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NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 810.02 (9) defines “cross connection” as a connection or potential connection between any part of a water supply system and another environment containing substances in a manner that, under any circumstances, would allow the substances to enter the water supply system by means of back siphonage or back pressure.
NR 812.07(28) (28)“DHS" means the department of health services.
NR 812.07(30) (30)“Department" means the department of natural resources.
NR 812.07(30f) (30f)“Detention basin" means an excavation into soils having low permeability or installed with a liner having low permeability, not having a permanent pool of water, designed and constructed to temporarily hold storm water to reduce peak discharges of storm water for flood control and to allow for the physical settling of pollutants.
NR 812.07(30m) (30m)“Detention pond" means an impoundment that has a permanent pool of water and is designed to have the capacity to temporarily store storm water runoff to provide flood control and to allow for the physical settling of pollutants.
NR 812.07(30t) (30t)“Ditch" means a long narrow excavation dug in the earth for the drainage of surface water.
NR 812.07(31) (31)“Drawdown" means the extent to which the water level or hydraulic head in and near a well is lowered when water is pumped or flows from the well.
NR 812.07(32) (32)“Drilled well" means a well constructed by boring, drilling, jetting, driving or similar methods. “Drilled well” includes a well constructed by driving a point in combination with a process to remove material below the 10-foot depth, or by a combination of jetting and driving.
NR 812.07(33) (33)“Drillhole” means an excavation or opening deeper than it is wide that extends more than 10 feet below the ground surface constructed for any purpose other than to obtain groundwater.
NR 812.07(34) (34)“Drilling mud" means a fluid mixture of water, sodium bentonite, drill cuttings and any approved additives.
NR 812.07(35) (35)“Driven point well" means a well constructed by joining a drive point with lengths of pipe, and driving the assembly into the ground with percussion equipment or by hand, but without first removing material below the 10-foot depth. “Driven point well" does not include a well constructed by driving a point in combination with a process to remove material below the 10-foot depth or by a combination of jetting and driving.
NR 812.07 Note Note: A “driven point well" is also known as a point well or sand point well.
NR 812.07(35g) (35g)“DSPS" means the department of safety and professional services.
NR 812.07(35m) (35m)“Dug well" means a well consisting of a large diameter hole, deeper than it is wide, constructed into the ground, usually by hand, but if by mechanical means, by methods other than drilling, jetting or boring; and within which the side walls are supported by a curbing.
NR 812.07(36) (36)  “Entry point” has the meaning specified in s. NR 809.04 (29).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 809.04 (29) defines “entry point" as a location in the public water system after treatment or chemical addition, if any, but prior to the distribution system. A sample collected in the distribution system may be considered an entry point sample if the department has determined it is more representative of the water sources.
NR 812.07(37) (37)“Established ground surface" means the permanent elevation of the surface of the site of a well.
NR 812.07(38) (38)“Existing” when referring to an installation, well, water system, reservoir, spring, pit or alcove means an installation, well, water system, reservoir, spring, pit or alcove that was constructed, reconstructed or installed before July 1, 2020.
NR 812.07(40) (40)“FDA" means U.S. food and drug administration.
NR 812.07(41) (41)“Feature" means any well construction or pump installation item for which there is a specification in this chapter.
NR 812.07(41m) (41m)“Filling and sealing" means to fill a well, drillhole, pit or reservoir with a material or materials so the well, drillhole, pit or reservoir will not act as a vertical conduit to contaminate another well, groundwater or an aquifer.
NR 812.07 Note Note: The term “filling and sealing" replaces the term “abandonment," previously used in this chapter.
NR 812.07(43) (43)“Floodfringe" has the meaning specified in s. NR 116.03 (14).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (14) defines “floodfringe" as that portion of the floodplain outside of the floodway, which is covered by flood water during the regional flood. The term “floodfringe" is generally associated with standing water rather than flowing water.
NR 812.07(44) (44)  “Floodplain" has the meaning specified in s. NR 116.03 (16).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (16) defines “floodplain" as that land which has been or may be covered by flood water during the regional flood. The floodplain includes the floodway, floodfringe, shallow depth flooding, flood storage and coastal floodplain areas.
NR 812.07(45) (45)  “Floodway" has the meaning specified in s. NR 116.03 (22).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (22) defines “floodway" as the channel of a river or stream, and those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel required to carry the regional flood discharge.
NR 812.07(46) (46)“Flowing well" means a well from which groundwater flows above the ground surface without pumping.
NR 812.07(47) (47)“Flushing" means causing a rapid intermittent flow of water from a well by pumping, bailing or similar operation.
NR 812.07(48) (48)“Grease interceptor” or “grease trap" has the meaning specified in s. NR 113.03 (21).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 113.03 (21) defines “grease interceptor" as a water tight receptacle designed to intercept and retain grease or fatty substances contained in kitchen and other food wastes. Grease interceptor and grease trap mean the same thing.
