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100 gallons x B = F
Where:   B = number of bedrooms, based on 2 persons per bedroom, unless otherwise approved by the department.
F = Estimated daily wastewater flow per dwelling per day (in gallons), excluding storm water discharges.
SPS 383.43(3)(b) (b) A detailed estimate of wastewater flow based upon per capita occupancy or usage of the dwelling or per function occurrence within the dwelling.
SPS 383.43(4) (4)Estimated daily segregated graywater flow for a POWTS serving a dwelling. The estimated daily wastewater flow of graywater and clear water from a dwelling shall be based on one or more of the following:
SPS 383.43(4)(a) (a) The following equation:
60 gallons x B = F
Where:   B = number of bedrooms, based on 2 persons per bedroom, unless otherwise approved by the department.
F = Estimated daily graywater flow per dwelling per day (in gallons), excluding storm water discharges.
SPS 383.43(4)(b) (b) A detailed estimate of graywater flow based upon per capita occupancy or usage of the dwelling or per function occurrence within the dwelling.
SPS 383.43(5) (5)Estimating segregated blackwater flow for a POWTS serving a dwelling. The estimated daily wastewater flow of blackwater from a dwelling shall be based on one or more of the following:
SPS 383.43(5)(a) (a) The following equation:
40 gallons x B = F
Where:   B = number of bedrooms, based on 2 persons per bedroom, unless otherwise approved by the department.
F = Estimated daily blackwater flow per dwelling per day (in gallons).
SPS 383.43(5)(b) (b) A detailed estimate of blackwater flow based upon per capita occupancy or usage of the dwelling or per function occurrence within the dwelling.
SPS 383.43(6) (6)Estimating wastewater flow for commercial facilities. The estimated daily wastewater flow of clear water, graywater, blackwater, or combined graywater-blackwater flow from public buildings and places of employment shall be based on one or more of the following:
SPS 383.43(6)(a) (a) Measured daily wastewater flow over a period of time representative of the facility's use or occupancy.
SPS 383.43(6)(b) (b) A detailed estimate of wastewater flow based upon per capita occupancy or usage of the facility or per function occurrence within the facility.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: See ch. SPS 383 Appendix for further information.
SPS 383.43(7) (7)Estimating contaminant loads. Estimates of contaminant loads from dwellings and public facilities shall be based on a detailed analysis including all contaminants listed in s. SPS 383.44 (2) (a).
SPS 383.43 Note Note: See ch. SPS 383 Appendix for further information.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: See Note under s. SPS 383.32 (3) for information relative to industrial wastes.
SPS 383.43(8) (8)General design requirements.
SPS 383.43(8)(a)(a) Flow velocity.
SPS 383.43(8)(a)1.1. Piping within a POWTS shall be designed and installed to supply wastewater to POWTS treatment and dispersal components while maintaining the velocity required to ensure operation of the POWTS.
SPS 383.43(8)(a)2. 2. Gravity flow piping between POWTS components shall be installed at a pitch that produces a computed flow velocity of at least one foot per second when flowing half full.
SPS 383.43(8)(a)3. 3. Pressurization equipment or devices and piping to be utilized upstream of a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil shall be designed and installed to produce a computed velocity of at least 2 feet per second.
SPS 383.43(8)(a)4. 4. Gravity piping within a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil shall be installed level or pitched downstream a maximum 4 inches per 100 feet.
SPS 383.43(8)(b) (b) Distribution and drain pipe sizing. The piping within a POWTS shall be of a diameter to permit the operation of the POWTS.
SPS 383.43(8)(c) (c) Frost protection. All POWTS components shall be protected from freezing temperatures that could detrimentally affect component operation to provide wastewater conveyance, treatment or dispersal.
SPS 383.43(8)(d) (d) Component placement. The orientation of a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil shall take into account landscape variations in elevation, slope orientation, and other conditions that could affect component performance relative to dispersal or aeration.
