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Register February 2017 No. 734
Chapter REEB 18
TRUST ACCOUNTS
REEB 18.01   Authority.
REEB 18.02   Definitions.
REEB 18.031   Deposits and types of accounts.
REEB 18.032   Number of real estate trust accounts.
REEB 18.033   Opening and closing real estate trust accounts.
REEB 18.034   Account designation.
REEB 18.035   Duty to notify the department.
REEB 18.036   Authorization to examine real estate trust accounts and records.
REEB 18.037   Form for notification and authorization.
REEB 18.04   Authorization to sign trust account checks.
REEB 18.05   Receipt for earnest money received by the licensee.
REEB 18.06   Escrow agreement for earnest money not held by the firm.
REEB 18.07   After closing escrow agreements.
REEB 18.09   Disbursement of trust funds.
REEB 18.10   Comingling funds prohibited.
REEB 18.11   Non-depositable items.
REEB 18.13   Bookkeeping system.
REEB 18.14   Violation of rules.
Ch. REEB 18 Note Note: Chapter REB 9 as it existed on February 28, 1983 was renumbered to be chapter RL 18, effective March 1, 1983. Chapter RL 18 was renumbered chapter REEB 18 under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1., Stats., Register November 2011 No. 671.
REEB 18.01 REEB 18.01Authority. The following rules are adopted pursuant to ss. 227.11, 452.07 and 452.13, Stats.
REEB 18.01 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; renum. from REB 9.01 and am. Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; CR 13-072: am. (title) Register May 2014 No. 701, eff. 7-1-14.
REEB 18.02 REEB 18.02Definitions. In this chapter:
REEB 18.02 Note Note: See also definitions in s. REEB 11.02.
REEB 18.02(1) (1) “Business day" means any day excluding Saturdays, Sundays, any legal public holiday under Wisconsin or Federal law, and any other day designated by the President of the United States such that the U.S. postal service does not receive registered mail or make regular deliveries on that day.
REEB 18.02(1e) (1e) “Client funds" has that meaning given in s. 452.13 (1) (a), Stats.
REEB 18.02 Note Note: Section 452.13 (1) (a), Stats., reads: `“Client funds" means all downpayments, earnest money deposits or other money related to a conveyance of real estate that is received by a broker, salesperson or time-share salesperson on behalf of the broker's, salesperson's or time-share salesperson's principal or any other person. “Client funds" does not include promissory notes.'
REEB 18.02(4) (4) “Depository institution" has that meaning given in s. 452.13 (1) (b), Stats.
REEB 18.02 Note Note: Section 452.13 (1) (b), Stats., reads: `“Depository institution" means a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union that is authorized by federal or state law to do business in this state and that is insured by the federal deposit insurance corporation or by the national credit union share insurance fund.'
REEB 18.02(5) (5) “Real estate trust account" means an account for real estate trust funds maintained at a depository institution from which withdrawals or transfers can be made without delay, subject to any notice period that the depository institution is required to observe by law, and includes all of the following:
REEB 18.02(5)(a) (a) Interest-bearing common trust accounts established for client funds.
REEB 18.02(5)(b) (b) Non-interest bearing real estate trust accounts maintained for real estate trust funds other than client funds.
REEB 18.02(5)(c) (c) Interest-bearing real estate trust accounts maintained for real estate trust funds other than client funds.
REEB 18.02(6) (6) “Real estate trust funds” means any cash, checks, share drafts, drafts, or notes received by a firm or licensee on behalf of a principal or any other person including any of the following:
REEB 18.02(6)(a) (a) Payments on land contracts, mortgage payments and any other receipts pertaining to mortgages.
REEB 18.02(6)(b) (b) Tax and insurance payments held in escrow.
REEB 18.02(6)(c) (c) Advance fees and finder's fees, unless non-refundable.
REEB 18.02(6)(d) (d) Rental application deposits and rents, but only when received while acting as an agent for another.
REEB 18.02(6)(e) (e) Payments received for subsequent repayment to a third party.
REEB 18.02(6)(f) (f) Security deposits on rental property, except as provided in s. REEB 18.031 (4).
