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SPS 381.01(130) (130) “Indian lands" means lands owned by the United States and held for the use or benefit of Indian tribes or bands or individual Indians, and lands within the boundaries of a federally recognized reservation that are owned by Indian tribes or bands or individual Indians.
SPS 381.01(131) (131) “Indirect waste piping" means drain piping which does not connect directly with the drain system, but which discharges into the drain system by means of an air break or air gap into a receptor.
SPS 381.01(132) (132) “Individual vent" means a pipe installed to vent a fixture trap.
SPS 381.01(133) (133) “Industrial wastewater" means the liquid wastes that result from industrial processes.
SPS 381.01(133s) (133s) “Infiltration component" means any device or method that is intended to promote the assimilation of water into in situ soil.
SPS 381.01(134) (134) “Infiltrative surface" means the plane within a treatment or dispersal component at which effluent is applied to in situ soil or engineered soil.
SPS 381.01(135) (135) “In situ soil" means soil naturally formed or deposited in its present location or position and includes soil material that has been plowed using normal tillage implements and depositional material resulting from erosion or flooding.
SPS 381.01(136) (136) “Interceptor" or “separator" means a device designed and installed so as to separate and retain deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from wastes flowing through it.
SPS 381.01(136s) (136s) “Irrigation" means the application of water to the root zone of plants or plantings.
SPS 381.01(137) (137) “Laboratory faucet backflow preventer" means a type of cross connection control device which consists of 2 independently acting check valves force-loaded or biased to a closed position and, between the check valves, a means for automatically venting to atmosphere which is force-loaded or biased to an open position.
SPS 381.01(138) (138) “Laboratory plumbing appliance" means a plumbing appliance, the function of which is unique to scientific experimentation or research activities.
SPS 381.01(139) (139) “Leaching chamber" means a product designed to support soil and create a cavity for the temporary storage of effluent and to provide an infiltrative surface for the distribution cell POWTS dispersal or treatment component.
SPS 381.01(140) (140) “Leader" means a pipe or channel outside a building which conveys storm water from the roof or gutter drains to a storm drain, storm sewer or to grade.
SPS 381.01(141) (141) “Lead-free" means:
SPS 381.01(141)(a) (a) When used with respect to solders and flux, containing not more than 0.2 percent lead.
SPS 381.01(141)(b) (b) When used with respect to pipe and pipe fittings and fixtures, containing not more than 8.0 percent lead.
SPS 381.01(141)(c) (c) When used with respect to the wetted surface material of pipe and pipe fittings and fixtures, containing a weighted average of not more than 0.25 percent lead.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Calculation procedures for determining the weighted average lead concentration in a product that consists of several components are listed in NSF/ANSI Standard 61, annex G, including how to comply with amended sec. 1417(d)(2) of the federal Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) of 2011.
SPS 381.01(142) (142) “Linear loading rate" means the amount of effluent applied daily along the landscape contour expressed in gallons per day per linear foot along a site contour.
SPS 381.01(143) (143) “Load factor" means the percentage of the total connected fixture unit flow rate which is likely to occur at any point in a drain system.
SPS 381.01(144) (144) “Local station" means a National Weather Service (NWS) precipitation station or other station accepted by the department as collecting precipitation data in accordance with NWS methods.
SPS 381.01(145) (145) “Local waste piping" means a portion of drain piping which receives the wastes discharged from indirect waste piping and which discharges those wastes by means of an air break or air gap into a receptor.
SPS 381.01(146) (146) “Local vent" means a pipe connecting to a fixture and extending to outside air through which vapor or foul air is removed from the fixture.
SPS 381.01(147) (147) “Low hazard" means a situation where the water supply system could be contaminated with a nontoxic substance or solution so as to make the water unsuitable for the designated use.
SPS 381.01(148) (148) “Main" means the principal pipe artery to which branches may be connected.
SPS 381.01(149) (149) “Manhole" means an opening constructed to permit access by a person to a sewer or any underground portion of a plumbing system.
SPS 381.01(150) (150) “Manufactured dwelling" has the meaning specified under s. SPS 320.07 (52) (a).
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section SPS 320.07 (52) (a) was repealed.
SPS 381.01(151) (151) “Manufactured home" has the meaning specified under s. 101.91 (2), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 101.91 (2), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Manufactured home" means any of the following:
SPS 381.01 Note (am) A structure that is designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation and that is certified by the federal department of housing and urban development as complying with the standards established under 42 USC 5401 to 5425.
