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SPS 320.07(34f) (34f)“Flight" means a continuous series of risers and treads, with no intermediate landings.
SPS 320.07(34g) (34g)“Floodfringe area" means that portion of the floodplain outside of the floodway that is at or below base flood elevation. The term “floodfringe" is intended to designate an area of standing, rather than flowing, water.
SPS 320.07(34h) (34h)“Floodplain" means land which is subject to flooding which is at or below base flood elevation. The floodplain includes the floodway and floodfringe areas.
SPS 320.07(34i) (34i)“Floodway" means the channel of a river or stream and those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel required to carry the flood discharge. The term “floodway" is intended to designate an area of flowing, rather than standing, water.
SPS 320.07(34s) (34s)“Foundation" means the structural system used to transfer the weight of the building to the earth.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: The foundation may include one or more components such as footings, piers, columns, slabs and walls.
SPS 320.07(35) (35)“Garage" means a structure used for storing motorized vehicles that has any more than 2 sides completely enclosed.
SPS 320.07(36) (36)“Gas appliance" means any device that uses gas as a fuel or raw material to produce light, heat, power, refrigeration or air conditioning.
SPS 320.07(36m) (36m)“Groundfloor" means that level of a dwelling, below the first floor, located on a site with a sloping or multilevel grade and which has a portion of its floor line at grade.
SPS 320.07(36r) (36r)“Guard" means a barrier erected to prevent a person from falling to a lower level.
SPS 320.07(37) (37)“Habitable room" means any room used for sleeping, living or dining purposes, excluding such enclosed places as kitchens, closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, hallways, laundries, storage spaces, utility rooms, and similar spaces.
SPS 320.07(37m) (37m)“Handrail" means a horizontal or sloping rail intended for grasping by a hand, for guidance or support or preventing a fall down a stair.
SPS 320.07(38) (38)“Hearth" means the floor area within the fire chamber of a fireplace.
SPS 320.07(38m) (38m)“Hearth extension" means the surfacing applied to the floor area extending in front of and at the sides of the fireplace opening.
SPS 320.07(40) (40)“Heating load" is the estimated heat loss of each room or space to be heated, based on maintaining a selected indoor air temperature during periods of design outdoor weather conditions. The total heat load includes: the transmission losses of heat transmitted through the wall, floor, ceiling, glass or other surfaces; and either the infiltration losses or heat required to warm outdoor air used for ventilation.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: Infiltration losses include heat required to warm outside air which leaks through cracks and crevices, around doors and windows or through open doors and windows.
SPS 320.07(40m) (40m)“Hollow unit" means a masonry unit which has a net cross-sectional area parallel to the bearing face which is less than 75% of the gross cross-sectional area.
SPS 320.07(40t) (40t)“Incinerating toilet" means a self-contained device for the treatment of nonliquid carried wastes that deposits the wastes directly into a combustion chamber, reduces the solid portion to ash and evaporates the liquid portion.
SPS 320.07(41) (41)“Independent inspection agency" means any person, firm, association, partnership or corporation certified by the department to perform certified inspections under this code.
SPS 320.07(42) (42)“Initial construction" means the date of issuance of the Wisconsin uniform building permit.
SPS 320.07(43) (43)“Insignia." See “Wisconsin insignia."
SPS 320.07(44) (44)“Installation" means the assembly of a manufactured building on site and the process of affixing a manufactured building to land, a foundation, footing or an existing building.
SPS 320.07(46) (46)“Kitchen" means an area used, or designed to be used, for the preparation of food.
SPS 320.07(46m) (46m)“Land disturbing construction activity" means any man-made alteration of the land surface resulting in a change in the topography or existing vegetative or non-vegetative soil cover, that may result in storm water runoff and lead to an increase in soil erosion and movement of sediment. Land disturbing construction activity includes clearing and grubbing, demolition, excavating, pit or trench dewatering, filling and grading activities.
SPS 320.07(47) (47)“Landing" means the level portion of a stairs located between flights of stairs or located at the top and base of a stairs.
SPS 320.07(48) (48)“Listed and listing" means equipment or building components which are tested by an independent testing agency and accepted by the department.
SPS 320.07(49) (49)“Live load" means the weight superimposed on the floors, roof and structural and nonstructural components of the dwelling through use and by snow, ice or rain.
SPS 320.07(50) (50)“Loft" means an upper room or floor which has at least 50% of the common wall open to the floor below. The opening may be infringed upon by an open guard constructed in compliance with s. SPS 321.04 (2), but not by a window or half-wall guard. All habitable rooms of lofts are open to the floor below.
