surface of a distribution cell within a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil and located in fill material above original grade shall be level.
SPS 383.44(6)(a)2. 2. The longest dimension of a POWTS treatment or dispersal component located at or above the original grade shall be oriented within 1 percent of the surface contour unless otherwise approved by the department.
SPS 383.44(6)(b) (b) The infiltrative surface of a distribution cell within a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil and located below the surface of the original grade shall be level.
SPS 383.44(6)(c) (c) POWTS treatment or dispersal components consisting in part of in situ soil shall be so located as to minimize the infiltration of storm water into the component.
SPS 383.44(7) (7)Geometry. The geometry of a subsurface treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of the in situ soil shall take into account linear loading rates that are based on soil texture, structure, consistence and distance to seasonal soil saturation and restrictive soil horizons.
SPS 383.44 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 02-129: (3) (b) and (4) (c), r. and recr. (5) (a) and Tables 83.44-2 and 83.44-3 Register January 2004 No. 577, eff. 2-1-04; CR 07-100: am. (3) (b) 1. and Tables 83.44-2 and 3, r. (5) (b), renum. (5) (c) to be (5) (b) Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1), (3) (b) 1., (4) (a) 1. a., f., 2., (b), (5) (a) 1., Table 383.44-3 made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672; CR 17-065: cr. (2) (d), r. (4) (a) 1. f., Table 383.44-1, am. (6) (a) 2. Register June 2018 No. 750, eff. 7-1-18; correction in (4) (a) 1. a., 2. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register June 2018 No. 750.
SPS 383.45 SPS 383.45 Installation.
SPS 383.45(1)(1) General. A POWTS shall be constructed and installed in such a manner to hold wastewater or reduce the contaminant load and disperse the flow of wastewater in accordance with this subchapter and the plan approval under s. SPS 383.22.
SPS 383.45(2) (2)Frozen soil. POWTS treatment and dispersal components consisting in part of in situ soil may not be installed if the soil is frozen at or below the infiltrative surface of the component.
SPS 383.45(3) (3)Snow cover. Snow cover shall be removed before excavating or installing POWTS treatment and dispersal components consisting in part of in situ soil.
SPS 383.45(4) (4)Moisture. The soil moisture content for a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil shall be evaluated immediately prior to installation of the component. If the soil at the infiltrative surface can be rolled into a ¼ -inch wire, the installation may not proceed.
SPS 383.45(5) (5)Bedding. All vessels and pipes of a POWTS shall be bedded in accordance with a product approval under s. SPS 384.10 or a plan approval under s. SPS 383.22.
SPS 383.45(6) (6)Floodplain.
SPS 383.45(6)(a)(a) All POWTS treatment tanks, holding and dispersal tanks that are located in floodplain areas shall be made and maintained watertight to prevent infiltration.
SPS 383.45(6)(b) (b) Vent pipes serving POWTS components that are located in floodplain areas shall terminate at least 2 feet above regional flood levels.
SPS 383.45(7) (7) Minimum depth. The top of the effluent lines and forcemains shall be covered by a minimum of 12 inches of soil.
SPS 383.45 Note Note: See s. SPS 383.43 (8) (g) relative to anchoring provisions.
SPS 383.45 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 07-100: am. (6) Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1), (5) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672; CR 17-065: am. (2), (6) (b), cr. (7) Register June 2018 No. 750, eff. 7-1-18.
subch. V of ch. SPS 383 Subchapter V — Management
SPS 383.50 SPS 383.50 Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to accomplish all of the following:
SPS 383.50(1) (1) Establish monitoring, inspection, evaluation, maintenance and servicing requirements for all POWTS, in order to ensure that the POWTS will operate as designed and thereby protect the public health and waters of the state.
SPS 383.50(2) (2) Establish maintenance programs operated by governmental units to ensure that all POWTS will be inspected, evaluated, maintained and serviced so that the POWTS will operate as designed and thereby protect the public health and waters of the state.
SPS 383.50(3) (3) Provide the department with data by which to make regulatory decisions.
SPS 383.50 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 07-100: r. and recr. Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08.
SPS 383.51 SPS 383.51 Principles.
SPS 383.51(1)(1) A POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall be maintained at all times so as not to create a human health hazard.
SPS 383.51(2) (2) When upon inspection of a POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, any part of the system that is found to be defective in conformance with the applicable provisions of this chapter, the installation or modification plan, or the approvals, the part shall be repaired, renovated, replaced or removed.
SPS 383.51 Note Note: Section SPS 387.04 (2) (a) to (e) also establishes management and maintenance requirements for a POWTS that is located in a governmental unit which participates in the replacement and rehabilitation program under s. 145.245, Stats.
SPS 383.51 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00.
SPS 383.52 SPS 383.52 Responsibilities.
SPS 383.52(1)(a)1.1. The owner of a POWTS shall be responsible for ensuring that the operation and maintenance of the POWTS occurs in accordance with this chapter and the approved management plan under s. SPS 383.54 (1).
SPS 383.52(1)(a)2. 2. The owner of a POWTS shall be responsible for ensuring that access opening covers remain locked or secured except for inspection, evaluation, maintenance or servicing purposes.
SPS 383.52(1)(b) (b) The owner of a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall be responsible for ensuring that the maintenance of the POWTS occurs in accordance with s. SPS 383.54 (4).
