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where:
c is the daily average VOC emission rate
a is the total amount of VOCs emitted during the day
b is the prorated surface area of leather coated during the day, where: - See PDF for table PDF
di is the total area of the ith batch of hides coated during the day
ei is the ratio of actual VOC emissions resulting from coating any portion of the ith batch of hides during the day to the total predicted VOC emissions resulting from all coating of the entire ith batch
NR 422.085(4)(c) (c) The facility shall measure the surface area of each piece of leather coated with a mechanism initially calibrated for minimum accuracy to the Turner Korrect Machine or Sawyer Measurement systems. The average surface area per coated piece of leather may be used for a batch of leather provided that the average is based on a minimum of 500 pieces. Otherwise, the facility average surface area per coated leather piece shall be used. In no case may the total area allocated to production over all days from a piece of leather exceed the average area for that leather.
NR 422.085 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1987, No. 373, eff. 2-1-87; am. (2) and (3), cr. (4), Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; CR 11-005: renum. (1) to be (1) (intro.) and am., cr. (1) (a), (b) Register January 2012 No. 673, eff. 2-1-12.
NR 422.09 NR 422.09Automobile and light-duty truck manufacturing.
NR 422.09(1)(1)Applicability.
NR 422.09(1)(a)(a) This section applies to the application areas, flashoff areas, and ovens of automobile and light-duty truck manufacturing plants involved in prime, topcoat, and final repair coating of metallic front end and main body parts at any facility located in the county of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Washington, or Waukesha if VOC emissions from the prime, topcoat, and final repair coating and related cleaning activities at the facility, before consideration of controls, equal or exceed 3 tons per year on a 12 consecutive month rolling basis.
NR 422.09(1)(b) (b) Subsections (2) to (5) apply to the coating operations described in par. (a) at any automobile and light-duty truck manufacturing facility located in the county of Brown, Calumet, Dane, Dodge, Door, Fond du Lac, Jefferson, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Outagamie, Rock, Walworth, and Winnebago if VOC emissions from all coating operations described in par. (a) at the facility, before consideration of controls, equal or exceed 6.8 kilograms (15 pounds) in any one day.
NR 422.09(1)(c) (c) Subsections (2) to (5) apply to coating operations as described in par. (a) at any automobile and light-duty truck manufacturing facility not subject to par. (a) or (b) if total VOC emissions from the facility, before consideration of controls, equal or exceed 100 tpy.
NR 422.09(1)(d) (d) Subsections (2) to (5) do not apply to the coating of wheels, trunk interiors, steering columns, or nonmetallic parts; sealers; nonpriming anti-rust coatings; or processes, coatings, or inks described in s. NR 422.03 (5) and (7).
NR 422.09(2) (2) Emission limitations—enamels. No owner or operator of an automobile surface coating line which, prior to January 1, 1979, used an enamel coating system, may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs in excess of:
NR 422.09(2)(a) (a) After December 31, 1983, 0.14 kilograms per liter of coating (1.2 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from an electrodeposition prime coat or equivalent coating line.
NR 422.09(2)(b) (b) After December 31, 1982, 0.34 kilograms per liter of coating (2.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from a spray primer-surfacer coating line.
NR 422.09(2)(d) (d) After December 31, 1985, 0.34 kilograms per liter of coating (2.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from a topcoat coating line.
NR 422.09(2)(e) (e) After December 31, 1982, 0.58 kilograms per liter of coating (4.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from any final repair coating line.
NR 422.09(3) (3) Emission limitations—lacquers. No owner or operator of an automobile surface coating line which, prior to January 1, 1979, used a lacquer coating system, may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs in excess of:
NR 422.09(3)(b) (b) After December 31, 1982, 0.14 kilograms per liter of coating (1.2 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from an electrodeposition prime coat coating line.
NR 422.09(3)(d) (d) After December 31, 1986, 0.34 kilograms per liter of coating (2.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from a spray primer-surfacer coating line.
NR 422.09(3)(g) (g) After December 31, 1986, 0.34 kilograms per liter of coating (2.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from a topcoat coating line.
