“GCL" or “geosynthetic clay liner" means factory manufactured geosynthetic product consisting of a layer of bentonite contained between geotextiles that are attached by adhesion, stitch bonding or needlepunching or a layer of bentonite attached to a geomembrane by adhesion.
“Geomembrane" means a highly impermeable membrane made from plastic or rubber-based material by polymerization.
“Geotextile" means a porous fabric manufactured from synthetic materials.
“Groundwater” means any waters of the state, as defined in s. 281.01 (18)
, Stats., occurring in a saturated subsurface geological formation of rock or soil.
“Groundwater standard" means a preventive action limit, alternative concentration limit or enforcement standard established in accordance with ch. NR 140
and s. NR 507.27
“Home generator of infectious waste" means a person who generates infectious waste through self-administration of medication or who receives injected medication at home from other members of the household or from employees of a home care or hospice program.
“Holocene" means the most recent epoch of the Quaternary period, extending from the end of the Pleistocene Epoch to the present.
“Household waste" means any solid waste including garbage, trash, and sanitary waste in septic tanks which is derived from households, including single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds, and day-use recreation areas.
“Human tissue" means tissue removed from human beings. Human tissue does not include hair or nails, but does include teeth.
NR 500.03 Note
A tooth containing mercury amalgam may be both an infectious waste and a hazardous waste. See s. NR 526.11 (2) (f)
for how to manage teeth containing mercury amalgam.
“Hydraulic conductivity” means the rate at which water can move through a permeable medium and is also called the coefficient of permeability.
“Hydraulic connection" means groundwater interflow within the zone of saturation occurring between 2 formations which may or may not be separated by an intermediate layer.
“Incinerator" means a processing facility designed and operated for controlled burning of solid wastes primarily to achieve volume and weight reduction or to change waste characteristics. Incinerator does not include a facility that uses solid waste as a supplemental fuel where less than 30% of the heat input to the facility is derived from such supplemental fuel.
“Industrial waste" means solid waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes that is not a hazardous waste regulated under chs. NR 660
. Industrial waste may include, but is not limited to, waste resulting from the following manufacturing processes; electric power generation; fertilizer and agricultural chemicals; food and related products and by-products; inorganic chemicals; iron and steel manufacturing; leather and leather products; nonferrous metals manufacturing and foundries; organic chemicals; plastics and resins manufacturing; pulp and paper industry; rubber and miscellaneous plastic products; stone, glass, clay, and concrete products; textile manufacturing; transportation equipment; and water treatment. This term does not include mining waste or oil and gas waste.
“Infectious waste generator" means a person or group of persons under the same corporate ownership and located on the same property who produces infectious waste.
“Infectious waste treatment" means rendering an infectious waste non-infectious. For human tissue, this term means rendering the waste both non-infectious and unrecognizable as human tissue. For sharps, this term means rendering the sharp non-infectious and rendering the sharp broken and not able to be reused, such as by a grinding or shredding process.
“Initial site report" means a report submitted under ch. NR 509
which describes a proposed solid waste disposal facility in sufficient detail to allow the department to give a written opinion on whether or not a feasibility report should be prepared.
“In-situ testing" means hydraulic conductivity tests performed on the in-place soils.
“Interest bearing accounts" means escrow accounts, trust accounts or cash deposits with the department.
“Intermediate size construction and demolition waste landfill" means a landfill with a design capacity of at least 50,000 cubic yards but no more than 250,000 cubic yards and used for the disposal of only construction and demolition wastes.
“Karst terranes" means areas where karst topography, with its characteristic surface and subterranean features, is developed as the result of dissolution of limestone, dolomite, or other soluble rock. Characteristic physiographic features present in karst terranes include, but are not limited to, sinkholes, sinking streams, caves, large springs, and blind valleys.
“Land disposal facility" means a solid waste facility where solid waste is placed in a landspreading facility, a landfill, or surface impoundment facility for disposal purposes.
“Landfill" means a land disposal facility, not classified as a landspreading facility or surface impoundment facility, where solid waste is disposed on land by utilizing the principles of engineering to confine the solid waste to the smallest practical area, to reduce it to the smallest practical volume, and to cover it with a layer of earth or other approved material as required.
