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NR 422.128(4)(a) (a) Electrostatic application.
NR 422.128(4)(b) (b) High-volume, low-pressure spray equipment.
NR 422.128(4)(c) (c) Flow coating.
NR 422.128(4)(d) (d) Roll coating or hand application, including non-spray application methods similar to hand or mechanically powered caulking gun, brush, or direct hand application.
NR 422.128(4)(e) (e) Dip coating, including electrodeposition.
NR 422.128(4)(f) (f) Airless spray.
NR 422.128(4)(g) (g) Air-assisted airless spray.
NR 422.128(4)(h) (h) Other adhesive application methods that are capable of achieving a transfer efficiency equivalent to or better than that achieved by high-volume, low-pressure spraying and are approved by the department in writing.
NR 422.128(5) (5)Add-on control equipment requirements. An owner or operator that uses add-on control equipment as described under sub. (3) (b) shall comply with the applicable monitoring, testing, and recordkeeping requirements specified under ss. NR 439.04 (5) (e), 439.055, and 439.075.
NR 422.128(6) (6)Work practices for adhesive application processes. The owner or operator of an affected facility under this section shall do all of the following for adhesive or adhesive primer application processes:
NR 422.128(6)(a) (a) Store all VOC-containing adhesives, adhesive primers, and process-related waste materials in closed containers.
NR 422.128(6)(b) (b) Ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing adhesives, adhesive primers, and process-related waste materials are kept closed at all times, except when depositing or removing those materials.
NR 422.128(6)(c) (c) Minimize spills of VOC-containing adhesives, adhesive primers, and process-related waste materials.
NR 422.128(6)(d) (d) Convey VOC-containing adhesives, adhesive primers, and process-related waste materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.
NR 422.128(7) (7)Cleaning material work practices. The owner or operator of an affected facility under this section shall do all of the following for cleaning materials:
NR 422.128(7)(a) (a) Store all VOC-containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers.
NR 422.128(7)(b) (b) Ensure that storage containers used for VOC-containing materials are kept closed at all times, except when depositing or removing those materials.
NR 422.128(7)(c) (c) Convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.
NR 422.128(7)(d) (d) Minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials.
NR 422.128(7)(e) (e) Minimize emissions of VOCs during cleaning of coating application, storage, mixing, and conveying equipment by ensuring that cleaning is performed without atomizing any VOC-containing cleaning material and that the used material is captured and contained.
NR 422.128(8) (8)Recordkeeping requirements.
NR 422.128(8)(a) (a) An owner or operator subject to the VOC content limitations under sub. (3) (a) shall maintain records as described under s. NR 439.04 (5) (a).
NR 422.128(8)(b) (b) Records required under this subsection shall be kept for the time period specified under s. NR 439.04 (2).
NR 422.128(9) (9)Compliance schedule and certification.
NR 422.128(9)(a) (a) Compliance schedule. The owner or operator of a facility shall comply with the applicable requirements of this section upon the facility becoming subject to this section as provided under sub. (1), except for any of the following:
NR 422.128(9)(a)1. 1. The owner or operator of a facility subject to this section that commenced construction before June 1, 2022, shall comply with applicable requirements of this section by November 28, 2022. Any facility that was subject to s. NR 422.127 before June 1, 2022, shall continue to comply with the requirements in s. NR 422.127 until the date when the facility is in compliance with the applicable requirements of this section or until November 28, 2022, whichever is sooner.
NR 422.128(9)(a)2. 2. The owner or operator of a facility that becomes subject to this section due to either the designation or the reclassification of a nonattainment area that occurs after June 1, 2022, shall comply with applicable requirements of this section within 180 days after the effective date of the nonattainment designation or reclassification, as indicated by the relevant Federal Register publication.
NR 422.128(9)(b) (b) Certification. No later than 60 days after the compliance deadline specified under par. (a), the owner or operator of a facility subject to this section shall submit to the department written certification that all affected adhesive or adhesive primer application processes are in compliance with the applicable requirements of this section. The owner or operator of a facility subject to s. NR 422.127 before June 1, 2022, that is required to have an operation permit under ch. NR 407 shall submit to the department a permit application or a permit revision or renewal application that meets the requirements of s. NR 407.05 to meet this certification requirement, except that no application shall be required for a source operating under a general operation permit or a registration operation permit issued under s. NR 407.10 or 407.105.
NR 422.128 History History: CR 20-088: cr. Register May 2022 No. 797, eff. 6-1-22; correction in (9) (a) 1. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 14., Stats., Register May 2022 No. 797.
NR 422.13 NR 422.13Flat wood panel coating — part 1.
NR 422.13(1)(1)Applicability. This section applies, subject to the provisions of s. NR 425.03, to the coating lines of flat wood panel facilities involved in the surface coating of printed interior panels made of hardwood plywood and thin particleboard, natural finish hardwood plywood panels, or hardboard paneling with class II finishes. This section does not apply to the manufacture of exterior siding, tileboard, or particleboard used as a furniture component; or to sources exempted under s. NR 422.03.
