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SPS 381.01 Note “Ordinary high-water mark" means the point on the bank or shore up to which the presence and action of surface water is so continuous as to leave a distinctive mark such as by erosion, destruction or prevention of terrestrial vegetation, predominance of aquatic vegetation, or other easily recognized characteristic. Where the bank or shore at any particular place is of such character that it is difficult or impossible to ascertain where the point of ordinary high-water mark is, recourse may be had to the opposite bank of a stream or to other places on the shore of a lake or flowage to determine whether a given stage of water is above or below the ordinary high-water mark.
SPS 381.01(170) (170) “Participating governmental unit" means a governmental unit which applies to the department for financial assistance under ss. SPS 387.04 and 387.05, and which meets the conditions specified under s. 145.245 (9), Stats.
SPS 381.01(170e) (170e) “Patient area plumbing fixture" means a plumbing fixture that is accessible to patients in a health care facility and is intended to be used for culinary, hygienic or domestic purposes.
SPS 381.01(171) (171) “Peak flow" means the largest anticipated recurrent wastewater discharge to a private onsite wastewater treatment system.
SPS 381.01(171e) (171e) “Peak flow, stormwater" means the largest anticipated flow from a given storm event.
SPS 381.01(172) (172) “Pipe applied atmospheric type vacuum breaker" means a type of cross connection control device where the flow of water into the device causes a float to close an air inlet port and when the flow of water stops the float falls and forms a check valve against back siphonage and at the same time opens the air inlet port to allow air to enter and satisfy the vacuum.
SPS 381.01(173) (173) “Pit privy" means an enclosed nonportable toilet into which nonwater-carried human wastes are deposited to a subsurface storage chamber that is not watertight.
SPS 381.01(174) (174) “Pitch" means the gradient or slope of a line of pipe in reference to a horizontal plane.
SPS 381.01(175) (175) “Place of employment" has the meaning specified under s. 101.01 (11), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 101.01 (11), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Place of employment" includes every place, whether indoors or out or underground and the premises appurtenant thereto where either temporarily or permanently any industry, trade or business is carried on, or where any process or operation, directly or indirectly related to any industry, trade or business, is carried on, and where any person is, directly or indirectly, employed by another for direct or indirect gain or profit, but does not include any place where persons are employed in private domestic service which does not involve the use of mechanical power or in farming. “Farming" includes those activities specified in s. 102.04 (3), and also includes the transportation of farm products, supplies or equipment directly to the farm by the operator of said farm or employees for the use thereon, if such activities are directly or indirectly for the purpose of producing commodities for market, or as an accessory to such production. When used with relation to building codes, “place of employment" does not include an adult family home, as defined in s. 50.01 (1), or, except for the purposes of s. 101.11, a previously constructed building used as a community-based residential facility, as defined in s. 50.01 (1g), which serves 20 or fewer unrelated residents.
SPS 381.01(176) (176) “Plumbing" has the meaning specified under s. 145.01 (10), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 145.01 (10), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Plumbing" means:
SPS 381.01 Note (a) 1. All piping, fixtures, appliances, equipment, devices, and appurtenances in connection with water supply systems, water distribution systems, wastewater drainage systems, reclaimed water systems, and stormwater use systems, including hot water storage tanks, water treatment devices, and water heaters connected with these systems and also includes the installation thereof.
SPS 381.01 Note 2. The construction, connection, installation, service, or repair of any drain or wastewater piping system that connects to the mains or other terminal within the bounds of, or beneath an area subject to easement for highway purposes, including private sewage systems and stormwater treatment and dispersal systems, and the alteration of any such systems, drains or wastewater piping.
SPS 381.01 Note 3. The construction, connection, installation, service, or repair of water service piping that connects to the main or other water utility service terminal within the bounds of, or beneath an area subject to easement for highway purposes and its connections.
SPS 381.01 Note4. The water pressure system other than municipal systems as provided in ch. 281.
SPS 381.01 Note 5. A plumbing and drainage system so designed and vent piping so installed as to keep the air within the system in free circulation and movement; to prevent with a margin of safety unequal air pressures of such force as might blow, siphon or affect trap seals, or retard the discharge from plumbing fixtures, or permit sewer air to escape into the building; to prohibit cross-connection, contamination or pollution of the water supply and distribution systems, and to provide an adequate supply of water to properly serve, cleanse and operate all fixtures, equipment, appurtenances and appliances served by the plumbing system.
SPS 381.01 Note (br) “Plumbing" does not include any of the following:
SPS 381.01 Note 1. A rainwater gutter or downspout down to the point that it discharges into a plumbing system, a subsoil drain, or a foundation drain.
SPS 381.01 Note 2g. A process water reuse system if the process water reuse system is not connected to any plumbing fixture or appliance.
SPS 381.01 Note 2m. A stormwater culvert under a roadway or walkway that is placed there only to equalize the water level from one end of the culvert to the other end.
SPS 381.01 Note 3. The practical installation of process piping within a sewage disposal plant.