“Landfill organic stability" means a landfill has reached an organically stable state when landfill gas production has effectively ceased, landfill leachate levels have no significant organic component, the organic fraction of the waste mass will not readily decompose when placed in ideal moisture and temperature conditions, and there is no longer any measurable settlement of the landfill surface.
“Landfill stability" means a landfill has reached a stable state when maintenance and engineering systems are no longer necessary to protect human health and the environment.
“Landspreading facility" means a land disposal facility where solid waste is discharged, deposited, placed or injected in thin layers onto the land surface of the facility, or is incorporated into the top several feet of the surface soil, for agricultural, silvicultural or waste disposal purposes.
“Lateral expansion of a CCR landfill” means a horizontal expansion of the waste boundaries of an existing CCR landfill made after October 19, 2015.
“Leachate" means water or other liquid that has percolated through or contacted solid waste or gases generated by solid waste.
“Leachate collection and removal system" means a system capable of collecting and removing leachate or other liquids from a solid waste facility.
“Leachate drainage basin" means the areal extent of the liner over which leachate gravity drains to a single extraction point, generally a sump and sideslope riser, as well as all of the waste vertically overlying this area.
“Leachate monitoring system" means a system used to monitor the elevation, quantity or quality of leachate and other liquids generated within a solid waste facility.
“Leachate recirculation" means the controlled introduction into the waste mass of a landfill of leachate derived from the same landfill.
“Licensed professional engineer" means a professional engineer registered or licensed with the Wisconsin department of safety and professional services.
“Licensed professional geologist" means a professional geologist registered or licensed with the Wisconsin department of safety and professional services.
“Light petroleum products" means gasoline, diesel fuel, no. 1 or no. 2 fuel oil, kerosene, aviation gasoline, jet fuel, or a mixture of 2 or more of these materials.
NR 500.03 Note
Section NR 149.03 (41)
defines “limit of detection" to mean the lowest concentration or amount of analyte that can be identified, measured, and reported with confidence that the concentration is not a false positive value."
NR 500.03 Note
Section NR 149.03 (42)
defines “limit of quantitation" to mean “the lowest concentration or amount of an analyte for which quantitative results can be obtained."
“Limits of filling" means the outermost limit at which waste from a facility has been disposed of, or approved or proposed for disposal.
“Liner" means a constructed, continuous layer of natural or artificial materials placed beneath and on the sides of a surface impoundment, landfill, or landfill cell, which restricts the downward or lateral movement of leachate.
“Liquid waste" means any waste material that is determined to contain “free liquids" as defined by Method 9095, Paint Filter Liquids Test, in “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods," EPA Publication SW-846, third edition, November 1986, as amended by Updates I in July 1992, II in September 1994, IIA in August 1993, IIB in January 1995, III in December 1996 and IIIA in April 1998.
NR 500.03 Note
The test methods are available at no cost at https://www.epa.gov/hw-sw846/basic-information-about-how-use-sw-846#UseWhich
. Copies of the test methods are available for inspection at the offices of the department of natural resources, the secretary of state, and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be obtained from the superintendent of documents, U.S. government printing office, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954, (866) 512-1800, www.gpo.gov
. Copies may also be obtained from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. department of commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161, (800) 553-6847, www.ntis.gov
“Lithified earth material" means all rock, including all naturally occurring and naturally formed aggregates or masses of minerals or small particles of older rock that formed by crystallization of magma or by induration of loose sediments. This term does not include man-made materials, such as fill, concrete, and asphalt, or unconsolidated earth materials, soil, or regolith lying at or near the earth surface.
“Lithostratigraphic unit" means a geologic formation that has a substantial degree of overall uniformity including such characteristics as color, mineralogic composition and grain size.
“Low-flow sampling technique" means the collection of a groundwater sample from a monitoring well using equipment that draws the sample into the equipment and discharges the sample to the sample container at a rate of less than 350 milliliters/minute.
“Lower explosive limit" means the lowest percent by volume of a mixture of explosive gases in air that will propagate a flame at 25°
C and standard atmospheric pressure.
