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NR 812.05(5)(d) (d) Horticultural or agricultural practices, other than those activities that involve the use of a well or drillhole for the placement of a waste material or drainage water underground.
NR 812.05(5)(e) (e) Injection activities conducted in conjunction with placement of backfill into an underground nonferrous metallic mine approved under ch. NR 132 or in connection with placement of backfill into an underground ferrous mine approved under subch. III of ch. 295, Stats.
NR 812.05 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1991, No. 421, eff. 2-1-91; am. Register, September, 1994, No. 465, eff. 10-1-94; am. Register, May, 2000, No. 533, eff. 6-1-00; CR 13-099: am. (2) (b) Register September 2014 No. 705, eff. 10-1-14; CR 13-057: am. (5) (e) Register July 2015 No. 715, eff. 8-1-15.
NR 812.06 NR 812.06Drinking water standards. Private or non-community water systems producing water containing contaminant levels in excess of the primary drinking water standards contained in ch. NR 809, the enforcement standards contained in ch. NR 140, or other advisory levels identified by the department may be designated by the department as contaminated.
NR 812.06 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1991, No. 421, eff. 2-1-91; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, September, 1994, No. 465.
NR 812.07 NR 812.07Definitions. The following terms are defined as follows:
NR 812.07(1) (1)“Adequate water supply" means a water supply which has a well yield and the pump capacity to provide the quantity and quality, where obtainable, according to s. NR 812.06, of water necessary for human or sanitary use, or for the preparation of food products and other purposes for which the water is intended to be used.
NR 812.07(1h) (1h)“Agricultural crop field" means land where there is evidence that agricultural crops were or are being grown.
NR 812.07(1p) (1p)“Air-gap" means the unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from any pipe or faucet supplying water to a tank or plumbing fixture and the flood level rim or spill level of the receptacle.
NR 812.07(1r) (1r)  “Alcove” means a pit that shares a wall with a basement and is accessible from the basement.
NR 812.07 Note Note: In prior versions of ch. NR 812, an alcove was also sometimes referred to as a “subsurface pumproom.”
NR 812.07(1t) (1t)“Animal barn" means a covered, paved or unpaved area in which animals are kept. This includes an area where an individual animal is kept, but does not include a single pet house or single pet kennel housing 5 or fewer adult pets on a residential lot.
NR 812.07(2) (2)“Animal barn pen" means a covered, enclosed concrete area where animals are kept.
NR 812.07(3) (3)“Animal yard" means an uncovered, paved or unpaved area in which animals are kept. This includes an area where an individual animal is kept, but does not include a single pet kennel enclosing 5 or fewer adult pets on a residential lot. An animal yard includes any fenced area where animals are kept or have access including pastures, feed lots, pens, calf hutches, lanes, and riding corrals.
NR 812.07(4) (4)“Animal shelter" means a covered, paved or unpaved area in which animals are kept. This includes an area where an individual animal is kept, but does not include a single pet house or single pet kennel housing 5 or fewer adult pets on a residential lot.
NR 812.07(5) (5)“Annular space" means the space between 2 concentric cylinders or circular objects, such as the space between an upper enlarged drillhole and a well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(6) (6)“API" means the American Petroleum Institute.
NR 812.07 Note Note: The API address is 1220 L Street NW, Washington DC 20005-4070.
NR 812.07(7) (7)“Approval" means the prior approval of the department.
NR 812.07(8) (8)“Approved" means approved by the department.
NR 812.07(9) (9)“ASSE" means American society of sanitary engineering.
NR 812.07(10) (10)“ASTM" or “ASTM International" means the international technical standards organization originally known as the American Society for Testing and Materials.
NR 812.07 Note Note: The ASTM International headquarters address is 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19148-2959.
NR 812.07(11) (11)“Aquifer" means a geological layer of either unconsolidated material, usually sand or gravel or both, or bedrock lying below the ground surface, that is all or partially saturated with water and permeable enough to allow water to be extracted as from a well.
NR 812.07(12) (12)“Artesian pressure" means water pressure in an aquifer sufficient enough to cause the groundwater level in a well to rise above the level at which it was encountered in the well whether or not the water flows at the ground surface.
NR 812.07(14) (14)“AWWA" means American water works association.
NR 812.07(15) (15)“AWS" means American welding society.
NR 812.07(16) (16)“Bail-down method" means a method for setting a screen whereby the screen is fitted with an open pipe sleeve or a bail-down shoe at its lower end and sediment is removed from below the screen to allow the screen to settle into place.
NR 812.07(17) (17)“Basement" means a subsurface structure or part of a structure in which the floor is entirely below grade.
NR 812.07(17m) (17m)“Batch chlorination" means the process of disinfecting a well by injecting, in one continuous pour, a chlorine solution that equals or exceeds the volume of standing water in the well and by using a process that recirculates the solution through the pump and pump discharge piping system back into the well.