SPS 381.01(177) (177) “Plumbing appliance" means any one of a special class of plumbing devices which is intended to perform a special function. The operation or control of the appliance may be dependent upon one or more energized components, such as motors, controls, heating elements, or pressure or temperature sensing elements. The devices may be manually adjusted or controlled by the user or operator, or may operate automatically through one or more of the following actions: a time cycle, a temperature range, a pressure range, or a measured volume or weight.
SPS 381.01(178) (178) “Plumbing fixture" means a receptacle or device which meets at least one of the following:
SPS 381.01(178)(a) (a) Is either permanently or temporarily connected to the water supply system of the premises, and demands a supply of water from the system;
SPS 381.01(178)(b) (b) Discharges wastewater or waste materials either directly or indirectly to the drain system of the premises.
SPS 381.01(178)(c) (c) Requires both a water supply connection and a discharge to the drain system of the premises.
SPS 381.01(179) (179) “Plumbing system" includes the water supply system, the drain system, the vent system, plumbing fixtures, plumbing appliances and plumbing appurtenances that serve a building, structure or premises.
SPS 381.01(180) (180) “Point of standards application" has the meaning specified under s. 160.01 (5), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 160.01 (5) Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Point of standards application" means the specific location, depth or distance from a facility, activity or practice at which the concentration of a substance in groundwater is measured for purposes of determining whether a preventive action limit or an enforcement standard has been attained or exceeded.
SPS 381.01(181) (181) “Potable water" means water that is both:
SPS 381.01(181)(a) (a) Safe for drinking, personal or culinary use.
SPS 381.01(181)(b) (b) Free from impurities present in amounts sufficient to cause disease or harmful physiological effects.
SPS 381.01(182) (182) “POWTS" means a private onsite wastewater treatment system.
SPS 381.01(183) (183) “POWTS component" means any subsystem, subassembly or other system designed for use in or as part of a private onsite wastewater treatment system which may include treatment, dispersal or holding and related piping.
SPS 381.01(183m) (183m) “POWTS component manual” means a document that contains detailed design, installation, and operation and maintenance procedures for POWTS components. A component manual that is approved under s. SPS 384.10 (3) (c) is an acceptable method under s. SPS 383.61.
SPS 381.01(184) (184) “POWTS dispersal component" means a device or method that is intended to promote the assimilation of treated wastewater by the environment.
SPS 381.01(185) (185) “POWTS holding component" means any receptacle intended to collect wastewater for a period of time, including holding and dosing tanks.
SPS 381.01(186) (186) “POWTS treatment component" means a device or method that is intended to reduce the contaminant load of wastewater.
SPS 381.01(186s) (186s) “Pre-development" means the condition of the topography of vegetation, including that resulting from human activities that existed prior to land disturbance for construction.
SPS 381.01(187) (187) “Prefabricated plumbing" means concealed drain piping, vent piping or water supply or a combination of these types of piping, contained in a modular building component, which will not be visible for inspection when delivered to the final site of installation.
SPS 381.01(187e) (187e) “Prefabricated sump and pump system" means a simplex or duplex pump and sump designed as a combined unit.
SPS 381.01(188) (188) “Pressure relief valve" means a pressure actuated valve held closed by a spring or other means and designed to automatically relieve pressure at a designated pressure.
SPS 381.01(189) (189) “Pressure vacuum breaker assembly" means a type of cross connection control assembly which consists of an independently operating internally loaded check valve and an independently operating loaded air inlet located on the discharge side of the check valve, a tightly closing shut-off valve located at each end of the assembly, and test cocks. The term “pressure vacuum breaker" has the same meaning as pressure vacuum breaker assembly.
SPS 381.01(190) (190) “Pressurized flushing device" means a device that uses the water supply to create a pressurized discharge to flush a fixture exclusive of gravity type flushing systems.
SPS 381.01(191) (191) “Preventive action limit" or “PAL" has the meaning as specified under s. 160.01 (6), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 160.01 (6), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Prevention action limits" means a numerical value expressing the concentration of a substance in groundwater which is adopted under s. 160.15, Stats.
SPS 381.01(192) (192) “Principal residence" means a residence that is occupied at least 51% of the year by the owner. Principal residence includes a residence owned by a trust or estate of an individual, if the residence is occupied at least 51% of the year by a person who has an ownership interest in the residence as a beneficiary of the trust or estate.
SPS 381.01(193) (193) “Private interceptor main sewer" means a sewer serving 2 or more buildings and not part of the municipal sewer system.
SPS 381.01(194) (194) “Private onsite wastewater treatment system" has the meaning given under s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
SPS 381.01(195) (195) “Private water main" means a water main serving 2 or more buildings and not part of the municipal water system.
SPS 381.01(196) (196) “Public" means, in the classification of plumbing fixtures, those fixtures which are available for use by the public or employees.
SPS 381.01(197) (197) “Public building" has the meaning specified under s. 101.01 (12), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 101.01 (12), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Public building" means any structure, including exterior parts of such building, such as a porch, exterior platform or steps providing means of ingress or egress, used in whole or in part as a place of resort, assemblage, lodging, trade, traffic, occupancy, or use by the public or by 3 or more tenants. When used in relation to building codes, “public building" does not include a previously constructed building used as a community-based residential facility as defined in s. 50.01 (1g) which serves 20 or fewer unrelated residents or an adult family home, as defined in s. 50.01 (1).