“Lysimeter" means a device used for collecting samples of soil moisture from the unsaturated zone.
NR 500.03 Note
Section 287.01 (3)
, Stats., defines “major appliance" to mean “a residential or commercial air conditioner, clothes dryer, clothes washer, dishwasher, freezer, microwave oven, oven, refrigerator, furnace, boiler, dehumidifier, water heater or stove".
“Major phase" means a horizontal portion of the landfill which is designed to be constructed at one time.
“Major soil unit" means any soil layer which is greater than 2 feet thick and is laterally extensive beneath the proposed or existing limits of filling, or which affects the local hydrogeologic flow system.
NR 500.03 Note
The definition of a materials recovery facility, as given in s. 287.27 (1)
, Stats., provides “In this section, `materials recovery facility' means a facility where the materials specified in sub. (4) (b) or s. 287.07 (3)
, not mixed with other solid waste, are processed for reuse or recycling by conversion into a consumer product or a product which is used as a raw material in a commercial or industrial process. `Materials recovery facility' does not include a facility operated by a pulp or paper mill which utilizes fiber or paper that has been separated from waste for use as a raw material in a commercial product."
“Maximum horizontal acceleration in lithified earth material" means the maximum expected horizontal acceleration depicted on a seismic hazard map, with a 90% or greater probability that the acceleration will not be exceeded in 250 years, or the maximum expected horizontal acceleration based on a site-specific seismic risk assessment.
“Medical facility" means a hospital, clinic or nursing home.
NR 500.03 Note
Note: Medical waste does not mean all of the waste produced in a medical setting. Waste materials from a medical setting which do not meet the definition of “infectious waste" in statutes are considered to be “medical waste" only if the generator mixes them with infectious waste or manages them as though they are infectious waste.
“Medical waste reduction policy" is a policy developed by a medical facility and designed to reduce the amount of medical waste generated within that medical facility, to prevent the mixing of infectious waste with waste which is not infectious and to promote practical alternatives to disposable items in the medical setting.
“Microbiological laboratory waste" means cultures derived from clinical specimens or laboratory equipment which has come in contact with these cultures.
“Monitoring" means all procedures used to systematically inspect and collect data on the performance of a facility relating to leachate and gas production or the effect on the quality of the air, groundwater, surface water, unsaturated zone or soils.
“Monofill cell for residue produced by burning municipal solid waste" means a landfill or a specified area within a landfill for residue disposal which is designed to prevent mixing of residue and wastes which produce acidic leachates and which is designed to prevent leachate from adjacent cells from coming into contact with the residue.
Solid waste from commercial or industrial sources that does not contain hazardous waste and does not contain any process waste which is the direct or indirect result of the manufacturing of a product or the performance of a service such as dry cleaners or paint shops. “Municipal solid waste" does not include waste wood, papermill sludge, sewage sludge, tires or industrial process wastes.
“Municipal solid waste combustor" means any solid waste treatment facility that is used to burn municipal solid waste or products derived from municipal solid waste, alone or in conjunction with other materials.
“Municipal solid waste landfill" means a landfill which receives, or has received in the past, municipal solid waste. A municipal solid waste landfill may also receive other types of nonhazardous waste such as industrial solid waste and demolition waste. A municipal solid waste landfill may be publicly or privately owned.
“New CCR landfill” means a CCR landfill or lateral expansion of a CCR landfill that first receives CCR after October 19, 2015.
“New CCR landfill” includes a CCR landfill or lateral expansion of a CCR landfill that commences construction after October 19, 2015, where all of the following occurred:
The landfill owner or operator obtained all federal, state, and local approvals or permits to begin physical construction.
The landfill had a continuous on-site, physical construction program that began after October 19, 2015.
“Noncombustible materials" means solid waste which will not support combustion in the ambient atmosphere.
“Noncontainerized storage facility" means a storage facility which is not a containerized storage facility.
“Noninterest bearing accounts" means letters of credit, performance bonds or forfeiture bonds.
“Nonrecyclable compostable paper" means compostable paper that is unrecyclable because it has been soiled or is not of a grade that is acceptable to the local recycling program serving the place of generation.
“NRCS" means natural resources conservation service.