SPS 383.43(8)(e) (e) Alarms or warning systems.
SPS 383.43(8)(e)1.a.a. A POWTS component utilizing a mechanical device to treat wastewater or to distribute effluent shall be provided with an automatic visual or audible means of notifying the user of the POWTS of the failure of the mechanical device.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: In accordance with s. SPS 316.300 (1) (a), an alarm that is electrically powered is to be on a separate circuit from the circuit supplying power to the mechanical device.
SPS 383.43(8)(e)1.b. b. An alarm indicating the failure of a pump shall remain audible or visible until manually turned off.
SPS 383.43(8)(e)1.c. c. Where duplex pumping equipment is employed to provide continuous component operation in the event that one pump fails, the pumps shall be installed in such a manner so as to provide the continuous operation automatically.
SPS 383.43(8)(e)2. 2. A POWTS holding tank shall be provided with an automatic visual or audible means of notifying the user of the POWTS of the necessity for servicing.
SPS 383.43(8)(f) (f) Accessibility. The design of a POWTS shall include provisions to provide access to all components that require maintenance or observation.
SPS 383.43(8)(g) (g) Anchoring system components. An exterior subsurface POWTS treatment tank or POWTS holding component to be installed in an area subject to saturated conditions shall be installed so as to prevent flotation of the tank or component.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: See ch. SPS 383 Appendix for further information.
SPS 383.43(8)(h) (h) Treatment byproducts.
SPS 383.43(8)(h)1.1. All treatment byproducts discharged from or as a result of operating a POWTS shall be disposed of so as not to create a human health hazard.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: The disposal of the contents of holding tanks and the sludge, scum, and contaminated liquids from treatment tanks and components is regulated by the department of natural resources under chs. NR 113 and NR 204.
SPS 383.43(8)(h)2. 2. Deleterious or hazardous materials segregated out from effluent flows shall be disposed of in a manner conforming with the rules of the state agency having jurisdiction.
SPS 383.43(8)(h)3. 3. Effluent from a POWTS shall be dispersed so as not to create a human health hazard.
SPS 383.43(8)(h)4. 4. All POWTS components within a building or structure shall be gas tight unless provisions are made assuring the safety of individuals entering the building or structure.
SPS 383.43(8)(i) (i) Site parameters and limitations. POWTS treatment, holding and dispersal components shall be located so as to provide the minimum horizontal setback distances as outlined in Table 383.43-1 as safety factors for public health, waters of the state and structures in the event of component failure.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: Chapter NR 812 establishes upslope location criteria for wells relative to contamination sources. - See PDF for table PDF
OHWM = Ordinary High-Water Mark
a Except RV transfer tanks.
b See s. SPS 383.43 (8) (f) relative to accessibility.
c Road-right-of-way lines may be more restrictive than property lines.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: See s. SPS 382.365, Table 382.365-4 relative to horizontal setback distances to subsurface infiltrative systems.
SPS 383.43 Note Note: The department of transportation under s. Trans 233.08 establishes setback limits from the centerline of state trunk highways or connecting highways to structures and improvements which include septic systems.
SPS 383.43(8)(j) (j) Service suction and discharge lines.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)1.1. A suction line or discharge line serving a holding tank for servicing purposes shall comply with all of the following:
SPS 383.43(8)(j)1.a. a. A pipe serving as the suction or discharge line shall be of an acceptable type in accordance with ch. SPS 384.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)1.b. b. A suction or discharge line shall terminate with a service port consisting of a quick disconnect fitting with a removable plug.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)1.c. c. The service port of a suction or discharge line shall terminate at least 2 feet above final grade.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)1.d. d. The service port of a suction or discharge line shall be identified as such with a permanent sign with lettering at least - See PDF for diagram PDF inch in height.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)1.e. e. The service port of a suction or discharge line shall be secured to a permanent support that is capable of withstanding the loads and forces placed on the port.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)1.f. f. A suction or discharge line shall be at least 3 inches in diameter.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)2. 2. A suction line serving a holding tank may not be installed in such a manner or arrangement that the tank can be drained by gravity or siphonic action.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)3. 3. Where a lift station is employed for servicing a holding tank, the pump discharge line shall conform with subd. 1., except as provided in subd. 3. a. and b.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)3.a. a. A discharge line from the lift station shall be at least 2 inches in diameter.