SPS 381.01(198) (198) “Public sewer" means a sewer owned and controlled by a public authority.
SPS 381.01(199) (199) “Public water main" means a water supply pipe for public use owned and controlled by a public authority.
SPS 381.01(200) (200) “Quick closing valve" means a valve or faucet that closes automatically when released manually or controlled by mechanical means for fast action closing.
SPS 381.01(201) (201) “Receptor" means a fixture or device that receives the discharge from indirect or local waste piping.
SPS 381.01(202) (202) “Redoximorphic feature" means a feature formed in the soil matrix by the processes of reduction, translocation and oxidation of iron and manganese compounds in seasonally saturated soil.
SPS 381.01(203) (203) “Reduced pressure detector fire protection backflow prevention assembly" means a type of reduced pressure principle type backflow preventer serving a fire protection system and which includes a parallel flow meter to indicate leakage or unauthorized use of water downstream of the assembly.
SPS 381.01(203m) (203m) “Reduced pressure fire protection principle backflow preventer" means an assembly serving a fire protection system and consisting of 2 independently-acting check valves, internally force loaded to a normally closed position, and separated by an intermediate chamber or zone in which there is a hydraulically operated relief means of venting to atmosphere, internally forced loaded to a normally open position. The term “reduced pressure principle backflow preventer for fire protection systems" has the same meaning as reduced pressure fire protection principle backflow preventer.
SPS 381.01(204) (204) “Reduced pressure principle backflow preventer" means a type of cross connection control assembly which contains 2 independently acting check valves, separated by an intermediate chamber or zone in which there is a hydraulically operated means for venting to atmosphere, and includes 2 shut-off valves and 4 test cocks.
SPS 381.01(205) (205) “Relief vent" means a vent which permits additional circulation of air in or between drain and vent systems.
SPS 381.01(206) (206) “Riser" means a water supply pipe that extends vertically one full story or more.
SPS 381.01(207) (207) “Roof drain" means a drain installed to receive water collecting on the surface of a roof and to discharge it into a conductor.
SPS 381.01(208) (208) “Roughing in" means the installation of all parts of the plumbing system which can be completed prior to the installation of fixtures including drain, water supply and vent piping and the necessary fixture supports.
SPS 381.01(209) (209) “Rowhouse" means a building which is not more than 3 stories in height and which contains only 3 or more attached, vertically separated, side-by-side or back-to-back dwelling units, with each dwelling unit served by an individual exterior exit within 6 feet of the exit discharge grade.
SPS 381.01(209m) (209m) “RV transfer tank" means a type of stationary container used to collect and hold wastewater discharges generated by an individual camping trailer or recreational vehicle.
SPS 381.01(210) (210) “Safing" means a membrane or material installed beneath a fixture to prevent leakage from escaping to the floor, ceiling or walls.
SPS 381.01(211) (211) “Sand interceptor" means a receptacle designed to intercept and retain sand, grit, earth and other similar solids.
SPS 381.01(212) (212) “Sanitary sewer" means a pipe that carries wastewater consisting in part of domestic wastewater.
SPS 381.01(212e) (212e) “Scrub sink" means a plumbing fixture used for hand and arm washing prior to surgery or other medical procedures.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: A scrub sink may also be referred to as a surgeon washup sink.
SPS 381.01(213) (213) “Scum" means the accumulated floating solids generated during the biological, physical or chemical treatment, coagulation or sedimentation of wastewater.
SPS 381.01(214) (214) “Secretary" means the secretary of the department of safety and professional services or designee.
SPS 381.01(214m) (214m) “Service sink" means a fixture designed to be used for building or facility maintenance.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: A service sink may also be referred to as a mop sink, mop basin or janitor's sink.
SPS 381.01(215) (215) “Servicing" has the meaning as specified under s. NR 113.03 (57).
SPS 381.01(216) (216) “Sewage" means wastewater containing fecal coliform bacteria exceeding 200 CFU, colony forming units, per 100 ml.
SPS 381.01(217) (217) “Sewage grinder pump" means a type of sewage pump which macerates wastewater consisting in part of sewage.
SPS 381.01(218) (218) “Sewage pump" means an automatic pump for the removal of wastewater from a sanitary sump.
SPS 381.01(219) (219) “Slip-joint" means a connection in which one pipe slips into another, the joint of which is made tight with a compression type fitting.
SPS 381.01(220) (220) “Sludge" means the accumulated solids generated during the biological, physical or chemical treatment, coagulation or sedimentation of water or wastewater.
SPS 381.01(221) (221) “Small commercial establishment" means a commercial establishment or business place with a maximum daily wastewater flow rate of less than 5,000 gallons per day as determined from the design criteria of the state plumbing code. Small commercial establishment includes a farm, including a residence on a farm, if the residence is occupied by a person who is an operator of the farm and if the maximum daily wastewater flow rate of the farm and the residence on the farm is less than 5,000 gallons-per-day as determined from the design criteria of the state plumbing code.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.