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Register February 2020 No. 770
Chapter OT 4
OT 4.01   Authority and purpose.
OT 4.02   Scope of practice.
OT 4.03   Standards of practice.
OT 4.04   Supervision and practice of occupational therapy assistants.
OT 4.05   Supervision of non-licensed personnel and therapy aides.
OT 4.01 OT 4.01 Authority and purpose. The rules in this chapter are adopted by the board under the authority of ss. 15.085 (5) (b), 227.11 (2) and 448.965, Stats., to govern the standards of practice and supervision requirements for occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants.
OT 4.01 History History: CR 02-026: cr. Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03.
OT 4.02 OT 4.02 Scope of practice.
OT 4.02(1)(1)“Occupational therapy," as defined at s. 448.96 (5), Stats., may include the following interventions:
OT 4.02(1)(a) (a) Remediation or restitution of performance abilities that are limited due to impairment in biological, physiological, psychological or neurological processes.
OT 4.02(1)(b) (b) Adaptation of task, process or environment, or the teaching of compensatory techniques, in order to enhance performance.
OT 4.02(1)(c) (c) Disability prevention methods and techniques which facilitate the development or safe application of performance skills.
OT 4.02(1)(d) (d) Health promotion strategies and practices which enhance performance abilities.
OT 4.02(2) (2)Occupational therapy interventions include the following:
OT 4.02 Note Note: A comprehensive list of occupational therapy interventions can be found in the Model Practice Act of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA). The AOTA may be contacted on the web at or by mail at American occupational therapy association, P.O. Box 31220, Bethesda, MD 20824-1220.
OT 4.02(2)(a) (a) Screening, evaluating, developing, improving, sustaining, or restoring skills in activities of daily living, work or productive activities, instrumental activities of daily living, play, leisure activities, rest and sleep, education and social participation.
OT 4.02(2)(b) (b) Evaluating, developing, remediating, or restoring sensorimotor, sensoriperceptual neuromusculoskeletal, emotional regulation, cognition, communication, social skills, or psychosocial components of performance.
OT 4.02(2)(c) (c) Designing, fabricating or training in the use of assistive technology, upper extremity orthotic devices and lower extremity positioning orthotic devices.
OT 4.02(2)(d) (d) Training in the use of prosthetic devices, excluding gait training.
OT 4.02(2)(e) (e) Adaptation of environments and processes, including the application of ergonomic principles, to enhance performance and safety in daily life roles.
OT 4.02(2)(f) (f) Application of physical agent modalities. Application is performed by an experienced therapist with demonstrated and documented evidence of theoretical background, technical skill and competence.
OT 4.02 Note Note: An example of standards for evaluating theoretical background, technical skill and competence is the position paper on physical agent modalities issued by the American occupational therapy association (AOTA). AOTA may be contacted on the web at, and by mail at American occupational therapy association, P.O. Box 31220, Bethesda, MD 20824-1220.
OT 4.02(2)(g) (g) Evaluating and providing intervention and case management in collaboration with the client, family, caregiver or other involved individuals or professionals.
OT 4.02(2)(h) (h) Educating the client, family, caregiver, or others in carrying out appropriate nonskilled interventions.
OT 4.02(2)(i) (i) Consulting with groups, programs, organizations, or communities to provide population-based services.
OT 4.02(2)(j) (j) Therapeutic use of occupations, exercises, and activities.
OT 4.02(2)(k) (k) Training in self-care, self-management, health management and maintenance, home management, community work reintegration, and school activities and work performance.
OT 4.02(2)(L) (L) Therapeutic use of self, including one's personality, insights, perceptions and judgments, as part of the therapeutic process.
OT 4.02(2)(m) (m) Assessment, recommendation, and training in techniques to enhance functional mobility, including management of wheelchair and other mobility devices.
OT 4.02(2)(n) (n) Vision and low vision rehabilitation.
OT 4.02(2)(o) (o) Driver rehabilitation and community mobility.