REEB 18.02(6)(g) (g) Initial and additional earnest money downpayments and other funds received in connection with offers to purchase, options, and exchanges, even if the broker or salesperson receives the downpayments or funds when negotiating the sale of real estate or a business opportunity which the broker or salesperson owns in whole or in part, or when negotiating the purchase of real estate or a business opportunity for ownership in whole or in part by the broker or salesperson.
REEB 18.02 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; r. and recr. (3), Register, April, 1982, No. 316, eff. 5-1-82; renum. from REB 9.02 and am. (1), Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; cr. (2m), am. (3) (a) (intro.), renum. (3) (c) and (d) to be (3) (a) 4. and 5. and am. 5., Register, June, 1984, No. 342, eff. 7-1-84; r. and recr. Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; r. (3), am. (5) (intro.), Register, July, 1998, No. 511, eff. 8-1-98; correction in (6) (f) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register November 2011 No. 671; CR 13-072: renum. (1) to (1e), cr. (1), am. (5) (intro.) to (b), (6) Register May 2014 No. 701, eff. 7-1-14; EmR1620: emerg. r. (2), am. (6) (intro.), (g), eff. 7-1-16; CR 16-042: r. (2), am. (6) (intro.), (g) Register February 2017 No. 734, eff. 3-1-17.
REEB 18.031 REEB 18.031Deposits and types of accounts.
REEB 18.031(1)(1)Time of deposit. A firm shall deposit all real estate trust funds received by the firm or licensees associated with the firm in a real estate trust account within 48 hours of receipt of the trust funds. If funds are received on a day prior to a holiday or other day when the depository institution is closed, the firm shall deposit the funds within the next 2 business days. If a firm receives funds which cannot be deposited by the firm, the firm shall, no later than one business day after receipt, either:
REEB 18.031(1)(a) (a) Forward the funds to the payee, if someone other than the firm.
REEB 18.031(1)(b) (b) Return the funds to the payer.
REEB 18.031(2) (2)Duty of licensees. A licensee who receives real estate trust funds shall promptly submit the funds to the firm of the licensee.
REEB 18.031(3) (3)Interest-bearing accounts.
REEB 18.031(3)(a)(a) Client funds shall be deposited in an interest-bearing common trust account and the department of administration shall be the beneficial owner of the interest accruing to the account, minus any service charges. At no time may the firm remove or use the interest earned on such accounts.
REEB 18.031(3)(b) (b) Real estate trust funds, other than client funds, may be deposited in an interest-bearing account if the firm obtains from the persons for whom the funds are being held written authorization to deposit the funds in an interest-bearing account and if the authorization specifies how and to whom the interest will be disbursed. None of the interest earned on the funds deposited into an interest-bearing account may inure to the benefit of the firm.
REEB 18.031(4) (4)Security deposits. A licensee having an ownership interest in a rental property shall either place security deposits related to that property in a real estate trust account or shall provide in a lease for security deposits to be held in an account maintained in the name of the owner or owners.
REEB 18.031(5) (5)Rental owner's account.
REEB 18.031(5)(a)(a) In this subsection, “owner's account" means an account maintained by an owner of rental property for depositing and disbursing any funds payable to or by the owner.
REEB 18.031(5)(b) (b) A firm may directly deposit into an owner's account rental application deposits, rents and security deposits which may have been made payable to one or more owners. The firm or licensee associated with the firm may be designated as a signatory on the owner's account and may make disbursements from that account to the extent authorized by the owner in writing.
REEB 18.031 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; correction made in (title) under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 2., Stats., Register November 2011 No. 671; CR 13-072: am. (1) Register May 2014 No. 701, eff. 7-1-14; EmR1620: emerg. am. (1) (intro.), (a), (2), (3), (5) (b), eff. 7-1-16; CR 16-042: am. (1) (intro.), (a), (2), (3), (5) (b) Register February 2017 No. 734, eff. 3-1-17.
REEB 18.032 REEB 18.032Number of real estate trust accounts. A firm may maintain more than one real estate trust account, including more than one interest-bearing common trust account for client funds, if the firm notifies the department of these accounts, as required in s. REEB 18.035.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.