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SPS 381.01 Note “Floodplain" means that land which has been or may be covered by flood water during the regional flood. The floodplain includes the floodway, floodfringe, shallow depth flooding, flood storage and coastal floodplain areas.
SPS 381.01(104) (104) “Floodway" has the meaning specified under s. NR 116.03 (22).
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (22) reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Floodway" means the channel of a river or stream, and those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel required to carry the regional flood discharge.
SPS 381.01(105) (105) “Floor sink" means a receptor for the discharge from indirect or local waste piping installed with its flood level rim even with the surrounding floor.
SPS 381.01(106) (106) “Flow" means the volumetric measure of a liquid stream in a specified time.
SPS 381.01(107) (107) “Flushometer valve" means a device which discharges a predetermined quantity of water to fixtures for flushing purposes and is closed by direct water pressure.
SPS 381.01(108) (108) “Flush valve" means a device located at the bottom of a tank for flushing water closets and similar fixtures.
SPS 381.01(108m) (108m) “Foundation drain" means a subsoil drain that serves the area of the foundation of a building.
SPS 381.01(108s) (108s) “Freeze resistant sanitary yard hydrant" means a type of device serving as a hose bibb that has design features that minimize the risk of freezing, prevent groundwater contamination and provide backflow protection. The term “freeze resistant sanitary yard hydrant with backflow protection" has the same meaning as freeze resistant sanitary yard hydrant.
SPS 381.01(109) (109) “Garage, private" means a building or part of a building used for the storage of vehicles or other purposes, by a family or less than 3 persons not of the same family and which is not available for public use.
SPS 381.01(110) (110) “Garage, public" means a building or part of a building which accommodates or houses self-propelled land, air or water vehicles for 3 or more persons not of the same family.
SPS 381.01(111) (111) “Governmental unit" has the meaning specified under s. 145.01 (5), Stats.
SPS 381.01(112) (112) “Graywater" means wastewater contaminated by waste materials, exclusive of urine, feces or industrial waste, deposited into plumbing drain systems.
SPS 381.01(113) (113) “Grease interceptor" means a receptacle designed to intercept and retain or remove grease or fatty substances.
SPS 381.01(114) (114) “Groundwater" has the meaning specified under s. 160.01 (4), Stats.
SPS 381.01(115) (115) “Hand-held shower" means a hose and a hand-held discharge piece such as a shower head or spray connecting to a fixture fitting.
SPS 381.01(116) (116) “Health care and related facility" means a hospital, nursing home, community-based residential facility, county home, infirmary, inpatient mental health center, inpatient hospice, ambulatory surgery center, adult daycare center, end stage renal facility, facility for the developmentally disabled, institute for mental disease, urgent care center, clinic or medical office, residential care center for children and youth or school of medicine, surgery or dentistry.
SPS 381.01(117) (117) “Health care plumbing appliance" means a plumbing appliance, the function of which is unique to health care activities.
SPS 381.01(118) (118) “High groundwater" means zones of soil saturation which include perched water tables, shallow regional groundwater tables or aquifers, or zones that are seasonally, periodically or permanently saturated.
SPS 381.01(119) (119) “High groundwater elevation" means the higher of either the elevation to which the soil is saturated when observed as a free water surface, or the elevation to which the soil has been seasonally or periodically saturated as indicated by the highest elevation of redoximorphic features in the soil profile.
SPS 381.01(120) (120) “High hazard" means a situation where the water supply system could be contaminated with a toxic substance or solution so as to make the water unsuitable for the designated use.
SPS 381.01(121) (121) “Holding tank" means a watertight receptacle for the collection and holding of wastewater.
SPS 381.01(122) (122) “Horizontal pipe" means any pipe or fitting which makes an angle of less than 45° with the horizontal.
SPS 381.01(123) (123) “Horizontal reference point" means a stationary, identifiable point to which horizontal dimensions can be related.
SPS 381.01(124) (124) “Hose connection backflow preventer" means a type of cross connection control device which consists of 2 independent checks, force-loaded or biased to a closed position, with an atmospheric vent located between the 2 check valves, which is force-loaded or biased to an open position, and a means for attaching a hose.
SPS 381.01(125) (125) “Hose connection vacuum breaker" means a type of cross connection control device which consists of a check valve member force-loaded or biased to a closed position and an atmospheric vent valve or means force-loaded or biased to an open position when the device is not under pressure.