NR 812.07(49) (49)“Groundwater” means any of the waters of the state, as defined in s. 281.01 (18), Stats., occurring in a saturated subsurface geological formation of rock or soil.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 281.01 (18), Stats., defines “waters of the state" to include those portions of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior within the boundaries of this state, and all lakes, bays, rivers, streams, springs, ponds, wells, impounding reservoirs, marshes, watercourses, drainage systems and other surface water or groundwater, natural or artificial, public or private, within this state or its jurisdiction.
NR 812.07(50) (50)“Hazardous waste treatment facility" means “treatment facility” as defined in s. 291.01 (22), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 291.01 (22), Stats., defines “treatment facility" as a facility at which hazardous waste is subjected to treatment and may include a facility where hazardous waste is generated. This term does not include a wastewater treatment facility whose discharges are regulated under ch. 283, Stats., unless the facility is required to be permitted as a hazardous waste treatment facility under the resource conservation and recovery act.
NR 812.07(50b) (50b)  “Heat exchange driller” means an individual who performs heat exchange drilling.
NR 812.07(50d) (50d)  “Heat exchange drillhole" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (2b), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 280.01 (2b), Stats., defines “heat exchange drillhole” as an excavation or opening in the ground that is deeper than it is wide, that extends more than 25 feet below the ground surface, and that is made for the purpose of installing a geothermal closed-loop heat exchange system.
NR 812.07(50e) (50e)  “Heat exchange drilling" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (2c), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 280.01 (2c), Stats., defines “heat exchange drilling” as the industry and procedure employed in making heat exchange drillholes.
NR 812.07(51) (51)“High capacity property" means one property on which a high capacity well system exists or is to be constructed.
NR 812.07(52) (52)  “High capacity well" has the meaning specified in s. 281.34 (1) (b), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 281.34 (1) (b), Stats., defines “high capacity well" as a well, except for a residential well or fire protection well, that, together with all other wells on the same property, except for residential wells and fire protection wells, has a capacity of more than 100,000 gallons per day.
NR 812.07(53) (53)“High capacity well system" means one or more wells, drillholes, or mine shafts used or to be used to withdraw water for any purpose on one property, if the total pumping or flowing capacity of all wells, drillholes, or mine shafts on one property is 70 or more gallons per minute based on the pump curve at the lowest system pressure setting, or based on the highest flow rate from a flowing well or wells.
NR 812.07(54) (54)  “Holding tank" has the meaning specified in s. SPS 381.01 (121).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (121) defines “holding tank” as a watertight receptacle for the collection and holding of wastewater.
NR 812.07(54r) (54r)“Hung well casing pipe" means a casing pipe that is smaller in diameter than the enlarged drillhole into which it is placed and installed in a manner so it does not extend all the way to the bottom of the enlarged drillhole.
NR 812.07(55c) (55c)“Infiltration basin" means an excavation into permeable soils designed and constructed to temporarily store surface water runoff and allow it to infiltrate so as to provide flood control, groundwater recharge and to allow for the settling of pollutants.
NR 812.07(55s) (55s)  “Land disposal system" has the meaning specified in s. NR 140.05 (11).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 140.05 (11) defines “land disposal system” as a facility for disposing of liquid wastes consisting of: (a) absorption or seepage pond system, (b) ridge and furrow system, (c) spray irrigation system, (d) overland flow system, (e) subsurface field absorption system, (f) land spreading system, or (g) any other land area receiving liquid waste discharges.
NR 812.07(56) (56)“Landfill” has the meaning specified in s. NR 500.03 (120) or 660.10 (68). “Landfill” includes existing, proposed, and abandoned landfills, open dumps, one-time disposal landfills as defined in ch. NR 500, small and intermediate size construction and demolition waste landfills as defined in ch. NR 500, mining waste disposal sites as defined in ch. NR 182 and hazardous waste disposal facilities as defined in chs. NR 660 to 670.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 500.03 (120) defines “landfill" as a land disposal facility, not classified as a landspreading facility or surface impoundment facility, where solid waste is disposed on land by utilizing the principles of engineering to confine the solid waste to the smallest practical area, to reduce it to the smallest practical volume, and to cover it with a layer of earth or other approved material as required. Section NR 660.10 (68) defines “landfill" as a disposal facility or part of a facility where hazardous waste is placed in or on land and which is not a pile, a land treatment facility, a surface impoundment, an underground injection well, a salt dome formation, a salt bed formation, an underground mine, a cave or a corrective action management unit.
NR 812.07(57k) (57k)  “Licensed heat exchange driller” has the meaning specified in s. NR 146.02 (4h).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 146.02 (4h) defines “licensed heat exchange driller” as an individual who has obtained a license pursuant to s. 280.15 (2m), Stats., and s. NR 146.04, as a heat exchange driller and has paid the annual license fee under s. 280.15 (2m) (c) 1., Stats.
NR 812.07(57m) (57m)  “Licensed pump installer” has the meaning specified in s. NR 146.02 (4j).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 146.02 (4j) defines “licensed pump installer” as any individual who has obtained a license under s. 280.15 (2m), Stats., and s. NR 146.04, as a pump installer and has paid the annual license fee under s. 280.15 (2m) (c) 2., Stats.