NR 422.13(2) (2) Emission limitations. No owner or operator of a flat wood panel coating line may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs from a coating application system in excess of:
NR 422.13(2)(a) (a) 2.9 kilograms per 100 square meters of coated finished product (6.0 pounds per 1,000 square feet) from printed interior panels, regardless of the number of coats applied.
NR 422.13(2)(b) (b) 5.8 kilograms per 100 square meters of coated finished product (12.0 pounds per 1,000 square feet) from natural finish hardwood plywood panels, regardless of the number of coats applied.
NR 422.13(2)(c) (c) 4.8 kilograms per 100 square meters of coated finished product (10.0 pounds per 1,000 square feet) from class II finishes on hardboard panels, regardless of the number of coats applied.
NR 422.13 History History: Renum. from NR 154.13 (4) (k), Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; am. (2) (intro.), Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; CR 08-102: am. (title) Register July 2009 No. 643, eff. 8-1-09.
NR 422.131 NR 422.131Flat wood panel coating — part 2.
NR 422.131(1)(1)Applicability. This section applies to facilities which are located in the county of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Washington or Waukesha and have VOC emissions, before consideration of controls, equal to or exceeding 3 tons on a 12 consecutive month rolling basis from the application of coatings, inks and adhesives, including any related cleaning activities, to wood and wood containing panel products that are any interior panel, exterior panel including siding, or class I hardboard panel.
NR 422.131(2) (2) Emission limitations. On and after May 1, 2010, no owner or operator of a facility subject to this section may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs from a process line applying any ink, coating or adhesive in excess of 0.25 kilograms per liter material (2.1 pounds per gallon) excluding water. Notwithstanding s. NR 422.04 (4), an owner or operator using a control device to achieve compliance with this subsection as allowed under s. NR 422.04 (2) (c), shall achieve a minimum overall VOC control efficiency of 90%.
NR 422.131(3) (3) Work practices. On and after November 1, 2009, an owner or operator of a flatwood panel coating facility shall employ work practices to minimize VOC emissions from mixing operations, storage tanks and other containers, and handling operations for coatings, thinners, cleaning materials, and waste materials. Work practices shall include all of the following, at a minimum:
NR 422.131(3)(a) (a) Store all VOC-containing coatings, thinners, coating related waste materials, cleaning materials, and shop towels used for cleaning in closed containers.
NR 422.131(3)(b) (b) Close mixing vessels used for VOC-containing coatings and other materials except when in direct use.
NR 422.131(3)(c) (c) Convey VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and cleaning materials in closed containers or pipes.
NR 422.131(3)(d) (d) Minimize spills of VOC-containing coating, thinners, and cleaning materials.
NR 422.131(3)(e) (e) Minimize emissions of VOC during cleaning of coating application, storage, mixing, and conveying equipment.
NR 422.131(3)(f) (f) Clean-up spills of any VOC-containing material immediately.
NR 422.131 History History: CR 08-102: cr. Register July 2009 No. 643, eff. 8-1-09.
NR 422.132 NR 422.132Wood door coating.
NR 422.132(1)(1)Applicability.
NR 422.132(1)(am)(am) Except as provided in par. (bm), this section applies to the wood entry or passage door coating lines of any wood entry or passage door coating facility that is either of the following:
NR 422.132(1)(am)1. 1. Located in the county of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Washington, or Waukesha and which has maximum theoretical emissions of VOC from all wood entry or passage door coating at the facility greater than or equal to 25 tons per year.
NR 422.132(1)(am)2. 2. Located in the county of Kewaunee, Manitowoc, or Sheboygan and which has maximum theoretical emissions of VOC from all wood entry or passage door coating at the facility greater than or equal to 100 tons per year.
NR 422.132(1)(bm) (bm) This section does not apply to either of the following:
NR 422.132(1)(bm)1. 1. Flat wood panel coating lines subject to s. NR 422.13.
NR 422.132(1)(bm)2. 2. Adhesives and adhesive primers subject to s. NR 422.127.
NR 422.132(2) (2) Emission limitations and application requirements.
NR 422.132(2)(a)(a) No owner or operator of an automated wood entry or passage door coating line may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs in excess of:
NR 422.132(2)(a)1. 1. 0.77 kilograms per liter (6.9 pounds per gallon) of coating, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies any coating on or after May 31, 1995, but before May 1, 1997.
NR 422.132(2)(a)2. 2. 0.64 kilograms per liter (5.7 pounds per gallon) of coating, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies any coating on or after May 1, 1997.
NR 422.132(2)(b) (b) An owner or operator of a wood entry or passage door coating facility shall only apply coatings using electrostatic application, flow coating, dip coating, a low-pressure spray method, paint brush, hand roller or roll coater. All applications equipment shall be in proper operating condition and used in accordance with proper operating procedures.
NR 422.132(3) (3) Recordkeeping requirements. Any facility subject to this section shall comply with the requirements applicable under s. NR 439.04 (5).