SPS 381.01 Note (c). A mobile home, unless a mobile home is specifically excluded under the applicable statute.
SPS 381.01(152) (152) “Manufactured home drain connector" means the pipe that joins the drain piping for a manufactured home to the building sewer.
SPS 381.01(153) (153) “Manufactured home community" has the meaning specified under s. 101.91 (5m), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 101.91 (5m), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Manufactured home community" means any plot or plots of ground upon which 3 or more manufactured homes that are occupied for dwelling or sleeping purposes are located. “Manufactured home community" does not include a farm where the occupants of the manufactured homes are the father, mother, son, daughter, brother or sister of the farm owner or operator or where the occupants of the manufactured homes work on the farm.
SPS 381.01(154) (154) “Mechanical joint" means a connection between pipes, fittings or pipes and fittings by means of a device, coupling, fitting or adapter where compression is applied around the center line of the pieces being joined, but which is not caulked, threaded, soldered, solvent cemented, brazed or welded.
SPS 381.01(154m) (154m) “Mixed wastewater" means a combination of domestic and non-domestic wastewater.
SPS 381.01(155) (155) “Multiple dwelling" means a building containing more than 2 dwelling units.
SPS 381.01(156) (156) “Multipurpose piping system" means a water distribution system conveying water to plumbing fixtures and appliances and automatic fire sprinklers with the intention of serving both domestic and fire protection needs.
SPS 381.01(157) (157) “Municipality" means any city, village, town or county in this state.
SPS 381.01(158) (158) “Munsell soil color" means a color classification that specifies the relative degrees of the color variables in terms of hue, value and chroma.
SPS 381.01(159) (159) “Navigable waters" has the meaning specified under s. NR 115.03 (5).
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section NR 115.03 (5) reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Navigable waters" means Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, all natural inland lakes within Wisconsin and all streams, ponds, sloughs, flowages and other waters within the territorial limits of this state, including the Wisconsin portion of boundary waters, which are navigable under the laws of this state. Under s. 281.31 (2) (d), Stats., notwithstanding any other provision of law or administrative rule promulgated thereunder, shoreland ordinances required under s. 59.692, Stats., and this chapter do not apply to lands adjacent to farm drainage ditches if:
SPS 381.01 Note (a) Such lands are not adjacent to a natural navigable stream or river;
SPS 381.01 Note (b) Those parts of such drainage ditches adjacent to such lands were nonnavigable streams before ditching or had no previous stream history; and
SPS 381.01 Note (c) Such lands are maintained in nonstructural agricultural use.
SPS 381.01(160) (160) “Negative pressure" means a pressure less than atmospheric.
SPS 381.01(160e) (160e) “Noncontinuous pressure" means a pressure greater than atmospheric and exerted for a period of no more than 12 continuous hours.
SPS 381.01(160m) (160m) “Non-domestic wastewater" means any wastewater that is not domestic wastewater or storm water.
SPS 381.01(161) (161) “Nonpotable water" means water not safe for drinking, personal or culinary use.
SPS 381.01(162) (162) “Nonpublic" means, in the classification of plumbing fixtures, those fixtures in residences, apartments, living units of hotels and motels, and other places where the fixtures are intended for the use by a family or an individual to the exclusion of all others.
SPS 381.01(163) (163) “Nontoxic" means a substance in the diluted form that meets one of the following requirements:
SPS 381.01(163)(a) (a) Is listed by the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) as meeting the NSF evaluation criteria for nonfood compounds.
SPS 381.01(163)(b) (b) Is acceptable to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Title 21 section 175.300 of the Federal Regulation on Food Additives.
SPS 381.01(163)(c) (c) Is acceptable for contact with potable water or is deemed non-toxic by a third party certification that is acceptable to the department.
SPS 381.01(163)(d) (d) Is deemed non-toxic by the department.
SPS 381.01(163e) (163e) “Nursing home" has the meaning specified under s. 50.01 (3), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 50.01 (3), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Nursing home" means a place where 5 or more persons who are not related to the operator or administrator reside, receive care or treatment and, because of their mental or physical condition require access to 24-hour nursing services, including limited nursing care, intermediate level nursing care and skilled nursing services. “Nursing home" does not include any of the following:
SPS 381.01 Note (c) A convent or facility owned or operated exclusively by and for members of a religious order that provides reception and care or treatment of an individual.
SPS 381.01 Note(d) A hospice, as defined in s. 50.90 (1), Stats., that directly provides inpatient care.
SPS 381.01 Note (e) A residential care apartment complex.