NR 812.07(18) (18)“Bedrock" means any naturally formed consolidated or coherent material of the earth's crust, composed of one or more minerals, rock fragments or organic material that underlies any soil or other unconsolidated surficial material or is exposed at the surface. Bedrock includes, but is not limited to limestone (dolomite), sandstone, shale and igneous and metamorphic crystalline rock, including granite, rhyolite, quartzite, gabbro, basalt, gneiss, schist, diorite and greenstone.
NR 812.07(19m) (19m)“Chemical conditioning" means using department-approved chemicals or products to restore a well to its original capacity, production capability or water quality.
NR 812.07(20) (20)“Cistern" means a tank in which rainwater is stored or collected.
NR 812.07(22) (22)“Clay slurry" means a fluid mixture of water, clean native clay, and drill cuttings or sand.
NR 812.07(23) (23)“Clear water" has the meaning specified in s. SPS 381.01 (56).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (56) defines “clear water” as wastewater other than storm water, having no impurities or where impurities are below a minimum concentration considered harmful by the department, including but not limited to noncontact cooling water and condensate drainage from refrigeration compressors and air conditioning equipment, drainage of water used for equipment chilling purposes and cooled condensate from steam heating systems or other equipment.
NR 812.07(24) (24)“Community water system" has the meaning specified in s. NR 810.02 (6).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 810.02 (6) defines “community water system” as a public water system which serves at least 15 service connections used by year-round residents or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents. Any water system serving 7 or more homes, 10 or more mobile homes, 10 or more apartment units, 10 or more duplex units, or 10 or more condominium units shall be considered a community water system unless information is provided by the owners indicating that 25 year-round residents will not be served.
NR 812.07(24m) (24m)“Comparable protection" means to substitute alternative protective measures to provide similar or equal sanitary protection to that provided by this chapter including the well location requirements of s. NR 812.08.
NR 812.07(25) (25)“Conduit" means piping or tubing used to protect discharge or suction piping or electrical wires.
NR 812.07(26) (26)“Confining bed" means a geological layer of either unconsolidated material, usually clay or hardpan, or bedrock, usually shale, that is all or partially saturated with water and having permeability low enough relative to the aquifer to give the water in the aquifer artesian head.
NR 812.07(27) (27)“Contaminant" means any physical, chemical, biological or radiological substance or matter in water.
NR 812.07(27m) (27m)“Crawl space" means the space below a building having no basement; the space being at ground grade, in a depression or in an excavation.
NR 812.07(27t) (27t)“Cross connection” has the meaning specified in s. NR 810.02 (9).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 810.02 (9) defines “cross connection” as a connection or potential connection between any part of a water supply system and another environment containing substances in a manner that, under any circumstances, would allow the substances to enter the water supply system by means of back siphonage or back pressure.
NR 812.07(28) (28)“DHS" means the department of health services.
NR 812.07(30) (30)“Department" means the department of natural resources.
NR 812.07(30f) (30f)“Detention basin" means an excavation into soils having low permeability or installed with a liner having low permeability, not having a permanent pool of water, designed and constructed to temporarily hold storm water to reduce peak discharges of storm water for flood control and to allow for the physical settling of pollutants.
NR 812.07(30m) (30m)“Detention pond" means an impoundment that has a permanent pool of water and is designed to have the capacity to temporarily store storm water runoff to provide flood control and to allow for the physical settling of pollutants.
NR 812.07(30t) (30t)“Ditch" means a long narrow excavation dug in the earth for the drainage of surface water.
NR 812.07(31) (31)“Drawdown" means the extent to which the water level or hydraulic head in and near a well is lowered when water is pumped or flows from the well.
NR 812.07(32) (32)“Drilled well" means a well constructed by boring, drilling, jetting, driving or similar methods. “Drilled well” includes a well constructed by driving a point in combination with a process to remove material below the 10-foot depth, or by a combination of jetting and driving.
NR 812.07(33) (33)“Drillhole” means an excavation or opening deeper than it is wide that extends more than 10 feet below the ground surface constructed for any purpose other than to obtain groundwater.
NR 812.07(34) (34)“Drilling mud" means a fluid mixture of water, sodium bentonite, drill cuttings and any approved additives.
NR 812.07(35) (35)“Driven point well" means a well constructed by joining a drive point with lengths of pipe, and driving the assembly into the ground with percussion equipment or by hand, but without first removing material below the 10-foot depth. “Driven point well" does not include a well constructed by driving a point in combination with a process to remove material below the 10-foot depth or by a combination of jetting and driving.
NR 812.07 Note Note: A “driven point well" is also known as a point well or sand point well.
NR 812.07(35g) (35g)“DSPS" means the department of safety and professional services.
NR 812.07(35m) (35m)“Dug well" means a well consisting of a large diameter hole, deeper than it is wide, constructed into the ground, usually by hand, but if by mechanical means, by methods other than drilling, jetting or boring; and within which the side walls are supported by a curbing.
