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NR 811.63(3) (3)Year-round access. Storage facilities shall be located in an area accessible during the entire year. If necessary, road improvements shall be installed to provide year-round dry land access. Storage facilities and access roads shall be located on property owned by the water supply owner or for which the owner has obtained easements.
NR 811.63(4) (4)Floor elevations. The department recommends that the lowest elevations of floors and sump floors of ground level reservoirs and standpipes should be placed at or above the normal ground surface. If the department allows the floor or sump to be below the normal ground surface, it shall be placed a minimum of 2 feet above the groundwater table. Borings shall be made to determine groundwater elevations if that information is not available.
NR 811.63(5) (5)Contamination sources.
NR 811.63(5)(a)(a) Sewers, drains, fuel storage tanks, standing water, and similar sources of contamination shall be kept a minimum of 50 feet from the reservoir.
NR 811.63(5)(b) (b) The department may approve gravity or force main sewers within 50 feet of a reservoir if the sewer or force main is constructed of water main class pipe meeting the requirements of s. NR 811.69 and is pressure tested in place to meet the requirements of s. NR 811.12 (5) (d) 2.
NR 811.63(6) (6)Roof surface above grade.
NR 811.63(6)(a)(a) The top roof surface of a ground level reservoir may not be less than 2 feet above normal ground surface.
NR 811.63(6)(b) (b) The department shall require a higher exposed elevation if high groundwater, poor surface drainage, or tight soils are encountered that will deter subsurface drainage or if necessary to provide positive pressures for pump intake or discharge lines in accordance with s. NR 811.37.
NR 811.63 Note Note: It is recommended that no more than one-half of the reservoir depth be constructed below grade.
NR 811.63(6)(c) (c) The department may except clearwells constructed under filters from the 2 foot requirement when the total design gives the same protection.
NR 811.63 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.64 NR 811.64 Construction details.
NR 811.64(1) (1) Materials. Materials used in the construction of storage facilities shall meet all the following requirements:
NR 811.64(1)(a) (a) General requirements. The materials and designs used for finished water storage structures shall provide stability and durability as well as protect the quality of the stored water. Unless the design engineer can justify the use of other materials, the department will approve only steel or concrete for use in a water storage facility. Porous materials, including wood and concrete block, may not be used.
NR 811.64(1)(b) (b) AWWA standards. Structures shall be constructed in accordance with the AWWA standards D100, D102, D103, D104, D110, D115, D120, and D130 concerning steel; concrete or fiberglass tanks, standpipes, reservoirs, and elevated tanks in effect at the time of construction wherever they are applicable.
NR 811.64(2) (2)Protection. Storage facilities shall be constructed and maintained to protect the water supply in accordance with the following requirements:
NR 811.64(2)(a) (a) General requirements. All water storage structures shall have watertight roofs or covers which exclude surface water, rain, snow, birds, animals, insects and dust.
NR 811.64(2)(b) (b) Installation of ancillary equipment. The installation of ancillary equipment, such as antennas, shall be done in a manner that ensures no damage to the tank, coatings, or water quality. Any damage that occurs to the tank during installation shall be corrected.
NR 811.64(2)(c) (c) Adjacent compartments. Finished water may not be stored or conveyed in a compartment adjacent to nonpotable water when the 2 compartments are only separated by a single wall. The department may waive this requirement for backwash water holding compartments meeting potable water reservoir construction on a case-by-case basis.
NR 811.64(2)(d) (d) Security. Locks on access manholes, fences and ladder cage bottoms and any other necessary measures shall be provided to prevent trespassing, vandalism and sabotage.
NR 811.64 Note Note: The department recommends that intrusion alarms and/or motion sensors be installed as applicable and where feasible for elevated tank pedestal access doors and reservoir access hatches. The department recommends that high strength, cut resistant locks or lock covers be installed to prevent direct cutting of a lock.
NR 811.64(3) (3)Drains. Drains for storage structures shall meet all the following requirements:
NR 811.64(3)(a) (a) General drain discharge requirements.
NR 811.64(3)(a)1.1. Piping used to drain water from a water storage structure shall discharge to the ground surface. The drain piping shall be brought down to within 12 to 24 inches of the ground surface and discharged with a free air break over a drainage inlet structure, splash pad or riprap.