NR 422.09(3)(i) (i) After December 31, 1986, 0.58 kilograms per liter of coating (4.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from any final repair coating line.
NR 422.09(4) (4) Emission limitations—trucks. No owner or operator of a light-duty truck surface coating line may cause, allow or permit the emission of any VOCs in excess of:
NR 422.09(4)(b) (b) After December 31, 1982, 0.14 kilograms per liter of coating (1.2 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from an electrodeposition prime coat coating line.
NR 422.09(4)(d) (d) After December 31, 1987, 0.34 kilograms per liter of coating (2.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from a spray primer-surfacer coating line.
NR 422.09(4)(f) (f) After December 31, 1987, 0.34 kilograms per liter of coating (2.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from a topcoat coating line.
NR 422.09(4)(g) (g) After December 31, 1982, 0.58 kilograms per liter of coating (4.8 pounds per gallon), excluding water, from any final repair coating line.
NR 422.09(5) (5) Emission rate averaging. Each emission limit in this section may be interpreted as a weighted daily average, if specified in an approved compliance plan. The emission limits are referenced to waterborne coatings conventionally applied. Any coating line which achieves an equivalent emission rate per unit area coated shall be deemed in compliance.
NR 422.09(6) (6) Work practices. Beginning on March 1, 2013, the owner or operator of a facility subject to this section shall do all of the following:
NR 422.09(6)(a) (a) Minimize VOC emissions from cleaning of storage, mixing and conveying equipment.
NR 422.09(6)(b) (b) Develop and implement a work practice plan to minimize VOC emissions from cleaning and purging of equipment associated with all coating operations. The plan shall specify practices and procedures for the following operations, at a minimum:
NR 422.09(6)(b)1. 1. Vehicle body wiping.
NR 422.09(6)(b)2. 2. Coating line purging.
NR 422.09(6)(b)3. 3. Flushing of coating systems.
NR 422.09(6)(b)4. 4. Cleaning of spray booth grates.
NR 422.09(6)(b)5. 5. Cleaning of spray booth walls.
NR 422.09(6)(b)6. 6. Cleaning of spray booth equipment.
NR 422.09(6)(b)7. 7. Cleaning of external spray booth areas.
NR 422.09 History History: Renum. from NR 154.13 (4) (g) and am. Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; am. (2) (intro.), (3) (intro.), (4) (intro.) and (5), Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; r. (2) (c), (3) (a), (c), (e), (f) and (h), (4) (a), (c) and (e), Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; CR 11-005: renum. (1) to be (1) (a) and am., cr. (1) (b) to (d), (6) Register January 2012 No. 673, eff. 2-1-12.
NR 422.095 NR 422.095Automobile refinishing operations.
NR 422.095(1)(1)Applicability.
NR 422.095(1)(a)(a) Subsections (3) to (5) apply to automobile refinishing operations performed in the following types of facilities in the counties of Kenosha, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Washington, and Waukesha: auto body and repair shops; production paint shops; new and used motor vehicle dealer repair and paint shops; fleet operator repair and paint shops; and any facility which coats vehicles and is classified under standard industrial classification code 7532, as described in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.05 (1), including dock repair of imported vehicles and dealer repair of vehicles damaged in transit.
NR 422.095(1)(b) (b) Subsections (7) and (8) apply to the owner or operator of a facility specified in par. (a) which is located in the county of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Washington, or Waukesha if VOC emissions from all industrial cleaning operations associated with automobile refinishing operations at the facility, before consideration of controls, equal or exceed 3 tons on a 12 consecutive month rolling basis.
NR 422.095(2) (2) Exemptions.
NR 422.095(2)(a)(a) Automobile refinishing operations at facilities which use less than 20 gallons per year of coatings are exempt from the equipment requirements in sub. (5).
NR 422.095(2)(b) (b) The application of touch-up coatings is exempt from this section.
NR 422.095(2)(c) (c) Subsection (7) does not apply to the stripping of cured coatings or cured inks.