SPS 381.01(126) (126) “Hot water" means water at a temperature of 110° F. or more.
SPS 381.01(127) (127) “Hot water storage tank" means a tank used to store water that is heated indirectly by a circulating water heater or by steam or hot water circulating through coils or by other heat exchange methods internal or external to the tank.
SPS 381.01(128) (128) “Human health hazard" has the meaning specified under s. 254.01 (2), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 254.01 (2), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Human health hazard" means a substance, activity or condition that is known to have the potential to cause acute or chronic illness, to endanger life, to generate or spread infectious diseases, or otherwise injuriously to affect the health of the public.
SPS 381.01(129) (129) “Hydrostatic test" means a test performed on a plumbing system or portion thereof in which the system is filled with a liquid, normally water, and raised to a designated pressure.
SPS 381.01(130) (130) “Indian lands" means lands owned by the United States and held for the use or benefit of Indian tribes or bands or individual Indians, and lands within the boundaries of a federally recognized reservation that are owned by Indian tribes or bands or individual Indians.
SPS 381.01(131) (131) “Indirect waste piping" means drain piping which does not connect directly with the drain system, but which discharges into the drain system by means of an air break or air gap into a receptor.
SPS 381.01(132) (132) “Individual vent" means a pipe installed to vent a fixture trap.
SPS 381.01(133) (133) “Industrial wastewater" means the liquid wastes that result from industrial processes.
SPS 381.01(133s) (133s) “Infiltration component" means any device or method that is intended to promote the assimilation of water into in situ soil.
SPS 381.01(134) (134) “Infiltrative surface" means the plane within a treatment or dispersal component at which effluent is applied to in situ soil or engineered soil.
SPS 381.01(135) (135) “In situ soil" means soil naturally formed or deposited in its present location or position and includes soil material that has been plowed using normal tillage implements and depositional material resulting from erosion or flooding.
SPS 381.01(136) (136) “Interceptor" or “separator" means a device designed and installed so as to separate and retain deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from wastes flowing through it.
SPS 381.01(136s) (136s) “Irrigation" means the application of water to the root zone of plants or plantings.
SPS 381.01(137) (137) “Laboratory faucet backflow preventer" means a type of cross connection control device which consists of 2 independently acting check valves force-loaded or biased to a closed position and, between the check valves, a means for automatically venting to atmosphere which is force-loaded or biased to an open position.
SPS 381.01(138) (138) “Laboratory plumbing appliance" means a plumbing appliance, the function of which is unique to scientific experimentation or research activities.
SPS 381.01(139) (139) “Leaching chamber" means a product designed to support soil and create a cavity for the temporary storage of effluent and to provide an infiltrative surface for the distribution cell POWTS dispersal or treatment component.
SPS 381.01(140) (140) “Leader" means a pipe or channel outside a building which conveys storm water from the roof or gutter drains to a storm drain, storm sewer or to grade.
SPS 381.01(141) (141) “Lead-free" means:
SPS 381.01(141)(a) (a) When used with respect to solders and flux, containing not more than 0.2 percent lead.
SPS 381.01(141)(b) (b) When used with respect to pipe and pipe fittings and fixtures, containing not more than 8.0 percent lead.
SPS 381.01(141)(c) (c) When used with respect to the wetted surface material of pipe and pipe fittings and fixtures, containing a weighted average of not more than 0.25 percent lead.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Calculation procedures for determining the weighted average lead concentration in a product that consists of several components are listed in NSF/ANSI Standard 61, annex G, including how to comply with amended sec. 1417(d)(2) of the federal Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) of 2011.
SPS 381.01(142) (142) “Linear loading rate" means the amount of effluent applied daily along the landscape contour expressed in gallons per day per linear foot along a site contour.
SPS 381.01(143) (143) “Load factor" means the percentage of the total connected fixture unit flow rate which is likely to occur at any point in a drain system.
SPS 381.01(144) (144) “Local station" means a National Weather Service (NWS) precipitation station or other station accepted by the department as collecting precipitation data in accordance with NWS methods.
SPS 381.01(145) (145) “Local waste piping" means a portion of drain piping which receives the wastes discharged from indirect waste piping and which discharges those wastes by means of an air break or air gap into a receptor.
SPS 381.01(146) (146) “Local vent" means a pipe connecting to a fixture and extending to outside air through which vapor or foul air is removed from the fixture.