NR 811.64(3)(a)2. 2. Drains may not be directly connected to a storm sewer. The department may approve discharge with a free air break over a storm sewer manhole or through a valved connection to the overflow piping on a case-by-case basis.
NR 811.64(3)(a)3. 3. Drains may not be directly connected to a sanitary sewer. Clear water from drains may not be discharged to a sanitary sewer. The department may approve the temporary discharge of drain wastewater containing sediment and/or chemicals used for cleaning or temporary treatment of a water storage structure to a sanitary sewer on a case-by-case basis.
NR 811.64(3)(b) (b) Impacts to the environment prohibited. Negative impacts to the environment from the discharge of drainage water shall be prevented.
NR 811.64(4) (4)Overflow. Each reservoir shall be provided with overflow piping meeting all the following requirements:
NR 811.64(4)(a) (a) General overflow discharge requirements.
NR 811.64(4)(a)1.1. `Discharge.' The overflow pipe of a water storage structure shall be brought down to within 12 to 24 inches of the ground surface and shall discharge with a downward opening and a free air break over a drainage inlet structure, splash pad or riprap. The department may approve discharge with a 12 to 24 inch free air break over a storm sewer manhole on a case-by-case basis. Overflows may not discharge to a sanitary sewer.
NR 811.64(4)(a)2. 2. `Pipe diameter.' The overflow pipe shall be of sufficient diameter to permit wasting water in excess of the maximum filling rate.
NR 811.64(4)(a)3. 3. `Pipe material.' The over flow pipe shall be constructed of ductile iron, steel or stainless steel.
NR 811.64(4)(a)4. 4. `Visibility.' All overflow pipes shall be located so that any discharge is visible.
NR 811.64(4)(a)5. 5. `Flapper or rubber duck bill valve.' If a metal flapper valve or a rubber duck bill valve is used, a screen shall be provided in accordance with pars. (c) and (d).
NR 811.64(4)(b) (b) Impacts to the environment prohibited. Negative impacts to the environment from the discharge of overflow water shall be prohibited.
NR 811.64(4)(c) (c) Elevated tanks and standpipes.
NR 811.64(4)(c)1.1. When an internal overflow pipe is used on elevated tanks, it shall be located in the access tube.
NR 811.64(4)(c)2. 2. The overflow pipe shall be provided with a 4-mesh corrosion resistant screen installed within the pipe at a location least susceptible to damage by vandalism.
NR 811.64(4)(d) (d) Ground level structures.
NR 811.64(4)(d)1.1. Overflow pipes shall terminate a minimum of 12 to 24 inches above the final graded ground surface in a manner to prevent the backflow of water into the reservoir.
NR 811.64(4)(d)2. 2. The overflow shall be screened with 24-mesh corrosion resistant screen installed within the pipe at a location least susceptible to damage by vandalism.
NR 811.64(4)(d)3. 3. Each reservoir chamber that can be isolated from the rest of the reservoir so that it can remain in service while other chambers are out of service shall be provided with its own overflow pipe terminating outside the reservoir in accordance with the requirements of subds. 1. and 2.
NR 811.64(5) (5)Inlet-outlet piping. Inlet and outlet piping to a storage structure shall meet all the following requirements:
NR 811.64(5)(a) (a) Pressure requirements. Inlet and outlet piping from a storage structure shall be under positive pressure at all times wherever practical and in conformance with s. NR 811.37 (1). The department may approve inlet piping that is not under positive pressure at all times on a case-by-case basis where the piping is exposed and located above grade.
NR 811.64(5)(b) (b) Pipe sizing. Piping shall be sized to accommodate design fill and removal rates including considerations for future improvements.
NR 811.64(6) (6)Bypass piping.
NR 811.64(6)(a)(a) Groundwater facilities. If the water system design is such that all water passes through one ground reservoir, there shall be bypass piping from the well pumps to the high lift pumps to allow the reservoir to be taken out of service for cleaning and maintenance. The department may waive this requirement if the well pumps can provide sufficient volume and pressure directly to the distribution system, if the well pumps and high lift pumps are greatly different in capacity, or if the reservoir is divided into multiple cells which can be independently removed from service. If CT is required, the department will approve bypass piping around reservoirs only if the required minimum CT can be met with the reservoir chamber or chambers out of service.