NR 422.132 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; r. and recr. (1) (c), Register, August, 1995, No. 476, eff. 9-1-95; CR 11-005: renum. (1) (intro.) to be (1) (am) (intro.) and am., r. (1) (a), cr. (1) (am) 1., 2., (bm) (intro.), renum. (1) (b), (c) to be (1) (bm) 1., 2. Register January 2012 No. 673, eff. 2-1-12.
NR 422.135 NR 422.135Molded wood parts or products.
NR 422.135(1)(1)Applicability.
NR 422.135(1)(am)(am) Except as provided in par. (b), this section applies to molded wood parts or products coating lines of any molded wood parts or products coating facility that is either of the following:
NR 422.135(1)(am)1. 1. Located in the county of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Washington, or Waukesha and which has maximum theoretical emissions of VOC from all wood entry or passage door coating at the facility greater than or equal to 25 tons per year.
NR 422.135(1)(am)2. 2. Located in the county of Kewaunee, Manitowoc, or Sheboygan and which has maximum theoretical emissions of VOC from all wood entry or passage door coating at the facility greater than or equal to 100 tons per year.
NR 422.135(1)(b) (b) This section does not apply to the use of topcoats which are applied as a stripe not more than 1/2 inch in width to croquet balls and whose use in aggregate never exceeds 500 gallons in a year, as applied.
NR 422.135(2) (2) Emission limitations.
NR 422.135(2)(a)(a) No owner or operator of a molded wood parts or products coating facility which uses flow coating to apply topcoats may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs in excess of the limitations specified in Table 3.
NR 422.135(2)(b) (b) No owner or operator of a molded wood parts or products coating facility which applies a topcoat using any application method other than flow coating may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs in excess of the limitations specified in Table 4. - See PDF for table PDF - See PDF for table PDF
NR 422.135(3) (3) Recordkeeping requirements. Any facility subject to this section shall comply with the requirements applicable under s. NR 439.04 (5).
NR 422.135 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; CR 00-174: am. (2) (a) and (b), renum. Tables 2 and 3 to be Tables 3 and 4, Register August 2001 No. 548, eff. 9-1-01; CR 11-005: renum. (1) (intro.) to be (1) (am) (intro.) and am., r. (1) (a), cr. (1) (am) 1., 2., am. (1) (b) Register January 2012 No. 673, eff. 2-1-12.
NR 422.14 NR 422.14Graphic arts.
NR 422.14(1)(1)Applicability.
NR 422.14(1)(a)(a) Subsections (2), (3), and (5) apply to the printing lines of all packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure, and flexographic printing facilities that are either of the following:
NR 422.14(1)(a)1. 1. Located in the county of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Washington, or Waukesha and which have maximum theoretical emissions of VOC from the facility greater than or equal to 25 tons per year.
NR 422.14(1)(a)2. 2. Located outside of the counties of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Washington, and Waukesha and which have maximum theoretical emissions of VOC from the facility greater than or equal to 100 ton per year.
NR 422.14(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in sub. (1m), subs. (4) and (5) apply to the owner or operator of any rotogravure printing press, except flexible packaging rotogravure, or any flexographic printing press, except flexible packaging flexographic, at a facility located in the county of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Washington, or Waukesha, if VOC emissions from all industrial cleaning operations, before consideration of controls, equal or exceed 3 tons per year on a 12 consecutive month rolling basis.
NR 422.14(1m) (1m) Exemptions. The following exemptions are applicable to various provisions of this section:
NR 422.14(1m)(a) (a) Subsection (4) does not apply to the stripping of cured coatings or cured inks.
NR 422.14(1m)(b) (b) Subsection (4) (a) does not apply to cleaning conducted in conjunction with performance laboratory testing on coatings or inks; research and development programs; and laboratory tests in quality assurance laboratories.
NR 422.14(1m)(c) (c) Subsection (4) (a) and (e) do not apply to cleaning with aerosol products if 160 fluid ounces or less of VOC-containing aerosol products are used per day for industrial cleaning operations per facility.
NR 422.14(1m)(d) (d) Subsection (4) (a), (d), (e), and (f) do not apply to digital printing.
NR 422.14(1m)(e) (e) Subsection (4) (e) does not apply to cleaning with solvents or solvent solutions in spray bottles or containers described in sub. (4) (b) 2.
NR 422.14(1m)(f) (f) Subsection (4) (e) does not apply to the cleaning of the nozzle tips of automated spray equipment systems, except for robotic systems that are programmed to spray into a closed container.
NR 422.14(2) (2) Emission limitations. No owner or operator of a packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure or flexographic printing line may operate, or cause, allow or permit the operation of the line unless one of the following requirements is met:
NR 422.14(2)(a) (a) The volatile fraction of ink, as it is applied to the substrate, contains 25% by volume or less of VOC and 75% by volume or more of water.
NR 422.14(2)(b) (b) The ink, as it is applied to the substrate, less water, contains 60% by volume or more nonvolatile material.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.