NR 812.07(36) (36)  “Entry point” has the meaning specified in s. NR 809.04 (29).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 809.04 (29) defines “entry point" as a location in the public water system after treatment or chemical addition, if any, but prior to the distribution system. A sample collected in the distribution system may be considered an entry point sample if the department has determined it is more representative of the water sources.
NR 812.07(37) (37)“Established ground surface" means the permanent elevation of the surface of the site of a well.
NR 812.07(38) (38)“Existing” when referring to an installation, well, water system, reservoir, spring, pit or alcove means an installation, well, water system, reservoir, spring, pit or alcove that was constructed, reconstructed or installed before July 1, 2020.
NR 812.07(40) (40)“FDA" means U.S. food and drug administration.
NR 812.07(41) (41)“Feature" means any well construction or pump installation item for which there is a specification in this chapter.
NR 812.07(41m) (41m)“Filling and sealing" means to fill a well, drillhole, pit or reservoir with a material or materials so the well, drillhole, pit or reservoir will not act as a vertical conduit to contaminate another well, groundwater or an aquifer.
NR 812.07 Note Note: The term “filling and sealing" replaces the term “abandonment," previously used in this chapter.
NR 812.07(43) (43)“Floodfringe" has the meaning specified in s. NR 116.03 (14).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (14) defines “floodfringe" as that portion of the floodplain outside of the floodway, which is covered by flood water during the regional flood. The term “floodfringe" is generally associated with standing water rather than flowing water.
NR 812.07(44) (44)  “Floodplain" has the meaning specified in s. NR 116.03 (16).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (16) defines “floodplain" as that land which has been or may be covered by flood water during the regional flood. The floodplain includes the floodway, floodfringe, shallow depth flooding, flood storage and coastal floodplain areas.
NR 812.07(45) (45)  “Floodway" has the meaning specified in s. NR 116.03 (22).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (22) defines “floodway" as the channel of a river or stream, and those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel required to carry the regional flood discharge.
NR 812.07(46) (46)“Flowing well" means a well from which groundwater flows above the ground surface without pumping.
NR 812.07(47) (47)“Flushing" means causing a rapid intermittent flow of water from a well by pumping, bailing or similar operation.
NR 812.07(48) (48)“Grease interceptor” or “grease trap" has the meaning specified in s. NR 113.03 (21).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 113.03 (21) defines “grease interceptor" as a water tight receptacle designed to intercept and retain grease or fatty substances contained in kitchen and other food wastes. Grease interceptor and grease trap mean the same thing.
NR 812.07(49) (49)“Groundwater” means any of the waters of the state, as defined in s. 281.01 (18), Stats., occurring in a saturated subsurface geological formation of rock or soil.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 281.01 (18), Stats., defines “waters of the state" to include those portions of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior within the boundaries of this state, and all lakes, bays, rivers, streams, springs, ponds, wells, impounding reservoirs, marshes, watercourses, drainage systems and other surface water or groundwater, natural or artificial, public or private, within this state or its jurisdiction.
NR 812.07(50) (50)“Hazardous waste treatment facility" means “treatment facility” as defined in s. 291.01 (22), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 291.01 (22), Stats., defines “treatment facility" as a facility at which hazardous waste is subjected to treatment and may include a facility where hazardous waste is generated. This term does not include a wastewater treatment facility whose discharges are regulated under ch. 283, Stats., unless the facility is required to be permitted as a hazardous waste treatment facility under the resource conservation and recovery act.
NR 812.07(50b) (50b)  “Heat exchange driller” means an individual who performs heat exchange drilling.
NR 812.07(50d) (50d)  “Heat exchange drillhole" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (2b), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 280.01 (2b), Stats., defines “heat exchange drillhole” as an excavation or opening in the ground that is deeper than it is wide, that extends more than 25 feet below the ground surface, and that is made for the purpose of installing a geothermal closed-loop heat exchange system.
NR 812.07(50e) (50e)  “Heat exchange drilling" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (2c), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 280.01 (2c), Stats., defines “heat exchange drilling” as the industry and procedure employed in making heat exchange drillholes.
NR 812.07(51) (51)“High capacity property" means one property on which a high capacity well system exists or is to be constructed.
NR 812.07(52) (52)  “High capacity well" has the meaning specified in s. 281.34 (1) (b), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 281.34 (1) (b), Stats., defines “high capacity well" as a well, except for a residential well or fire protection well, that, together with all other wells on the same property, except for residential wells and fire protection wells, has a capacity of more than 100,000 gallons per day.
NR 812.07(53) (53)“High capacity well system" means one or more wells, drillholes, or mine shafts used or to be used to withdraw water for any purpose on one property, if the total pumping or flowing capacity of all wells, drillholes, or mine shafts on one property is 70 or more gallons per minute based on the pump curve at the lowest system pressure setting, or based on the highest flow rate from a flowing well or wells.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.