SPS 383.43(8)(j)3.b. b. The lift station pump shall be activated by means of a keyed-switch at the service port.
SPS 383.43 History History: Cr. Register, April, 2000, No. 532, eff. 7-1-00; CR 02-129: am. (2), (6) (intro.), and Table 83.43-1 Register January 2004 No. 577, eff. 2-1-04; CR 07-100: am. Table 83.43-1 Register September 2008 No. 633, eff. 10-1-08; correction in (1), (7), (8) (i), (j) 1. a., Table 383.43-1 made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672; CR 11-031: am. Table 383.43-1 Register June 2013 No. 690, eff. 7-1-13.
SPS 383.44 SPS 383.44 Parameters for POWTS components consisting of in situ soil.
SPS 383.44(1) (1) Evaluation. POWTS treatment and dispersal components consisting in part of in situ soil shall be evaluated in accordance with ch. SPS 385.
SPS 383.44(2) (2)Influent quality.
SPS 383.44(2)(a)(a) The quality of influent discharged into a POWTS treatment or dispersal component consisting in part of in situ soil shall be equal to or less than all of the following:
SPS 383.44(2)(a)1. 1. A monthly average of 30 mg/L fats, oil and grease.
SPS 383.44(2)(a)2. 2. A monthly average of 220 mg/L BOD5.
SPS 383.44(2)(a)3. 3. A monthly average of 150 mg/L TSS.
SPS 383.44(2)(b) (b) The monthly average under par. (a) shall be calculated as the sum of all measurements taken over 30 consecutive days, with at least 6 measurements occurring on 6 separate days, and divided by the number of measurements taken during that period.
SPS 383.44(2)(c) (c) Influent discharged to a POWTS treatment or dispersal component that consists in part of unsaturated soil may not contain any solid or suspended solid exceeding 1/8 inch in diameter.
SPS 383.44 Note Note: Under s. SPS 383.03 (1) (b), the replacement of a POWTS anaerobic treatment tank (septic tank) in conjunction with this rule would limit any solids within the effluent leaving the tank to a maximum of 1/8-inch diameter.
SPS 383.44(2)(d) (d) The department may designate a new facility as “at-risk” if the department determines that the facility may generate waste with influent quality in excess of the parameters under par. (a). A facility designated as “at-risk” shall submit additional testing data as specified in par. (b) to the department and the governmental unit within one year of installation of the POWTS components. A facility that continues to produce influent with parameters above the limits in par. (a) or the approved design shall reduce wastewater strength according to the facility's management plan required under s. SPS 383.54 (1).
SPS 383.44(3) (3)Infiltrative surface.
SPS 383.44(3)(a)(a) The infiltrative surface of unsaturated soil to which influent is discharged shall be located at least 24 inches above the estimated highest groundwater elevation and bedrock.
SPS 383.44(3)(b)1.1. A POWTS designed utilizing a component manual recognized under s. SPS 383.60 (1) shall have at least 6 inches of the soil separation required under par. (a) consisting of an in situ soil type for which soil treatment capability has been credited under Table 383.44-3.
SPS 383.44(3)(b)2. 2. The purpose of the 6 inches of in situ soil under subd. 1. shall be to assure that the influent will be assimilated into the original subsurface soils without ponding on the ground surface.
SPS 383.44(3)(c) (c) The infiltrative surface of unsaturated soil to which influent is discharged shall be located at least one inch below the finished grade.
SPS 383.44(4) (4)Capabilities.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.