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Register, October, 1999, No. 526
Chapter NR 436
NR 436.01   Applicability; purpose.
NR 436.02   Definitions.
NR 436.03   Emissions prohibited.
NR 436.04   Delayed compliance orders.
NR 436.05   RACT variances.
NR 436.06   Alternate fuel variances.
NR 436.07   Duty to comply with applicable provisions.
Ch. NR 436 Note Note: Corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, December, 1996, No. 492.
NR 436.01 NR 436.01 Applicability; purpose.
NR 436.01(1) (1) Applicability. This chapter applies to all air contaminant sources and to their owners and operators.
NR 436.01(2) (2)Purpose. This chapter is adopted under ss. 285.11, 285.13 and 285.17, Stats., to specify that emissions into the ambient air in excess of the limitations set in chs. NR 400 to 499 are prohibited and to establish the conditions under which the department may grant exceptions, delayed compliance orders and variances to these emission limitations in order to protect air quality.
NR 436.01 History History: Cr., Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; am. Register, May, 1992, No. 437, eff. 6-1-92.
NR 436.02 NR 436.02 Definitions. The definitions contained in ch. NR 400 apply to the terms used in this chapter. In addition, the following definitions apply to the terms used in this chapter:
NR 436.02(1) (1) “Emergency or reserve equipment" means that equipment used when normal equipment fails, or used only to meet high peak loads.
NR 436.02 History History: Renum. NR 154.01, Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; am. (intro.), Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96.
NR 436.03 NR 436.03 Emissions prohibited.
NR 436.03(1) (1) General prohibition. No person may cause, allow or permit emissions in excess of the limits set in chs. NR 400 to 499. Where a numerical limit is specified as a 2 digit integer in which the second digit is zero, the zero is a significant figure.
NR 436.03(2) (2)Exceptions. Emissions in excess of the emission limitations set in chs. NR 400 to 499 may be allowed in the following circumstances:
NR 436.03(2)(a) (a) When an approved program or plan with a time schedule for correction has been undertaken and correction is being pursued with diligence.
NR 436.03(2)(b) (b) When emissions in excess of the limits are temporary and due to scheduled maintenance, startup or shutdown of operations carried out in accord with a plan and schedule approved by the department.
NR 436.03(2)(c) (c) The use of emergency or reserve equipment needed for meeting of high peak loads, testing of the equipment or other uses approved by the department. Such equipment must be specified in writing as emergency or reserve equipment by the department. Upon startup of this equipment notification must be given to the department which may or may not give approval for continued equipment use.
NR 436.03 History History: Cr. (2) (intro.), renum. from NR 154.09 (1) and am., Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; am. (1), Register, May, 1992, No. 437, eff. 6-1-92; am. (1), Register, October, 1999, No. 526, eff. 11-1-99.
NR 436.04 NR 436.04 Delayed compliance orders.
NR 436.04(1) (1) Order authority. The department may, by order issued under ss. 285.13 (2) and 285.83, Stats., authorize a source not in compliance with an emission limitation prescribed in chs. NR 400 to 499 to achieve compliance as expeditiously as practicable but not later than 3 years after such requirement became applicable. The department shall hold a public hearing in accordance with its rules prior to authorizing any period of delayed compliance which exceeds 30 days in duration.
NR 436.04(2) (2)Criteria for issuance of orders. No order under sub. (1) may be issued unless:
NR 436.04(2)(a) (a) The cause of the violation was a malfunction, equipment failure, act of God or some other condition beyond the entity's control, when using all prudent planning.
NR 436.04(2)(b) (b) The air contaminant source is located so that it will not delay attainment or affect maintenance of an ambient air quality standard at any point beyond the property line of the entity.
NR 436.04(2)(c) (c) Good faith efforts have been made to comply with chs. NR 400 to 499.
NR 436.04(2)(d) (d) If the violation was caused by a malfunction or equipment failure, any plan required to be prepared by s. NR 439.11 was complied with.
NR 436.04(2)(e) (e) The air contaminant for which a deferral is sought is not a hazardous pollutant for which an emission standard has been established by the administrator.
NR 436.04(2)(f) (f) The conditions listed in s. NR 436.03, if applicable, are met.
NR 436.04(2)(g) (g) The order contains:
NR 436.04(2)(g)1. 1. An express provision whereby the order recipient consents to its issuance.
NR 436.04(2)(g)2. 2. A requirement that the order recipient employ reasonable emission monitoring techniques to assess compliance with any interim requirements imposed by the order.
NR 436.04(2)(g)3. 3. A requirement for submittal of reports showing whether any interim requirements, increments of progress, and final compliance have been achieved.
NR 436.04(2)(g)4. 4. A provision prohibiting the reduction of employe wages where supplemental, intermittent or other dispersion-dependent control methods are to be used.
NR 436.04(2)(g)5. 5. In the case of a major stationary source, a notice that it may be required to pay administrative noncompliance penalties for failure to comply with the order and that no order issued under this section will be effective until it is approved by the administrator or designee.
NR 436.04(2)(h) (h) All reasonably available alternative operating procedures and interim control measures to minimize emissions shall be utilized by the air contaminant source during the period of delayed compliance.
NR 436.04 History History: Renum. from NR 154.02 (1) and (2) and am. Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; am. (2) (g) 5., Register, May, 1992, No. 437, eff. 6-1-92.
NR 436.05 NR 436.05 RACT variances.
NR 436.05(1)(1) Variance authority. The department may grant source-specific revisions to the state implementation plan setting alternate compliance schedules or alternate emission limitations, or both, where compliance with general RACT requirements of chs. NR 400 to 499 are shown to be technologically or economically infeasible.
NR 436.05(2) (2)Variance criteria. A variance under sub. (1) may not be issued unless:
NR 436.05(2)(a) (a) The revision will not delay attainment or prevent maintenance of any ambient air quality standard, as determined by methods acceptable to the department.
NR 436.05(2)(c) (c) The owner or operator of the air contaminant source for which a revision is requested demonstrates that all other direct or portable sources owned or operated in the state by the person are in compliance with all applicable requirements of chs. NR 400 to 499 or are on a schedule for compliance with the requirements.
NR 436.05(2)(d) (d) The owner or operator submits to the department information concerning the conditions or special circumstances which demonstrates, to the department's satisfaction, that the applicable general RACT requirements from which variance is sought are technologically or economically infeasible. In addition:
NR 436.05(2)(d)1. 1. Where an alternate compliance schedule is sought, the owner or operator shall submit a proposed schedule which demonstrates reasonable further progress and contains a date for final compliance as soon as practicable.
NR 436.05(2)(d)2. 2. Where alternate emission limitations are sought, the owner or operator shall submit proposed emission limitations.
NR 436.05(2)(d)3. 3. Requests for revisions shall be signed by the principal executive officer; partner; sole proprietor; or principal governmental executive or elected official or a duly authorized representative, as appropriate.
NR 436.05(2)(d)4. 4. Requests shall contain other relevant information as required by the department.
NR 436.05(3) (3)Procedures for issuance of variances. The department, in acting upon any request for a revision under this section, shall:
NR 436.05(3)(a) (a) Act on requests for revisions within 3 months of the filing of a completed request.
NR 436.05(3)(b) (b) Offer, through public notice, the opportunity for public comments including, where requested, a public hearing.
NR 436.05(3)(c) (c) State in writing the reasons for denying, granting, or for granting in modified form any request.
NR 436.05(4) (4)Revocation and modification of variances. The department may, after notice and opportunity for hearing, revoke or modify any revision when any of the following applies:
NR 436.05(4)(a) (a) Any term or condition of the revision has been violated.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.