SPS 383.52(1)(c)1.1. The owner of a POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall maintain a maintenance contract with a POWTS maintainer or a business utilizing a POWTS maintainer for the POWTS as long as the POWTS is utilized and, if the management plan for the POWTS under s. SPS 383.54 (1) involves one or more of the following:
SPS 383.52(1)(c)1.a. a. Evaluating or monitoring any part of the system at an interval of 12 months or less.
SPS 383.52(1)(c)1.b. b. Maintaining any part of the system at an interval of 12 months or less.
SPS 383.52(1)(c)2. 2. The owner of a POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, shall maintain a maintenance or service contract with a certified septage servicing operator under ch. NR 114 for the POWTS as long as the POWTS is utilized and, if the management plan for the POWTS under s. SPS 383.54 (1) involves the servicing of any holding, treatment or dispersal component at an interval of 12 months or less.
SPS 383.52(2) (2) A POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, that is not maintained in accordance with the approved management plan or as required under s. SPS 383.54 (4) shall be considered a human health hazard.
SPS 383.52(3) (3) The activities relating to evaluating, monitoring and maintaining POWTS components after the initial installation of the POWTS in accordance with an approved management plan or as required by s. SPS 383.54 (4) (c) shall be conducted by a person who holds registration issued by the department as a registered POWTS maintainer.
SPS 383.52 Note Note: See s. SPS 305.36 concerning the application and qualification requirements to become a registered POWTS maintainer.
SPS 383.52 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 02-129: am. (3) Register January 2004 No. 577, eff. 2-1-04; CR 07-100: renum. (1) (a) to be (1) (a) 1., cr. (1) (a) 2., am (1) (b), (c) 1. (intro.) and (3) Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1) (a) 1., (b), (c) 1. (intro.), 2., (2), (3) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 383.53 SPS 383.53 General.
SPS 383.53(1)(1) No product for chemical or physical restoration or chemical or physical procedures for POWTS, including a POWTS existing prior to July 1, 2000, may be used unless approved by the department in accordance with ss. SPS 384.10 and 384.14.
SPS 383.53(2) (2) Nothing in this subchapter shall limit a governmental unit's authority and power in establishing a mandatory POWTS maintenance program that is more restrictive than what is specified in this subchapter, including management or maintenance undertaken by the governmental unit.
SPS 383.53 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 07-100: am. Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 383.54 SPS 383.54 Management requirements.
SPS 383.54(1) (1) Management plan.
SPS 383.54(1)(a)(a) The management plan for each POWTS shall include information and procedures for maintaining the POWTS to operate and function within the standards of this chapter and as designed and approved.
SPS 383.54(1)(b) (b) The management plan for a POWTS shall be a part of the plan submittal under s. SPS 383.22 or 384.10.
SPS 383.54(1)(c) (c) The management plan for POWTS shall specify all necessary maintenance and servicing information which may include, but is not limited to all of the following:
SPS 383.54(1)(c)1. 1. Accumulated solids or byproduct removal requirements.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)2. 2. Influent quantities and qualities and effluent quantities and qualities.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)3. 3. Metering, sampling and monitoring schedules and requirements.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)4. 4. Load and rest schedules.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)5. 5. Servicing frequency requirements.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)6. 6. Installation and inspection checklists.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)7. 7. Evaluation, monitoring and maintenance schedules for mechanical POWTS components.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)8. 8. Start up and shutdown procedures.
SPS 383.54(1)(c)9. 9. Procedure for abandonment.
SPS 383.54(1)(d) (d) If the owner of the POWTS wishes to operate or maintain a POWTS differently than that specified in the approved management plan, a written request for approval to amend the management plan shall be submitted to the agency that initially reviewed the installation plan under s. SPS 383.22.
SPS 383.54(1)(e) (e) The management plan for a POWTS shall specifically address the servicing mechanics of an aerobic or anaerobic treatment tank or a holding tank where either of the following conditions exist:
SPS 383.54(1)(e)1. 1. The bottom of the tank is located more than 15 feet below the elevation where the servicing pad is located.
SPS 383.54(1)(e)2. 2. The bottom of the tank is located more than 150 feet horizontally from where the servicing pad is located.
SPS 383.54(2) (2)Metering and monitoring.
SPS 383.54(2)(a)(a) General. The management plan specified in sub. (1) shall include procedures for metering or monitoring POWTS influent or effluent as specified in this subsection.
SPS 383.54(2)(b) (b) Department option. The department may require the metering or monitoring of any POWTS to evaluate the operation of the POWTS.
SPS 383.54(2)(c) (c) Governmental unit option. A governmental unit may require the metering or monitoring of a POWTS holding component as part of a maintenance and monitoring tracking program.
SPS 383.54(2)(d) (d) Metering influent flows.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.1. When and where the metering of a POWTS is required, influent flows to POWTS shall be metered by one of the following methods:
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.a. a. Installing event counters and elapsed time meters.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.b. b. Installing water meters to meter the water distribution system flow to the POWTS.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.c. c. Metering wastewater flow from all parts of the plumbing system discharging to the POWTS.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)1.d. d. Metering the water distribution system and metering exterior hydrant use, except as provided in subd. 2.
SPS 383.54(2)(d)2. 2. Where meters are installed on water distribution systems existing prior to July 1, 2000, the entire water distribution system may be metered and the exterior hydrant usage estimated and subtracted from the total flow to meet the requirements of this paragraph.
SPS 383.54(2)(e) (e) Monitoring influent and effluent loads.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.