NR 422.095(2)(d) (d) Subsection (7) does not apply to industrial adhesives or adhesive primers.
NR 422.095(2)(e) (e) Subsection (7) (a) does not apply to cleaning conducted in conjunction with performance laboratory tests on coatings or inks; research and development programs; and laboratory tests in quality assurance laboratories.
NR 422.095(2)(f) (f) Subsection (7) (a) and (e) do not apply to cleaning with aerosol products if 160 fluid ounces or less of VOC-containing aerosol products are used per day for industrial cleaning operations per facility.
NR 422.095(2)(g) (g) Subsection (7) (a), (d), (e), and (f) do not apply to digital printing.
NR 422.095(2)(h) (h) Subsection (7) (e) does not apply to cleaning with solvents or solvent solutions in spray bottles or containers described in sub. (7) (b) 2.
NR 422.095(2)(i) (i) Subsection (7) (e) does not apply to the cleaning of the nozzle tips of automated spray equipment systems, except for robotic systems that are programmed to spray into a closed container.
NR 422.095(3) (3) Notification.
NR 422.095(3)(a)(a) The owner or operator of an automobile refinishing operation in existence on September 1, 1995, and subject to this section, shall submit a notification to the department, in writing, within 60 days of September 1, 1995, consisting of the following information:
NR 422.095(3)(a)1. 1. Name, address and phone number of facility where refinishing operations are taking place.
NR 422.095(3)(a)2. 2. Name and phone number of the responsible party at the facility.
NR 422.095(3)(b) (b) The owner or operator of an automobile refinishing operation which becomes subject to this section shall submit a written notification to the department containing the information specified in par. (a) within 30 days after becoming subject to this section.
NR 422.095 Note Note: Notifications submitted under this subsection should be submitted to:
NR 422.095 Note Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Bureau of Air Management
PO Box 7921
Madison WI 53707-7921
Attn: Small Business Section
NR 422.095(4) (4) Emission limitations—coating.
NR 422.095(4)(a) (a) No owner or operator of an automobile refinishing operation may refinish or allow the refinishing of any motor vehicles or their body parts and components using any coating or coating system with a VOC content in excess of that specified in Table 2. All coatings and coating components shall be used according to manufacturer's specifications and mixing instructions.
NR 422.095(4)(b) (b) The most restrictive VOC limitation in Table 2 applies with either of the following:
NR 422.095(4)(b)1. 1. Different combinations or mixing ratios of coatings and coating components are used which constitute a different coating system than any of the systems listed in Table 2.
NR 422.095(4)(b)2. 2. The same combination and mixing ratio of coating components is used for more than one category in Table 2.
NR 422.095(4)(c) (c) Automobile refinishing coatings and coating components manufactured prior to January 11, 1999 are exempt from the emission limitations in Table 2. - See PDF for table PDF
NR 422.095(4)(d) (d) The maximum VOC content for any category of coating in Table 2 shall be calculated according to the following formula:
where:
VOC content is the pounds of VOC per gallon of coating
Wv is the mass of total volatiles, in pounds
Ww is the mass of water, in pounds
Wec is the mass of exempt compounds, in pounds
V is the volume of coating, in gallons
Vw is the volume of water, in gallons
Vec is the volume of exempt compounds, in gallons
NR 422.095(4)(e) (e) The VOC content for a multi-stage topcoat shall be calculated according to the following formula:
where:
VOCmulti is the VOC content of a multi-stage topcoat, in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating
VOCbc is the VOC content of the basecoat, as determined in par. (d)
VOCmci is the VOC content of midcoat i, as determined in par. (d)
VOCcc is the VOC content of the clearcoat, as determined in par. (d)
M is the number of midcoats.
NR 422.095(5) (5) Application equipment. No owner or operator of an automobile refinishing operation may refinish or allow the refinishing of any motor vehicles or their body parts and components unless one of the following types of application equipment is used in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations:
NR 422.095(5)(a) (a) Electrostatic application equipment.
NR 422.095(5)(b) (b) Low-pressure spray method application equipment.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.