SPS 381.01(163s) (163s) “Occasional occupancy" means occupying a building that is served by a POWTS for less than 120 calendar days per year.
SPS 381.01(164) (164) “Occupancy" means the purpose for which a building, structure, equipment, materials, or premises, or part thereof, is used or intended to be used.
SPS 381.01(165) (165) “Oil interceptor" means a device designed to intercept and retain oil, lubricating grease or other similar materials.
SPS 381.01(166) (166) “Offset" means a combination of fittings or bends that makes two changes in direction bringing one section of the pipe out of line but into a line parallel with the other section.
SPS 381.01(167) (167) “One or 2-family dwelling" means a building containing not more than 2 dwelling units.
SPS 381.01(168) (168) “Open air" means outside the building.
SPS 381.01(168m) (168m) “Open bodies of water" means those portions of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior within the boundaries of Wisconsin, all lakes, bays, rivers, streams, springs, ponds, wells, impounding reservoirs, marshes, watercourses, drainage systems and other surface water, natural or artificial, public or private within the state or under its jurisdiction.
SPS 381.01(169) (169) “Ordinary high-water mark" has the meaning specified under s. NR 115.03 (6).
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section NR 115.03 (6), reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Ordinary high-water mark" means the point on the bank or shore up to which the presence and action of surface water is so continuous as to leave a distinctive mark such as by erosion, destruction or prevention of terrestrial vegetation, predominance of aquatic vegetation, or other easily recognized characteristic. Where the bank or shore at any particular place is of such character that it is difficult or impossible to ascertain where the point of ordinary high-water mark is, recourse may be had to the opposite bank of a stream or to other places on the shore of a lake or flowage to determine whether a given stage of water is above or below the ordinary high-water mark.
SPS 381.01(170) (170) “Participating governmental unit" means a governmental unit which applies to the department for financial assistance under ss. SPS 387.04 and 387.05, and which meets the conditions specified under s. 145.245 (9), Stats.
SPS 381.01(170e) (170e) “Patient area plumbing fixture" means a plumbing fixture that is accessible to patients in a health care facility and is intended to be used for culinary, hygienic or domestic purposes.
SPS 381.01(171) (171) “Peak flow" means the largest anticipated recurrent wastewater discharge to a private onsite wastewater treatment system.
SPS 381.01(171e) (171e) “Peak flow, stormwater" means the largest anticipated flow from a given storm event.
SPS 381.01(172) (172) “Pipe applied atmospheric type vacuum breaker" means a type of cross connection control device where the flow of water into the device causes a float to close an air inlet port and when the flow of water stops the float falls and forms a check valve against back siphonage and at the same time opens the air inlet port to allow air to enter and satisfy the vacuum.
SPS 381.01(173) (173) “Pit privy" means an enclosed nonportable toilet into which nonwater-carried human wastes are deposited to a subsurface storage chamber that is not watertight.
SPS 381.01(174) (174) “Pitch" means the gradient or slope of a line of pipe in reference to a horizontal plane.
SPS 381.01(175) (175) “Place of employment" has the meaning specified under s. 101.01 (11), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 101.01 (11), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Place of employment" includes every place, whether indoors or out or underground and the premises appurtenant thereto where either temporarily or permanently any industry, trade or business is carried on, or where any process or operation, directly or indirectly related to any industry, trade or business, is carried on, and where any person is, directly or indirectly, employed by another for direct or indirect gain or profit, but does not include any place where persons are employed in private domestic service which does not involve the use of mechanical power or in farming. “Farming" includes those activities specified in s. 102.04 (3), and also includes the transportation of farm products, supplies or equipment directly to the farm by the operator of said farm or employees for the use thereon, if such activities are directly or indirectly for the purpose of producing commodities for market, or as an accessory to such production. When used with relation to building codes, “place of employment" does not include an adult family home, as defined in s. 50.01 (1), or, except for the purposes of s. 101.11, a previously constructed building used as a community-based residential facility, as defined in s. 50.01 (1g), which serves 20 or fewer unrelated residents.
SPS 381.01(176) (176) “Plumbing" has the meaning specified under s. 145.01 (10), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 145.01 (10), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Plumbing" means:
SPS 381.01 Note (a) 1. All piping, fixtures, appliances, equipment, devices, and appurtenances in connection with water supply systems, water distribution systems, wastewater drainage systems, reclaimed water systems, and stormwater use systems, including hot water storage tanks, water treatment devices, and water heaters connected with these systems and also includes the installation thereof.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.