NR 811.64(6)(b) (b) Surface water facilities. If the water treatment plant design is such that all water passes through one ground reservoir, bypass piping or multiple cells shall be installed to allow the reservoir to be totally or partially taken out of service for cleaning and maintenance. The design shall provide for maintaining the required minimum CT while the reservoir is totally or partially out of service.
NR 811.64(7) (7)Access. Water storage structures shall be designed with reasonably convenient access for cleaning and maintenance. Manholes installed above the waterline shall meet the following requirements:
NR 811.64(7)(a) (a) Elevated storage structures and reservoirs covered by inhabitable structures. Manholes on elevated tanks, standpipes and reservoirs covered by inhabitable structures shall be framed a minimum of 4 inches above the surface of the roof. Manhole openings shall be fitted with a solid watertight cover which overlaps the framed opening and extends down around the frame a minimum of 2 inches. A compressible gasket shall be attached to the bottom side of the cover so that when the cover is closed it will provide a water tight seal around the manhole opening.
NR 811.64(7)(b) (b) Ground storage structures. On ground level structures, manholes shall be elevated no less than 24 inches above the top or covering sod. Manhole openings shall be fitted with a solid watertight cover which overlaps the framed opening and extends down around the frame a minimum of 2 inches. A compressible gasket shall be attached to the bottom side of the cover so that when the cover is closed it will provide a water tight seal around the manhole opening.
NR 811.64(7)(c) (c) Locks. Overlapping interior and exterior manhole covers shall be locked at all times except when being used by authorized personnel.
NR 811.64(7)(d) (d) Other openings. All other manholes, openings, or access ways shall be provided with watertight, bolted, and gasketed covers.
NR 811.64(8) (8)Vents. Water storage structures shall be vented to the atmosphere. Vent installations shall meet the following requirements:
NR 811.64(8)(a) (a) General requirements.
NR 811.64(8)(a)1.1. The overflow pipe shall not be considered a vent.
NR 811.64(8)(a)2. 2. Open construction between the sidewalls and the roof to act as a vent is not allowed.
NR 811.64(8)(b) (b) Exclude contamination. Vents shall be constructed to:
NR 811.64(8)(b)1. 1. Prevent the entrance of surface water, rain and snow as applicable.
NR 811.64(8)(b)2. 2. Exclude birds and animals.
NR 811.64(8)(b)3. 3. Exclude insects and dust to the extent this can be done while providing effective venting.
NR 811.64(8)(c) (c) Elevated tanks and standpipes. Vents installed on elevated tanks and standpipes shall terminate in a U-bend or mushroom cap constructed with the opening at least 4 inches above the roof and covered with 4- to 24-mesh corrosion resistant screen installed within the pipe or cap at a location protected from the environment. Mushroom caps shall be provided with an automatically resetting pressure-vacuum relief “frost-proof" mechanism. The skirted sides of mushroom caps shall totally cover any screens when viewing the cap from the side.
NR 811.64(8)(d) (d) Ground level structures. Vents installed on ground level structures shall terminate in a U-bend or mushroom cap constructed with the opening 24 to 36 inches above the roof or sod and covered with 24-mesh corrosion resistant screen installed within the pipe or cap at a location least susceptible to vandalism. The skirted sides of mushroom caps shall totally cover any screens when viewing the cap from the side.
NR 811.64(8)(e) (e) Size. Vents shall be sized to allow an air flow consistent with maximum water inflow and outflow rates.
NR 811.64(8)(f) (f) Materials of construction.
NR 811.64(8)(f)1.1. Vent pipes shall be constructed of ductile iron, steel, or stainless steel pipe.
NR 811.64(8)(f)2. 2. Mushroom caps shall be constructed of steel, stainless steel, or aluminum.
NR 811.64(8)(f)3. 3. Screens shall be constructed of stainless steel or aluminum.
NR 811.64(9) (9)Silt stop. The discharge pipes from all water storage structures shall be located in a manner that will prevent the flow of sediment into the distribution system. Removable silt stops shall be required where feasible.
NR 811.64(10) (10)Roof and sidewalls. The roof and sidewalls of all storage structures shall be constructed to meet the following requirements:
NR 811.64(10)(a) (a) Watertight construction. The roof and sidewalls of all structures shall be watertight with no openings except properly constructed vents, manholes, overflows, risers, drains, pump mountings, control ports, or piping for inflow and outflow.
