Register June 2018 No. 750
Chapter SPS 381
DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS
Incorporation of standards by reference.
In chs. SPS 381
, except as otherwise specifically defined:
“Accepted engineering practice" means a specification, standard, guideline or procedure in the field of plumbing or related thereto, generally recognized and accepted as authoritative documented through national standards or specifications.
“Accessible" when applied to a fixture, appliance, pipe, fitting, valve or equipment, means having access for maintenance, but which first may require the removal of an access panel or similar obstruction.
“Accessory building" means a detached building, not used as a dwelling unit but is incidental to that of the dwelling.
“Aerobic treatment component" means a unit for the treatment of wastewater that utilizes the principle of oxidation for biological decomposition.
“Agent" means an individual or agency recognized by the department to act on the department's behalf relative to a specific activity or function.
“Air-break" means a piping arrangement for a drain system where the wastes from a fixture, appliance, appurtenance or device discharge by means of indirect or local waste piping terminating in a receptor at a point below the flood level rim of the receptor and above the outlet of the trap serving the receptor.
“Air-gap, drain system" means the unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the outlet of indirect or local waste piping and the flood level rim of the receptor into which it discharges.
“Air-gap, water supply system" means the unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from any pipe or faucet supplying water to a tank or plumbing fixture and the flood level rim or spill level of the receptacle.
“Alternate plumbing system" means a type of plumbing system designed in such a manner that valid and reliable data shall demonstrate to the department that the plumbing system is in compliance with the intent of chs. SPS 381
“Ambulatory surgery center" means a health care facility that accepts federal funding in accordance with 42 CFR 416
of the federal register for health care finance and where 4 or more individuals that undergo a surgical procedure for which federal reimbursement is based.
“Anaerobic treatment component" means a unit for the treatment of wastewater which utilizes molecular oxygen in the absence of free oxygen for biological respiration and decomposition.
“Approved" means acceptance documented in writing by the department.
“Appurtenance" means a manufactured device or prefabricated assembly of component parts which is an adjunct to a plumbing product or plumbing system.
“Area drain" means a receptor designed to collect storm waters from an open area.
“Areawide water quality management plan" means those plans prepared by the department of natural resources, including those plans prepared by agencies designated by the governor under the authority of ss. 281.11
, 281.12 (1)
, and 283.83
, Stats., for the purpose of managing, protecting and enhancing groundwater and surface water of the state.
SPS 381.01 Note
See ch. SPS 382 Appendix
for a list of water quality management agencies and their addresses.
“Aspirator" means a fitting or device supplied with water or other fluid under positive pressure which passes through an integral orifice or constriction causing a vacuum.
“At-risk” means a POWTS serving a new public or commercial facility that may produce influent to a POWTS treatment or dispersal component, consisting in part of in situ soil in excess of the quantities specified in s. SPS 383.44 (2)
. This definition does not include existing facilities where the influent has been tested and determined to produce influent below the quantities specified in s. SPS 383.44 (2)
or facilities that are known to produce influent exceeding the influent quantities.
“Autopsy table" means a fixture or table used for post-mortem examination.
SPS 381.01 Note
Section 145.01 (2)
, Stats., reads:
SPS 381.01 Note
“Automatic fire sprinkler system", for fire protection purposes, means an integrated system of underground and overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards. The system includes a suitable water supply, such as a gravity tank, fire pump, reservoir or pressure tank or connection beginning at the supply side of an approved gate valve located at or near the property line where the pipe or piping system provides water used exclusively for fire protection and related appurtenances and to standpipes connected to automatic sprinkler systems. The portion of the sprinkler system above ground is a network of specially sized or hydraulically designed piping installed in a building, structure or area, generally overhead, and to which sprinklers are connected in a systematic pattern. The system includes a controlling valve and a device for actuating an alarm when the system is in operation. The system is usually activated by heat from a fire and discharges water over the fire area.
“Backflow" means the unwanted reverse flow of liquids, solids or gases.
“Back pressure" means a pressure greater than the supply pressure that may cause backflow.
“Backflow preventer" means any generic backflow prevention device or assembly.
“Backflow preventer with intermediate atmospheric vent" means a type of cross connection control device which consists of 2 independently acting check valves, internally force-loaded to a normally closed position and separated by an intermediate chamber with a means for automatically venting to atmosphere where the venting means is internally force-loaded to a normally open position. The terms “backflow preventer" or “dual check valve type with atmospheric port backflow preventer" has the same meaning as backflow preventer with intermediate atmospheric vent.
“Back siphonage" means the creation of a backflow as a result of negative pressure.
“Backwater valve" means a device designed to prevent the reverse flow of wastewater in a drain system.
“Ballcock" means a water supply valve opened or closed by means of a float or similar device used to supply water to a tank.
“Bathroom group" means a water closet, lavatory and a bathtub or shower located together on the same floor level.