SPS 381.01(147) (147) “Low hazard" means a situation where the water supply system could be contaminated with a nontoxic substance or solution so as to make the water unsuitable for the designated use.
SPS 381.01(148) (148) “Main" means the principal pipe artery to which branches may be connected.
SPS 381.01(149) (149) “Manhole" means an opening constructed to permit access by a person to a sewer or any underground portion of a plumbing system.
SPS 381.01(150) (150) “Manufactured dwelling" has the meaning specified under s. SPS 320.07 (52) (a).
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section SPS 320.07 (52) (a) was repealed.
SPS 381.01(151) (151) “Manufactured home" has the meaning specified under s. 101.91 (2), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 101.91 (2), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Manufactured home" means any of the following:
SPS 381.01 Note (am) A structure that is designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation and that is certified by the federal department of housing and urban development as complying with the standards established under 42 USC 5401 to 5425.
SPS 381.01 Note (c). A mobile home, unless a mobile home is specifically excluded under the applicable statute.
SPS 381.01(152) (152) “Manufactured home drain connector" means the pipe that joins the drain piping for a manufactured home to the building sewer.
SPS 381.01(153) (153) “Manufactured home community" has the meaning specified under s. 101.91 (5m), Stats.
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section 101.91 (5m), Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Manufactured home community" means any plot or plots of ground upon which 3 or more manufactured homes that are occupied for dwelling or sleeping purposes are located. “Manufactured home community" does not include a farm where the occupants of the manufactured homes are the father, mother, son, daughter, brother or sister of the farm owner or operator or where the occupants of the manufactured homes work on the farm.
SPS 381.01(154) (154) “Mechanical joint" means a connection between pipes, fittings or pipes and fittings by means of a device, coupling, fitting or adapter where compression is applied around the center line of the pieces being joined, but which is not caulked, threaded, soldered, solvent cemented, brazed or welded.
SPS 381.01(154m) (154m) “Mixed wastewater" means a combination of domestic and non-domestic wastewater.
SPS 381.01(155) (155) “Multiple dwelling" means a building containing more than 2 dwelling units.
SPS 381.01(156) (156) “Multipurpose piping system" means a water distribution system conveying water to plumbing fixtures and appliances and automatic fire sprinklers with the intention of serving both domestic and fire protection needs.
SPS 381.01(157) (157) “Municipality" means any city, village, town or county in this state.
SPS 381.01(158) (158) “Munsell soil color" means a color classification that specifies the relative degrees of the color variables in terms of hue, value and chroma.
SPS 381.01(159) (159) “Navigable waters" has the meaning specified under s. NR 115.03 (5).
SPS 381.01 Note Note: Section NR 115.03 (5) reads:
SPS 381.01 Note “Navigable waters" means Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, all natural inland lakes within Wisconsin and all streams, ponds, sloughs, flowages and other waters within the territorial limits of this state, including the Wisconsin portion of boundary waters, which are navigable under the laws of this state. Under s. 281.31 (2) (d), Stats., notwithstanding any other provision of law or administrative rule promulgated thereunder, shoreland ordinances required under s. 59.692, Stats., and this chapter do not apply to lands adjacent to farm drainage ditches if:
SPS 381.01 Note (a) Such lands are not adjacent to a natural navigable stream or river;
SPS 381.01 Note (b) Those parts of such drainage ditches adjacent to such lands were nonnavigable streams before ditching or had no previous stream history; and
SPS 381.01 Note (c) Such lands are maintained in nonstructural agricultural use.
SPS 381.01(160) (160) “Negative pressure" means a pressure less than atmospheric.
SPS 381.01(160e) (160e) “Noncontinuous pressure" means a pressure greater than atmospheric and exerted for a period of no more than 12 continuous hours.
SPS 381.01(160m) (160m) “Non-domestic wastewater" means any wastewater that is not domestic wastewater or storm water.
SPS 381.01(161) (161) “Nonpotable water" means water not safe for drinking, personal or culinary use.
SPS 381.01(162) (162) “Nonpublic" means, in the classification of plumbing fixtures, those fixtures in residences, apartments, living units of hotels and motels, and other places where the fixtures are intended for the use by a family or an individual to the exclusion of all others.
SPS 381.01(163) (163) “Nontoxic" means a substance in the diluted form that meets one of the following requirements:
SPS 381.01(163)(a) (a) Is listed by the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) as meeting the NSF evaluation criteria for nonfood compounds.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.