NR 811.64(10)(b) (b) Sealed openings. Any pipes running through the roof, floor or sidewall of a finished water storage structure shall be sealed watertight. Openings for metal tanks shall be welded or properly gasketed. Pipes running through openings in a concrete structure shall be connected to a standard wall pipe or run through a wall sleeve which were poured in place during the formation of the structure. These wall pipes and wall sleeves shall be metal and have seepage rings embedded in the concrete. Pipes running through a wall sleeve shall be provided with a department approved watertight seal installed between the pipe and the wall sleeve.
NR 811.64(10)(c) (c) Roof curbing. Openings in a storage structure roof or top, designed to accommodate control apparatus, pump columns and other equipment, shall be provided with minimum 4-inch high curbing and sleeved with proper additional flashing to prevent the access of surface or floor drainage water to the structure.
NR 811.64(10)(d) (d) Installation of appurtenances. Valves and controls shall be located outside the storage structure so that valve stems and similar projections do not pass through the roof or top of the reservoir unless the department determines that this requirement need not be met to fulfill the other requirements of this chapter. The department may allow floor drain piping carrying graywater or a trench drain carrying graywater, electrical conduits, water service piping, and chemical feed piping to be encased in a concrete reservoir roof. Other appurtenances, including drain piping carrying blackwater, shall not be encased in a concrete reservoir roof. Toilets shall not be located above the reservoir roof.
NR 811.64(10)(e) (e) Earth cover over reservoirs.
NR 811.64(10)(e)1.1. In addition to meeting the requirements of s. NR 811.63 (6), the top of any earth covered reservoir shall be covered with a flexible waterproof membrane. The minimum membrane thickness shall be 0.060 inches. Department approval of the specific membrane proposed is required. Protective boards shall be placed over the membrane before applying the earth cover when recommended by the membrane manufacturer.
NR 811.64(10)(e)2. 2. Bentonite panel membranes may not be used to meet the waterproof membrane requirement.
NR 811.64(10)(e)3. 3. Earth covering of reservoirs shall be avoided where possible.
NR 811.64(10)(f) (f) Roof slope. The top of any storage structure shall have a minimum slope of 0.015 feet per foot to facilitate drainage.
NR 811.64(10)(g) (g) Drainage for roof or cover. The roof or cover of the storage structure shall be well drained, but downspout pipes may not enter or pass through the reservoir. Where parapets or similar construction which would hold water and snow on the roof are constructed, adequate waterproofing and drainage shall be provided.
NR 811.64(10)(h) (h) Exposed grouted precast concrete planked roofs. Grouted precast concrete planked roofs exposed to the environment shall meet the following requirements:
NR 811.64(10)(h)1. 1. A minimum 2 inch thick reinforced concrete topping shall be installed over the top surface of the grouted plank roof. Fiber mesh may be used to provide reinforcing.
NR 811.64(10)(h)2. 2. A minimum 0.060 inch thick flexible waterproofing membrane shall be installed over the concrete topping. Department approval of the specific membrane proposed is required. The installation of stone ballast over the membrane is optional.
NR 811.64(10)(h)3. 3. The roof planks, concrete topping, or any insulation boards installed over the topping shall be installed to provide the minimum slope of 0.015 feet per foot required in par. (f).
NR 811.64(10)(i) (i) Exposed reinforced poured-in-place flat concrete roofs. Reinforced poured-in-place flat concrete roofs exposed to the environment shall be provided with a minimum 0.060 inch thick flexible waterproofing membrane installed over the roof. Department approval of the specific membrane proposed is required. The installation of stone ballast over the membrane is optional.
NR 811.64 Note Note: For this section flat does not mean level.
NR 811.64(11) (11)Safety. Worker safety shall be considered in the design of the storage structure. The following shall apply:
NR 811.64(11)(a) (a) Ladders, ladder cages or safety climbing devices, balcony railings, landing platforms, guardrails, and safe locations of entrance hatches shall be provided where applicable.
NR 811.64(11)(b) (b) On elevated tanks where persons transfer from the access tube to the water compartment railings, handholds and landing platforms shall be provided, where applicable.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.