SPS 320.07(51) (51)“Manufacture" means the process of making, fabricating, constructing, forming or assembling a product from raw, unfinished, semifinished or finished materials.
SPS 320.07(52m) (52m)“Manufactured home" has the meaning as given in s. 101.91 (2), Stats.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: Section 101.91 (2), Stats., reads as follows:
SPS 320.07 Note (2) “Manufactured home" means any of the following:
SPS 320.07 Note (am) A structure that is designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation and that is certified by the federal department of housing and urban development as complying with the standards established under 42 USC 5401 to 5425.
SPS 320.07 Note (c) A mobile home, unless a mobile home is specifically excluded under the applicable statute.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: “Mobile home" is defined in section 101.91 (10), Stats., as follows: “`Mobile home' means a vehicle manufactured or assembled before June 15, 1976, designed to be towed as a single unit or in sections upon a highway by a motor vehicle and equipped and used, or intended to be used, primarily for human habitation, with walls of rigid uncollapsible construction, which has an overall length in excess of 45 feet. `Mobile home' includes the mobile home structure, its plumbing, heating, air conditioning and electrical systems, and all appliances and all other equipment carrying a manufacturer's warranty."
SPS 320.07(53) (53)“Mechanical draft venting system" means a venting system for a gas burning appliance that is designed to remove flue or vent gases by mechanical means, such as a fan, which may consist of an induced draft portion under non-positive static pressure or a forced draft portion under positive static pressure.
SPS 320.07(53f) (53f)“Modular home" has the meaning given in s. 101.71 (6), Stats.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: Section 101.71 (6) (a), Stats., reads as follows:
SPS 320.07 Note (a) “Modular home" means any structure or component thereof which is intended for use as a dwelling and:
SPS 320.07 Note 1. Is of closed construction and fabricated or assembled on-site or off-site in manufacturing facilities for installation, connection, or assembly and installation, at the building site; or
SPS 320.07 Note 2. Is a building of open construction which is made or assembled in manufacturing facilities away from the building site for installation, connection, or assembly and installation, on the building site and for which certification is sought by the manufacturer.
SPS 320.07 Note (b) “Modular home" does not mean any manufactured home under s. 101.91 or any building of open construction which is not subject to par. (a) 2.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: See s. SPS 320.07 (52m) for the definition of manufactured home.
SPS 320.07(53m) (53m)“Multiple station smoke alarm" means an assembly that incorporates the smoke detector, the control equipment and the alarm-sounding device in one unit that is capable of being interconnected with one or more additional alarms so that the actuation of one alarm causes the operation of all interconnected alarms.
SPS 320.07(54) (54)A “multi-wythe wall" is a masonry wall composed of 2 or more wythes of masonry units tied or bonded together.
SPS 320.07(55) (55)“Municipality" means any city, village, town or county in this state.
SPS 320.07(55m) (55m)“Naturally vented appliance" means an appliance with a venting system designed to remove flue or vent gases under non-positive static vent pressure entirely by natural draft.
SPS 320.07(56) (56)“Open construction" means any building, building component, assembly or system manufactured in such a manner that it can be readily inspected at the building site without disassembly, damage or destruction.
SPS 320.07(57) (57)“Owner" means any person having a legal or equitable interest in the dwelling.
SPS 320.07(58) (58)“Perm" means a unit of permeance which is measured in grains per (hour) (square foot) (inch of mercury vapor pressure difference).
SPS 320.07 Note Note: The lower the perm rating of a material is, the more difficult it is for water vapor to pass through it.
SPS 320.07(59) (59)“Pilaster" is a projection of masonry or a filled cell area of masonry for the purpose of bearing concentrated loads or to stiffen the wall against lateral forces.
SPS 320.07(59m) (59m)“Porch" means an unenclosed exterior structure at or near grade attached or adjacent to the exterior wall of any building, and having a roof and floor.
SPS 320.07(59p) (59p)“Primitive rural hunting cabin” has the meaning given in s. 101.61 (3), Stats.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: Section 101.61 (3), Stats., reads as follows:
SPS 320.07 Note (3) “Primitive rural hunting cabin” means a structure that satisfies all of the following:
SPS 320.07 Note (a) The structure is not used as a home or residence.
SPS 320.07 Note (b) The structure is used principally for recreational hunting activity.
SPS 320.07 Note (c) The structure does not exceed 2 stories in height.
SPS 320.07 Note (d) The structure satisfies any of the following:
SPS 320.07 Note 1. The structure was constructed before December 31, 1997.
SPS 320.07 Note 2. The structure results from alterations made to a structure described in subd.1.
SPS 320.07 Note 3. The structure replaces a structure described in subd. 1.