NR 812.07(57s) (57s)  “Licensed water well driller” has the meaning specified in s. NR 146.02 (4k).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 146.02 (4k) defines “licensed water well driller” as any individual who has obtained a license under s. 280.15 (2m), Stats., and s. NR 146.04, as a water well driller and has paid the annual license fee under s. 280.15 (2m) (c) 1., Stats.
NR 812.07(57t) (57t)“Lift station" means a wastewater collection and pumping structure that collects wastewater from collector sewers and pumps it through force main sewers.
NR 812.07(57w) (57w)  “Limits of filling” for a landfill has the meaning specified in s. NR 500.03 (127).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 500.03 (127) defines “limits of filling” as the outermost limit at which waste from a facility has been disposed of, or approved or proposed for disposal.
NR 812.07(58) (58)“Liner pipe" means:
NR 812.07(58)(a) (a) Protective well casing pipe installed subsequent to initial construction to seal off a zone of contamination; or
NR 812.07(58)(b) (b) Well casing pipe installed during or subsequent to the initial well construction to seal off a caving or sloughing formation or to eliminate turbidity.
NR 812.07(60e) (60e)  “Living unit” has the meaning specified in s. NR 810.02 (26).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 810.02 (26) defines “living unit” as a residence, apartment unit, condominium unit, duplex unit, manufactured home or other domicile.
NR 812.07(60m) (60m)  “Low capacity well” means a well that is not a high capacity well, as defined in sub. (52).
NR 812.07(60s) (60s)  “Lower drillhole” means that part of a drillhole below the well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(61) (61)“Manure hopper or reception tank" means a liquid-tight concrete, steel or otherwise fabricated vessel primarily for the purpose of facilitating conveyance of liquid or solid manure from one point to another in an animal waste handling system.
NR 812.07(61g) (61g)“Manure loading area" means an area where manure is transferred from an animal shelter unloader or a barn unloader onto a pad or into a receptacle.
NR 812.07(61m) (61m)“Manure stack" means solid manure stacked for more than 120 days on the ground surface or on a paved surface.
NR 812.07(61q) (61q)“Manure storage structure, earthen" means an impoundment made by excavation or mounding of soil for treatment or temporary storage of liquid or solid animal wastes. This term includes structures lined with clay, bentonite or synthetic film materials and structures consisting of slats or drainage openings (“picket dams") used to store solid or semi-solid animal waste material from which runoff occurs. This term also includes fabricated manure storage structures that are not watertight situated above, at or below ground grade.
NR 812.07(61u) (61u)“Manure storage structure, fabricated" means a concrete, steel or otherwise fabricated structure used for treatment or temporary storage of liquid or solid animal waste.
NR 812.07(62) (62)Materials recovery facility” has the meaning specified in s. 287.27 (1), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 287.27 (1), Stats., defines “materials recovery facility” as a facility where the materials specified in s. 287.07 (3) or (4) or 287.27 (4) (b), Stats., not mixed with other solid waste, are processed for reuse or recycling by conversion into a consumer product or a product which is used as a raw material in a commercial or industrial process. “Materials recovery facility" does not include a facility operated by a pulp or paper mill which utilizes fiber or paper that has been separated from waste for use as a raw material in a commercial product.
NR 812.07(64) (64)“Non-community water system” has the meaning specified in s. NR 809.04 (57).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 809.04 (57) defines “non-community water system” as a public water system that is not a community water system. A non-community water system is either a non-transient non-community water system or a transient non-community water system.
NR 812.07(65) (65)“Nominal diameter" means the inside pipe diameter for pipe sizes 1-inch diameter through 12-inch diameter and means the outside pipe diameter for pipe sizes greater than 12-inch diameter.
NR 812.07(66) (66)“Nonpotable" means water supplied for purposes other than human consumption, sanitary use or the preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
NR 812.07(67) (67)“NSF” or “NSF International” means the public health standards and certification organization formerly known as the National Sanitation Foundation.
NR 812.07 Note Note: The NSF International headquarters address is PO Box 130140, 789 N. Dixboro Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113-0140.
NR 812.07(68) (68)“One property" means all contiguous land controlled by one owner, lessee, or any other person having a possessory interest. Lands under single ownership bisected by highways or railroad right-of-ways are considered contiguous.
NR 812.07(69) (69)“Outcrop" means bedrock exposed at the ground surface, including roadcuts.
NR 812.07(69m) (69m)  “Packer” means a solid or inflatable seal lowered into a well or drillhole or attached to a casing string to seal off a specific interval within the well or drillhole.
NR 812.07(71) (71)“Permit" means a well location or pump installation permit issued by a county authorized to administer ch. NR 812 under ch. NR 845.
NR 812.07(72) (72)“Person" means an individual, firm, business, corporation, limited liability corporation, company, association, cooperative, trust institution, partnership, state, public utility, municipality, or federal, state, or interstate agency.
NR 812.07(73) (73)“Pit" means any structure that is completely or partially below the ground surface or below a building floor used for the housing of wells, off-set pumps, pressure tanks or valves. Alcoves are pits.
NR 812.07(74) (74)“Pitless adapter or unit" means a mechanical device attached to the well casing pipe, usually below the frost level, for underground conveyance of water from the well.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.