OT 4.02(2)(p) (p) Management of feeding, eating, and swallowing to enable eating and feeding performance.
OT 4.02(2)(q) (q) Facilitating the occupational performance of groups, populations, or organizations through the modification of environments and adaptation processes.
OT 4.02(2)(r) (r) Use of a range of specific therapeutic procedures, including wound care management; techniques to enhance sensory, perceptual, and cognitive processing; and pain management, lymphedema management, and manual therapy techniques, to enhance performance skills.
OT 4.02 History History: CR 02-026: cr. Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03; CR 13-109: am. (2) (intro.), (a), (b), cr. (2) (j) to (r) Register September 2014 No. 705 eff. 10-1-14; CR 15-053: am. (2) (f) Register August 2016 No. 728, eff. 9-1-16.
OT 4.03 OT 4.03 Standards of practice. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants shall adhere to the minimum standards of practice of occupational therapy that have become established in the profession, including but not limited to the following areas:
OT 4.03(1) (1)Screening.
OT 4.03(1)(a) (a) An occupational therapist, alone or in collaboration with an occupational therapy assistant, when practicing either independently or as a member of a treatment team, shall identify individuals who present deficits or declines in performance of their occupations including occupational performance skills and performance patterns.
OT 4.03(1)(b) (b) Screening methods shall take into consideration the occupational performance contexts relevant to the individual.
OT 4.03(1)(c) (c) Screening methods may include interviews, observations, testing and records review to determine the need for further evaluation and intervention.
OT 4.03(1)(d) (d) The occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant shall transmit screening results and recommendations to all appropriate persons.
OT 4.03(2) (2)Referrals. Referrals may be accepted from advanced practice nurses, chiropractors, dentists, optometrists, physical therapists, physicians, physician assistants, podiatrists, psychologists, or other health care professionals.
OT 4.03(3) (3)Evaluation.
OT 4.03(3)(a) (a) The occupational therapist directs the evaluation process. An occupational therapist alone or in collaboration with the occupational therapy assistant shall prepare an occupational therapy evaluation for each individual referred for occupational therapy services. The occupational therapist interprets the information gathered in the evaluation process.
OT 4.03(3)(b) (b) The evaluation shall consider the individual's medical, vocational, social, educational, family status, and personal and family goals, and shall include an assessment of how performance skills, and performance patterns and their contexts and environments influence the individual's functional abilities and deficits in the performance of their occupations.
OT 4.03(3)(c) (c) Evaluation methods may include observation, interviews, records review, and the use of structured or standardized evaluative tools or techniques.
OT 4.03(3)(d) (d) When standardized evaluation tools are used, the tests shall have normative data for the individual's characteristics. If normative data are not available, the results shall be expressed in a descriptive report. Collected evaluation data shall be analyzed and summarized to indicate the individual's current status.
OT 4.03(3)(e) (e) Evaluation results shall be documented in the individual's record and shall indicate the specific evaluation tools and methods used.
OT 4.03(3)(f) (f) Evaluation results shall be communicated to the referring health care professional, if any, and to the appropriate persons in the facility and community.
OT 4.03(3)(g) (g) If the results of the evaluation indicate areas that require intervention by other health care professionals, the individual shall be appropriately referred or an appropriate consultation shall be requested.
OT 4.03(3)(h) (h) Initial evaluation shall be completed and results documented within the time frames established by the applicable facility, community, regulatory, or funding body.
OT 4.03(4) (4)Program planning.
OT 4.03(4)(a) (a) The occupational therapist is responsible for the development of the occupational therapy intervention plan. The occupational therapist develops the plan collaboratively with the client, and may include the occupational therapy assistant and team working with the client, including the physician — as indicated.
OT 4.03(4)(b) (b) The program shall be stated in measurable and reasonable terms appropriate to the individual's needs, functional goals and prognosis and shall identify short and long term goals.
OT 4.03(4)(c) (c) The program shall be consistent with current principles and concepts of occupational therapy theory and practice.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.