SPS 320.07(59t) (59t)“Privy" means an enclosed nonportable toilet into which nonwater-carried human wastes are deposited to a subsurface storage chamber.
SPS 320.07(60m) (60m)“Registered UDC inspection agency" means a person, business or entity that is registered with the department for the purpose of facilitating plan review, issuance of Wisconsin uniform building permits, and inspection of one- and 2-family dwellings in municipalities where the department has jurisdiction pursuant to s. 101.651 (3) (b), Stats.
SPS 320.07(61) (61)“Repair" means the act or process of restoring to original soundness, including redecorating, refinishing, nonstructural repairs or maintenance, or the replacement of existing fixtures, systems or equipment with the equivalent fixture, system or equipment.
SPS 320.07(62) (62)“Shingle" means a unit of roof-covering material that has been manufactured to specific dimensions and is applied in overlapping fashion. “Shingle" includes all of the following:
SPS 320.07(62)(a) (a) “Fiberglass asphalt shingle" means a type of shingle with an internal mat composed of nonwoven, resin-bonded glass fibers, that is impregnated and coated with asphalt.
SPS 320.07(62)(b) (b) “Laminated shingle" means a shingle with a second layer of asphalt and mat laminated to the first layer, usually in a design pattern to simulate the dimensional appearance of natural slate or wood shakes.
SPS 320.07(62)(c) (c) “Organic asphalt shingle" means a shingle with an internal mat composed of organic fibers, such as cellulose, that is saturated and coated with asphalt.
SPS 320.07(62)(d) (d) “Strip shingle" means a rectangular shingle that relies either on a sealant or on a combination of weight and stiffness to resist wind uplift, rather than using interlocking tabs.
SPS 320.07(63) (63)A “single-wythe wall" is a masonry wall consisting of one unit of thickness.
SPS 320.07(64) (64)A “smoke chamber" is that part of a fireplace which acts as a funnel to compress the smoke and gases from the fire so that they will enter the chimney above.
SPS 320.07(65) (65)A “smoke pipe" is a connector between the solid or liquid fuel-burning appliance and the chimney.
SPS 320.07(65m) (65m)“Solid unit" means a masonry unit which has a net cross-sectional area parallel to the bearing face which is 75% or more of the gross cross-sectional area.
SPS 320.07(65r) (65r)“Stabilized" means the condition where vegetation is established or other practices are in place on exposed soil surfaces so as to reduce erosion.
SPS 320.07(66) (66)“Stair," “stairs," or “stairway" means one or more risers and the necessary treads, which form a continuous passage from one elevation to another. Multiple stairways can be connected by platforms and landings.
SPS 320.07(68) (68)A “story" is that portion of a building located above the basement, between the floor and the ceiling.
SPS 320.07(69) (69)A “stove" is a nonportable solid-fuel-burning, vented, nonducted heat-producing appliance located in the space that it is intended to heat. This definition does not include cooking appliances.
SPS 320.07(70) (70)“Stovepipe." Same as smoke pipe.
SPS 320.07(71) (71)“Strain" means a change in the physical shape of a material caused by stress.
SPS 320.07(72) (72)“Stress" means internal resistance to an external force expressed in load per unit area; stresses acting perpendicular (compression or tension) to the surface, shear stresses acting in the plane of the surface, or bending stresses which cause curving.
SPS 320.07(73) (73)“Structural analysis" is a branch of the physical sciences which uses the principles of mechanics in analyzing the impact of loads and forces and their effect on the physical properties of materials in the form of internal stress and strain.
SPS 320.07(75) (75)The “throat" of a fireplace is the slot-like opening above the firebox through which flames, smoke and other products of combustion pass into the smoke chamber.
SPS 320.07(75m) (75m)“UDC" means chs. SPS 320 to 325, the Wisconsin uniform dwelling code.
SPS 320.07(76) (76)“Vent" means a vertical flue or passageway to vent fuel-burning appliances.
SPS 320.07(77) (77)A “vent connector" is a connector between a fuel-burning appliance and the chimney or vent.
SPS 320.07(77f) (77f)“Water-resistive barrier" means a material, including flashing, behind an exterior wall covering that is intended to resist liquid water that has penetrated behind the permanent weather-resistant finish from further intruding into the exterior wall assembly.
SPS 320.07(77m) (77m)“Waters of the state" includes those portions of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior within the boundaries of Wisconsin, and all lakes, bays, rivers, streams, springs, ponds, wells, impounding reservoirs, marshes, watercourses, drainage systems and other surface waters or groundwaters, natural or artificial, public or private, within the state or its jurisdiction.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.