“Battery of fixtures" means any group of 2 or more fixtures that discharge into the same horizontal branch drain.
“Bedpan sterilizer" means a fixture used for sterilizing bedpans or urinals by direct application of steam, boiling water or chemicals.
“Bedpan washer and sanitizer" means a fixture designed to wash bedpans and to flush the contents into the sanitary drain system and which may also provide for disinfecting utensils by scalding with steam or hot water.
“Bedpan washer hose" means a device supplied with hot or cold water, or both, and located adjacent to a water closet or clinical sink to be used for cleansing bedpans.
“Bedrock" means rock that is exposed at the earth's surface or underlies soil material and includes:
Weathered in-place consolidated material, larger than 2 mm in size and greater than 50% by volume; and
Weakly consolidated sandstone at the point of increased resistance to penetration of a knife blade.
“Bell" means the portion of a pipe that is enlarged to receive the end of another pipe of the same diameter for the purpose of making a joint.
“Bench mark" or “BM" means a permanently established point, the elevation of which is assumed or known, which serves as a vertical reference point, and which may also serve as a horizontal reference point.
“Blackwater" means wastewater contaminated by human body waste, toilet paper and any other material intended to be deposited in a receptor designed to receive urine or feces.
" or “biochemical oxygen demand 5 day" means a measure of the amount of biodegradable organic matter in water.
“Boiler blow-off basin" means a vessel designed to receive the discharge from a boiler blow-off outlet and to cool the discharge to a temperature that permits safe entry into the drain system.
“Branch" means a part of a piping system other than a riser, main or stack.
“Branch interval" means a vertical measurement of distance, 8 feet or more in length, between the connections of horizontal branches to a drainage stack.
“Branch tailpiece" means a fitting consisting of a combination tail piece and a wye.
“Branch vent" means a vent serving more than one fixture drain.
“Building" means a structure for support, shelter or enclosure of persons or property.
“Building drain" means horizontal piping within or under a building, installed below the lowest fixture or the lowest floor level from which fixtures can drain by gravity to the building sewer.
“Building drain branch" means a fixture drain which is individually connected to a building drain and is vented by means of a combination drain and vent system.
“Building drain, sanitary" means a building drain which conveys wastewater consisting in part of domestic wastewater.
“Building drain, storm" means a building drain which conveys storm water, clear water, or both.
“Building permit" means any written permission from a municipality that allows construction to commence on a structure.
“Building sewer" means that part of the drain system not within or under a building which conveys its discharge to a public sewer, private interceptor main sewer, private onsite wastewater treatment system or other point of discharge or dispersal.
“Building sewer, sanitary" means a building sewer which conveys wastewater consisting in part of domestic wastewater.
“Building sewer, storm" means a building sewer which conveys storm water, clear water, or both.
“Building subdrain" means the horizontal portion of a drain system which does not flow by gravity to the building sewer.
“Building subdrain branch" means a fixture drain which is individually connected to a building subdrain and is vented by means of a combination drain and vent system.
“Burr" means a roughness or metal protruding from the walls of a pipe usually as the result of cutting the pipe.
“Business establishment" means any industrial or commercial organization or enterprise operated for profit, including but not limited to a proprietorship, partnership, firm, business trust, joint venture, syndicate, corporation or association.
“Camping unit transfer tank" means a type of portable container used to collect and hold wastewater discharges generated by an individual camping unit.
“Campsite receptor" means the vertical drain piping and trap combination that receives wastewater from recreational vehicles.
“Catch basin" means a watertight receptacle built to arrest sediment of surface, subsoil or other waste drainage, and to retain oily or greasy wastes, so as to prevent their entrance into the building drain or building sewer.
“Cesspool" means an excavation which receives domestic wastewater by means of a drain system without pretreatment of the wastewater and retains the organic matter and solids permitting the liquids to seep from the excavation.
“Circuit vent" means a method of venting 2 to 8 traps or trapped fixtures without providing an individual vent for each trap or fixture.
“Cleanout" means an accessible opening in a drain system used for the removal of obstructions.
“Clear water" means wastewater other than storm water, having no impurities or where impurities are below a minimum concentration considered harmful by the department, including but not limited to noncontact cooling water and condensate drainage from refrigeration compressors and air conditioning equipment, drainage of water used for equipment chilling purposes and cooled condensate from steam heating systems or other equipment.
“Clinic sink" means a fixture having an integral trap and a flushing rim so that water cleanses the interior surface.
SPS 381.01 Note
Note: This fixture has flushing and cleansing characteristics similar to a water closet. A clinic sink may also be referred to as a clinic service sink, a bedpan washing sink or a flushing rim sink.
“Cold water" means water at a temperature less than 85°
“Combination fixture" means a fixture combining one sink and laundry tray or a 2- or 3-compartment sink or laundry tray in one unit.